A bright fountain огэ ответы

Огэ английский язык задание 9 демонстрационный вариант 2018 прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами аg и заголовками 18. в

ОГЭ Английский язык задание №9 Демонстрационный вариант 2018 Про­чи­тай­те тек­сты и уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между тек­ста­ми А–G и за­го­лов­ка­ми 1–8. В ответ за­пи­ши­те цифры, в по­ряд­ке, со­от­вет­ству­ю­щем бук­вам. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дую цифру толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть один лиш­ний за­го­ло­вок.

1. The scientific explanation
5. Places without rainbows
2. The real shape
6. A personal vision
3. A lucky sign
7. A bridge between worlds
4. Some tips
8. Impossible to catch

A. Two people never see the same rainbow. Each person sees a different one. It
happens because the raindrops are constantly moving so the rainbow is always
changing too. Each time you see a rainbow it is unique and it will never be the
same! In addition, everyone sees colours differently according to the light and
how their eyes interpret it.
B. A rainbow is an optical phenomenon that is seen in the atmosphere. It appears
in the sky when the sun’s light is reflected by the raindrops. A rainbow always
appears during or immediately after showers when the sun is shining and the
air contains raindrops. As a result, a spectrum of colours is seen in the sky. It
takes the shape of a multicoloured arc.
C. Many cultures see the rainbow as a road, a connection between earth and
heaven (the place where God lives). Legends say that it goes below the earth at
the horizon and then comes back up again. In this way it makes a permanent
link between what is above and below, between life and death. In some myths
the rainbow is compared to a staircase connecting earth to heaven.
D. We all believe that the rainbow is arch-shaped. The funny thing is that it’s
actually a circle. The reason we don’t see the other half of the rainbow is
because we cannot see below the horizon. However, the higher we are above
the ground, the more of the rainbow’s circle we can see. That is why, from an
airplane in flight, a rainbow will appear as a complete circle with the shadow of
the airplane in the centre.
E. In many cultures there is a belief that seeing a rainbow is good. Legends say
that if you dig at the end of a rainbow, you’ll find a pot of gold. Rainbows are
also seen after a storm, showing that the weather is getting better, and there is
hope after the storm. This is why they are associated with rescue and good
fortune. If people happen to get married on such a day, it is said that they will
enjoy a very happy life together.

F. You can never reach the end of a rainbow. A rainbow is all light and water. It is
always in front of you while your back is to the sun. As you move, the rainbow
that your eye sees moves as well and it will always ‘move away’ at the same
speed that you are moving. No matter how hard you try, a rainbow will always
be as far away from you as it was before you started to move towards it.
G. To see a rainbow you have to remember some points. First, you should be
standing with the sun behind you. Secondly, the rain should be in front of you.
The most impressive rainbows appear when half of the sky is still dark with
clouds and the other half is clear. The best time to see a rainbow is on a warm
day in the early morning after sunrise or late afternoon before sunset. Rainbows
are often seen near waterfalls and fountains.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

ОГЭ Английский язык задание №9 Демонстрационный вариант 2017

1. Traditional delivery         2. Loss of popularity          3. Money above privacy
4. The best-known newspapers         5. Focus on different readers         6. The successful competitor
7. Size makes a difference        8. Weekend reading

A. As in many other European countries, Britain’s main newspapers are losing their readers. Fewer and fewer people are buying broadsheets and tabloids at the newsagent’s. In the last quarter of the twentieth century people became richer and now they can choose other forms of leisure activity. Also, there is the Internet which is a convenient and inexpensive alternative source of news.

B. The ‘Sunday papers’ are so called because that is the only day on which they are published. Sunday papers are usually thicker than the dailies and many of them have six or more sections. Some of them are ‘sisters’ of the daily newspapers. It means they are published by the same company but not on week days.

C. Another proof of the importance of ‘the papers’ is the morning ‘paper round’. Most newsagents organise these. It has become common that more than half of the country’s readers get their morning paper brought to their door by a teenager. The boy or girl usually gets up at around 5:30 a.m. every day including Sunday to earn a bit of pocket money.

D. The quality papers or broadsheets are for the better educated readers. They devote much space to politics and other ‘serious’ news. The popular papers, or tabloids, sell to a much larger readership. They contain less text and a lot more pictures. They use bigger headlines and write in a simpler style of English. They concentrate on ‘human interest stories’ which often means scandal.

E. Not so long ago in Britain if you saw someone reading a newspaper you could tell what kind it was without even checking the name. It was because the quality papers were printed on very large pages called ‘broadsheet’. You had to have expert turning skills to be able to read more than one page. The tabloids were printed on much smaller pages which were much easier to turn.

F. The desire to attract more readers has meant that in the twentieth century sometimes even the broadsheets in Britain look rather ‘popular’. They give a lot of coverage to scandal and details of people’s private lives. The reason is simple. What matters most for all newspaper publishers is making a profit. They would do anything to sell more copies.

G. If you go into any newsagent’s shop in Britain you will not find only newspapers. You will also see rows and rows of magazines for almost every imaginable taste. There are specialist magazines for many popular pastimes. There are around 3,000 of them published in the country and they are widely read, especially by women. Magazines usually list all the TV and radio programmes for the coming week and many British readers prefer them to newspapers.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

1.Living through ages 2. Influenced by fashion 3. Young and energetic
4. Old and beautiful 5. Still a mystery 6. A lot to see and to do
7. Welcome to students 8. Fine scenery

A. Ireland is situated on the western edge of Europe. It is an island of great beauty with rugged mountains, blue lakes, ancient castles, long sandy beaches and picturesque harbors. The climate is mild and temperate throughout the year. Ireland enjoys one of the cleanest environments in Europe. Its unspoilt countryside provides such leisure ac¬tivities as hiking, cycling, golfing and horse-riding.
B. Over the past two decades, Ireland has become one of the top destinations for En¬glish language learning — more than 100,000 visitors come to Ireland every year to study English. One quarter of Ireland’s population is under 25 years of age and Dublin acts as a magnet for young people looking for quality education. The Irish are relaxed, friendly, spontaneous, hospitable people and have a great love of conversation. So, there is no better way of learning a language than to learn it in the country where it is spoken.
C. Dublin sits in a vast natural harbor. Such a protected harbor appealed to the first settlers 5,000 years ago and traces of their culture have been found around Dublin and its coast. But it was not until the Vikings came sailing down the coast in the middle 9th cen¬tury that Dublin became an important town. Next to arrive were the Anglo-Norman ad¬venturers. This was the beginning of the long process of colonization that dictated Ire¬land’s development over the next seven hundred years.
D. Now Dublin is changing fast and partly it ’s thanks to its youthful population over 50 percent are under the age of twenty-five and that makes the city come alive. To¬day Dublin is a city full of charm with a dynamic cultural life, small enough to be friend¬ly, yet cosmopolitan in outlook. This is the culture where the heritage of ancient days brings past and present together.
E. In general, cultural life of Dublin is very rich and you can enjoy visiting different museums, art galleries and exhibitions. But for those looking for peace and quiet there are two public parks in the centre of the city: St. Stephen’s Green and Merrion Square.
The city centre has several great shopping areas depending on your budget as well as nu¬merous parks and green areas for relaxing in. Dublin is also a sports-m ad city and wheth¬er you are playing or watching, it has everything for the sports enthusiast.
F. Step dances are the creation of Irish dancing m asters of the late 18th century.
Dancing m asters would often travel from town to town, teaching basic dancing steps to those interested and able to pay for them . Their appearance was motivated by a desire to learn the ‘fashionable’ dance styles which were coming from France. The dance m asters often changed these dances to fit the traditional music and, in doing so, laid the basis for much of today’s traditional Irish dance — ceili, step, and set.
G. St Patrick is known as the patron saint of Ireland. True, he was not a born Irish.
But he has become an integral part of the Irish heritage, mostly through his service across Ireland of the 5th century. Patrick was born in the second half of the 4th century AD. There are different views about the exact year and place of his birth . According to one school of opinion, he was born about 390 A.D., while the other school says it is about 373 AD. Again, his birth place is said to be in either Scotland or Roman England. So, though Patricius was his Romanicized name, he became later known as Patrick.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.Thanks to new technology 2. A custom for a sweet-tooth 3. The upside down world
4. Nice for people in love 5. Happy next year 6. Not allowed for some time
7. Watch out or give the money 8. Christmas is coming

A. Houses are decorated with colored paper ribbons and chains. Holly with red ber¬ries is put on the walls and looks very colorful. A piece of mistletoe (a plant) is hung from the ceiling. It is said to be lucky to kiss under the mistletoe hanging from the ceil¬ing. As you can understand, a lot of people who may not usually kiss each other take the chance given by a piece of mistletoe!
B. One of the delicacies the British have enjoyed for almost 900 years is the mince pie.
This is a sort of small cake with a delicious mixture of spices and fruit. It was the Cru¬saders who introduced it when they brought back new aromatic spices from the Holy Land. In the 17th century Oliver Cromwell tried to ban the eating of mince pies (as well as singing of carols) — but people continued to eat (and sing) in secret.
C. Christmas Day is a family day when families try to be together. In past years, the Queen has broadcast a radio message from her study at Sandringham House. Since 1959 she has been recording her message every year some weeks before Christmas, so it could be broadcast on Christmas Day by radio in all parts of the British Commonwealth.
D. In the USA many towns have a public tree place in some square or park or outside the town hall. This custom began first in America when an illuminated tree was set up in 1909 in Pasadena, California. Now we can observe the ceremony of putting up the Christmas tree in Rockefeller Center in the heart of New York City, as well as in the main square of every town in the country. The nation’s main Christmas tree is set up in Washington, D.C. on the parade ground near the White House. A few days before Christ¬mas the President of the United States presses a button to light the tree. This is the sig¬nal for lighting trees across the land.
E. The custom of breaking a wishbone (of a chicken or turkey) comes from the Ro¬mans who used them for fortune telling. They examined the bones of sacrificed birds, which they thought were messengers from their gods. Looking for signs of future events, they broke the wishbone and the person with the longest piece could make a wish which may bring him luck or good fortune.
F. Christmas in Australia is not like anywhere else since December is one of the hot¬test months of the year. But the Australians have a great time anyway. Those who live near the coast go to the beach on Christmas day. They have a swim, play cricket or vol¬leyball, surf or just sit around with family and friends enjoying Christmas dinner. Santa Claus arrives on a surfboard — quite a change from sliding down a chimney!
G. Christmas caroling is particularly popular in Wales where it is often accompanied by a harp. In some rural areas a villager is chosen to be the Mari Lawyed. This person travels around the town dressed in white and carrying a horse’s skull on a long pole. Anyone given the ‘bite’ by the horse’s jaws must pay a fine.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.A two-language melting pot 2. Born of hardships 3. Enough land for both
4. Failures and successes 5. Native tribes 6. Difficult life
7. Back to the roots 8. The birth of the new nation

A. Long before Europeans first came to America, many groups of Indians lived there.
They hunted forest animals for food and clothing. They gathered berries and nuts in the forests. Many groups fished in the rivers and streams that flowed through the forests.
Most anthropologists agree that the North American Indians migrated over the Bering Sea from Siberia, 10,000 to 30,000 years ago.
B. Later, in 1534 the French king sent Jacques C artier to find a water route to the Far East. C artier made several voyages to the new World, and he tried to establish a colony on the banks of the St. Lawrence River (where Montreal is located today) but he failed.
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain built the first perm anent French settlement in Canada.
He named it Quebec.
C. Both nations began to expand in the New World. English colonists began to settle along the Atlantic Coast. The French began to explore and build forts in the region south of the Great Lakes in the valleys of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
D. So Great Britain and France were fighting for control of Canada until 1763. As a result, France signed a treaty giving up all its claims to land on the continent of North America. The French who were living in Canada did not return to France. They continued to follow the customs and religion of their native land. They became ‘French Canadians’.КНТ 3
19
E. Since that time, millions of immigrants from the United States, Scotland, Ireland, England, Germany, Russia, Poland, Scandinavia, and other countries of the world have moved to Canada. Today about one third of the Canadians speak French and about two thirds speak English. English and French are both official languages of Canada.
F. Since the 1950s, there has been a remarkable rebirth of Indian culture. Native lan¬guage, culture and history programmes have been instituted in schools. Cultural centres are flourishing, and traditional practices and beliefs are increasingly being used to com¬bat alcoholism and drug problems. Indian elders are once again playing a vital role and linking generations.
G. Canadian sport is indebted to Indian culture for the toboggan, snowshoe, lacrosse stick and canoe. Many Indian games had utilitarian purposes related to survival, e.g. wrestling, archery, spear throw ing, foot and canoe racing. Some of them initially were meant to prepare youngsters for cooperative existence in a cruel environment

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1. The history of a popular drink 2. Healthy drink 3. They want it quick and easy
4. Not a drink 5. Some changes in British diet 6. Some changes in British tastes
7. Making tea process 8. Helpful hint

A. British attitude to what they eat daily has changed a lot over the past twenty years. In the 1990s each person ate about 352 gram s of ‘red ’ meat each week, but now it’s less than 250 gram s. People prefer chicken and fresh fish. And more people are interest¬ed in healthy eating these days. In 1988 the national average was 905 gram s of fruit and fruit juices each week, but now i t ’s nearly 2,000 gram s.
B. Twenty years ago, British people usually ate at home. They only went out for a meal at special times, like for somebody’s birthday. Today when both parents are work¬ing, they cannot cook large meals in the evenings. ‘Ready-made’ meals from supermar¬kets and Marks and Spencer and ‘take-aw ay’ meals from fast food restaurants are very popular. If you are feeling tired or lazy, you can even phone a local restaurant. They will bring the food to your house.
C. In the past, traditional steakhouses were very popular places, but now more and more people prefer foreign food. Every British town has Indian and Chinese restaurants, and large towns have restaurants from many other countries too.
D. The British population drinks a lot of tea. Tea — mostly green tea from China — came to Britain in the late 1500s. But it was only for the very rich. It became cheap¬er about three hundred years later, when it was planted in India and later in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). People from all classes started drinking it. But some people thought that too much tea was bad for their health. So they started putting milk in it to make it healthier!
E. Afternoon tea is a small meal. Now most ordinary British families do not have time for afternoon tea at home, but in the past it was a tradition. It became popular when rich ladies invited their friends to their houses for an afternoon cup of tea. They started of¬fering their visitors sandwiches and cakes too. Soon everybody was enjoying this excit¬ing new meal.
F. If someone in England asks you ‘Would you like a cup?’ they are asking if you would like a cup of tea. If someone says, ‘Let me be m other’ or ‘Shall I be m other?’ they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot.
G. Most people today use teabags to make tea, but some serious drinkers make tea in the traditional way. First the water is boiled. Then some of the boiled water is used to warm the teapot. Then the tealeaves are put in the teapot. Then the boiling water is add¬ed. Then the pot is left for five minutes under a ‘teacosy’. Finally, the tea is served in delicate cups with saucers.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами..

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.Absolute honesty 2.The cost of education 3. Just choosing 4. Inform al teaching
5. Another application 6. Optional teaching 7. Needed move 8. Uncertain parents

A. At the beginning of your last year at school you receive an application form . On this form you choose up to five universities that you would like to go to. The form is sent to those universities with information from your school about you and your academic results. If the universities are interested in your application, they will ask you to attend an interview and will offer you a place. Any offer, however, is only conditional at this stage.
B. А-level examinations are the exams taken at the end of your time at school. So, when a university makes an offer, it will tell you the minimum grades that you must get on your а-level exam. If you don’t get those grades, then you will not be accepted and you will have to apply again to another university.
C. Like all British universities, Oxford is a state university not a private one.
Students are selected on the basis of their results in the national examination or the special Oxford entrance examination. There are many applicants and nobody can get a place by paying. Successful candidates are admitted to a special college of the university: that will be their home for the next three years and for a longer period if they would like to go on studying for a postgraduate degree.
D. An undergraduate will spend an hour a week with his or her ‘tutor’; perhaps in the company of one other student. Each of them will have written an essay for the tutor, which serves as the basis for discussion, arguments, the exposition of ideas and academic methods. At the end of the hour the students go away with a new essay and a list of books that might be helpful in preparing for the essay.
E. Lectures and seminars are other kinds of teaching; popular lecturers can attract audience from several faculties, while others may find themselves speaking to two or three loyal students or maybe to no-one at all. In practice, most students at Oxford are enthusiastic about academic life and many of them work for days on each essay, sometimes sitting up through the night with a wet towel round their heads.
F. Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are rather independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college, choose one as far away from home as possible. So, many students in northern and Scottish universities come from England and vice versa. It’s very unusual for students to live at home. Although parents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually have to approve of this step and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult.
G. Students all over the world have to work for their education. A college education in the USA is expensive. The costs are so high that most families begin to save for their children’s education when their children are the babies. Even so, many young people cannot afford to pay the expenses of full-time college work. They do not have enough money to pay for school costs. Tuition for attending the university, books for classes, and dormitory costs are high. There are other expenses such as chemistry and biology laboratories fees and special student activity fees.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.*

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева

1) Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 — 8 и текстами A — G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. A bright fountain
2. Who lives there
3. What would happen if …
4. Once upon a time it was green
5. A dry land
6. White on blue
7. The discovery of the continent
8. Environmentally friendly

A. Antarctica has no government and no country owns this continent. It is the only region on earth which is not ruled by any nation. There are no local people in Antarctica. However, in the summer season, more than four thousand scientists from different countries come to study the mysterious region while one thousand stay there in the winter season. The scientific bases are the only ‘settlements’ with residents who stay for several months or a year.

B. Antarctica is a huge desert, despite the fact that it holds 70 percent of the world’s fresh water. Usually, no more than six centimeters of rain fall per year. Most of this falls in the eastern part of the continent. These figures are comparable to those of the Sahara desert. Some parts of Antarctica have had no rain or snow for the last 2 million years.

C. You will be surprised to know that Antarctica was found just 200 years ago. The ancient Greeks did not mark Antarctica on their maps. It was only in 1820, when travellers found this icy white continent by accident. The captain of the Imperial Russian Navy, Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, was the first person who saw Antarctica from his ship. It was on 27th January 1820.

D. Antarctica contains about 90 percent of the world’s ice. Antarctica has 8 times more ice than the Arctic. If all of the Antarctic ice melted, the sea level around the world would rise about 70 meters. But the average temperature in Antarctica is –37°C and the ice is in no danger of melting so far. In fact, in most parts of the continent it never gets above freezing.

E. Since Antarctica is not a country, it has neither a state emblem nor an official flag. However in 2002, a special flag was approved by the Antarctic Treaty Organization. The design of the flag was suggested by Graham Bartram who used the flag of the United Nations as its basic pattern. The white image of Antarctica on the blue background looks simple and elegant. Nowadays it is used as an informal flag of the continent.

F. Fifty million years ago Antarctica had a mild climate, evergreen forests and many more kinds of animals than it has today. Due to continental drift, Antarctica moved from the equator to the South Pole, where it is today. Nowadays, Antarctica is the coldest continent on the planet and almost completely covered with a layer of ice. However, its wildlife is quite diverse: from emperor penguins, southern elephant seals, humpback whales to small bugs in the coastal areas.

G. Antarctica is covered with thick snow. Everything around is white, but in the McMurdo Valley there is ‘a Bloody Waterfall’ or ‘Blood Fall’. This waterfall is actually glacier water which is red-colored like blood. Microbes, which can live there without light and oxygen, give it the red colour. They just eat the iron and sulfur in the water. When the water comes out from the surface of the ice, it looks like a small red waterfall.


2) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

Esperanto Day is held in winter.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


3) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

L.L.Zamenhof wanted people all over the world to use Esperanto instead of their own languages.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


4) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

Esperanto was designed to be easy to learn.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


5) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

Most people who speak Esperanto live in Poland.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


6) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

It is impossible to learn Esperanto without a teacher.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


7) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

People use Esperanto for different purposes.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


8) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

You can find an Esperanto Wikipedia on the Internet.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated


9) Прочитайте текст и запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Показать текст. ⇓

According to the research, Esperanto helps to learn other foreign languages.
1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

9 klassВербицкая М. В. Forward. Английский язык для 9 класса. ГИА (ОГЭ)

ГИА (ОГЭ). Раздел 1. Задания по аудированию

Задание 1
1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.
С — 1. In a restaurant – в ресторане
A — 2. In a shop – в магазине
D — 3. At the hospital – в больнице
В — 4. At an airport – в аэропорту
Extra — 5. At a railway station – на вокзале

Задание 2
2. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D, Е. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Extra — 1. The speaker believes people are generally satisfied with the weather. — Говорящий считает, что люди в целом удовлетворены погодой.
В — 2. The speaker says this season can bring unpleasant weather. — Говорящий говорит, что это время года может принести неприятную погоду.
Е — 3. The speaker thinks people shouldn’t depend on the weather. — Говорящий считает, что люди не должны зависеть от погодных условий.
С — 4. The speaker admires nature’s beauty in any weather. — Говорящий восхищается красотой природы в любую погоду.
D — 5. The speaker thinks people often discuss the weather. — Говорящий считает, что люди часто обсуждают погоду.
А — 6. The speaker says the weather is various and changeable. — Говорящий говорит, что погода разнообразна и изменчива.

Задания 3-8
Вы услышите разговор двух подростков. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3. What is TRUE about Ben? — Что можно сказать о Бене?
2) It’s his first boat trip. — Это его первая поездка на лодке.

4. How many people can travel on the boat? — Сколько человек может путешествовать на лодке?
3) About 100. — Около 100.

5. Where do Ben and Alice choose to sit? — Где Бен и Элис решили сидеть?
1) Upper deck. — Верхняя палуба.

6. What is the weather like? — Какая погода?
1) Nice. – Хорошая.

7. How long will the trip last? — Как долго будет длиться поездка?
2) Two hours. — два часа.

8. What are Ben and Alice’s plans for lunch? – Какие планы у Бена и Элис на обед?
1) They haven’t decided yet. — Они еще не решили.

ГИА (ОГЭ). Раздел 2. Задания по чтению

Задание 9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок. Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

A-1. Different kinds of memories — Различные виды памяти
C-2. Memory and language — Память и язык
E-3. More complex than an image — Более сложные, чем изображение
G-4. Devices instead of memory — Устройства вместо памяти
Extra-5. Memory and time — Память и время
F-6. Scientific background — Научное обоснование
B-7. Learning from the great – Учимся у великих
D-8. Building memories – Построение воспоминаний

A) Some people have good memories and can easily learn quite long poems by heart. But they forget them almost as quickly as they learn them. There are other people who can only remember things when they have said them many times, but when they know them they don’t forget them. So it’s hard to judge if you have a good or bad memory, it depends on your aim. In some cases, you need to learn and then forget, in others you need to know something for a lifetime.

У некоторых людей хорошая память и они могут легко учить довольно длинные стихи наизусть. Но они забывают их почти так же быстро, как они учат их. Есть и другие люди, которые могут запоминать вещи только тогда, когда они проговорят их много раз, но, когда они знают их, они их не забывают. Так что трудно судить, хорошая или плохая у вас память, это зависит от вашей цели. В некоторых случаях, вам нужно узнать, а потом забыть, а в других вы должны знать, что-то на всю жизнь.

В) Charles Dickens, the famous English author, said that he could walk down any long street in London and then tell you the name of every shop he had passed. Many famous people had wonderful memories. Some of them could recite their poems or books by heart, some of them were good at remembering the smallest details of the place they saw only once. We can learn from them reading about their lives and learning their secrets.

Чарльз Диккенс, известный английский писатель, говорил, что он мог ходить по любой длинной улице в Лондоне, а затем рассказать вам название каждого магазина, который он прошел. Многие известные люди имели прекрасную память. Некоторые из них могли читать свои стихи или книги наизусть, некоторые из них хорошо запоминали мельчайшие детали места, которое они видели только один раз. Мы можем учиться у них, читая об их жизни и узнавая их секреты.

С) A good memory is a great help in learning a language. Everybody learns their own language by remembering what they hear when they are small children, and some children who live abroad with their parents seem to learn two languages almost as easily as one. At school, however, it is not so easy to learn a second language, because students have so little time for it and they are busy with other subjects as well. So repetition is very important when you learn a language.

Хорошая память является большим подспорьем в изучении языка. Каждый учит свой собственный язык, запоминая, что они слышат, когда они маленькие дети, а некоторые дети, которые живут за границей со своими родителями, кажется, учат два языка почти так же легко, как один. В школе, однако, не так легко выучить второй язык, потому что ученики имеют так мало времени для него, и они также заняты другими предметами. Так что повторение очень важно, когда вы учите язык.

D) The best way for most of us to remember things is to join them in our mind with something which we know already or which we easily remember because we have a picture of it in our mind. That is why it is better to learn words in sentences, not by themselves; or to see, or do, or feel what a word means when we first use it. Such connections are easier built in our minds, and they make something like chains which are stronger than single words.

Лучший способ запоминать вещи для большинства из нас, соединить их в нашем сознании с чем-то, что мы уже знаем или что легко запомнить, потому что мы имеем изображение этого в нашем сознании. Именно поэтому лучше учить слова в предложениях, а не сами по себе; или увидеть, или сделать, или почувствовать, что означает слово, когда мы впервые его используем. Такие соединения легче строятся в наших умах, и они создают что-то вроде цепей, которые сильнее, чем отдельные слова.

E) The human mind is rather like a camera, but it takes photographs not only of what we see but also of what we feel, hear, smell and taste. When we take a real photograph with a camera, there is much to do before the photograph is finished and ready to be shown to our friends. In the same way, there is much work to be done before we can make a picture remain forever in the mind. Memory is the diary that we all carry about with us, but you have to work on it and train it.

Человеческий разум скорее походит на камеру, но она фотографирует не только то, что мы видим, но и то, что мы чувствуем, слышим, запах и вкус. Когда мы делаем реальную фотографию камерой, нужно многое сделать до того, как фотография будет закончена и готова, чтобы показать нашим друзьям. Таким же образом, много работы предстоит сделать, прежде чем мы сможем заставить картинку навсегда остаться в сознании. Память является дневником, который мы все носим с собой, но вы должны работать над ним и тренировать его.

F) In psychology, memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. Encoding allows information to reach our senses. In this first stage, we must change the information so that we may put the memory into the encoding process. Storage is the second memory stage or process. Finally, the third process is the retrieval of information that we have stored. We must locate it and return it to our consciousness.

В психологии, память это процесс, в котором информация закодирована, хранятся и извлекается. Кодирование информации позволяет достичь наших чувств. На этом первом этапе мы должны изменить информацию, чтобы мы могли поставить память в процесс кодирования. Хранение является вторым этапом памяти или процессом. Наконец, третий процесс — извлечение информации, которую мы храним. Мы должны найти ее и вернуть ее нашему сознанию.

G) Lots of people now think that having a good memory is not so important nowadays as there are numerous gadgets that can substitute it. If you don’t want to forget about a thing, you can use an electronic organizer or an application on your cell phone. Memory sticks keep necessary files for you. However these gadgets can let you down, so it’s worth developing your memory after all. Anyway, it’s memory that makes a human a human.

Многие люди теперь думают, что иметь хорошую память не столь важно в наше время, поскольку существует множество гаджетов, которые могут заменить ее. Если вы не хотите забыть о вещи, вы можете использовать электронный органайзер или приложение на своем мобильном телефоне. Карты памяти сохранят необходимые файлы для вас. Однако эти устройства могут вести вас вниз (т.е. к деградации личности), так что стоит развивать свою память в конце концов. Во всяком случае, именно память делает человека человеком.

Задания 10-17
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Glamping
When you mention camping at a party or among your relatives and friends, people around don’t seem to be feeling enthusiastic about it.
If you mention glamping, everybody’s eyebrows rise. Few of us know very much about this modern trend, but it’s becoming fashionable little by little.
Glamping is upscale camping in which a tent large enough to walk through replaces the pup tent, bedding takes the place of the sleeping bag, a nice rug covers the plastic floor. In short, it’s more comfortable, civilized camping. People have turned their attention to it because it’s more comfortable yet it has all the advantages of being closer to nature. If you go camping, forget the shower and comfy slippers in the morning. When you go glamping, you can enjoy all those things.
Comfort is really important if you plan to spend a week or more out there, in the wild. As you probably have already understood, glamping is a word made out of ‘camping’ and ‘glamorous’.
(отрывок из текста)

Глэмпинг (от слов glamour и camping) — туризм класса люкс: с носильщиками, дизайнерскими рюкзаками

При упоминании кемпинга на вечеринке или среди ваших родственников и друзей, вокруг вас, кажется, люди не будут чувствовать себя в восторге от этого.
При упоминании глэмпинга, брови у всех поднимаются. Мало кто из нас знает очень много об этой современной тенденции, но это становится модно понемногу.
Глэмпинг — это высококлассный кемпинг, в котором палатка достаточно большая, чтобы гулять в ней, заменяем маленькую палатку, постельное белье занимает место спального мешка, хороший ковер покрывает пластиковый пол. Короче говоря, это более удобный, цивилизованный кемпинг. Люди обратили свое внимание на это, потому что это более удобно, но все же это имеет все преимущества быть ближе к природе. Если вы отправляетесь в поход, забудьте о душе и удобных тапочках по утрам. Когда вы идете в глэмпинг, вы можете пользоваться всеми этими вещами.
Комфорт очень важен, если вы планируете провести неделю или больше там, в дикой природе. Как вы наверное уже поняли, глэмпинг это слово, составленное из слов «кемпинг» и «гламурный».
Итак, что может быть необходимо, если вы хотите превратить свой лагерь в глэмп? Прежде всего, вам будет нужна достаточно большая палатка, чтобы ходить вертикально весь путь до конца. Не забудьте пару маленьких стульев для палатки — один на внутренней стороне, а другой снаружи недалеко от главной двери. Вы также можете захотеть коммерческие резиновые кухонные коврики для экстерьера у входа в палатку. Они также удобны для пола кухни или у стола для пикника. Если они у вас есть, то это устраняет или, по крайней мере, значительно уменьшает проблемы, связанные с грязью в местах с высокой посещаемостью или в случае дождя.
Иметь душ это мечта любого туриста. В глэмпинге душевая кабина не будет иметь пол (небольшой пластиковый коврик, чтобы покрыть землю, чтобы избежать проблем, грязи и травы) и будет изготовлен из легкого полиэтилена. Чтобы завершить душ вам будет нужна вода. Опытные путешественники говорят, резервуар с ручным насосом работает просто отлично. Для того чтобы нагреть бак вам понадобится пропановый нагревательный стенд. Эта душевая система не роскошная во всех отношениях, но, в конце концов, она позволяет принимать душ и мыть и ополаскивать волосы. С некоторой экономией, вам потребуется от 5 до 10 литров воды на человека.
Затем возникает проблема постельного белья. Глэмпинг означает, что вы попадаете в постель и выбираетесь из нее, не ползая на руках и коленях, так что поставьте кровать на подставку. Возьмите свои простыни, одеяла и подушки. Если вы действительно хотите, чтобы ваш лагерь был гламурным, купите «кровать в сумке»- они идут со стеганным ватным одеялом и наволочками. Вы могли бы также пойти на такие варианты, как надувной матрас или пенный матрас.
Остальное будет полностью вашим выбором. Вы можете захотеть дополнительные внутренние или наружные ковровые покрытия или охладители, чтобы держать большое количество блоков льда (хорошо в жаркий летний день!) или фонари с дистанционным управлением, лагерная кухня, скатерти для стола для пикника. Одно можно сказать точно — вам, безусловно, нужен небольшой прицеп, чтобы тащить все это! Наслаждайтесь глэмпингом!

10. Not many people know about glamping. — Не многие люди знают о глэмпинге.
1) True

11. Glamping means camping in style and comfort. — Глэмпинг означает кемпинг в стиле и комфорте.
1) True

12. For glamping you don’t have to have a large tent. — Для глэмпинга вы не должны иметь большую палатку.
2) False

13. When people go camping it often rains. — Когда люди идут в поход часто идут дожди.
3) Not stated

14. A glamping shower is still primitive. — Душ глэмпинга по-прежнему примитивный.
1) True

15. For glamping a sleeping bag is enough. — Для глэмпинга достаточно спального мешка.
2) False

16. There’s a strict list of things necessary for glamping. — Есть очень строгий список вещей, которые необходимы для глэмпинга.
2) False

17. Many people have already turned their camps into glamps. — Многие люди уже превратили свои кемпинги в глэмпинги.
3) Not stated

ГИА (ОГЭ). Раздел 3. Задания по грамматике и лексике

Задания 18-26
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

Rubber
Today, we all know what rubber is. Rubber boots, car tyres, balloons and other toys for 18) children, pencil erasers (also called rubbers) — to name just a few things made of rubber.
When we press a piece of rubber, we change its shape. As soon as we stop 19) pressing, the rubber springs back to its original shape; we therefore say that rubber is elastic. It’s the most important quality of rubber.
For a very long time Europeans 20) hadn’t known about rubber. In 1492, Columbus sailed from Spain and discovered America. One of the many strange things which he and his men saw in America was a game played with rubber balls. They noticed that the rubber balls bounced much 21) better than the balls that they had used in their own country. When they sailed home, they told their friends about the balls made from the gum of a tree.
Hundreds of years had passed before rubber was used in Europe and other parts of the world. Small pieces of rubber 22) were brought to Europe. People who liked to collect strange things kept 23) them. However, no one thought that rubber 24) could be useful.
Then an artist 25) found out that rubber would rub out pencil marks. That is how it came to be called ‘rubber’. Rubber trees grow only in countries where it is very hot and very damp. 26) These countries are near the equator; so it was in the countries near the equator that people went out to hunt for the rubber trees. The men who were hunting for rubber trees found them growing wild in South America, in Central America, and in West Africa.

Резина
Сегодня мы все знаем, что такое резина. Резиновые сапоги, автомобильные шины, воздушные шары и другие игрушки для детей, карандашные ластики (также называемые резинки) – и это только несколько вещей из резины.
Когда мы сжимаем кусок резины, мы меняем его форму. Как только мы перестаем сжимать, резина возвращается обратно к своей первоначальной форме; поэтому мы говорим, что резина является эластичной. Это самое важное качество резины.
В течение очень долгого времени европейцы не знал о резине. В 1492 году Колумб отплыл из Испании и открыл Америку. Одна из многих странных вещей, которые он и его люди увидели в Америке, была игра с резиновыми мячами. Они заметили, что резиновые мячи отскакивали намного лучше, чем мячи, которые они использовали в своей собственной стране. Когда они приплыли домой, они рассказывали своим друзьям о мячах, сделанных из камеди (застывший сок) дерева.
Прошли сотни лет, прежде чем резина стала использоваться в Европе и других частях мира. Небольшие куски резины были доставлены в Европу. Люди, которые любили собирать странные вещи хранили их. Тем не менее, никто не думал, что резина может быть полезной.
Затем художник обнаружил, что резина могла стирать карандаш. То есть, так это стало называться «резинка». Каучуковые деревья растут только в тех странах, где очень жарко и очень сыро. Эти страны находятся вблизи экватора; так что это в странах вблизи экватора люди вышли на охоту за каучуковыми деревьями. Люди, которые охотились за каучуковыми деревьями, нашли их дикорастущими в Южной Америке, в Центральной Америке, и в Западной Африке.

Задания 27-32
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

The Great Fire of London
The London of the middle of the 17th century was a city of narrow streets. There was little light and air. Rubbish lay piled up in dark comers. It is no wonder that 27) illnesses were common.
The greatest epidemic broke out in 1665. It was a sad time for London. The streets were empty, shops were closed and there were few boats on the Thames.
The 28) following year the Great Fire took place. The summer had been dry, and the fire spread quickly. This was a 29) really terrible fire.
The fire burned for five days and destroyed the greater part of the city. But it did the city good, as it cleared away the old wooden houses and 30) dirty, narrow streets.
Sir Christopher Wren, the famous architect of that day, took part in rebuilding the city. The greater part of it had been of wood, but after the fire wider streets and brick houses were built. The old church of St. Paul was among the 31) buildings destroyed by the fire. Sir Christopher Wren lies buried under the roof of his own great work. These words in Latin are written on his grave, ’32) Reader, if you want to see his monument, look around.’

Великий пожар в Лондоне
Лондон середины 17-го века был городом узких улиц. Было немного света и воздуха. Мусор лежал сложенный в темных углах. Не удивительно, что болезни были обычным явлением.
Самая большая эпидемия вспыхнула в 1665 году. Это было печальное время для Лондона. Улицы были пусты, магазины были закрыты, и было несколько лодок на Темзе.
В следующем году произошел Великий пожар. Лето было сухим, и огонь быстро распространился. Это был действительно страшный пожар.
Огонь горел в течение пяти дней и уничтожил большую часть города. Но он сделал город лучше, так как он убрал старые деревянные дома и грязные, узкие улицы.
Сэр Кристофер Рен, известный архитектор того времени, принял участие в восстановлении города. Большая часть его была из дерева, но после пожара были построены широкие улицы и кирпичные дома. Старая церковь Святого Павла был среди зданий, разрушенных пожаром. Сэр Кристофер Рен погребен под крышей своего великого творения. Эти слова на латыни написаны на его могиле, «Читатель, если вы хотите увидеть его памятник, оглянитесь».

ГИА (ОГЭ). Раздел 4. Задание по письму

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

Задание 33
You have 30 minutes to do this task. — У вас есть 30 минут, чтобы выполнить это задание.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Sally. — Ты получил письмо от своего англоговорящего друга по переписке, Салли.

… At school we are doing projects about how young people spend free time in different countries, and of course I’ve chosen Russia to write about. I hope you can help me here. …
What do you and your friends do during your free time? What are the most popular hobbies of Russian teenagers, in your opinion? What kinds of entertainment do you prefer and why? …

… В школе мы делаем проекты о том, как молодые люди проводят свободное время в разных странах, и, конечно, я выбрала Россию, чтобы написать о ней. Я надеюсь, что ты можешь помочь мне здесь. …
Что ты и твои друзья делают в свободное время? Каковы наиболее популярные увлечения российских подростков, по твоему мнению? Какие развлечения ты предпочитаешь и почему? …

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions. — Напиши ей письмо, и ответить на 3 ее вопроса.
Write 100-120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing. — Напиши 100-120 слов. Помни правила письма.

ГИА (ОГЭ). Раздел 5. Задания по говорению

Task 1. You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud. — Задание 1. Вы собираетесь читать текст вслух. У вас есть 1,5 минуты, чтобы прочитать текст молча, а затем быть готовым читать его вслух. Помните, что у вас не будет более 2-х минут для чтения вслух.

The New Forest National Park is one of the main rural holiday destinations in the south of England. About eight million visitors come here every year to enjoy a breath of fresh air, often after spending hours in traffic jams. The name of the New Forest is misleading, because much of this region’s woodland was cleared long before the Normans came. Some wooded areas still remain, and visitors can enjoy watching wildlife there. The region has ten campsites, all of them closed between October and Easter. However, all the year round there are lots of activities to join in and visitor attractions to explore. The whole family will enjoy food events, shows, fairs and guided walks.

Национальный парк Нью-Форест является одним из главных сельских мест отдыха на юге Англии. Около восьми миллионов посетителей приезжают сюда каждый год, чтобы насладиться глотком свежего воздуха, часто после того, как потратили часы в пробках. Название Нью-Форест вводит в заблуждение, потому что большая часть лесных массивов этого региона была очищена задолго до того, как пришли норманны. Некоторые лесистые районы по-прежнему остаются, и посетители могут наслаждаться просмотром дикой природы там. Область имеет десять кемпингов, все они закрыты с октября до Пасхи. Тем не менее, круглый год есть много мероприятий, к которым можно присоединиться и туристических достопримечательностей, чтобы исследовать. Вся семья получит удовольствие от пищевых мероприятий, шоу, ярмарок и пеших экскурсий с гидом.

Task 2. You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. — Вы собираетесь принять участие в телефонном опросе. Вы должны ответить на шесть вопросов. Дайте полные ответы на вопросы.

Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question. — Помните, что у вас есть 40 секунд, чтобы ответить на каждый вопрос.

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the Healthy Food Club. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how people feel about healthy eating in our region. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started. — Здравствуйте! Это электронный помощник Клуба здорового питания. Просим Вас принять участие в нашем опросе. Нам нужно выяснить, как люди относятся к здоровому питанию в нашем регионе. Просьба ответить на шесть вопросов. Опрос является анонимным — вы не должны называть свое имя. Итак, давайте начнем.

Electronic assistant: How old are you? — Сколько вам лет?
Student: I am fifteen years old. — Мне пятнадцать лет.
Electronic assistant: What kind of lunch do you have at school? — Какой обед у вас в школе?
Student: I usually have a chop with potatoes, pizza and tea. — У меня обычно отбивная с картофелем, пицца и чай.
Electronic assistant: How many times a week do you eat fast food? — Сколько раз в неделю вы едите фаст-фуд?
Student: I sometimes eat fast food with my friends at the weekends. — Я иногда ем фаст-фуд с друзьями по выходным.
Electronic assistant: What is your favourite food? — Какая ваша любимая еда?
Student: My favourite food is fried chicken, fruit salad and milk shake. — Моя любимая еда жареная курица, фруктовый салат и молочный коктейль.
Electronic assistant: Why do you think it is important to eat healthy food? — Почему вы думаете, что это важно есть здоровую пищу?
Student: You must eat healthy food to keep fit, be strong and healthy. — Вы должны есть здоровую пищу, чтобы поддерживать хорошую физическую форму, быть сильным и здоровым.
Electronic assistant: What would you advise a person who wants to eat healthy food? — Что бы вы посоветовали человеку, который хочет есть здоровую пищу?
Student: Eat more fruit and vegetables and drink more water. Avoid eating fast food. — Ешьте больше фруктов и овощей, и пейте больше воды. Избегайте употребления фаст-фуда.
Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation. — Это конец опроса. Большое спасибо за сотрудничество.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about reading. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes. — Вы собираетесь дать говорить о чтении. Вам придется начать через 1,5 минуты и говорить не более чем 2 минуты.

Remember to say — Не забудьте сказать:
• why people like reading books — почему люди любят чтение книг
• why reading books is less popular today than it was in the past — почему чтение книги менее популярны сегодня, чем это было в прошлом
• what was your favourite book when you were in primary school — какая была ваша любимая книга, когда вы были в начальной школе
You have to talk continuously. — Вы должны говорить постоянно (без пауз)


Пройти тестирование по этим заданиям
Вернуться к каталогу заданий

Версия для печати и копирования в MS Word

1

Задания Д9 № 88

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Traditional delivery

2. Loss of popularity

3. Money above privacy

4. The best-known newspapers

5. Focus on different readers

6. The successful competitor

7. Size makes a difference

8. Weekend reading

A. As in many other European countries, Britain’s main newspapers are losing their readers. Fewer and fewer people are buying broadsheets and tabloids at the newsagent’s. In the last quarter of the twentieth century people became richer and now they can choose other forms of leisure activity. Also, there is the Internet which is a convenient and inexpensive alternative source of news.

B. The ‘Sunday papers’ are so called because that is the only day on which they are published. Sunday papers are usually thicker than the dailies and many of them have six or more sections. Some of them are ‘sisters’ of the daily newspapers. It means they are published by the same company but not on week days.

C. Another proof of the importance of ‘the papers’ is the morning ‘paper round’. Most newsagents organise these. It has become common that more than half of the country’s readers get their morning paper brought to their door by a teenager. The boy or girl usually gets up at around 5:30 a.m. every day including Sunday to earn a bit of pocket money.

D. The quality papers or broadsheets are for the better educated readers. They devote much space to politics and other ‘serious’ news. The popular papers, or tabloids, sell to a much larger readership. They contain less text and a lot more pictures. They use bigger headlines and write in a simpler style of English. They concentrate on ‘human interest stories’ which often means scandal.

E. Not so long ago in Britain if you saw someone reading a newspaper you could tell what kind it was without even checking the name. It was because the quality papers were printed on very large pages called ‘broadsheet’. You had to have expert turning skills to be able to read more than one page. The tabloids were printed on much smaller pages which were much easier to turn.

F. The desire to attract more readers has meant that in the twentieth century sometimes even the broadsheets in Britain look rather ‘popular’. They give a lot of coverage to scandal and details of people’s private lives. The reason is simple. What matters most for all newspaper publishers is making a profit. They would do anything to sell more copies.

G. If you go into any newsagent’s shop in Britain you will not find only newspapers. You will also see rows and rows of magazines for almost every imaginable taste. There are specialist magazines for many popular pastimes. There are around 3,000 of them published in the country and they are widely read, especially by women. Magazines usually list all the TV and radio programmes for the coming week and many British readers prefer them to newspapers.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Источник: ГИА по английскому языку 31.05.2013. Основная волна. Вариант 1301.


2

Задания Д9 № 123

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. The symbols of London

2. Means of travelling

3. World record holder

4. A sweet in the street

5. On the road

6. A healthy but difficult choice

7. An unusual hobby

8. Conflict over roads

A. The British are enthusiastic about mobility. They think that the ability to travel far and frequently is their right. People can spend up to two or three hours commuting to London or another big city and arrive back at their homes in the countryside only late in the evening. They put up with the long journey because they want their families to avoid the unhealthy lifestyle of big cities.

B. Most journeys to work are made by private road transport. It leads to the pollution so familiar to many big cities, and to traffic jams. Congestion is especially high in Britain because the British do not welcome the idea of building new roads. They don’t like living close to them. Each proposal to build a new road is criticised so it’s not easy to improve the road situation.

C. Perhaps because the trains were the first means of transport in Britain many people still have a romantic outlook on them. Thousands of train-lovers spend a lot of time looking for information about trains, especially old steam engines. Many enthusiasts spend their free time restoring and repairing old trains. They even earn some money by offering rides to tourists.

D. It is possible to travel between any two towns or cities by either road or rail. In some parts of the country there is a very good rail network but most commercially successful trains run between London and the largest cities in the country. By modern European standards British trains are not fast. Coach services are generally even slower than trains but are much cheaper. It explains why they are still in use.

E. Britain is one of the few countries in Europe where double-decker buses are a common sight. Although single-deckers have been in use since 1960s, London still has many double-deckers in operation. They are world-famous, an image associated with the city. Another London icon is the black taxi. Normally, these traditional taxis cannot be hired by phone. You simply have to find one on the street.

F. In 1953, most schoolchildren walked to school. For this reason, school crossing patrols were introduced. This ‘patrol’ consists of an adult wearing a bright waterproof coat and carrying a stick with a circle on top of it, which reads ‘STOP’. Armed with this ‘lollipop’, the adult walks out into the middle of the road, stops the traffic and allows the children to cross.

G. On 9 January 2013, the London Underground (or the Tube) celebrated 150 years since the first underground journey. It is both the world’s oldest underground railway and the oldest rapid transit system. It was also the first underground railway to operate electric trains. The Underground has 268 stations and 400 km of track, making it the longest metro system in the world by route length.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Источник: ГИА по английскому языку 31.05.2013. Основная волна. Вариант 1302.


3

Задания Д9 № 158

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A change in people’s attitude

2. A problem still unsolved

3. A new state organisation

4. A governmental plan of action

5. No time to waste

6. An eco-friendly means of transport

7. A set of dangerous signs

8. A reason for global warming

A. Recycling is becoming easier and more widespread. Governments support companies that recycle waste. Also people prefer to buy things from companies that make their products from recycled materials. Reports say that people worldwide are starting to care more about what happens to waste products. For example, now Americans recycle almost 35% of their waste, while in the 1990s the percentage was much smaller.

B. In autumn 2004 a new governmental body was created in Russia to protect the country’s natural resources. It’s called the Federal Ecological Service. The aims of the new institution are the following: to prevent environmental pollution and to control industrial waste. They say that the new governmental service has improved the state system of environmental protection in Russia.

C. Climate change is on us. Ten years ago we only spoke about it, now it’s happening before our eyes. Global warming is bringing unpredictable changes. The Arctic sea ice is disappearing; glaciers are melting faster every year. Due to heavy rains some rivers overflow, while others dry out. Disasters such as tornadoes and floods are spreading. Strong hurricanes are becoming more common and more destructive.

D. People burn plenty of coal, oil and natural gas. As a result of this billions of tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released into the atmosphere every year. CO2 is a greenhouse gas that traps the sun’s radiation within the atmosphere so the concentration of CO2 increases. As a result of this, temperatures in different parts of the planet rise.

E. They are designed to work using electric power, without gasoline. It means that they don’t pollute the atmosphere, cost less and reduce the need for oil. Such cars are reliable and have interesting designs. However, they have a few bad points. Many have a maximum speed limit of about 50 miles per hour. Most cities are not ready for the appearance of such cars on their roads.

F. Environmental organisations have been discussing ways of saving the rain forests for many years. However, we are still facing huge losses in the Amazon. People think that rainforests have already had enough attention. They have been discussed in the press for years. Unfortunately the rainforest is still in danger and can be destroyed completely.

G. Environmental problems are serious and we have to deal with them immediately. There may not be easy solutions but we simply can’t continue living as if everything is fine. These problems aren’t going to disappear by themselves. If we want to keep this planet a healthy place for our grandchildren, it’s time to do everything we can to stop the catastrophe.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Источник: ГИА по английскому языку 31.05.2013. Основная волна. Вариант 1303.


4

Задания Д9 № 193

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Exploring wildlife

2. Active pastimes

3. The land of sun and beauty

4. Mind the strong wind

5. The symbols of Florida

6. Entertainment for children

7. Life on a beach

8. A family holiday resort

A. Florida has always been very popular with tourists from different parts of the world. It presents a lucky combination of pleasant climate and man-made attractions. Thousands of parents and their children go there in search of fun, sun and entertainment. They enjoy theme parks like the Walt Disney World Resort and the Sea World Resort, numerous movie studios, water parks, pools and other facilities.

B. One of the most popular places is the Walt Disney Resort, the biggest amusement park in the world. It includes different attractions for younger tourists. Children can enjoy magic exhibits or explore science at special centers situated within the area of the resort. They can also watch wild animals at the Animal Kingdom or enjoy one of the world movies at Disney Studios.

C. However, there is more to see in Florida than just Mickey Mouse. Florida is probably the sunniest state of the USA. Its nickname is the ‘Sunshine State’. Though Florida is one of the flattest states in America, its landscape is really amazing. Lakes with fresh water, hills, forests, eight miles of coastline and countless small islands create a fantastic atmosphere in the resort.

D. Florida provides an opportunity for adventure on both land and water. There are many types of unique wildlife, including dolphins and whales, deer and black bears. Tourists can enjoy African wildlife in a huge park in Tampa Bay. Giraffes, lions and zebras walk through the park’s grounds. Tourists can watch the animals in the wild and take photos. It goes without saying all kinds of hunting are strictly prohibited.

E. Besides all of this, Florida is also an extremely popular seaside resort. One of its beaches was called the safest bathing beach in the world. The range of facilities for holidaymakers is also impressive — from banana riding to renting boats for fishing and dolphin watching. Numerous cafes offer tourists excellent service, tasty seafood and a vast variety of drinks to cool down on a hot day.

F. The warm summers and mild winters make Florida an ideal place for different sports like boating, diving, surfing and water skiing. Not only are water sports popular — lots of people go there to play golf and they even plan their vacations around golfing! There are more golf courses in Florida than in any other state of the USA. There are state and private courses within a short driving distance of each other.

G. Hurricanes are a fact of Florida life. They can affect some vacations that is why it’s wise to avoid Florida in certain months. The Florida Hurricane Season officially starts on June 1 and ends on November 30. Historically, September is the most active month of the year. The National Hurricane Centre monitors the territory of Florida in order to warn the people of the danger well beforehand.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Источник: ГИА по английскому языку 31.05.2013. Основная волна. Вариант 1304.


5

Задания Д9 № 228

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Popular route

2. The secret of the old rocks

3. City of contrasts

4. Escape the heat

5. Common roots

6. Wildlife holidays

7. Holy waters

8. Movie magic

A. The world’s first university was established in India in 700 BC, where more than 10,500 students from around the world studied more than 60 different subjects. The training was conducted in Sanskrit. Nowadays Sanskrit is considered to be the mother of all the European languages. Its elements can be traced in most of them.

B. The most frequently visited place in India is Delhi, the capital of the country. It seems to be divided into two parts. New Delhi is a modern city with hi-tech architecture, tourist attractions and modern facilities. Old Delhi is several centuries old, with narrow streets, ancient churches and noisy bazaars. Lots of people live in slums without the most essential facilities like toilets and running water.

C. People all over the world know of India’s greatest river, the Ganges. It is the subject of thousands of prayers. The river looks extremely beautiful in the morning light. It is believed that bathing in the Ganges helps to cure all kinds of diseases and can improve your life in general. It has become a common ritual for pilgrims to gather by the river in the mornings.

D. The most famous and often visited Indian historic area is the Golden Triangle. It consists of the cities of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. Lying in the south-east, Agra attracts tourists with its iconic image of the Taj Mahal palace, which is one of the eight wonders of the modern world. To the south-west is the colourful ‘Pink City’ of Jaipur, known for its Palace of Winds.

E. Indian climate differs from one part of the country to another. The air is cool and fresh in the mountains but in the plains it is usually very hot and dry so even a short trip can be very hard for an inexperienced traveller. That is why tourists are always glad to have a rest at one of the numerous stations in the hills. There they can enjoy a nice cup of real Indian tea, the most refreshing drink in such a climate.

F. India is not all history. It is also famous for its Bollywood industry, which produces love stories and action films. Indian films have always had their own style, rich in music and dancing. Though the industry is still developing, many of Indian film stars have received Oscar prizes and are known throughout the world. The home of Bollywood is Bombay, also known as a busy port and the country’s commercial centre.

G. There is an unusual treasure hidden in the Indian mountains. These are striking ancient temples cut in the rocks. For example, the Buddhist cave temples at Ajanta were built at least 2,000 years ago. Inside the caves on the walls tourists can see pictures of people’s lives and animal images. Some researchers believe that the interpretation of the images can help us to learn a lot about people’s lives in ancient times.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Источник: ГИА по английскому языку 31.05.2013. Основная волна. Вариант 1305.

Пройти тестирование по этим заданиям

Подробности
30595
A bright fountain огэ ответы    
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А21-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. TEST  03  ( part 3)

Even if you live in the heart of the city, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t A21 take

up gardening. We can’t all afford a large garden, but we can all create a space where we can follow the seasons. Whether it’s a window box, a balcony or a tiny yard, anyone can have the pleasure of looking A22 after plants.

A window box is a small box of plants that literally sits outside your window. Here, the choice of

plants is what counts. You want a splash of colour all year A23 round , so choose flowers that bloom at different times of the year. Daffodils, for example, are beautiful spring flowers and will soon have you looking forward to summer. Their bright colours will also attract butterflies, bringing a touch of life. If you’ve got a balcony, you’ve got a little more freedom. In this case, the key is to А24 make maximum use of the space you’ve got available. Put taller plants against the walls of the house, with shorter plants and flowers along the A25 edge of the balcony.

You can also add a water feature; a small fountain creates interest and can have a cooling effect on a hot summer’s day. If your neighbours’ balcony is next to yours, why not use a fast-growing plant like wisteria to form a natural barrier, giving you more privacy?

Those of you who are lucky enough to have a small yard can really go to town. Think about how you’re going to use it. Do you want to be able to sit and enjoy the sun? Or do you want to be

A26 able to entertain friends and have a barbecue? Divide the yard into separate areas and plan each one carefully. Garden furniture is very important. A table that folds in half can give you a lot of flexibility, and chairs that fold away also allow you to change your garden to A27 suit your mood. As A28 far as plants are concerned, choose varieties that don’t mind a bit of shade, unless your yard gets a lot of sun. Yards often have walls that keep the sun out for long periods and you don’t want your careful plans spoiled because a few of your plants start to die.

A21

1) take

Take up — браться за что-либо, заниматься

2) set

Set up — воздвигать, устанавливать

3) put

Put up — строить, воздвигать (здание); ставить пьесу; вешать объявление

4) make

Make up — компенсировать;выдумывать

A22

1) on

Look on smth — наблюдать, не вмешиваяясь

2) up

Look up smth — нет такого сочетания (look smth up)

3) after

Look after — заботиться

4) down

Look down smth — нет такого сочетания

A23

1) round

All year round — круглый год; устоявшееся выражение

2) over

3) along

4) across

A24

1) get

2) make

Make use of smth — извлечь из чего-либо пользу; утоявшееся выражение

3) have

4) do

A25

1) edge

край, грань

2) boundary

граница

3) rim

Используется в значении «край» только со стаканом — rim of glass — края стакана

4) frame

Рамка

A26

1) capable

To be capable to — нет такого сочетания ( to be capable of smth/doing smth)

2) possible

To be possible to – о человеке так сказать нельзя

3) able

To be able to — быть способным, иметь возможность

4) probable

To be probable to — о человеке так сказать нельзя

A27

1) fit

2) suit

Suit one’s mood — удовлетворять настроению; утоявшееся выражение

3) copy

4) go

A28

1) much

2) long

3) few

4) far

As far as smth is concerned — что касается..; утоявшееся выражение