A bright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

Различные пути в подготовке учащихся к написанию писемв формате егэчасть 1 написание личного письмав последнее время многие учителя , используя

Различные пути в подготовке учащихся к написанию писем

(в формате ЕГЭ)

Часть 1 –написание личного письма

В последнее время многие учителя , используя  различную методическую литературу, ищут пути повышения эффективности  обучения учащихся письму.

Если обратиться к формату ЕГЭ, то он включает два задания:

  1. Написание письма личного характера (100-140 слов)
  2. Написание эссе с элементами рассуждения (200-250 слов)

Сначала рассмотрим стратегии выполнения этой части экзамена.

Стратегии выполнения этой части экзамена

  1. Внимательно прочитайте задание и выделите главные вопросы, о которых нужно написать, определите формат письменного задания ( вид письма  и тип сочинения)
  2. Определите, кому адресовано письмо и выберите соответствующий стиль письма .
  3. Составьте план письма / сочинения  и подберите необходимые слова и выражения.
  4. Пишите в соответствии с планом и помните о делении текста на абзацы.
  5. Старайтесь использовать не только простые предложения, но и сложноподчинённые, используя средства логической связи.
  6. Старайтесь правильно употреблять временные формы глагола, используйте разнообразные грамматические структуры.
  7. Внимательно проверьте  работу, обращая внимание на следующие моменты:
  1. Соблюдается ли формат  и стиль высказывания;
  2. Логично ли текст делится на абзацы;
  3. Правильно ли использованы средства связи внутри предложений, между

   предложениями, между абзацами;

  1. Проверьте правильность написания каждого слова

Для успешного выполнения этого задания, можно наметить различные пути:

1й путь- опора на  модель. Модели хорошо представлены в современных УМК (как отечественных, так и зарубежных авторов) в разделах Writing Help.

В качестве примера можно посмотреть  Opportunities (Michael Harris and others), State Exam , Maximiser ( Е.Н.Соловова, И.Е.Солокова), Practice Tests for the Russian State Exam

( Elena Klekovkina and others) и другие. Последние два источника, на мой взгляд, самые удачные для подготовки к ЕГЭ.

2й путь— опора на клише. Клише разрабатываются самим учителем , опираясь на собственный опыт или на опыт коллег.

3й путь— опора на предварительные упражнения, которые можно взять готовые из  УМК или составить самостоятельно. Какой путь лучше ?  Моё мнение- использование всех путей.

Что касается 1го пути,- использование модели, то я не буду  останавливаться, так как наши и зарубежные УМК изобилуют такими моделями. Я хочу начать с клише.

Клише для написания личного письма ( в формате ЕГЭ)

Для начала познакомимся со структурой и образцом написания письма. 

                                                          Структура письма

Что требуется в письме

         Рекомендации

         Примеры

1

Адрес

Address

Адрес пишущего указывается в правом верхнем углу

  1. В принятом в Великобритании порядке: номер квартиры, корпуса, дома, улица, почтовый индекс, страна
  2. Слова Flat, Block, Street, Avenue,  Prospect пишут  с заглавной буквы

Можно пользоваться общепринятыми сокращениями, которые тоже пишут с заглавной буквы ( Fl,  Apt, St, Ave, Pr)

(полный)

Flat 5 Block 1

12 Grazhdansky Pr

StPetersburg 195299

Russia

(краткий)

StPetersburg

Russia

2

Дата

Date

Под адресом дата (пропустив строку)

  1. Можно писать цифрами или буквами
  2. Названия месяцев пишут с заглавной буквы

В зависимости от задания (адресата) можно писать британский вариант: дата/ месяц/ год     или     американский   вариант :   месяц  / дата / год

Saturday,  March 1st, 1999

9 September 1999

3

Обращение

Greeting

Письмо начинается с обращения, после которого ставят запятую. (с новой строки, пропустив строку)

Dear Sally,

Dear Mr Brown,

My darling,

4

Начало письма

Introduction

В начале письма автор  обычно

  1. Благодарит адресата за ранее полученную корреспонденцию
  1. Извиняется, что не писал раньше

Thanks for…, Many thanks for…, How nice of you …, I was awfully glad to get your letter…

I must apologise for not writing…,

I really should have written sooner….

5

Основная часть письма

Main Body

В ней должны быть раскрыты все аспекты, указанные в задании. Каждый  параграф пишут с новой строки, пропустив строчку.

6

Конец письма

Conclusion

В конце письма автор упоминает о дальнейших контактах. (с новой строки, пропустив строку)

I’ll write again soon.

Looking forward to seeing you.

Hope to hear from you soon.

7

Завершающая фраза письма

Ending

Эта фраза зависит от степени близости автора и адресата, после неё всегда ставится запятая.

(с новой строки, пропустив строку)

I love you so much,

Lots of love,      Much love,

Best wishes,      All the best,

Yours…..,

8

Подпись автора

Личные письма подписывают без указания фамилии (с новой строки, пропустив строку)

Sally   ,    David

Образец написания письма

  1. Greeting

  — never begin Dear friend / Pen friend; write  the name   Dear Jane,

  1.     Introduction 

  — reasons  for writing;  / — an apology   for a delay in writing / — a thank you to the person for his last letter

  1. Main Body

    divide your letter into paragraphs and  include 2-3 points in each paragraph

  1. Conclusion

  -an excuse to stop writing/  —  greetings to  the person’s family ( friends) /   — an invitation/  — a promise to write again soon,   /    —  a request to the person to reply soon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

  1. Ending

 — Lots of love/ Best wishes + your first name

                                                       Useful Vocabulary      

Useful Vocabulary

                   Вводные фразы

                Заключительные фразы

  1. It was great to get your letter….      
  2. Thanks for your letter.  It was great / lovely  to hear from you.
  3. Thanks for your long letter. It was really  great to hear all your news, after not hearing from you for ages…..
  4. Sorry I haven’t written for so long but…..
  5. I’m very sorry about not replying to your letter sooner but I’ve been extremely busy.
  6. Sorry for not writing earlier but I’ve………
  7. How are things with you? I’m sorry I haven’t written for so long, but ……
  8. I was really pleased to hear that….
  9. I thought I’d better write and tell you about….
  1. I would really like you to visit me this summer. Write to me and tell me your plans.
  2. Thanks for sending me… Please write to me again soon, and tell me all your news.
  3. Please give/send my regards (love) to your…. And write and tell me your plans for….
  4. I would really love to see you. Why don’t you come and visit me this….. Write back soon! 
  5. If you want to know anything else, just drop me a line.
  6. Well, that’s all for now. Do write back soon.
  7. That’s all my news for now…

                Письма с просьбой дать совет.           Asking for   advice

                          Вводные фразы

               Заключительные фразы

                          Formal

  1. I would appreciate it if you could give me some advice about…
  2. I am writing to ask  if  you could help me with…
  3. I am writing to ask for your advice.
  4. Could you possibly offer your advice?
  5. Could you please give me your advice?
  6. I am writing to request some advice concerning…
  7. I would be grateful if you could offer your advice.
  8. I wonder if you could help me with a problem…

                Informal

  1. I am writing  to ask for your advice.
  1. Can  you give me your advice?
  2. Give me your advice about….
  3. Can you think of anything that…?
  4. I’ve got a problem and I need your advice
  5. I’ve got a problem, and I think you can help.

                     Formal

  1. I would be grateful  if you could give me your advice as soon as possible
  2. I look forward to receiving your advice.
  3. It would be of great help if you could advise me.
  4. I would greatly appreciate your assistance in this matter.
  5. I would appreciate it if you could give me your advice as soon as possible.

                        Informal

  1. What do you think I should do?
  2. Give me  /  Send me  your advice soon.
  3. Do you think I should…?
  4. Do you have any idea about…?
  5. Please let me know what to do
  6. Please let me know what you think I should do
  7. I’d like to know what you think about…
  8. Write back soon and tell me what you think.
  9. Your advice would help me a lot.

Письма-советы.                        Giving  advice

    Вводные фразы

 Фразы  основной части

Заключительные фразы

            Formal

  1. Thank you for your letter requesting….
  2. I am writing in reply to your letter asking for advice about……..
  3. I am writing with regard to your letter requesting advice concerning….

                     Informal

  1. I ‘m sorry to hear ..…and I think I can help.
  2. Cheer up / Don’t worry too much.
  3. Don’t let it get you down
  4. I’m only too glad to help.
  5. I just got your letter and I think……
  6. Here’s what I think you should do.

                 Formal

  1. I strongly recommend that…….
  2. I would suggest that………
  3. I believe the best course of action is….
  4. I would advise you to………
  5. You should / ought to……..
  6. If I were you I would………

                   Informal

  1. Why don’t you……….?
  2. If I were you / in your position, I’d…../ I wouldn’t…..
  3. Have you thought of / about ……+ Ving?
  4. Don’t forget to….
  5. It would be a good idea to………
  6. What you should do is…
  7. How about + Ving………?  What about + Ving…..?
  8. I think you should……
  9. The best advice I can give you is………
  10. Another good idea is to……

                Formal

  1. I trust you will accept  this advice
  2. I hope this advice will be of help
  3. I hope to have been of assistance to you/
  4. I would  very much like to know if this advice was helpful  /  has been of some use.

                      Informal

  1. I hope that this / my advice helps.
  2. Let me know what happens.
  3. Let me know how it went.
  4. Let’s hope that things get better
  5. Let’s hope that everything turns out all right.
  6. Hope this helped.
  7. If you do this, you would…….

Примеры подготовительных упражнений для учащихся ( перед написанием личного письма)

Exercise 1.   пример взят из Practice Tests for the Russian State Exam (E.Klekovkina…) Macmillan

Put the parts of this letter in the correct order (Part1- Part9)-Key:HDFBGAEC

A.. Anyway, I’ve got to go now. Loads of homework (unfortunately!)

B. I’m sorry to hear you’ve had an argument with your best friend and that you’re not speaking at the moment. Yes, it has happened to me too, and it’s awful, isn’t it?

C. Carol

D. Dear Sally,

E. Write back soon!

F. Thanks for your letter. It was great to hear from you! Well done on passing your exams!

G. I think you need to ask yourself one question: what’s more important- that argument or your friendship? I remember when I asked myself that it all became clear. I realized my friendship with Chris was far more important. I called him immediately and told him. We became friends again immediately. Maybe you should do the same thing. Let me know what happens! Good luck!

H. 23 Portland Street

Manchester

MN3 6YL

24th September

Exercise  2.  пример взят из Reading/ Writing (Virginia Evans-Jenny Dooley) Express Publishing

 You recently started a new job, and you have decided to write and tell a friend  about it. Write your letter, describing the job and the people you work with. (100-150 words)

KEY: 1-A, 2-B, 3-A, 4- X description of yourself, .where you went last night, .news about your holiday, 5-A,B,C

  1. Who is going to read your letter?    A  someone you know well   В  someone you have never met
  2. Why are you writing the letter?      A  to apply for a new job       В  to tell someone your news

3.    What will your letter be about?       A  your new job                     В  your friend’s new job

  1. Which three points below would you not include in the letter? Put a cross (х).

…..reason for writing

…..description of yourself

…..brief description of the work you do

…..where you went last night

…..the people you work with

…..news about your holiday

…..asking the other person to reply

5.   Which of the following could you use in the letter?  A. short forms B. idioms  C. informal vocabulary D. formal, polite expressions

Exercise 3.   пример взят из Reading/ Writing (Virginia Evans-Jenny Dooley) Express Publishing

You have decided to hold a party at your house on New Year’s Eve. Write a letter to a   friend who lives in another town, inviting him/her to your party and telling him/her what you have planned for the occasion. (120-180 words)

Key: 1-informal, 2-someone you know well, 3-to invite someone to a party, 4-the reason you are writing,plans and preparations for the party

1    What style would you use for this letter?

2    Who is going to read it?

3    Why are you writing the letter?

4    Which two points below are main topics that you might include in your letter?

…. the reason you are writing

…. why you haven’t held a party before

…. a description of your house

…. plans and preparations for the party

…. how much money you will spend on  food and drink ….

….recent changes in your town

5.  If you were holding a party, what plans/preparations would you make? Use these headings to help you.

• food & drink

• guests

• decorations

6.     Read the letter and label the paragraphs with the headings.

• closing remarks    • reason for writing    • details about the event

What is the main topic of each paragraph?

Paragraph 2

A plans and preparations for the party В the other guests who will be there С Mexican food and decorations

Paragraph 3

A the easiest way to get to Mark’s house В specific arrangements for Vic and Monica С how long the party will last

Exercise  4. пример взят из Reading/ Writing (Virginia Evans-Jenny Dooley) Express Publishing

Read the sentences and decide which are from introductions and which are from conclusions.

(Key: 1-C, 2-I, 3-C, 4-C, 5-I, 6-I)

  1. Please let me know as soon as possible.
  2. I’m writing to invite you to our wedding on 6th May.
  3. I’m  sure it will be fun, and I hope you’ll be able to come.
  4. Looking forward to seeing you then.
  5. Were organising a fancy-dress party and it would be great if you could come.
  6. We’d love it if you could come to our house-warming party on 27th January.

Task 5.     пример взят из Reading/ Writing (Virginia Evans-Jenny Dooley) Express Publishing

Read the short letter of invitation and correct the mistakes in bold.

Dear Sally,

I’m writting to invite you to our cottage near Wynton for the first weekend on June, when Wynton has its annual fair. Its always great fun, and I’m sure you are enjoy it.    The fair takes place in the Saturday, with    a flower show, a funfair and lots of others     things, and there is usualy a big dance at    the evening.                                                         ………………

The next day Barry and I am going to  have a barbecue if the weather will be fine.  Most of our freinds have been invited, so  

you’ll meet some interesting people.

Please let us know if you can make it. Looking forward to seeing you.

Lots of love,

Beth

Различные пути в подготовке учащихся к написанию сочинения

(в формате ЕГЭ)

Часть 2 –написание сочинения

Дискуссионные сочинения.       Discursive essays.

   Тип сочинения и примерный план

         Introduction

          Main Body

          Conclusion

1 ‘For’ and ‘Against’  essays

(formal style)

§ 1

-present the topic and state the problem

-make a general remark about it without giving your opinion

§ 2,3

-Arguments “for”( 3 points)

-Arguments “against”(3 points)

(support your arguments with examples)

§ 4

your opinion based on the given arguments

2. Opinion essays

(formal style)

§ 1

— introduce the subject and state your opinion

§ 2-4 –  or more paragraphs

— first viewpoint supported by reasons/ examples

-second viewpoint supported by reasons/ examples

— the opposing viewpoint supported by reasons/ examples

§ 5

— summarise what you’ve said

-restate your opinion using  different words

Useful Language   (FOR  and AGAINST essay)

  1. Introduction ( state the topic /problem ,  you talk generally about the topic, you may ask a question or start with a quotation)
  1. As a general rule…….   It is popularly believed that……..       It is often suggested…….People often claim that…….A lot of people think that…….. Many people are in favour of…… /    are convinced that…..
  2. We all know that…
  3. Can you imagine …….?   Isn’t it amazing……..?     Have you ever thought of….?        Isn’t it strange…?
  4. There are both advantages and disadvantages ……….. Let’s begin with………

     II.    Main Body (points FOR and AGAINST , along with your justification, appear in two separate

paragraphs)

  1. To introduce points
  1. The main / most important / greatest advantage of……is that……  
  2. Another advantage/ disadvantage of……               A further advantage/ disadvantage of……
  3. One point of view in favour of / against…           The best/ worst thing about……is………
  1. To list points
  1. In the first place…        First of all………          To start with…      To begin with…
  2. Secondly…       Thirdly……           Finally………                Last but not least………
  1. To add more points to the same topic
  1. What is more…               Furthermore …….                     Moreover………        
  2. In addition to this….                 Besides………                      Apart from this……….
  1. To make contrasting points
  1. on the other  hand …… however…… in spite of the fact that ……… despite the fact that………
  2.  while……nevertheless… even though…… although…. it can be argued that………
  1. To introduce examples

—  for example……… for instance… such as…….. in particular…………

    III.  Conclusion ( you give either your opinion or a balanced consideration of the topic, or give the  

reader something to consider, or to end with a quotation)

  1. To conclude
  1. to sum up…….. all in all ……….. on the whole………. in conclusion ………
  2. taking everything into account………/ as was previously stated
  3. All things considered , although there are some disadvantages…….., I believe it is…….
  4. All in all, I believe that there are more advantages than disadvantages…..

Useful Language   (OPINION  essay)

  1. Introduction ( state the topic/ problem  ; you may ask a question or start with a quotation; state your opinion)
  1. state the topic /problem

Is too much emphasis placed on……?

— Nowadays, we are often told …… Every day…                           There is no doubt that……..

— Over the past few years,…….   Are you among those who……..?  Why has……become…?

-The British poet…once said that “….”

— There are various facts that support this opinion.

  1. To express opinion

In my opinion………           I believe………. It seems to me……   The way I see it……..

     II.    Main Body (each paragraph should present a separate viewpoint supported by your reason, another  paragraph should present the opposing viewpoint)

  1. To list points
  1. In the first place…        First of all………          To start with…      To begin with…
  2. Secondly…       Thirdly……           Finally………                Last but not least………
  1. To add more points to the same topic
  1. What is more…               Furthermore …….                     Moreover………        
  2. In addition to this….                 Besides………                      Apart from this……….
  1. To introduce  contrasting viewpoints
  1. It is argued that……. People argue that……. Opponents of this view say ………
  2. There are people who oppose………          Contrary to what most believe……….
  1. To introduce examples

—  for example……… for instance… such as…….. in particular…………

    III.  Conclusion ( you restate your opinion using different words)

  1. To conclude
  1. to sum up…….. all in all ……….. all things considered……. on the whole……….
  2.  in conclusion ……… taking everything into account………/ as was previously stated
  3. All in all, I still feel that the benefits of ……..outweigh the disadvantages.

Примеры упражнений для подготовки учащихся к  написанию эссе.

Exercise 1.  from Successful Writing –Upper Intermediate, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing

 Read the closing paragraphs below and say whether they express a balanced consideration or the writer’s opinion.

Key: 1,2,5-writers opinion       3,4,6-balanced consideration

  1. In conclusion, getting married has, to my mind, more advantages than disadvantages. After all, what can be more fulfilling than a steady relationship with the person you love that lasts for the rest of your life?
  2. To sum up, camping holidays do have advantages, the main one being that they are far cheaper than other holidays. In my opinion, however, there is too much hard work involved for them to ever feel like a real holiday.
  3. To conclude, by looking after animals and helping them to breed, zoos play an important part in protecting many species from becoming extinct. Therefore, the negative aspects of keeping animals in captivity are balanced out by the positive ones.
  4.  All in all, computers have both advantages   and   disadvantages. They may have replaced humans in many jobs, but they have also made our lives considerably easier, and it is now difficult to imagine life without them.
  5.  On the whole, while most people go on holiday to rest, this is one thing you are unlikely to do on an adventure holiday. In my opinion, this disadvantage outweighs all the advantages associated with this kind of holiday.
  6. Taking everything into account, there are both advantages and disadvantages in keeping pets. In the end it is up to the individual to decide whether the pleasure associated with owning a pet is worth the work that goes with it.

Exercise 2. from Successful Writing –Upper Intermediate, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing

 Put these jumbled sentences in the correct order. Then write them out in two separate paragraphs, one including all the advantages, the other all the disadvantages. Finally, write a suitable beginning and ending for this topic.                          

Key: 1E,2B,3D,4G,5A,6F,7H,8C

                                                               Package holidays: Good or Bad?

A  However, there are disadvantages to going on a package holiday.

В  То start with, package holidays are cheaper than travelling on your own, as the price includes the air fare and hotel accommodation.

С Another negative aspect is that as you have paid for your accommodation in advance, you often feel obliged to stay in that  place rather than move around and explore.

D Furthermore, the brochures from which most people select a package holiday usually give you a good idea of what the resort  offers, therefore reducing the chances of disappointment.

E  Package holidays have several advantages.

F  In the first place, as package holidays are less expensive, the hotel is unlikely to be top-class.

G Last but not least, when visiting a new place it is often much easier to have all the details arranged in advance as it can be rather confusing to plan everything by yourself.

H Also package holiday destinations are usually popular tourist resorts, thus there is little opportunity to experience the true culture of the country   you are visiting

Exercise 3. from Successful Writing –Intermediate, Virginia Evans, Express Publishing

      Underline the correct linking word/phrase. Key: 1-besides 2-argue that 3-in favour of 4-even though 5-for instance

  1. Besides/Despite, television affects the way we think.
  2. Many people are against/argue that we need advertisements in order to keep up to date with the latest products on the market.
  3. One point of view against/in favour of travelling is that it allows you to meet people from different cultures.
  4. Even though/Nevertheless most people nowadays use a computer at work, it will be a while before we stop putting our ideas down on paper.
  5.  For instance/Still, people who know how to play a musical instrument are usually popular and make friends more easily than others.

Exercise 4.  from Reading & Writing Targets 3, Virginia Evans- Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

 Read the opinions about motorcycles and match them to their justification. Which are points for motorcycles and which are against? Key: 1b 2f 3e 4a 5c 6d            for:1,4,6     against:2,3,5

Arguments

1   They are very  convenient.            

2  You can’t travel with your friends.        

3  They aren’t as safe as cars.            

4  They are cheaper   to run than cars.  

5  They can be quite uncomfortable.    

6  You can get to your destination quickly and easily.          

Justifications

a .They use less fuel and need fewer expensive repairs.

b. You don’t need to rely on public transport, and you can park them easily.

с . You can’t sit back and relax on them and you’re exposed in bad weather.

d They travel as fast as cars and you never get stuck in traffic jams.

e You aren’t well protected and you can get badly hurt if you fall off.

f There’s only room for one passenger.

Exercise 5.  from  Reading & Writing Targets 3, Virginia Evans- Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

Which of these sentences express the opinion given in the heading, and which express the opposing point of view?

Key: 1,2,4,6-opinion given in the heading           3,5-opposing point of view

«Having a pet is good for you.»

1    In my opinion, owning a pet teaches children to become responsible adults.

2    In addition, a pet can be amusing.

3    However, pets need a lot of care and attention.

4    What is more, certain pets can be useful if you train them properly.    .

5    On the other hand, pets can be a nuisance.

6    Firstly, a pet can |e good company.

Exercise 6  from Reading & Writing Targets 3, Virginia Evans- Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

  Match  the   viewpoints  to   the   reasons.   Is each point for watching TV, or against?

Key: 1B (for), 2C (for), 3A (against)

                          Viewpoint

1 TV can be educational.

2 TV provides cheap entertainment.

3 TV can have a negative influence on children.

                             Justification

A   — encourages crime, makes violence look exciting

В   — shows fascinating documentaries (nature/wildlife),  keeps us informed

     about world events,  covers international sports events

С   — can watch variety of films and programmes at home,  cheaper than going to the cinema

Example:   You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.

Fast food is very popular and saves time for busy working people. However, many experts say that it is not completely healthy.

What can you say for and against fast food?   Write 200-250 words.   

   HELP!         Fast Food     Restaurants

                       For

  1. They are quick and you don’t have to wait
  2. The food is fairly cheap, especially for young people
  3. They are the same everywhere, so you know what to expect
  4. The restaurants are usually very clean and the waiters wear special uniforms (it’s pleasant to look at them)
  5. They do their best to attract children, some of them organize parties for children ( for busy parents it saves a lot of trouble and time)

                          Against

  1. The restaurants create litter
  2. Rain forests are cut down to provide land for cattle for the fast food industry
  3. The food contains  a lot of  fat and all is placed in a bun — that  is unhealthy
  4. You don’t really sit down to eat
  5. The food is the same everywhere and you can’t order the dishes which you enjoy most of all or get used to
  6. You can’t visit the restaurant before opening hours ( early in the morning)

                                                                                                                   Your address

                                                                                                                           The date

Greeting

Dear….,  

Introduction (§ 1opening remarks)  

Main Body (§§ 2-3 — development of the subject )

Conclusion (§ 4   closing remarks)

Ending (say goodbye and sign your name)

                                                                                                                       StPetersburg

                                                                                                                       Russia

                                                                                                                     } пропустить строчку                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                       January 1st 

      Dear Mary,

                              } пропустить строчку

     Thank you for your lovely birthday card, I have not written sooner as I wanted to invite you

      round and    would never find a suitable time.

                            } пропустить строчку (каждый параграф начинать пропуская строчку)

   We are having a small party next Friday night to celebrate Tony’s return from Canada , and we

     would be very happy if you and Simon could join us, around 8 p.m. Do come if you can.

                          } пропустить строчку

    Looking forward to seeing you.

                          } пропустить строчку

      Yours,

                         } пропустить строчку

      Anna

Dear Paul,

I’m sorry I haven’t written for such a long time,  but I’ve been really busy with my new job as a hotel receptionist. Actually, that’s what I’m writing to tell you about.

I’m working at a lovely hotel in the city centre. I started there two weeks ago. The job involves answering the phone, making bookings and answering guests’ questions — you know the sort of thing, I’m sure. I’m really enjoying it, actually.

All the people I work with are very nice and have been very helpful to me. The hotel manager has been especially kind. There’s also one woman who’s become quite a good friend already. She’s a waitress called Sandra, and we get on like a house on fire!

Anyway, that’s all my news for the moment, but I promise I’ll write again soon. I hope you and your family are well. Keep in touch!

Best wishes,

Amelia

                                                                                                                                                      10th December

Dear Vic,

Hi — how are you? What are you doing this  New Year’s Eve? Jean and I have decided to hold a party at home this year, and we’d love it if you  and Monica could come.

We’re planning quite a small party with our old  schoolfriends, so you’ll know all of the guests. There’ll be lots to eat and drink, of course. We’ve decided to give the party a Mexican theme, and we thought that a variety of Mexican dishes would be perfect, since all of our friends love spicy food. Jean’s already started planning the menu, making decorations and so on.

You’ll probably be coming by train, won’t you? Just give us a ring from the station when you arrive, and I’ll come and pick you up. I expect the party will go on quite late, so of course you will need to stay the night. Don’t worry, though —

there’s plenty of room for both of you.

 Well, I really hope you can make it, Vic. Do try  and come — it seems ages since we last saw you  both! Please let me know as soon as possible if  you’ll be able to join us.

Lots of love,

Mark

9

9

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Getting the material

2. The first love

3. Creating early masterpieces

4. A bad injury

5. The years of the growing

6. Getting the Nobel Prize

7. Attempt to join the army

8. Fighting against the fascism in Spain

A. Ernest Hemingway was one of the greatest American writers of his age. He was born in Oak Park, Illinois, in the family of a doctor. His father was fond of hunting and fishing and in his school days Ernest became an excellent sportsman. He learned to box, as a result of which his nose was broken and an eye injured. At school he was a successful pupil. He wrote poetry and prose to the school literary magazine and.edited ihe school newspaper.

B. In 1917, when the United States entered the First World War, Hemingway wanted to join the army but was refused because of his eye. Then he left home and went to Kansas City. He lived in his uncle’s house and worked as a newspaper reporter.

C. In 1918, he tried to join the army again and was given the job of driving American Red Cross ambulances on the Italian front. Two months later he was badly wounded in the leg. He was taken to a hospital in Milan where he had twelve operations. Some time later he returned to the army. Hemingway was awarded a silver medal by the Italian Government. His war experiences influenced the life and all the works of the writer.

D. In 1920, Hemingway returned to the US and began to work as a foreign correspondent of a newspaper. At that time, he was earning enough to support himself by his pen and he began writing stories. His dream was to become a novelist. To get the material for his future stories and novels Hemingway travelled all over the world. He visited Spain, Switzerland, Germany and other countries.

E. His first work, «Three Stories and Ten Poems», was written in 1923. Hemingway’s first novel «The Sun Also Rises» known in our country as «Fiesta», was published in 1926. Then followed his masterpiece, the novel «Farewell to Arms”, protest against war. It was published in 1929 and made the author famous. Hemingway continued to write short stories. The collection includes «The Killer», «In Another Country» and others. Here the author shows the disappointment of young people in the post-war period.

F. When the Civil war in Spain began in 1936, Hemingway collected money (140, 000 dollars) for an ambulance service in the Spanish Republic and went to Spain. He took part in the war as an anti-fascist correspondent. He met many progressive people in Spain. After the end of the Civil War in Spain Hemingway wrote one of his best novels «For Whom the Bell Tolls», where he speaks about the American, who died in the fight for the Republic in Spain.

G. The last years of his life Hemingway spent in Cuba, visiting the USA and Spain. He loved freedom and supported the revolution in Cuba and greeted the revolutionary government there. Hemingway’s last work, «The Old Man and the Sea» (1952), is about the courage of an old fisherman, who was fighting a big fish and the sea for many hours and won the victory over them. In 1954 the author was awarded the Nobel prize for literature and «The Old Man and the Sea» was mentioned as one of his best work

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Poirot Investigates (from «The Tragedy of Madson Manor»)

The house which the Belgians occupied in the village was quite close to the park gates. One could save time by taking a narrow path through the long grass, which cut off the detours of the winding drive. So I, accordingly, went that way. 1 had nearly reached the lodge, when my attention was arrested by the running Figure of a man approaching me. It was Mr. Inglethorp. Where had he been? How did he intend to explain his absence?

He accosted me eagerly.

«My God! This is terrible! My poor wife! I have only just heard.»

«Where have you been?» I asked.

«Denby kept me late last night. It was one o’clock before we’d finished. Then I found that I’d forgotten the latchkey after all. I didn’t want to arouse the household, so Denby gave me a bed.»

«How did you hear the news?» I asked.

«Wilkins knocked Denby up to tell him. My poor Emily! She was so self- sacrificing — such a noble character. She over-taxed her strength.» A wave of revulsion swept over me.

«I must hurry on,» 1 said, thankful that he did not ask me whither I was bound.

In a few minutes 1 was knocking at the door of Leastways Cottage. Getting no answer, I repeated my summons impatiently. A window above me was opened, and Poirot himself looked out.

He gave an exclamation of surprise at seeing me. In a few brief words, I explained the tragedy that had occurred, and that I wanted his.help.»Wait, my friend, I will let you in, and you shall recount to me the affair whilst I dress.»

In a few moments he had unbarred the door, and I followed him up to his room. There he installed me in a chair, and I related the whole story, keeping back nothing, and omitting no circumstance, however insignificant, whilst he himself made a careful and deliberate toilet. I told him of my awakening, of Mrs. Inglethorp’s dying words, of her husband’s absence, of the former quarrel between Mrs. Inglethorp and Evelyn.

I was hardly as clear as I could wish. I repeated myself several times, and occasionally had to go back to some detail that I had forgotten. Poirot smiled kindly on me.

«The mind is confused? Is it not so? Take time, my friend. You are excited — it is but natural. Presently, when we are calmer, we will arrange the facts, neatly, each in his proper place. We will examine — and reject. Those of importance we will put on one side; those of no importance, pouf!» — he screwed up his cherub-like face, and puffed comically enough — «blow them away!»

«That’s all very well,» I objected, «but how are you going to decide what is important, and what isn’t? That always seems the difficulty to me.”

10

10

Poirot lived in a village in the centre of the park.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11

11

Mr Inglethorp spent last night with Mr Denby.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12

12

The author felt an aversion to Mr Inglethorp.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13

13

Poirot was waiting the author all the morning.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14

14

Poirot put on a blue jacket while the author was speaking.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15

15

Poirot’s room was rather small but was furnished tastefully.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16

16

The author had forgotten to tell about the the quarrel between Mrs Inglethorp and Mrs Howard.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17

17

Poirot offered to analyze the detailes of the story very carefully.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов. Для выполнения заданий 1, 2 прослушайте аудиозапись и выпишите в ответ правильную последовательность цифр. Для выполнения заданий 3—8 прослушайте диалог и выберите один из трех предлагаемых вариантов ответа. Для выполнения заданий 10—16 прочитайте текст и выберите один из трех предлагаемых вариантов ответа. Ответом к заданиям части 9, 17—31 является последовательность цифр или слово.

Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.

Версия для печати и копирования в MS Word

1

Задания Д9 № 963

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. The parents’ decision

2. The students’ room

3. The new school

4. Old friends

5. Ambitious plans

6. Location of the school

7. Famous graduates

8. A new learning experience

A. Her parents left and Joanna looked around her new place. It was a large room with five beds — and she was sitting on one of them. There were also writing desks, chairs, bedside units and hangers for clothes. Joanna’s classmates-to-be were in the classroom — their beds were carefully made, their clothes and personal belongings — in perfect order. From the large windows was a view of a high, brick wall that surrounded the boarding school grounds.

B. The poor view was a disappointment — Joanna remembered that the way to the school had been very picturesque. They had driven over green hills and past several country houses before pulling up in front of the old monastery right on the bank of a narrow but fast-flowing river. The approach to the school was lined with tall maple trees. The monastery had been built two or three centuries ago but there were no monks there any more — the old building now housed a prestigious boarding school.

C. During the whole trip Joanna hadn’t exchanged a word with her parents. She didn’t like the idea of learning at a boarding school but her father said there was no other way. He Was quite a prominent statesman. Recently he had been offered a post in another city and couldn’t reject it for political reasons. Joanna couldn’t go with them as, firstly, there was no appropriate school there and, secondly, he would have to concentrate on the new job. Joanna’s mother supported him as she always did.

D. Joanna’s mother was obsessed with her education. That’s why the famous boarding school that offered all kinds of opportunities seemed an ideal option to her. When Joanna had visited the website, she had been impressed, too. The school had a genetic laboratory and an observatory. The computer equipment was state of the art. The teachers were scientists who published their research in serious scientific journals. It was amazing that all that was hidden behind the walls of a medieval monastery!

E. Joanna started to unpack her suitcase — jeans, socks, a warm jumper. Then she pulled out a photo. It had been taken in her former school before the Christmas show. Her friends, Linda and Emma, were there setting up the microphones on the stage, Neil was busy with his laptop — he was in charge of the Slide Show performance. Joanna sighed — she wasn’t going to see any of them before the summer.

F. Joanna left her suitcase and went up to the window. The situation was probably not as bad as it had seemed at first glance. The school could give her career a good start. She’d always dreamt about a career in bio-technology. Joanna believed that human society was about to make some absolutely fantastic discoveries and wanted to participate in the exciting process. A solid education was essential for her, and the school seemed to be the right place to get it.

G. She remembered the photos in the school corridor — people in research laboratories, at scientific conferences and even at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony. At first Joanna thought that it was all about the teachers, but then she realized that those were the former students of the school. There was another surprise — along with scholars, there were photos of a famous film producer and even a Hollywood celebrity. The education the school provided seemed to fit any industry.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Ответ:


2

Задания Д9 № 858

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Supporting sports

2. A remarkable container design

3. A universal medicine

4. A smart symbol

5. The drink ingredients

6. Good in any season

7. A fan society

8. The drink varieties

A. Coca Cola appeared in Atlanta, Georgia, 1886. Doctor John Pemberton made a special syrup, but he kept its components secret. He added some mineral water to it and took the new product to the chemist’s. There the syrup was sold for five cents a glass. Pemberton told everyone that Coca-Cola cured many illnesses, including headaches, stomachaches, and nervous breakdowns.

B. Coca Cola was first sold in ordinary bottles. In 1915, the company held a competition to create a new bottle for their drink. They said it should be a bottle that would make Coca Cola different from all other drinks. Even today the shape of Coca Cola bottle is one of the most recognized packages on the planet…»even in the dark!».

C. The famous Coca Cola symbol was created by John Pem-berton’s colleague, Mr. Robinson. He thought that two letters «C» would look great in advertising. Besides, the red and white colours were simple and effective. Red was energetic and bright and so would attract young people. As for the style, of writing, it was just popular in the United States during that period.

D. Before the 1930s, Coca Cola was only considered to be a drink for warm weather so the company started a campaign to remind people that Coca Cola was a great choice in any month. For this a talented artist drew pictures of a happy Santa Claus enjoying a drink of Coke. The pictures were published in magazines and made Cola even more popular.

E. Coca Cola was one of the first companies that invested money in public projects. For example, the company is proud to be an old and devoted partner of the Olympic Games. This connection began in 1928 with the Games in Amsterdam. Since then the company has sponsored lots of football, hockey, and basketball competitions.

F. The Coca Cola Collectors Club was formed in 1974 by a small group of people. Today it has become international with more than 5,000 people from 28 countries. Club members collect everything connected with Coca Cola: bottles, posters, newspaper articles, postcards — everything. They sometimes meet to exchange their treasures.

G. Today there are 16 special variants of the original Coca Cola recipe. Some have less sugar or no sugar at all. Such Coke is chosen by those who want to keep fit. Children may prefer a cherry or a vanilla flavour. The drink also changes from country to country, reflecting national preferences. For example, if you travel to France, you can try the unusual orange Coca Cola.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Ответ:


3

Задания Д9 № 473

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Street performers

2. Eating together

3. Important for the whole country

4. Lifting weights

5. Cooking competition

6. Cheese Rolling

7. In memory of the past events

8. A cookery sprint

A. A woolsack race is one of the British local festivals that could be called strange. It started in Tetbury, a wool town, in the 17th century when young men wanted to demonstrate their physical strength. Since then, every spring men and women compete in teams to carry heavy woolsacks up and down the hill. The race events are complemented by a funfair and musical entertainments.

B. Midsummer is the time for the Cheese Rolling Ceremony in many places. Competitors gather at the top of a hill. The Master of the Ceremonies lets a heavy head of cheese roll down the hill. Brave runners race down to be the first to catch it. Unfortunately, the event was cancelled in 2010 due to safety issues.

C. Another cheese ceremony is popular in the village of Randwick. On the first Sunday in May people roll three cheeses from right to left around the church. After rolling, the villagers cut up and share one of the cheeses. They believe that eating cheese brings health to their families.

D. The village of Marshfield, England, is famous for its Paperboys procession. People dressed in paper costumes go through the streets. They start from the market place and perform the town’s unique character play along the road. By noon they have done more than six performances for several hundred people.

E. Every January Up Helly Aa is celebrated in Scotland. People dressed in Viking costumes and helmets go through the streets of Lerwick. They hold flaming torches, sticks with special material on the top which burns in order to give light. The strongest participants carry a full size model of a Viking ship to an open field. There the people throw lit torches into the ship and burn it.

F. Melbourne Cup Day is held in Australia, in November. Although Cup Day is a public holiday only in the city of Melbourne, the rest of the country refuses to be left out of the event. People gather around televisions and computers, whether at work, at home, or wherever they are, just to watch this world famous horse race. This event is often called ‘the race that stops the nation’.

G. In a village in Eastern England, an unusual race takes place every year. Three groups take part in the race – adults, children (under 11s) and teenagers. Each participant receives a frying pan with a pancake and has to race from one end of a field to the other, throwing the pancake into the air and catching it in the frying pan without dropping it. The winner is the first to cross the line.

Текст A B C D E F G
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4

Задания Д9 № 788

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A convenient food

2. Good for health

3. Part of culture

4. Unclear origins

5. Pasta ingredients

6. A useful invention

7. Classless food

8. An expensive food

A. You can enjoy pasta on any budget, and you can have a different and delicious low-cost meal every day of the week. Just serve it with a different sauce. It’s easy to make a healthy meal in minutes that will satisfy your whole family. Pasta tastes good and it’s healthy. It also has a long shelf life, so you can keep it in the kitchen cupboard until you need to cook a meal.

B. It’s rather difficult to find out where pasta comes from. Archeologists believe that cooking noodles was already quite a common practice in Arabic countries in the 5th century AD. At the same time, the Chinese were also making a noodle-like food. The way it reached Europe is still a mystery, though there are many theories – some believe that travelling Arabs from Central Asia were responsible for bringing early forms of pasta to the West.

C. Despite its reputation, pasta is a low-calorie dish which is good for you. With only 200 calories per cup and a gram of fat, it is perfect even for those on a strict diet. Pasta is naturally packed with vitamins and necessary minerals so it is heart-healthy as well. Pasta may help people to control their blood sugar and weight so it is recommended as part of a well-balanced diet.

D. It seems that pasta was first introduced to Italy in the eighth century. Its ‘home’ was the southern island of Sicily. Prior to its wide use in the 13th century, pasta was considered to be a luxury product in Italy. The reason was that it took a lot of time to make it as all the work was done by hand. By 1400, pasta was sold in shops, but at night a guard was kept to protect the high-priced goods.

E. Only in the 16th century did pasta become popular and affordable to all classes of people. In the city of Naples a machine was made that allowed huge quantities of pasta to be produced. It turned pasta into a cheap food. The number of pasta shops in Naples grew to three hundred. From Naples pasta began to conquer the rest of the country.

F. By the 17th century, machine-made pasta had become part of the daily meal among both rich and poor. Pasta was sold as street food by people called maccaronaros, who cooked it over an open fire. It was eaten on the spot with bare hands, with no sauce. The wealthy, who did not eat with their hands, preferred fresh pasta with cheeses and meat. With the introduction of the fork, pasta began to be served at special occasions all over Italy.

G. When most people talk about pasta, they usually think of Italy and its cooking traditions. The country and its dish have become synonymous. When Italians immigrated to different countries all over the world, they took their pasta with them to each area that they inhabited along with other customs and habits and thus pasta has become the world’s favourite food.

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5

Задания Д9 № 613

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A magic journey

2. Freedom of choice

3. A trip around the world

4. An unusual means of transport

5. A family weekend

6. Ideal for beginners

7. An all-inclusive trip

8. Across the continent

A. Everyone knows that cycling is a nice and healthy way to travel. It offers you independence. You don’t depend on timetables. You can go where and when you want. You can stop at a restaurant when you please, stay in the places you like and leave if you get bored. The world is yours.

B. Learn the basics of rock climbing with Cliffs and Ice. It is a perfect choice for those who decide to take up climbing for the first time. After a week in Cornwall you will learn the main skills necessary to become a competent climber. We will give you an experience that you can use in different climbing areas in the UK.

C. It is situated close to the Lake District, which is known for picturesque scenery. The ingredients that will help you make an unforgettable winter holiday with your nearest and dearest are: the welcoming fireplaces, delicious food, cosy rooms and different sports facilities. It’s perfect for a weekend trip with children. Take the people you love to our delightful hotel in the country.

D. A journey through a wild and faraway desert — by camel! This is a wonderful choice for anyone who wants to forget the modern means of travelling. You’ll be on top of a camel and part of a desert caravan. Camel drivers will accompany you, providing good company, as you admire the golden sand and the bright blue sky.

E. If you take a train tour to the lakes, you’ll have nothing to worry about. You will leave London in a comfortable train, travel through the small picturesque towns and into the green hills. There will be no problems with the trip. The price already includes a return ticket, afternoon tea at Linden Hotel, a beautiful lake cruise, a visit to the medieval village and Hill Top, home of a famous English writer.

F. The Hogwarts Express plays a big part in the adventures of Harry Potter. A trip to the Scottish Highlands can be your chance to sit in the same carriage and dream about your own trip to the mysterious world. The journey goes through some of Scotland’s most splendid scenery. The best part of the journey is when the train crosses the Glenfinnan viaduct, a railway bridge.

G. Are you ready for Africa? Say yes and take a Safari Holiday. It is a mystery, wonder and … adventure! Our safari experts will take you through Africa from east to west. We offer views of dunes, mountain ranges, untouched beaches and open fields. You will see the amazing wildlife and beautiful nature. Let us make your African safari an experience you will never forget!

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6

Задания Д9 № 298

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Coffee in the New World

2. The original taste of coffee

3. A chance discovery

4. A place for communication

5. An illegal drink

6. A long journey to Europe

7. Growing coffee plants

8. Different recipes

A. Coffee was first found in Eastern Africa in the area we know today as Ethiopia. A popular legend says that one day a man called Kaldi was watching his goats eating grass and leaves. He noticed that after eating berries from a certain bush the goats became very active. Curious, Kaldi tried the berries himself. He found that these berries gave him additional energy. The story quickly spread throughout the region.

B. The first coffee berries were transported from Ethiopia to Arabian countries and then they were cultivated in Yemen. From there, coffee travelled to Turkey where coffee beans were roasted for the first time over open fires. The roasted beans were crushed and then boiled in water, creating the drink we enjoy today. Finally, in the seventeenth century coffee arrived in France, Britain and Italy.

C. The first coffeehouses opened in Mecca and quickly became popular centres of social and political activity. The government believed that coffee stimulated radical thinking, and the governor even thought it might unite his opposition. As a result, coffee was forbidden in Mecca. The same thing happened in Turkey a century later, when coffee drinkers were severely punished.

D. They say, in 1776 the thirteen American colonies adopted coffee as their national drink instead of tea. When the British tried to raise the tax on tea, Americans refused to buy it and switched to coffee. In fact, by drinking coffee Americans demonstrated their political views and their dislike for the British – the famous tea-lovers.

E. The Italians drink their espresso with sugar, the Germans and Swiss add an equal part of hot chocolate, the Mexicans prefer it with cinnamon, and the Belgians – with chocolate. Coffee drinkers in the Middle East usually add cardamom and spices. The Egyptians, on the other hand, are extremely fond of pure, strong coffee. They add neither milk nor cream.

F. Plain and simple, nothing else. People discovered that if they drank coffee slowly they could taste bitterness, sourness, sweetness and saltiness. For a long time such a taste was new and more than enough. It needed no improvement. Only later did they start experimenting with coffee by adding milk, chocolate, and other flavors. However, nothing can hide the taste of real coffee.

G. When the first European coffeehouses opened, they quickly grew into places where people played chess, exchanged gossip, sang and danced. Coffeehouses were very popular because anyone could go and enjoy a cup of the drink. The price of a cup of coffee was reasonable. European coffee houses became meeting points for intellectuals, writers and businessmen.

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7

Задания Д9 № 228

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Popular route

2. The secret of the old rocks

3. City of contrasts

4. Escape the heat

5. Common roots

6. Wildlife holidays

7. Holy waters

8. Movie magic

A. The world’s first university was established in India in 700 BC, where more than 10,500 students from around the world studied more than 60 different subjects. The training was conducted in Sanskrit. Nowadays Sanskrit is considered to be the mother of all the European languages. Its elements can be traced in most of them.

B. The most frequently visited place in India is Delhi, the capital of the country. It seems to be divided into two parts. New Delhi is a modern city with hi-tech architecture, tourist attractions and modern facilities. Old Delhi is several centuries old, with narrow streets, ancient churches and noisy bazaars. Lots of people live in slums without the most essential facilities like toilets and running water.

C. People all over the world know of India’s greatest river, the Ganges. It is the subject of thousands of prayers. The river looks extremely beautiful in the morning light. It is believed that bathing in the Ganges helps to cure all kinds of diseases and can improve your life in general. It has become a common ritual for pilgrims to gather by the river in the mornings.

D. The most famous and often visited Indian historic area is the Golden Triangle. It consists of the cities of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. Lying in the south-east, Agra attracts tourists with its iconic image of the Taj Mahal palace, which is one of the eight wonders of the modern world. To the south-west is the colourful ‘Pink City’ of Jaipur, known for its Palace of Winds.

E. Indian climate differs from one part of the country to another. The air is cool and fresh in the mountains but in the plains it is usually very hot and dry so even a short trip can be very hard for an inexperienced traveller. That is why tourists are always glad to have a rest at one of the numerous stations in the hills. There they can enjoy a nice cup of real Indian tea, the most refreshing drink in such a climate.

F. India is not all history. It is also famous for its Bollywood industry, which produces love stories and action films. Indian films have always had their own style, rich in music and dancing. Though the industry is still developing, many of Indian film stars have received Oscar prizes and are known throughout the world. The home of Bollywood is Bombay, also known as a busy port and the country’s commercial centre.

G. There is an unusual treasure hidden in the Indian mountains. These are striking ancient temples cut in the rocks. For example, the Buddhist cave temples at Ajanta were built at least 2,000 years ago. Inside the caves on the walls tourists can see pictures of people’s lives and animal images. Some researchers believe that the interpretation of the images can help us to learn a lot about people’s lives in ancient times.

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8

Задания Д9 № 823

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A holiday tradition

2. All kinds of entertainment

3. It’s a must for any tourist

4. Going back in history

5. A city of contrasts

6. The name meaning

7. The green spots

8. Not for everyone

A. The population of London grew in the 17th century. Many houses were built during that period. It was needed after the Great Fire of 1666. In the 19th century the city suffered from pollution and epidemics. The German bombings during World War II destroyed the historical center of London. After the war the city was reconstructed and now it is one of the most beautiful European capitals.

B. Each year in December, the people of Norway send a present to Londoners. It is a very big Christmas Tree, which is put in Trafalgar Square. In this way they thank Britain for help during World War II. This tree becomes one of the unforgettable sights of London, especially when it is lit by hundreds of fairy lights. Londoners often group around the tree and sing Christmas songs.

C. Trafalgar Square is situated in central London. It is one of the greatest and most famous tourist attractions. Your visit to the capital usually begins with this place. It’s absolutely necessary for every tourist to see Nelson’s Column. Everyone should admire the lovely fountains of the square. Also, you can’t say that you’ve been to London if you don’t take a picture of yourself in the square.

D. London was founded by the Romans in the 1st century AD and called Londinium. There is a common theory that the word «Londinium» comes from the name of a Celtic village. Also, the adjective «lond» meant «wild» in the Celtic language. Perhaps, it characterized the river Thames, on which the city was started. So, most scientists think that London is a «village on the wild river».

E. In spite of being an important industrial and business centre London is known for its parks and open spaces. In every part of the city, you can find at least one park. It can be just a small pool with surrounding trees or a big and magnificent park like Hyde Park or Regent’s Park. They are all loved and visited by Londoners all the year round.

F. The liveliest part of London is West End. There are a lot of pubs, clubs, shops, theatres and cafes there. All kinds of pastimes are offered to tourists. Most of them choose shopping in Oxford Street with its stores, boutiques and gift shops. It’s a pleasant experience because the choices are great.

G. Big Ben is one of London’s best-known sights. The name «Big Ben» actually refers not to the clock-tower itself, but to the thirteen ton bell hanging within. The tower is not open to the general public. A tourist from abroad can’t visit it. The citizens of the UK are luckier. They can write a letter to a member of Parliament and ask to allow them to tour the clock tower. Usually, the permission is given.

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9

Задания Д9 № 1103

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. The history of the name

2. Pumpkin: brief facts

3. Cooking with pumpkin

4. The autumn celebrity fruit

5. Pumpkin recipes

6. Pumpkin’s magical popularity

7. Growing a pumpkin

8. Pumpkin in the learning process

A. The pumpkin is a large round fruit with a thick orange skin and large seeds. Pumpkins are 90% water but they contain potassium and vitamin A. Six of seven continents can grow pumpkins. Pumpkins symbolize the colours and the spirit of the autumn. Lots of movies were made with pumpkin and Halloween themes.

B. It’s believed that pumpkins come from North America. Native American Indians ate pumpkins for centuries before the Europeans discovered the fruit. In European languages the word »pumpkin» originated from the Greek word for «large melon» which is «pepon.» «Pepon» was changed by the French into «pompon.» The English changed «pompon» to «pumpion.»

C. In the United States, pumpkins go hand in hand with the autumn holidays of Thanksgiving and Halloween. On almost every Thanksgiving table there is the customary Pumpkin Pie. Pumpkins are carved into decorated lanterns for Halloween. The pumpkin is also one of the important symbols of the harvest festivals and has been an American favourite for over 400 years now.

D. In the USA, the pumpkin is a very popular Thanksgiving dish. We don’t know for sure whether the pumpkin was at the very first Thanksgiving dinner but it was used in all traditional meals long before the arrival of the Europeans. Most parts of the pumpkin are suitable for eating, including the shell, the seeds, the leaves, and even the flowers. When ripe, the pumpkin can be boiled, baked, steamed or roasted.

E. The pumpkin is a warm-season fruit. If you want to have a nice pumpkin for Halloween, plant the seeds from late May in northern regions to early July in southern regions. Pumpkins can be harvested whenever they are a deep, solid colour (orange for most varieties) and the coat is hard. Cut off pumpkins carefully and leave 3 to 4 inches of stem attached.

F. The pumpkin is a real October icon – the fruit of the month. It’s also popular as an available, inexpensive material for some wonderful classroom activities! Its size, colour, smell and taste make it perfect for observation and exploration. Working in groups students can search, suggest, predict and estimate the number of seeds in a set of pumpkins.

G. For centuries the pumpkin has been popular with wizards, witches and fairies. Maybe that’s why it is celebrated in so many festivals, folklore and fiction. People make jack-o’-lanterns at Halloween in the USA. In European and American fairy-tales witches often turn people into pumpkins. Even in modern the Harry Potter novels pumpkin juice is the favourite drink of the students of Hogwart’s school.

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10

Задания Д9 № 403

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Good for everyone

2. Easy to care for

3. Part of culture

4. Screen fashion

5. An innovative idea

6. Working clothes

7. Jeans’ labels

8. Clothes to protest

A. Jeans are one of fashion’s most long enduring trends. Cowboys wear them but so do supermodels, farmers, presidents and housewives. Ask any group of people why they wear jeans and you will get a range of answers. For some they’re comfortable and easy — for others they’re trendy and cool. Jeans mean different things to different people but they are popular everywhere.

B. Americans do not have a national folk dress with a long tradition. Blue jeans are probably the most recognisable article of American clothing. They have been part of American life for over 125 years. Blue denim jeans became not only an expression of American fashion but also an element of American identity known around the world.

C. Jeans were first designed as trousers for farmers and miners in the states of the American West. They quickly grew popular with common people, including cowboys, factory employees and railroad builders. The new trousers were made from a very strong material which did not wear out easily. However, at the same time jeans were very practical and comfortable to wear.

D. Pockets were the weak point of the miners’ clothes — they easily tore away from the jeans. A man called Jacob Davis had the idea of using metal rivets (fasteners) to hold the pockets and the jeans together so that they wouldn’t tear. Davis wanted to patent his idea, but he didn’t have enough money, so he offered Levi Strauss a deal if Strauss paid for the patent. Strauss accepted and started making jeans.

E. By the middle of the twentieth century, these heavy cotton trousers were a symbol of opposition for young artists and writers. College students started to wear them to show they were against the Vietnam War. The new trousers were banned in American schools from coast to coast and sometimes in theatres and cinemas.

F. Jeans are good because they don’t show the dirt. You can easily go a month without washing them and they don’t look shocking. They don’t need to be washed as often as other trousers and you don’t need to iron them. What’s more, because of the strong material you can wear your favorite jeans for years. Even the occasional hole or spot doesn’t spoil them at all.

G. In the 30s and 40s many people began to spend their spare time watching movies where adventurous cowboys rode horses, fought bad guys and wore blue jeans. The actors made jeans popular in movies and everyone wanted to wear them. Young people wished to imitate the casual “cowboyish” look they saw in films, and they began to wear jeans as casual wear.

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Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы
Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы
Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы
Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы
Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы
Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы
Abright start the first disappointment orientate yourself егэ ответы

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    Словообразование в английском — упражнения с ответами

    Добрый день, читатели блога grammar-tei.com. Сегодня мы займемся словообразованием и выполним несколько упражнений на словообразование в английском языке. Все упражнения даются с ответами, поэтому Вы сможете проверить себя.

    Тема словообразование в английском – очень сложная, поэтому практиковаться нужно много. Всем известно, что задания на словообразования есть в ЕГЭ. Не будем откладывать и выполним упражнения на словообразование в английском.

    Задания на словообразование. Word building exercises.

    Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки. Образуйте существительные.

    Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки. Образуйте прилагательные.

    Упражнение 3. Используйте отрицательные приставки. Образуйте подходящие по смыслу слова.

    Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, образуйте глаголы.

    Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки. Образуйте подходящие по смыслу слова.

    Упражнение 6. Образуйте слова от данных. Вставьте слова в текст.

    RESTORATION, LOOK, DEMOLITION, EXTEND, GOTH, ACCOMMODATE, PANELLING, UNEXPECTED

    Located in Wiltshire, an outstanding and beautifully __________ (1), late ________ (2) style manor house was built of limestone. Originally it was a much larger property that was mostly ___________ (3). Solid in appearance and structure, it offers _________ (4) and well presented ___________ (5). As one would ___________ (6) there is a grand drawing room with oak _________ (7) walls and a large open fireplace. The large windows __________ (8) a parkland setting.

    FORM, ILLEGAL, EDUCATIONAL, QUALIFICATIONS, TUITION

    Home education is when a child is __________ (1) at home rather than at school. It’s perfectly __________ (2) in the UK and one doesn’t need to be a __________ (3) teacher to do so. Children who are home educated receive all their education from their parents, sometimes with the help of outside __________ (4). If you decide to home educate your child you don’t have to follow __________ (5) rules about how you teach or when you teach.

    CHIEF, SEARCH, SCIENCE, INDUCE, COLLECT, APPLY, ADOPTION, FOUND

    English philosopher, statesman, and jurist who rose to become Lei Chancellor (1618—1621) to James I but is __________ (1) remembered for the status he gave to __________ (2) research in England. Although his name is associated with the method of __________ (3) and the rejection of a priori reasoning in science, the painstaking __________ (4) of miscellaneous facts without any use of error theory which he supported in the Novum Organum has never been __________ (5) as a practical method of __________ (6). The __________ (7) of the Baconian method was, however, an important object in the __________ (8) of the Royal Society some years later.

    DEPTH, HARMLESS, DESIRE, MODERATE, ACCESS

    We’ve all heard of emotional eating. There’s also such a thing as emotional shopping. In __________ (1), neither of these activities is __________ (2), but in excess both can have serious consequences. The __________ (3) and the affordability of goods make shopping all the more appealing. For many compulsive buyers, a big part of the appeal of shopping is the process of searching out and obtaining that new, better, __________ (4) item. This process is so mesmerising that it often ruins long-term financial plans, leaving shoppers __________ (5) in debt.

    Ответы к упражнениям на словообразование. Word building exercises – answers.

    1 consumption, 2 icing, 3 nutrients, 4 motherhood/maternity, 5 arguments, generations, 6 hatred, 7 maintenance, 8 co-workers, 9 pollution, expectancy

    1 cookery, 2 thirsty, 3 academic, 4 explosive, 5 endangered, 6 disastrous, 7 thoughtless, 8 mountainous, 9 tiresome

    1 unacceptable, 2 misbehave, 3 disappointment, 4 indecisive, 5 disapproval, 6 disobedient, unwilling, 7 unattended, 8 unfaithful, 9 incompetent, unqualified, 10 insecure

    1 thicken, 2 blackened, 3 brighten, 4 breathe, 5 exchange, 6 withdrew

    1 parents, confide, 2 believe, misery, proves, 3 extensive, settlement, 4 furnished, luxuriously 5 envious, study, 6 prospective, enthusiasm, 7 heat, humidity, 8 tropic (al), warmth, humidity, 9 playwright, 10 expanded, oversea (s), circumnavigate

    1 restored, 2 gothic, 3 demolished, 4 extensive 5 accommodation, 6 expect, 7 panel (l) ed, 8 overlook

    1 educated, 2 legal, 3 qualified, 4 tutors, 5 formal

    1 chiefly, 2 scientific, 3 induction, 4 collection, 5 adopted, 6 research, 7 application, 8 foundation

    1 moderation, 2 harmful, 3 accessibility, 4 desirable, 5 deeply

    Надеюсь, эти упражнения на словообразование помогут Вам в изучении этого непростого раздела английского языка. Word building exercises are very useful!

    Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

    Источник

    Словообразование существительных в английском языке. Cуффиксы (полный список)

    Словообразование существительных в английском языке

    Теперь рассмотрим все суффиксы существительных, чтобы получилась полная картина, как образуются существительные в английском языке (список суффиксов). Если вы готовитесь к экзамену по английскому языку в формате ЕГЭ, то знать их просто необходимо.

    Содержание:

    Итак, начнем с того, что всего у английского существительного 16 суффиксов:

    Далее будем запоминать и тренироваться.

    Суффиксы существительных в английском языке

    4. Cуффиксы профессий: -er/or, — ist и суффикс -ee.

    1. In my childhood I made a friendship with a king of a kingdom. He had good strength and great height. — В детстве я завел дружбу с королем одного королевства. Он обладал большой силой и огромным ростом.

    2. Electricity resulted from the development of science. — Электричество явилось результатом развития науки.

    3. The breakage was because of high pressure. — Поломка была из-за высокого давления.

    Суффиксы существительных в английском языке. Упражнения

    Упражнение 1. Прочитайте существительное и укажите суффикс при помощи которого оно образовано.

    ПРИМЕР. performance — The noun performance is formed with the help of the suffix -ance.

    silence, biologist, employment, humanity, modesty, settlement, feeling

    Упражнение 2. Найдите в каждой строчке существительное и переведите его.

    Упражнение 3. Образуйте от основ выделенных слов существительные с указанными суффиксами и напишите их.

    — ment:
    1.The child was greatly excited when he received a big bear as a birthday present.
    The child’s … was very great.

    2. My English has improved very little for the last two months.
    There is very little … in my English, I am afraid.

    3. The children enjoyed entertaining the guests.
    They enjoyed giving an … for their guests.

    — tion
    4. He collected a good library of books.
    He had a good … of books.

    5. The machines exhibited in the hall were very interesting to us.
    The machines at the … are very interesting.

    6. He said he wanted to continue studying after he graduated from the institute.
    He said he wanted to continue studying after….

    ance
    7. The scientists had difficulty explaining how the star had disappeared.
    They had difficulty in explaining the …. of the star.

    — ence
    8. We were surprised to find out how different her speech had become.
    We were surprised at the …. in her speech.

    Упражнение 4. Вставьте в пробелы глаголы, образованные от данных в скобках существительных.
    1. He said good bye and … (departure)
    2. Your pronunciation has … wonderfully. (improvement)
    3. The doctor … the boy’s arm carefully. (examination)

    Упражнение 5. Вставьте в пробелы существительные, образованные от данных в скобках глаголов.
    1. This rare book is the first … of Pushkin’s poems. (to edit)
    2. The sixth-form pupils’ English … was much better this year. (to perform)
    3. The dancer’s … became slower and slower (to move).

    Упражнение 6. Образуйте существительные от прилагательных.

    Например, 1. thirsty (жаждущий) — ? ваш вариант (жажда).

    Вводим слово жажда и проверяем совпал ли ваш вариант с тем, который предлагает словарь.

    Упражнение 7. Сделай правильный выбор. Переведи предложение.
    1. What is the (long, length) of the corridor?
    2. How (long, length) is the street?
    3. He is not (strong, strength) enough to fight with John?
    4. My brother can lift the box because of his (strong, strength).
    5. Nelly’s skirt is too (wide, width).
    6. We can’t get the piano through the door because of its (wide, width).
    7. Is spring a (warmth, warm) season?
    8. We felt the (warm, warmth) of the sun on out faces and hands.
    9. We were surprised at your formal (polite, politeness).
    10. We were not struck by the (white, whiteness) of the snow.

    Упражнение 8. Перепишите словосочетания, указав в скобках слово, от которого образовано существительное. Переведите их.

    ПРИМЕР. whole-hearted devotion (devote) — преданность всем сердцем

    whole-hearted devotion, gloomy silence, an outstanding novelist, gathering darkness, limitless possibilities, an important addition, a noticeable improvement, complete understanding, widespread popularity, a gymnastic competition, a new acquaintance, a small settlement, an important announcement.

    Упражнение 12. Укажите, что обозначают данные слова: предмет, человека или и то и другое.

    act, employ, football, dance, direct, operate, journal, piano, sing, murder, psychology, art, govern, sail, economy, translate, manage, drive, bank, garden, strange, conduct(22)

    Итак, я надеюсь, что выполнив цикл упражнений на тему «Словообразование существительных в английском языке» вы запомнили 16 основных суффиксов существительных. Но если все-таки остались вопросы, пишите в комментариях. Автор, Татьяна Набеева

    Словообразование. Суффиксы существительных. Повторение

    Упражнение 14. Образуйте существительные от данных прилагательных, используя суффиксы из таблицы.

    able, near, distant, long, wide, strong, wise, kind, electric, short, white, probable, persistent (упорный), dependent, insistent (настойчивый), indifferent (безразличный), unstable (нестабильный), patient, responsible, important, stupid, curious

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    Источник

    Тренировочные упражнения по словообразованию английского языка

    В ходе обучения иностранному языку, в частности, английскому, у студентов возникает масса вопросов при переводе слов той или иной части речи. В связи с этим необходимо остановиться на основных способах словообразования в английском языке.

    В современном английском языке имеется несколько способов словообразо вания:

    1) конверсия ( образование новых слов без измене ния их написания и произношения )

    2) словосложение ( образова ние нового слова путем сложения двух слов в одно )

    3) изменение ударения в слове (и получение нового слова другой части речи ).

    4) аффиксация ( прибавление к корню суффикса или префикса )

    Конверсия как способ словообразования. Словосложение. Изменение ударения.

    Словообразование с помощью аффиксации.

    Самым продуктивным является этот вид словообразования. В ходе обучения английскому языку уделяется большое внимание этому способу словосложения.

    Наиболее употребительные приставки (префиксы) и их значения:

    1. Префикс со значением “снова”, “заново”, “вновь”, “пере”:

    2. Префиксы, которые придают слову противоположное значе ние или обозначают противоположное действие :

    un- dis- de- anti- counter-

    to contradict (противоречить, возражать)

    3. Префиксы, имеющие отрицательное значение :

    amoral (аморальный, безнравственный)

    absent (отсутствующий), abnormal (ненормальный)

    Приставка, которая начинается на “ i ” изменяется в зависимости от того, какая за ней стоит буква : il + l , ir + r , im + b , m , p .

    4. Префиксы, имеющие значение сверх”, “пере”, “чрезмерно”:

    5. Префиксы со значением “между”, “взаимно ”:

    6. Префиксы, которые переводятся как

    autobiography (автобиография), automatic (автоматический)

    semifinal (полуфинал), semicircle (полукруг)

    и) вверх, кверху, наверху

    upstairs (вверх по лестнице), upside (верхняя часть), to uproot (вырывать с корнем)

    к) двойной, два, дважды

    л) имеющий дело с книгами

    м) относящийся к жизни

    н) второстепенное значение

    о) много-, мульти-, поли-

    multicolored ( многоцветный ), multimillionaire ( мультимиллионер )

    polyglot ( полиглот ), polytechnic ( политехнический )

    п ) второстепенное значение

    Основные суффиксы существительных:

    1. Суффиксы, обозначающие принадлежность к

    а) политическому направлению профессии или нации :

    Communist ( коммунист ), Marxist ( марксист >, materialist ( мате ­ риалист );

    artist ( художник ), typist ( машинистка ), pianist ( пианист ), historian ( историк ), librarian ( библиотекарь ), musician ( музы ­ кант ); Russian ( русский ), Bulgarian ( болгарин )

    2. Суффикс, обозначающий учение, теорию, качество :

    3. Суффиксы, обозначающие действующее лицо, его занятие или должность :

    4. Суффикс, обозначающий результат действия :

    achievement ( достижение ), agreement ( согласие ), government ( правительство )

    5. Суффиксы, обозначающие

    dictatorship ( диктатура ), friendship ( дружба ), leadership ( руководство )

    accuracy ( точность ), infancy ( младенчество ), supremacy ( превосходство )

    б) действие, состояние :

    shortage (нехватка), marriage (брак, супружество), voyage (путешествие)

    hunting (охота), crossing (пересечение, перекресток), living (житье)

    importance (важность), resistance (сопротивление)

    collection (собрание, коллекция), dictation (диктант, диктовка)

    competition (соревнование), hesitation (сомнение, колебание)

    removal ( удаление), arrival (прибытие), refusal (отказ), approval (одобрение)

    в) качество или состояние :

    freedom (свобода), kingdom (королевство), wisdom (мудрость)

    coldness (холод), darkness (темнота), kindness (доброта), weakness (слабость)

    activity (активность), safety (безопасность)

    г) место действия, занятие или состояние

    bakery (булочная), surgery (кабинет хирурга), cookery (кулинария), slavery (рабство)

    д) род занятий, отрасль науки

    Основные суффиксы прилагательных:

    1. Суффикс, образующий прилагательные от существительных и обозначающий национальную принадлежность или слабую степень качества :

    2. Суффиксы, образующие прилагательные от глаголов и обозна­ чающие наличие качества :

    3. Суффиксы, образующие прилагательные от существительных
    и обозначающие наличие качества, свойства :

    4. Суффиксы, образующие прилагательные от различных частей
    речи и обозначающие

    а) качество, свойство :

    б) способность что-либо сделать, состояние, качество :

    в) отсутствие качества :

    useless (бесполезный), windless (безветренный)

    Основные суффиксы наречий

    Суффиксы, образующие наречия от

    б) существительных и наречий и обозначающие направление (или направленность):

    Ex. 1. Переведите следующие слова, выде лите в них суффиксы и префиксы:

    Untrue, prehistoric, ultramodern, postwar, ex-champion, anti-body, de­ compose, decode, deform, depart, discover, disappearance, reread, re­ construct, coauthor, unequal, misunderstand, undress, disarm, anti-fascist, cooperation, co-existence, interaction, superhuman, ultra-violet.

    Ex . 2. Определите, к какой части речи относятся следующие слова. Переведите их :

    Ex . З. Образуйте от данных глаголов существительные с по­мощью суффикса -ег или or . Переведите на русский язык:

    To lead, to write, to read, to visit, to speak, to sleep, to act, to direct, to conduct, to drive, to fight, to mine, to report, to sing, to skate, to swim, to teach, to travel, to sail, to invent, to found, to compose.

    Special, social, art, capital, economy, international, piano, technic, ma­thematics, statistics, politics, music, electric, Russia, Hungary, Canada, In­ dia.

    Ex. 5. Образуйте от данных глаголов существительные с помощью суффикса ment . Переведите на русский язык:

    Develop, achieve, move, arrange, treat, state, improve, agree, equip, govern, require, measure, announce, pave.

    Beauty, thank, hope, doubt, care, aim, use, shape, fruit, power, thought, harm, colour.

    Change, convert, prevent, break, compare, desire, profit, read, comfort, respect, expect.

    Ex . 8. Найдите и выделите суффиксы в данных словах и определите, к ка­ кой части речи эти слова относятся:

    British, foolish, understandable, heartless, pitiless, successful, experi­ ment, function, musician, socialist, artist, capitalism, professional, funda­ mental, industrial, doubtful, useful, different, treatment, creative, attrac­ tive, peaceful, dangerous, elementary, childish, active, economic, director, worker, passage, marriage, silence, freedom, kingdom.

    Red, tight, soft, deep, short, dark, bright, weak, black, white, sweet, sharp, strength.

    Ex . 10. Образуйте наречия с помощью суффикса -1у и переведи­те их:

    Bad, first, part, quick, strong, short, silent, rapid, wide, extreme, cruel, kind, happy.

    Turn, smile, smoke, snow, start, stay, step, stop, study, talk, visit, rest, air, paper, cover, handle, cause, watch, act, address, answer, brush, clean, cross, crowd, wave, wish, work, dance, doubt, dress, end, fight, help, hope, joke, laugh, lift, light, love, mind, paper, pencil, place, plan, play, post, re­ ply, report, return, sail, show.

    Ex . 12. Переведите на русский язык. Выделите словообразу­ ющие элементы. Определите, к какой части речи относятся данные слова:

    React, reaction, reactor, reactivity; science, scientific, scientist; indust­ ry, industrial, industrious; cold, coldly, coldness; dark, darkness, darken; happy, happily, happiness, unhappy; equal, equally, unequal, equality; free, freedom, freely; attention, attentive, attentively; sun, sunny, sunless; care, careful, careless, carefully, carelessness; to differ, different, difference, indifferent; England, English, Englishman; fame, famous.

    Ex . 13. Переведите следующие сложные слова:

    Airport, armchair, bathroom, bedroom, bookcase, bookshelf, class­ room, custom-house, dining-room, drawing-room, fireplace, folksong, gentleman, hairbrush, icebox, newspaper, notebook, postcard, post-office, raincoat, sportsman, sunshine, writing-table.

    Ex . 15. Определите, к каким частям речи относятся выделен­ ные слова:

    Ex . 16. Проанализируйте состав следующих слов. Определите части речи. Дайте начальную форму. Переведите слова :

    Powerful, inventor, high-quality, network, demoralize, profitable, dis­ like, disagree, movement, shorten, incorrect, electricity, fruitful, fruitless, happiness, dangerous, noisy, sunny, rainy, badly, strongly, reading, teach­ing, rebuild, retell, leader, teacher, unhappy, unusual, translation, coopera­tion, schoolboy, icebreaker.

    Ex . 17. Напишите сложные существительные, исходя из объяснений.

    Например : A machine for drying hair – hair drier.

    Ex . 18. Напишите словосочетания по модели число+ существительное+существительное (! не забывайте что число и первое существительное соединяется дефисом и что это существительное обычно стоит в единственном числе)

    Например : a walk lasting for three miles – a three-mile walk.

    Ex . 19. Распределите прилагательные по трем группам: 1) люди, 2) места, 3) вещи:

    Obstinate, unspoilt, hand-made, waterproof, easy-going, breathtaking, aggressive, deserted, overgrown, overcrowded, cunning, picturesque, arrogant, long-lasting, spoilt, automatic, accurate, artificial.

    Ex . 20. Выберите слово с нужным по смыслу префиксом или суффиксом.

    Например : camp. building. bomb. – campsite, building site, bomb-site.

    Ex . 22. Дополните предложения сложными существительными в скобках (это могут быть и составные существительные, и существительные в притяжательном падеже в простой или аналитической форме).

    Ex. 22. Заполните пропуски глаголом или существительным : advice – to advise, use – to use, abuse – to abuse, belief – to believe, relief – to relieve, grief – grieve, excuse – to excuse, breath – to breathe, half – to halve, house – to house, safe – to save, bath – to bathe .

    Ex . 22. Напишите слово противоположное по значению, используя префикс

    Kind, honest, credible, appear, fair, equal, pleased, continue, fasten, normal, employed, friendly, trust, professional, known, cover, safe, use, probable, important, emotional.

    Источник

    Словообразование. Суффиксы прилагательных в английском языке

    Суффиксы прилагательных в английском языке

    1. Суффиксы прилагательных, образованных от существительных

    2. Суффиксы прилагательных, образованных от глаголов

    different — difference
    important — importance

    Суффиксы прилагательных в английском языке. Упражнения

    Упражнение 1. Translate into Russian.

    Упражнение 2.1. Translate into Russian.

    a moonless night, a cloudless sky, a noiseless machine, numberless heroes, a motherless girl, a heartless woman, a homeless cat, a leafless tree, a nameless author, a sunless room, a endless war, a lifeless body, a colorless liquid, a friendless child, a sleepless night, careless people, a doubtless victory

    Упражнение 2.2. Translate into English.

    Безоблачное небо, беспомощный ребенок, бесшумная машина, бесчисленные герои, безжизненное тело, беззаботный ребенок, бессердечная женщина, бездомный кот, дерево без листьев, безымянный автор, комната без солнца, бесконечная война, бесцветная жидкость. Была безлунная ночь. Он выглядел усталым после бессонной ночи.

    А. Form adjectives from nouns and translate them.

    ОБРАЗЕЦ nerve + ous = nervous (нерв – нервный)

    fame — …, humour — …, courage — …, glory (y->i) — …, poison — …, space (i) — …

    В. Use the words in the sentences.

    Упражнение 4. The suffix -y.

    A. Translate into Russian.

    windy day, sunny weather, cloudy sky, sleepy child, dreamy girl, icy wind, healthy food

    B. Form adjectives from the nouns and translate them.

    ОБРАЗЕЦ swamp — swampy (болото — болотистый)

    C. Put the adjectives from B into this sentences to make them complete.

    Упражнение 5. Translate into Russian the adjectives, ending with the suffix —ic.

    gigantic hound, scientific expedition, domestic animal, academic year, Olympic games, thematic collection, basic knowledge

    Упражнение 6. Make up adjectives with the help of suffix -al and translate them.

    ОБРАЗЕЦ music – musical (музыка — музыкальный)

    industry – …, culture – …, region – …, tradition – …, nature – …, nation – …, agriculture – …, comic – …

    Упражнение 7. Суффиксы национальностей

    ОБРАЗЕЦ Britain – British

    Scotland — …, Spain — …, Sweden — …, Finland — …, Denmark — …, Poland — …, Turkey — …

    ОБРАЗЕЦ Russia – Russian

    ОБРАЗЕЦ Japan – Japanese

    Упражнение 8. The suffix – able.

    A. Form the words with the suffix – able.

    B. Use the words in the sentences:

    Упражнение 9. Form the words with the suffix –ive.

    Упражнение 10. Read the adjectives and spell the suffixes used in forming them.

    ОБРАЗЕЦ changeable — The adjective changeable is formed with the help of the suffix -able.

    successful, cloudless, collective, central, comic, satirical, dangerous, faultless, misty, courageous, aggressive, national, breakable

    Упражнение 11. Translate these combinations; say what words the adjectives are formed from.

    a washable shirt, a skilful worker, democratic forces, the postal service, groundless suspicions, a humorous story, a gloomy scene, salty ham, professional interest, peaceful labour, a noiseless machine, a courageous soldier, a lucky ticket, a continental climate, a dusty road.

    Упражнение 12. Copy and translate all these adjectives. Learn them by heart

    B. Listen to the adjectives and translate them by ear.

    На этом пока все! Буду рада, если моя статья окажется вам полезной и вы поделитесь ссылкой в соцсетях!

    С уважением, автор Татьяна Н.

    Источники: упражнения взяты из разных пособий, частично переделаны и и изменены. В частности использованы учебники «Английский язык 5-11 класс» авторы Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В.

    Источник