A change in people s attitude огэ

Огэ английский язык задание 9 демонстрационный вариант 2018 прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами аg и заголовками 18. в

ОГЭ Английский язык задание №9 Демонстрационный вариант 2018 Про­чи­тай­те тек­сты и уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между тек­ста­ми А–G и за­го­лов­ка­ми 1–8. В ответ за­пи­ши­те цифры, в по­ряд­ке, со­от­вет­ству­ю­щем бук­вам. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дую цифру толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть один лиш­ний за­го­ло­вок.

1. The scientific explanation
5. Places without rainbows
2. The real shape
6. A personal vision
3. A lucky sign
7. A bridge between worlds
4. Some tips
8. Impossible to catch

A. Two people never see the same rainbow. Each person sees a different one. It
happens because the raindrops are constantly moving so the rainbow is always
changing too. Each time you see a rainbow it is unique and it will never be the
same! In addition, everyone sees colours differently according to the light and
how their eyes interpret it.
B. A rainbow is an optical phenomenon that is seen in the atmosphere. It appears
in the sky when the sun’s light is reflected by the raindrops. A rainbow always
appears during or immediately after showers when the sun is shining and the
air contains raindrops. As a result, a spectrum of colours is seen in the sky. It
takes the shape of a multicoloured arc.
C. Many cultures see the rainbow as a road, a connection between earth and
heaven (the place where God lives). Legends say that it goes below the earth at
the horizon and then comes back up again. In this way it makes a permanent
link between what is above and below, between life and death. In some myths
the rainbow is compared to a staircase connecting earth to heaven.
D. We all believe that the rainbow is arch-shaped. The funny thing is that it’s
actually a circle. The reason we don’t see the other half of the rainbow is
because we cannot see below the horizon. However, the higher we are above
the ground, the more of the rainbow’s circle we can see. That is why, from an
airplane in flight, a rainbow will appear as a complete circle with the shadow of
the airplane in the centre.
E. In many cultures there is a belief that seeing a rainbow is good. Legends say
that if you dig at the end of a rainbow, you’ll find a pot of gold. Rainbows are
also seen after a storm, showing that the weather is getting better, and there is
hope after the storm. This is why they are associated with rescue and good
fortune. If people happen to get married on such a day, it is said that they will
enjoy a very happy life together.

F. You can never reach the end of a rainbow. A rainbow is all light and water. It is
always in front of you while your back is to the sun. As you move, the rainbow
that your eye sees moves as well and it will always ‘move away’ at the same
speed that you are moving. No matter how hard you try, a rainbow will always
be as far away from you as it was before you started to move towards it.
G. To see a rainbow you have to remember some points. First, you should be
standing with the sun behind you. Secondly, the rain should be in front of you.
The most impressive rainbows appear when half of the sky is still dark with
clouds and the other half is clear. The best time to see a rainbow is on a warm
day in the early morning after sunrise or late afternoon before sunset. Rainbows
are often seen near waterfalls and fountains.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

ОГЭ Английский язык задание №9 Демонстрационный вариант 2017

1. Traditional delivery         2. Loss of popularity          3. Money above privacy
4. The best-known newspapers         5. Focus on different readers         6. The successful competitor
7. Size makes a difference        8. Weekend reading

A. As in many other European countries, Britain’s main newspapers are losing their readers. Fewer and fewer people are buying broadsheets and tabloids at the newsagent’s. In the last quarter of the twentieth century people became richer and now they can choose other forms of leisure activity. Also, there is the Internet which is a convenient and inexpensive alternative source of news.

B. The ‘Sunday papers’ are so called because that is the only day on which they are published. Sunday papers are usually thicker than the dailies and many of them have six or more sections. Some of them are ‘sisters’ of the daily newspapers. It means they are published by the same company but not on week days.

C. Another proof of the importance of ‘the papers’ is the morning ‘paper round’. Most newsagents organise these. It has become common that more than half of the country’s readers get their morning paper brought to their door by a teenager. The boy or girl usually gets up at around 5:30 a.m. every day including Sunday to earn a bit of pocket money.

D. The quality papers or broadsheets are for the better educated readers. They devote much space to politics and other ‘serious’ news. The popular papers, or tabloids, sell to a much larger readership. They contain less text and a lot more pictures. They use bigger headlines and write in a simpler style of English. They concentrate on ‘human interest stories’ which often means scandal.

E. Not so long ago in Britain if you saw someone reading a newspaper you could tell what kind it was without even checking the name. It was because the quality papers were printed on very large pages called ‘broadsheet’. You had to have expert turning skills to be able to read more than one page. The tabloids were printed on much smaller pages which were much easier to turn.

F. The desire to attract more readers has meant that in the twentieth century sometimes even the broadsheets in Britain look rather ‘popular’. They give a lot of coverage to scandal and details of people’s private lives. The reason is simple. What matters most for all newspaper publishers is making a profit. They would do anything to sell more copies.

G. If you go into any newsagent’s shop in Britain you will not find only newspapers. You will also see rows and rows of magazines for almost every imaginable taste. There are specialist magazines for many popular pastimes. There are around 3,000 of them published in the country and they are widely read, especially by women. Magazines usually list all the TV and radio programmes for the coming week and many British readers prefer them to newspapers.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

1.Living through ages 2. Influenced by fashion 3. Young and energetic
4. Old and beautiful 5. Still a mystery 6. A lot to see and to do
7. Welcome to students 8. Fine scenery

A. Ireland is situated on the western edge of Europe. It is an island of great beauty with rugged mountains, blue lakes, ancient castles, long sandy beaches and picturesque harbors. The climate is mild and temperate throughout the year. Ireland enjoys one of the cleanest environments in Europe. Its unspoilt countryside provides such leisure ac¬tivities as hiking, cycling, golfing and horse-riding.
B. Over the past two decades, Ireland has become one of the top destinations for En¬glish language learning — more than 100,000 visitors come to Ireland every year to study English. One quarter of Ireland’s population is under 25 years of age and Dublin acts as a magnet for young people looking for quality education. The Irish are relaxed, friendly, spontaneous, hospitable people and have a great love of conversation. So, there is no better way of learning a language than to learn it in the country where it is spoken.
C. Dublin sits in a vast natural harbor. Such a protected harbor appealed to the first settlers 5,000 years ago and traces of their culture have been found around Dublin and its coast. But it was not until the Vikings came sailing down the coast in the middle 9th cen¬tury that Dublin became an important town. Next to arrive were the Anglo-Norman ad¬venturers. This was the beginning of the long process of colonization that dictated Ire¬land’s development over the next seven hundred years.
D. Now Dublin is changing fast and partly it ’s thanks to its youthful population over 50 percent are under the age of twenty-five and that makes the city come alive. To¬day Dublin is a city full of charm with a dynamic cultural life, small enough to be friend¬ly, yet cosmopolitan in outlook. This is the culture where the heritage of ancient days brings past and present together.
E. In general, cultural life of Dublin is very rich and you can enjoy visiting different museums, art galleries and exhibitions. But for those looking for peace and quiet there are two public parks in the centre of the city: St. Stephen’s Green and Merrion Square.
The city centre has several great shopping areas depending on your budget as well as nu¬merous parks and green areas for relaxing in. Dublin is also a sports-m ad city and wheth¬er you are playing or watching, it has everything for the sports enthusiast.
F. Step dances are the creation of Irish dancing m asters of the late 18th century.
Dancing m asters would often travel from town to town, teaching basic dancing steps to those interested and able to pay for them . Their appearance was motivated by a desire to learn the ‘fashionable’ dance styles which were coming from France. The dance m asters often changed these dances to fit the traditional music and, in doing so, laid the basis for much of today’s traditional Irish dance — ceili, step, and set.
G. St Patrick is known as the patron saint of Ireland. True, he was not a born Irish.
But he has become an integral part of the Irish heritage, mostly through his service across Ireland of the 5th century. Patrick was born in the second half of the 4th century AD. There are different views about the exact year and place of his birth . According to one school of opinion, he was born about 390 A.D., while the other school says it is about 373 AD. Again, his birth place is said to be in either Scotland or Roman England. So, though Patricius was his Romanicized name, he became later known as Patrick.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.Thanks to new technology 2. A custom for a sweet-tooth 3. The upside down world
4. Nice for people in love 5. Happy next year 6. Not allowed for some time
7. Watch out or give the money 8. Christmas is coming

A. Houses are decorated with colored paper ribbons and chains. Holly with red ber¬ries is put on the walls and looks very colorful. A piece of mistletoe (a plant) is hung from the ceiling. It is said to be lucky to kiss under the mistletoe hanging from the ceil¬ing. As you can understand, a lot of people who may not usually kiss each other take the chance given by a piece of mistletoe!
B. One of the delicacies the British have enjoyed for almost 900 years is the mince pie.
This is a sort of small cake with a delicious mixture of spices and fruit. It was the Cru¬saders who introduced it when they brought back new aromatic spices from the Holy Land. In the 17th century Oliver Cromwell tried to ban the eating of mince pies (as well as singing of carols) — but people continued to eat (and sing) in secret.
C. Christmas Day is a family day when families try to be together. In past years, the Queen has broadcast a radio message from her study at Sandringham House. Since 1959 she has been recording her message every year some weeks before Christmas, so it could be broadcast on Christmas Day by radio in all parts of the British Commonwealth.
D. In the USA many towns have a public tree place in some square or park or outside the town hall. This custom began first in America when an illuminated tree was set up in 1909 in Pasadena, California. Now we can observe the ceremony of putting up the Christmas tree in Rockefeller Center in the heart of New York City, as well as in the main square of every town in the country. The nation’s main Christmas tree is set up in Washington, D.C. on the parade ground near the White House. A few days before Christ¬mas the President of the United States presses a button to light the tree. This is the sig¬nal for lighting trees across the land.
E. The custom of breaking a wishbone (of a chicken or turkey) comes from the Ro¬mans who used them for fortune telling. They examined the bones of sacrificed birds, which they thought were messengers from their gods. Looking for signs of future events, they broke the wishbone and the person with the longest piece could make a wish which may bring him luck or good fortune.
F. Christmas in Australia is not like anywhere else since December is one of the hot¬test months of the year. But the Australians have a great time anyway. Those who live near the coast go to the beach on Christmas day. They have a swim, play cricket or vol¬leyball, surf or just sit around with family and friends enjoying Christmas dinner. Santa Claus arrives on a surfboard — quite a change from sliding down a chimney!
G. Christmas caroling is particularly popular in Wales where it is often accompanied by a harp. In some rural areas a villager is chosen to be the Mari Lawyed. This person travels around the town dressed in white and carrying a horse’s skull on a long pole. Anyone given the ‘bite’ by the horse’s jaws must pay a fine.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.A two-language melting pot 2. Born of hardships 3. Enough land for both
4. Failures and successes 5. Native tribes 6. Difficult life
7. Back to the roots 8. The birth of the new nation

A. Long before Europeans first came to America, many groups of Indians lived there.
They hunted forest animals for food and clothing. They gathered berries and nuts in the forests. Many groups fished in the rivers and streams that flowed through the forests.
Most anthropologists agree that the North American Indians migrated over the Bering Sea from Siberia, 10,000 to 30,000 years ago.
B. Later, in 1534 the French king sent Jacques C artier to find a water route to the Far East. C artier made several voyages to the new World, and he tried to establish a colony on the banks of the St. Lawrence River (where Montreal is located today) but he failed.
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain built the first perm anent French settlement in Canada.
He named it Quebec.
C. Both nations began to expand in the New World. English colonists began to settle along the Atlantic Coast. The French began to explore and build forts in the region south of the Great Lakes in the valleys of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
D. So Great Britain and France were fighting for control of Canada until 1763. As a result, France signed a treaty giving up all its claims to land on the continent of North America. The French who were living in Canada did not return to France. They continued to follow the customs and religion of their native land. They became ‘French Canadians’.КНТ 3
19
E. Since that time, millions of immigrants from the United States, Scotland, Ireland, England, Germany, Russia, Poland, Scandinavia, and other countries of the world have moved to Canada. Today about one third of the Canadians speak French and about two thirds speak English. English and French are both official languages of Canada.
F. Since the 1950s, there has been a remarkable rebirth of Indian culture. Native lan¬guage, culture and history programmes have been instituted in schools. Cultural centres are flourishing, and traditional practices and beliefs are increasingly being used to com¬bat alcoholism and drug problems. Indian elders are once again playing a vital role and linking generations.
G. Canadian sport is indebted to Indian culture for the toboggan, snowshoe, lacrosse stick and canoe. Many Indian games had utilitarian purposes related to survival, e.g. wrestling, archery, spear throw ing, foot and canoe racing. Some of them initially were meant to prepare youngsters for cooperative existence in a cruel environment

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1. The history of a popular drink 2. Healthy drink 3. They want it quick and easy
4. Not a drink 5. Some changes in British diet 6. Some changes in British tastes
7. Making tea process 8. Helpful hint

A. British attitude to what they eat daily has changed a lot over the past twenty years. In the 1990s each person ate about 352 gram s of ‘red ’ meat each week, but now it’s less than 250 gram s. People prefer chicken and fresh fish. And more people are interest¬ed in healthy eating these days. In 1988 the national average was 905 gram s of fruit and fruit juices each week, but now i t ’s nearly 2,000 gram s.
B. Twenty years ago, British people usually ate at home. They only went out for a meal at special times, like for somebody’s birthday. Today when both parents are work¬ing, they cannot cook large meals in the evenings. ‘Ready-made’ meals from supermar¬kets and Marks and Spencer and ‘take-aw ay’ meals from fast food restaurants are very popular. If you are feeling tired or lazy, you can even phone a local restaurant. They will bring the food to your house.
C. In the past, traditional steakhouses were very popular places, but now more and more people prefer foreign food. Every British town has Indian and Chinese restaurants, and large towns have restaurants from many other countries too.
D. The British population drinks a lot of tea. Tea — mostly green tea from China — came to Britain in the late 1500s. But it was only for the very rich. It became cheap¬er about three hundred years later, when it was planted in India and later in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). People from all classes started drinking it. But some people thought that too much tea was bad for their health. So they started putting milk in it to make it healthier!
E. Afternoon tea is a small meal. Now most ordinary British families do not have time for afternoon tea at home, but in the past it was a tradition. It became popular when rich ladies invited their friends to their houses for an afternoon cup of tea. They started of¬fering their visitors sandwiches and cakes too. Soon everybody was enjoying this excit¬ing new meal.
F. If someone in England asks you ‘Would you like a cup?’ they are asking if you would like a cup of tea. If someone says, ‘Let me be m other’ or ‘Shall I be m other?’ they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot.
G. Most people today use teabags to make tea, but some serious drinkers make tea in the traditional way. First the water is boiled. Then some of the boiled water is used to warm the teapot. Then the tealeaves are put in the teapot. Then the boiling water is add¬ed. Then the pot is left for five minutes under a ‘teacosy’. Finally, the tea is served in delicate cups with saucers.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами..

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.Absolute honesty 2.The cost of education 3. Just choosing 4. Inform al teaching
5. Another application 6. Optional teaching 7. Needed move 8. Uncertain parents

A. At the beginning of your last year at school you receive an application form . On this form you choose up to five universities that you would like to go to. The form is sent to those universities with information from your school about you and your academic results. If the universities are interested in your application, they will ask you to attend an interview and will offer you a place. Any offer, however, is only conditional at this stage.
B. А-level examinations are the exams taken at the end of your time at school. So, when a university makes an offer, it will tell you the minimum grades that you must get on your а-level exam. If you don’t get those grades, then you will not be accepted and you will have to apply again to another university.
C. Like all British universities, Oxford is a state university not a private one.
Students are selected on the basis of their results in the national examination or the special Oxford entrance examination. There are many applicants and nobody can get a place by paying. Successful candidates are admitted to a special college of the university: that will be their home for the next three years and for a longer period if they would like to go on studying for a postgraduate degree.
D. An undergraduate will spend an hour a week with his or her ‘tutor’; perhaps in the company of one other student. Each of them will have written an essay for the tutor, which serves as the basis for discussion, arguments, the exposition of ideas and academic methods. At the end of the hour the students go away with a new essay and a list of books that might be helpful in preparing for the essay.
E. Lectures and seminars are other kinds of teaching; popular lecturers can attract audience from several faculties, while others may find themselves speaking to two or three loyal students or maybe to no-one at all. In practice, most students at Oxford are enthusiastic about academic life and many of them work for days on each essay, sometimes sitting up through the night with a wet towel round their heads.
F. Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are rather independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college, choose one as far away from home as possible. So, many students in northern and Scottish universities come from England and vice versa. It’s very unusual for students to live at home. Although parents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually have to approve of this step and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult.
G. Students all over the world have to work for their education. A college education in the USA is expensive. The costs are so high that most families begin to save for their children’s education when their children are the babies. Even so, many young people cannot afford to pay the expenses of full-time college work. They do not have enough money to pay for school costs. Tuition for attending the university, books for classes, and dormitory costs are high. There are other expenses such as chemistry and biology laboratories fees and special student activity fees.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.*

Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева

3. Ìíåíèå, ÷òî íåêîòîðûå ãðóïïû îïàñíû, çâó÷èò êàê ïðàâäà.

1) Êàêóþ ãðóïïó âû ïîääåðæèâàåòå èëè íå ïîääåðæèâàåòå?

Èõ äåëà î÷åíü õîðîøè è ïîëåçíû.

Èõ ìóçûêà î÷åíü õîðîøà.

ß ñ÷èòàþ, èõ îáðàç äîñòàòî÷íî õîðîø

ß íå îäîáðÿþ èõ îäåæäó.

Èõ ïîâåäåíèå êàæåòñÿ âåðíûì.

ß ïîëíîñòüþ çà òàêèå ãðóïïû/îðãàíèçàöèè

Èõ öåííîñòè è óáåæäåíèÿ ïîëíîñòüþ íåâåðíû

ß íå äóìàþ, ÷òî èõ îòíîøåíèå ê äðóãèì î÷åíü õîðîøåå.

2) ÐÀÁÎÒÀ Â ÃÐÓÏÏÀÕ

Êàêîâî âàøå îòíîøåíèå ê ñóáêóëüòóðàì, ôàí êëóáàì è îðãàíèçàöèÿì äëÿ ïîäðîñòêîâ? Êàêèå âû ñ÷èòàåòå óãðîæàþùèìè? Îáñóäèòå â ãðóïïàõ. Íàçîâèòå ñâîè ïðè÷èíû. Ñïðîñèòå äðóãèå ãðóïïû.

Âû ñ÷èòàåòå… âñå â ïîðÿäêå? Âû îäîáðÿåòå…? Âû çà…? Êàêîâî âàøå îòíîøåíèå ê…? Ýòî… âñå â ïîðÿäêå, òû äóìàåøü?

Âû çà õèïïè?

-> Õèïïè ýòî íîðìàëüíî, ïîòîìó ÷òî îíè âåðÿò â ìèð, êàê â ñïîñîá ðåøèòü ðàçëè÷èÿ ìåæäó ëþäüìè. Îíè íå æåñòîêèå. Îíè ïðèíèìàþò äðóãèõ ëþäåé òàêèìè, êàêèå îíè åñòü. Îíè õîòÿò èçìåíèòü ìèð â ëó÷øóþ ñòîðîíó.

-> ß íå ñ÷èòàþ, ÷òî áûòü õèïïè ýòî î÷åíü õîðîøî. Îíè ïðèíèìàþò íàðêîòèêè. Èõ ïîâåäåíèå îòëè÷àåòñÿ îò ñîöèàëüíûõ íîðì. Îíè íå ñëåäóþò îáùåñòâåííûì ñòàíäàðòàì. Èõ ñòèëü æèçíè òàêîé ëèáåðàëüíûé.

3) Âû äóìàåòå, ÑÌÈ êàê-òî âëèÿåò íà æåñòîêîñòü ïîäðîñòêîâ?

Ðåøåíèå #

I think that mass media influences on violence of the teenagers. Every day we watch TV and see the scenes of cruelty and violence. All this news, films and TV show make us believe that it’s normal. Such information influences on the teenagers sub consciousness and they go and do the same.

ß ñ÷èòàþ, ÷òî ÑÌÈ âëèÿåò íà æåñòîêîñòü ïîäðîñòêîâ. Êàæäûé äåíü ìû ñìîòðèì òåëåâèçîð è âèäèì ñöåíû æåñòîêîñòè è íàñèëèÿ. Âñå ýòè íîâîñòè, ôèëüìû è Ò øîó çàñòàâëÿþò íàñ ïîâåðèòü, ÷òî ýòî íîðìàëüíî. Òàêàÿ èíôîðìàöèÿ âëèÿåò íà ïîäñîçíàíèå ïîäðîñòêîâ, è îíè èäóò è äåëàþò òî æå ñàìîå.

4) Êàêîâî âàøå îòíîøåíèå ê ýòèì ðàçíûì ìíåíèÿì î ìîëîäûõ ëþäÿõ?

— Ìîëîäåæíàÿ êóëüòóðà íàìíîãî áîëüøå êîììåð÷åñêàÿ, ÷åì ýòî áûëî ðàíüøå.

— Íà ïîäðîñòêîâ âëèÿþò ñâåðñòíèêè (ãðóïïà ëþäåé îäíî âîçðàñòà) íàìíîãî áîëüøå, ÷åì èõ ðîäèòåëè.

— Âçðîñëûå ëþäè íå ÷óâñòâóþò òàê ñèëüíî íóæäó îïðåäåëÿòü ñåáÿ ñ îïðåäåëåííîé ñóáêóëüòóðîé, êàê ìîëîäûå ëþäè.

— Õèïïè óâåðåíû, ÷òî ïóòü ê ìèðó èäåò ÷åðåç ëþáîâü è òîëåðàíòíîñòü.

— Ìîëîäåæíàÿ æåñòîêîñòü ðàñòåò. Âîò ïî÷åìó íåîáõîäèìî ñíèçèòü ìèíèìàëüíûé ïðåñòóïíûé âîçðàñò.

— Ïîâòîðÿåìîñòü æåñòîêîñòè âîçíèêàåò îò îò÷àÿíèÿ, êîòîðîå îùóùàþò ëþäè, êîãäà íå ìîãóò ñòàòü ïîëíîïðàâíûì ÷ëåíîì îáùåñòâà.

— Òåëåâèäåíèå èìååò áîëüøîå âëèÿíèå íà æåñòîêîñòü ìîëîäåæè. Ïîäðîñòêè ÷àñòî ñèäÿò êàê ïðèêëååííûå ê òåëåâèçîðó, çàãèïíîòèçèðîâàííûå æåñòîêîñòüþ, ïîêàçûâàåìîé íà ýêðàíå.

— Íàðêîòèêè è àëêîãîëü ðàçðóøàþò ëþäåé. Îíè ïîëó÷àþò ñåáå ÿðëûê ñìåðòè.

5) Êàê ìîæíî çàìåòèòü, ÷òî â ðàéîíå åñòü óëè÷íàÿ áàíäà? (Ð Þíèò 3, Óïð.9)

Ïðèâåäåì âûäåðæêó èç çàäàíèÿ èç ó÷åáíèêà Êóçîâëåâ 10-11 êëàññ, Ïðîñâåùåíèå:

3. The opinion that some groups are dangerous sounds just right.

1) Which group do you approve or disapprove of?

Their deeds are very good and useful.

Their music is very good.

I think their image is quite right.

I can’t approve of their clothes.

Their behaviour seems just right.

I’m all for such groups/organisations.

Their values and beliefs are all wrong.

I don’t think their attitude towards others is very good.

2) GROUP WORK

What is your attitude towards subcultures, fan clubs and organisations for teens? Which ones do you consider threatening? Discuss in groups. Give your reasons. Ask other groups.

Do you think… are all right? Do you approve of…? Are you for…? What is your attitude towards…? Is… all right, d’you think?

3. The opinion that some groups are dangerous sounds just right.

1) Which group do you approve or disapprove of?

Their deeds are very good and useful.

Their music is very good.

I think their image is quite right.

I can’t approve of their clothes.

Their behaviour seems just right.

I’m all for such groups/organisations.

Their values and beliefs are all wrong.

I don’t think their attitude towards others is very good.

2) GROUP WORK

What is your attitude towards subcultures, fan clubs and organisations for teens? Which ones do you consider threatening? Discuss in groups. Give your reasons. Ask other groups.

Do you think… are all right? Do you approve of…? Are you for…? What is your attitude towards…? Is… all right, d’you think?

Are you for hippies?

-> Hippies sound just all right, because they believe in peace as the way to resolve differences between people. They are not violent. They accept other people as they are. They want to change the world for the best.

-> I don’t think being a hippie is very good. They take drugs. Their behaviour differs from social norms. They don’t conform to society standards. Their lifestyle is too liberal.

3) Do you think the mass media somehow influences the violence of teenagers?

4) What is your attitude towards these different opinions about young people?

— Youth culture is a lot more commercial than it was years ago.

— Teens are influenced by their peer group (group of people of the same age) much more than by their parents.

— Older people don’t feel as strong the need to identify with a particular subculture as younger people do.

— Hippies are sure that the way to peace is through love and tolerance.

— Youth violence is on the rise. That’s why it is necessary to lower the minimum criminal-trial age.

— Violence frequently results from the frustration that people feel when they can’t integrate into society.

— Television has a big influence on the youth violence. Teens often sit glued to the TV hypnotised by the violence shown on the screen.

— Drugs and alcohol destroy people. They’ve got that death tag (ÿðëûê) on them.

5) How can one detect that there is a street gang in the area? (R Unit 3, ex. 9)

6) Are youth gangs really dangerous? (R Unit 3, ex. 10)

*Öèòèðèðîâàíèå ÷àñòè çàäàíèÿ ñî ññûëêîé íà ó÷åáíèê ïðîèçâîäèòñÿ èñêëþ÷èòåëüíî â ó÷åáíûõ öåëÿõ äëÿ ëó÷øåãî ïîíèìàíèÿ ðàçáîðà ðåøåíèÿ çàäàíèÿ.

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A change in people’s attitude

2. A problem still unsolved

3. A new state organisation

4. A governmental plan of action

5. No time to waste

6. An eco-friendly means of transport

7. A set of dangerous signs

8. A reason for global warming

A. Recycling is becoming easier and more widespread. Governments support companies that recycle waste. Also people prefer to buy things from companies that make their products from recycled materials. Reports say that people worldwide are starting to care more about what happens to waste products. For example, now Americans recycle almost 35% of their waste, while in the 1990s the percentage was much smaller.

B. In autumn 2004 a new governmental body was created in Russia to protect the country’s natural resources. It’s called the Federal Ecological Service. The aims of the new institution are the following: to prevent environmental pollution and to control industrial waste. They say that the new governmental service has improved the state system of environmental protection in Russia.

C. Climate change is on us. Ten years ago we only spoke about it, now it’s happening before our eyes. Global warming is bringing unpredictable changes. The Arctic sea ice is disappearing; glaciers are melting faster every year. Due to heavy rains some rivers overflow, while others dry out. Disasters such as tornadoes and floods are spreading. Strong hurricanes are becoming more common and more destructive.

D. People burn plenty of coal, oil and natural gas. As a result of this billions of tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released into the atmosphere every year. CO2 is a greenhouse gas that traps the sun’s radiation within the atmosphere so the concentration of CO2 increases. As a result of this, temperatures in different parts of the planet rise.

E. They are designed to work using electric power, without gasoline. It means that they don’t pollute the atmosphere, cost less and reduce the need for oil. Such cars are reliable and have interesting designs. However, they have a few bad points. Many have a maximum speed limit of about 50 miles per hour. Most cities are not ready for the appearance of such cars on their roads.

F. Environmental organisations have been discussing ways of saving the rain forests for many years. However, we are still facing huge losses in the Amazon. People think that rainforests have already had enough attention. They have been discussed in the press for years. Unfortunately the rainforest is still in danger and can be destroyed completely.

G. Environmental problems are serious and we have to deal with them immediately. There may not be easy solutions but we simply can’t continue living as if everything is fine. These problems aren’t going to disappear by themselves. If we want to keep this planet a healthy place for our grandchildren, it’s time to do everything we can to stop the catastrophe.

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок                                                        

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Process course

2. Personal contribution

3. Scientific predictions

4. Opposite point of view

5. Result of human activity

6. Process confirmations

7. Extinction of some species

8. New process beginning

GLOBAL WARMING

A. For 2,5 million years, the Earth’s climate has varied, moving between extremely cold ice ages and warmer periods. But in the last century, Earth’s temperature has risen unusually fast by nearly one degree Celsius. Scientists believe that human activity is making the temperature go up, a process known as global warming. And many are worried the situation is becoming critical.

B. Ever since the Industrial Revolution, factories, power plants, and, more recently, cars have burned fossil fuels such as oil and coal, releasing huge quantities of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases trap heat near the Earth through a naturally occurring process called the ‘greenhouse effect’.

C. The greenhouse effect begins with the sun and energy it sends to the Earth. The Earth and the atmosphere take in some of this energy, while the rest goes back into space. Naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere trap some of this energy and reflect it back, warming the Earth. Scientists now believe that the greenhouse effect is being strengthened by greenhouse gases that are released by human activity.

D. Evidence for global warming includes a number of unexpectedly warm years in recent years. Scientists report that 1998 was the warmest year in measured history and 2005 was the second. Studies of ice cores show that greenhouse gases have reached their highest levels in the past 420 000 years. Arctic sea ice is also shrinking. According to NASA studies, the area covered by Arctic sea has decreased by about ten percent in the last 30 years.

E. If countries continue to use a lot of fossil fuel resources, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will continue to rise. Researchers predict that temperatures will increase by about one to six degrees Celsius by the end of the century. So some climate models say there will be only slight changes. Others predict rises in sea levels that could flood coastal areas. Changing weather patterns could make huge storms like hurricanes more frequent.

F. Extreme droughts could become more common in warm areas, and some animals, which may not be able to adapt, could face extinction. For example, a polar bear and her cub rest on an iceberg in the Arctic Ocean. If warming continues, the Arctic could lose its permanent ice cap by the end of this century. And it will be impossible for the polar bears to live in such conditions.

G. There is still a lot to be learned about global warning. However, many believe that governments and corporations can help to reduce the impact of global warming by cutting greenhouse gas emissions. Consumers can also help by saving energy around the house, for example, by using light bulbs that require less energy and driving fewer miles each week. These simple changes may help to keep the Earth cooler in the future.

Task 2. You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions.

 Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Hello!

It’s an electronic assistant of the city council.

We kindly ask you to take part in our survey.

We need to find out about people’s attitude to their village, town or city.

Please answer 6 questions. The survey is anonymous – you don’t have to give your name.

So, let’s get started.


How long have you been living in your village, town or city?

I have been living in my city/town for 5/10/15 years.

What is the place, where you live, famous for?

It is famous for its beautiful nature/historical places/modern industry. Everybody knows…

When was your village, town or city founded?

It was founded in 1789/1534…

What season is the best for visiting your village, town or city? Why?

It’s better to visit my home town in the spring or in the autumn. It’s not too cold and not too hot.

What is your favorite place in your village, town or city? Why do you like it?

I love the central park. It’s beautiful and modern. We spend a lot of time there.

What place in your home town would you recommend visiting?

I would recommend visiting a city center. There are some/a lot of historical places there. Also it’s the most beautiful place in our city.