A cold nose егэ ответы

To stop a runny nose due to allergies, your best bet is to take an antihistamine.to get rid of a

8 ways to stop a runny nose from allergies, cold, or flu

  • To stop a runny nose due to allergies, your best bet is to take an antihistamine.
  • To get rid of a runny nose with a cold or flu, drink plenty of fluids and use a humidifier.
  • You can also try methods like applying a warm compress or using a nasal saline rinse.
  • Visit Insider’s Health Reference library for more advice.

If you have a runny nose, chances are you’re suffering from rhinitis. Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal passages, which often comes with a side of congestion, nasal discharge, sneezing, an irritated throat, cough, and fatigue.

Here’s what causes it and how to stop your runny nose.

What causes a runny nose?

There are two types of rhinitis: allergic and nonallergic. Allergic rhinitis is associated with allergies. When you have an allergy, your body releases a chemical called histamine, which triggers the mucous glands in your nose to ramp up production, causing a runny nose.

A common form of allergic rhinitis is environmental allergies from irritants such as:

  • Tree pollen
  • Grasses and weeds
  • Mold
  • Dust mites
  • Pet dander

Nonallergic rhinitis doesn’t involve histamines. It’s basically what’s causing your runny nose if allergies aren’t the culprit. And that can cover a wide range of triggers including:

  • Viruses that cause colds and flu
  • Rapid temperature changes
  • Emotions like severe sadness
  • Hormones
  • Irritants such as strong fragrances and smoke

It’s important to know what type of rhinitis is causing your runny nose because that will ultimately determine how you should treat it.

How to stop a runny nose

If you’re suffering from allergic rhinitis, the best way to alleviate symptoms is to reduce the histamine levels in your body.

That’s where antihistamine medications can help. But avoid sedating antihistamines — an ingredient in multi-symptom relief products — because it can have side effects including dry mouth, urinary retention, and in some cases, possible memory impairment.

If, however, you’re suffering from some form of nonallergic rhinitis, especially if you have a cold or flu, try the following.

  • Blow your nose. But make sure to blow through one nostril at a time. Otherwise, you can generate pressure that shoots the mucus into your sinuses instead of draining them out.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. This can help keep your nasal tissues moist, which can loosen any congestion.
  • Use a humidifier. While a humidifier can make indoor allergies such as dust mite and mold allergies worse, too dry of a room can also irritate the nasal passages. The goal is to keep the relative humidity of the home at around 40-50 percent. If it’s higher than that, you create an environment wherein dust mites and mold will thrive.
  • Apply a warm, wet cloth. Putting a warm, wet cloth on your face several times a day can help relieve your sinuses, which might be irritated from the dry air.
  • Try a nasal saline rinse. Using a nasal saline rinse can wash away allergens, viruses, and bacteria from the nose and help clear out any trapped mucus.
  • Keep your head propped up. When sleeping, try to keep your head elevated and try using nasal strips. Keeping your head elevated allows for better drainage from nasal passages, and nasal strips widen the nasal passages to give more room for congestion to clear.
  • Take decongestants. Decongestants dry out and shrink inflamed nasal passages. But overuse of decongestants can cause jitteriness and increased blood pressure. Doctors recommend using decongestants for no more than three days.

And if your rhinitis — allergic or nonallergic — becomes chronic, this can increase your risk of getting a bacterial infection. If that happens, see a doctor who can prescribe you

antibiotics.

Insider’s takeaway

A runny nose can be caused by allergies or things like a cold, temperature change, or irritants in the air. To get rid of a runny nose, take allergy medicine, blow your nose, drink plenty of fluids, use a nasal saline rinse, and more.

The source of information

Написать 10 вопросов к тексту (Rhinitis means a cold in the head or running nose. It’s an unpleasant symptom of the common cold. The mucosa of the respiratory tract is one of the most important portals of entry for disease-producing organisms. Droplets from one sneeze may be loaded with many billions of disease-producing organisms. Among the infections transmitted through the respiratory passages are the common cold, diphtheria, chickenpox, measles, influenza, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. Sensitivity to plant pollens, smells, dust, certain foods, and other allergens may lead to hay fever or asthma, or both. Hay fever is characterized by a watery discharge from the eyes and nose. The symptoms of asthma are spasms of the bronchial tube walls. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD involves emphysema and bronchitis. In chronic bronchitis the linings of the airways are chronically inflamed and produce excessive secretions. Emphysema is characterized by dilation and finally destruction of the alveoli. In the popular press the word e is used to mean COPD. Lung cancer is a common disease in the person who smokes cigarettes. Smokers suffer from lung cancer ten times as often as nonsmokers Pneumothorax is an accumulation of air in the plural space. )

Âûáåðèòå âåðíûé îòâåò À, Â èëè Ñ.

1 Ê ñ÷àñòüþ, Äæîíñîíó óäàëîñü (Â) ïîëíîñòüþ âîññòàíîâèòüñÿ ïîñëå ïðîèñøåñòâèÿ.

2 Äàâàé íå áóäåì áîëüøå ñïîðèòü îá ýòîì, (À) õîðîøî?

3 Áðýíäñîí (Â) òàêîé ýãîèñòè÷íûé ÷åëîâåê, ÷òî åãî íèêîãäà íå áåñïîêîèò òî, ÷òî ÷óâñòâóþò äðóãèå.

4 Ïîñëå çåìëåòðÿñåíèÿ, áîëüøèíñòâî äîìîâ â ñòàðîé äåðåâíåé áûëè (À) ðàçðóøåíû.

5 Äæåéí (Ñ) îòêàçàëàñü îò ïðèãëàøåíèÿ Áåòòè íà óæèí, ïîòîìó ÷òî îíà íå ÷óâñòâîâàëà ñåáÿ î÷åíü õîðîøî.

6 Òû ìîæåøü ïðåêðàòèòü (Â) ïðèñòàëüíî ñìîòðåòü íà Áåíà? Ïî÷åìó òû òàê ñåðäèøüñÿ íà íåãî?

7 ß áû ëó÷øå (À) ïðîâåëà îòïóñê ãäå-íèáóäü íà ìîðå, åñëè òû íå âîçðàæàåøü

8 Äæåííè åñòü òîëüêî ìîëî÷íûå ïðîäóêòû, êîòîðûå ñîäåðæàò (À) ìàëî æèðîâ.

9 Ïàòðèê (Ñ) íèêîìó íå ãîâîðèë, ÷òî îí ïåðååçæàåò ñ êâàðòèðû.

10  ïîñëåäíþþ íî÷ü ôåñòèâàëÿ, îíè (Â) çàïóñêàëè çàìå÷àòåëüíûå ôåéåðâåðêè.

11 Íå ñòîèò (Ñ) ÷èíèòü ñâîþ ñòàðóþ ïîñóäîìîå÷íóþ ìàøèíó, òû ìîæåøü êóïèòü íîâóþ ïî õîðîøåé öåíå.

12 Ïåðâîå (À) çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííîå íàáëþäåíèå Ëîõ Íåññêîãî ×óäîâèùà îòíîñèòñÿ ê 6ìó âåêó.

13 Íå ñìîòðÿ (Ñ) íà õîëîäíóþ ïîãîäó, íàøå ïóòåøåñòâèå â Èñïàíèþ áûëî äîñòàòî÷íî ïðèÿòíûì.

14 ß â÷åðà (Â) íàòêíóëñÿ íà äðóãà, êîòîðîãî ÿ íå âèäåë äîëãîå âðåìÿ.

15 âñåãäà ñòîèò (À) îêàçûâàòü ñâîþ ïîääåðæêó áëàãîòâîðèòåëüíîñòè.

16 Äæåéìñ çàáåðåò òåáÿ â 8:00, (Ñ) åñëè òû íå ðåøèøü âçÿòü ñâîþ ìàøèíó.

17 Òðåéñè ñêàçàëà ìíå, ÷òî îíà (Ñ) îäîëæèò ìíå ìàøèíó íà âûõîäíûå.

18 Êóøàòü òàê ìíîãî âðåäíîé åäû è íå çàíèìàòüñÿ ìîæåò ïðèâåñòè (À) ê ïðîáëåìàì ñî çäîðîâüåì.

20 Þáêà Ìýðè áûëà òàêîé äëèííîé, ÷òî (Â) îíà óêîðîòèëà åå íà íåñêîëüêî ñàíòèìåòðîâ.

21 Îòîäâèíü ñâîé êîôå ïîäàëüøå îò êîìïüþòåðà, ïîòîìó ÷òî òû (Ñ) ðàçîëüåøü åãî íà êëàâèàòóðó.

22 ß íå ñëûøàëà (Â) åå 2 íåäåëè, òàê, ÿ ïîëàãàþ, îíà áûëà î÷åíü çàíÿòà.

23 Çäåñü (À) òàê æàðêî. Òû ìîæåøü îòêðûòü îêíî, ïîæàëóéñòà?

24 Ó Äèí åñòü ãàäêàÿ (Â) ïðèâû÷êà îñòàâëÿòü âåçäå âêëþ÷åííûé ñâåò, êîãäà îí óõîäèò èç äîìà.

25 ×òî òû ïðåäëàãàåøü (Â) ìíå äåëàòü ñ ìîåé øóìíîé ñîñåäêîé? Îíà äåéñòâèòåëüíî ðàçäðàæàåò!

26 Äæåéí è Ãåîðã î÷åíü (Â) ïîõîæè ïî õàðàêòåðó; îíè îáà äðóæåëþáíû è îáùèòåëüíû.

27 Íå ïåðåæèâàé, ê òîìó âðåìåíè êàê ìû îòïðàâèìñÿ â òóð ïîõîä, äîæäü (À) ïðåêðàòèòüñÿ.

28 Ýòà êàðòèíà (Ñ) èçîáðàæàåò ñöåíó ðîäíîãî ãîðîäà õóäîæíèêà.

29 Êîãäà ìàëåíüêàÿ äåâî÷êà óñëûøàëà, ÷òî êëîóí íå ñìîæåò ñäåëàòü ýòî íà åå âå÷åðèíêó, îíà ðàçðûäàëàñü.

30 Íå ìîã á òû (Ñ) íå çàõîäèòü íà êóõíþ, ïîêà ÿ ãîòîâëþ? ß ãîòîâëþ òåáå ñþðïðèç!

31 Ëèçà íå çíàëà êàê äîáðàòüñÿ äî ìóçåÿ, ïîýòîìó îíà ïîïðîñèëà ìåñòíûõ ëþäåé ðàññêàçàòü åé, ãäå (Â) îí áûë.

32 Ìû ìîæåì ïîåõàòü (Â) êóäà òû çàõî÷åøü íà òâîé äåíü ðîæäåíèÿ. Ýòî òâîé âûáîð!

33 Òû ìîæåøü ïîìî÷ü ìíå îòêðûòü ïî÷òó, ïîæàëóéñòà? ß íå çíàþ, êàê ýòî ñäåëàòü.

34 Ïîñëå êîðîòêîãî ïåðåðûâà, Äæîíàòàí ïðîäîëæèë (Ñ) äåëàòü ñâîþ ðàáîòó.

35 Ýììà (À) äîìà íà ýòîé íåäåëå, ïîòîìó ÷òî îíà ÷óâñòâóåò ñåáÿ íå î÷åíü õîðîøî.

36 Òû (À) íå ìîãëà âèäåòü Ïàòðèêà íà êîíöåðòå. Îí áûë â Ìèëàíå ïîñëåäíèå 2 íåäåëè.

37 Ýòî (Â) ñàìàÿ õóäøàÿ èäåÿ, êîòîðàÿ ó òåáÿ êîãäà-ëèáî áûëà, Äæî!

38 Åñëè Äæóëèÿ (Ñ) çàõî÷åò ïîéòè ñ íàìè, îíà áóäåò çäåñü â 8:00.

39 Áèë óäàðèëñÿ î äâåðü è (Â) ïîñòàâèë ñèíÿê ïîä ãëàç.

40 Êîãî òû (Â) çëèøü, êîãäà âåäåøü ñåáÿ òàêèì îáðàçîì, åñëè òû çíàåøü êàê ñèëüíî ýòî ðàçäðàæàåò äðóãèõ?

41 ß äóìàþ, òåáå ñëåäóåò ïîãîâîðèòü ñ êåì-òî, êòî ìîæåò ïîìî÷ü òåáå (À) ïîñìîòðåòü â ëèöî ñâîåé áîÿçíè âûñîòû.

42 Ïî÷åìó ó òåáÿ òàêîé (À) íåñ÷àñòíûé âèä? ×òî-òî ñëó÷èëîñü?

43 Ðàíåíûå ñêàëîëàçû (Ñ) áûëè äîñòàâëåíû â áîëüíèöó âåðòîëåòîì.

44 Âîëòåð âñå î÷åíü (Â) ïðîÿñíèë; îí íå ïðèíÿë îòâåòñòâåííîñòü çà óùåðá.

45 Òâîè âîëîñû âûãëÿäÿò (Â) íàìíîãî ëó÷øå ñåé÷àñ, êîãäà òû ïîäñòðèãëà èõ êîðîòêî.

46 Îòåëü, â êîòîðîì îíè ðåøèëè ïðîâåñòè ñâîé ìåäîâûé ìåñÿö, áûë (Â) àáñîëþòíî èäåàëüíûì.

47 Ïðåäïðèÿòèå ïîòåðïåëî ñèëüíûé óùåðá â ðåçóëüòàòå ïîæàðà, êîòîðûé (Ñ) çàãîðåëñÿ ïðîøëîé íî÷üþ.

48 Êðèê ýòî îáùèé (À) ýìîöèîíàëüíûé îòâåò íà ãíåâ.

49 Â òî âðåìÿ êîãäà Áåí (Â) ëåç ïî ëåñòíèöå, îí óïàë è ïîðàíèë ñïèíó.

50 Ó îñüìèíîãà 8 ùóïàëåö.

51 Îíà íå ìîæåò (Ñ) ðàçîáðàòü, ÷òî ñêàçàíî â ýòîé çàïèñêå, ïîòîìó ÷òî áóêâû òàêèå ìàëåíüêèå.

52 Èç âñåõ äîìàøíèõ îáÿçàííîñòåé, (À) âûòèðàòü ïûëü ñ ìåáåëè òðÿïêîé ýòî òî, çà ÷åì ÿ ñëåæó ìåíüøå âñåãî.

53 ß (Â) íå ïîíèìàþ ýòè óïðàæíåíèÿ; òû ìîæåøü ìíå ïîìî÷ü, ïîæàëóéñòà?

54 Âèêè (Ñ) åùå íå îòïðàâèëà ïðèãëàøåíèÿ íà ñâîþ âå÷åðèíêó â ÷åñòü äíÿ ðîæäåíèÿ.

55 Ó÷èòåëü ñêàçàë íàì (Ñ) íå îñòàâëÿòü êëàññ, ïîêà íå çàêîí÷èòñÿ òåñò.

56 Ýòî áûë ïðåêðàñíûé äåíü, è ìíîãî ëþäåé (Ñ) ïðîãóëèâàëèñü íå ñïåøà ïî ïàðêó.

57 Ìýòüþ õîòåë, ÷òîáû îí (Â) çàáðîíèðîâàë êîìíàòó äî òîãî, êàê ïîåõàë íà îñòðîâ; òåïåðü åìó íåãäå îñòàíîâèòüñÿ.

58 Äåòè óâèäåëè êàê èõ ìÿ÷ (À) êàòèòñÿ âíèç ñ ãîðû è ïîáåæàëè ïîéìàòü åãî.

59 Êîãäà îíà ïîíÿëà, ÷òî íèêòî íå ïîñòðàäàë â ïðîèñøåñòâèè, îíà (À) âçäîõíóëà ñ îáëåã÷åíèåì.

60 Ñòþàðòó íðàâèòñÿ ÷èòàòü ãàçåòó, êîãäà îí (Ñ) ìåäëåííî ïüåò ñâîé óòðåííèé êîôå.

61 Ýòîò ñîóñ ñäåëàí (Â) èç ïîìèäîð è ñâåæèõ îâîùåé.

62 Ïðîâåðüòå èìåíà ëþäåé, êîòîðûå ïîëó÷èëè ïðèãëàøåíèå (Â) èç ñïèñêà, ÷òîáû ìû íå îòïðàâèëè èì åãî åùå ðàç.

63 Òóôëè ñ âûñîêèìè êàáëóêàìè íå î÷åíü (Â) ïðàêòè÷íû, åñëè âû ñîáèðàåòåñü õîäèòü íà äëèííûå äèñòàíöèè.

64 Òåïåðü, êàê Äæîðäæ íà÷àë çàíèìàòü òÿæåëîé àòëåòèêîé, åãî ìóñêóëû ñòàíîâÿòñÿ (À) ñèëüíåå è ñèëüíåå.

65 Àêòåð ïðåäñòàâèë îïàñíûé (Ñ) òðþê, êîòîðûé ïî÷òè ñòîèë åìó æèçíè.

66 Íå äîáàâëÿé áîëüøå ñàõàðà (Â) â ÷àé; îí äîñòàòî÷íî ñëàäêèé.

67 ß êóïèë äîïîëíèòåëüíûé áèëåò (Ñ) â ñëó÷àå, åñëè òû ðåøèøü ïîéòè ñ íàìè íà êîíöåðò.

68 Äæåê íå ìîæåò (Â) ïðèñîåäèíèòüñÿ ê èíòåðíåòó, ïîòîìó ÷òî ÷òî-òî íå òàê ñ åãî ìîäåìîì.

69 Äýâèä ïîòåðÿë (À) ñîçíàíèå, êîãäà óïàë è óäàðèëñÿ ãîëîâîé î ïîë.

70 Ïåííè (À) ñîáèðàëà êèòàéñêèõ êóêîë ñ òîãî ìîìåíòà, êàê áûëà ïîäðîñòêîì.

71 Ó Äðåíà (Â) áûëà ñïîðòèâíàÿ ìàøèíà, íî îí ïðîäàë åå 2 ãîäà íàçàä.

72 Êîãäà ÿ ïðîñìàòðèâàë íåêîòîðûå ñòàðûå êíèãè, ÿ (Ñ) íàòêíóëñÿ íà ïåðâóþ ñêàçêó, êîòîðóþ ìîè ðîäèòåëè êîãäà-òî êóïèëè ìíå.

73 Íå áåñïîêîé Ìýðè, ó íåå (Ñ) äîñòàòî÷íî ñâîèõ ïðîáëåì!

74 Ìû ìîæåì ñõîäèòü â äðóãîé ðåñòîðàí?  ýòîì î÷åíü (Â) ëþäíî.

75 Òåáå íóæíî (Â) ïîäìåñòè ïîë; êòî-òî ïðîñûïàë ñàõàð íà íåãî.

76 Õýëëîóèí ýòî (À) åæåãîäíîå ïðàçäíîâàíèå, êîòîðîå ïðîâîäèòñÿ 31 îêòÿáðÿ.

77 Õóäîæíèê íå áûë îñîáî óäîâëåòâîðåí (Ñ) ïðîñìîòðîì ñâîåé ðàáîòû.

78 Óäîñòîâåðüòåñü, ÷òî âû ïðî÷èòàëè èíñòðóêöèè äî òîãî êàê (Ñ) âîñïîëüçîâàëèñü êàìåðîé â ïåðâûé ðàç.

79 Åñëè áû Êðèñ ïîïðîñèë ìåíÿ î ïîìîùè, êîãäà ïîïàë â áåäó, ÿ (À) áûë áû ñ÷àñòëèâ ïîìî÷ü åìó.

80 Ìîé ó÷èòåëü ïîñîâåòîâàë ìíå (Â) âçÿòü íåñêîëüêî äîïîëíèòåëüíûé óðîêîâ ìàòåìàòèêè.

Ïðèâåäåì âûäåðæêó èç çàäàíèÿ èç ó÷åáíèêà Þëèÿ Âàóëèíà, Äæóííè Äóëè 10 êëàññ, Ïðîñâåùåíèå:

Choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 Luckily, Jason was able to (Â) make a full recovery after his accident.

2 Let’s not argue about this anymore, (À) shall we?

3 Brandon is (Â) such a selfish person that he never cares about how anyone else feels.

4 After the earthquake, most houses in the old village were left (À) in ruins.

5 Jane had to turn (Ñ) down Bette’s invitation to dinner, because she wasn’t feeling very well.

6 Can you please stop (Â) glaring at Ben? Why are you so angry with him?

7 I’d sooner (A) spend the holidays somewhere by the sea, if you don’t mind.

8 Jenny only eats dairy products which are (A) low in fat.

9 Patrick didn’t tell (C) anyone that he was moving house.

10 On the last night of the festival, they (B) let off amazing fireworks.

11 it’s not worth (C) fixing your old dishwasher, you can get a new one at a good price.

12 The first (A) recorded sighting of the Loch Ness Monster goes back to the 6th century.

13 Apart (C) from the cold weather, our trip to Spain was quite enjoyable.

14 I ran (B) into a friend I hadn’t seen for a long time yesterday.

15 It’s always worthwhile to (A) give our support to a charity.

16 James will pick you up at 8:00, (C) unless you decide to take your own car.

17 Tracy told me she (C) would lend me her car for the weekend.

18 Eating too much junk food and not exercising can lead (A) to health problems.

19 Alex says he’d like (A) to fly to Edinburgh rather than drive all the way up there.

20 Mary’s skirt was too long, so (B) she had it shortened a few centimetres.

21 Move your coffee away from your computer because you (C) are going to spill it on your keyboard.

22 I haven’t heard (B) from her for two weeks, so I guess she’s been very busy.

23 It’s (A) too hot in here. Can you open the window, please?

24 Dean has a nasty (B) habit of leaving all the lights on when he leaves the house.

25 What do you suggest (B) I do about my nosy neighbour? She’s really annoying!

26 Jane and George are very much (B) alike in character; they’re both friendly and sociable.

27 Don’t worry, by the time we set off on our hiking trip it (A) will have stopped raining.

28 This painting (C) portrays a scene from the artist’s hometown.

29 When the little girl heard that the clown wouldn’t be able to make it to her party, she burst (A) into tears.

30 Can you keep (C) out of the kitchen while I’m cooking? I’m preparing a surprise for you!

31 Lisa didn’t know how to get to the museum, so she asked a local to tell her where (B) it was

32 We can do (B) whatever you want for your birthday. It’s your choice!

33 Can you help me open an email (A) account, please? I don’t know how to do it.

34 After a short break, Jonathan continued (C) doing his homework.

35 Emma (A) is staying home this week, because she hasn’t been feeling very well.

36 You (A) can’t have seen Patrick at the concert. He’s been in Milan for the past two weeks.

37 This is (B) the worst idea you’ve ever had, Joe!

38 If Julie (C) wants to come with us, she’ll have to be here at 8:00.

39 Bill bumped into a door and (B) bruised his eye.

40 Why do you carry (B) on behaving like this when you know how much it annoys everyone?

41 I think you should talk to someone who can help you (A) face your fear of heights.

42 Why the (A) long face? Is there something wrong?

43 The injured climbers (C) were taken to the hospital by helicopter.

44 Walter has made (B) himself very clear; he will not accept responsibility for the damage.

45 Your hair looks (B) much better now that you’ve cut it short.

46 The hotel where they chose to spend their honeymoon was (B) absolutely perfect.

47 The factory suffered major damage as a result of the fire that broke (C) out last night.

48 Shouting is a common (A) emotional response to anger.

49 While Ben (B) was climbing up the ladder, he fell and hurt his back.

50 An octopus has eight (A) tentacles

51 She can’t make (C) out what this note says, because the letters are too small.

52 Of all the household chores, (A) dusting the furniture with a cloth is the one I mind the least.

53 I (B) don’t understand this exercise; can you help me, please?

54 Vicky (C) still hasn’t sent out the invitations to her birthday party.

55 The teacher told us (C) not to leave the classroom until the test ended.

56 It was a nice day and many people were (C) strolling leisurely around the park.

57 Matthew wishes he (B) had booked a room before he went to the island; now there’s nowhere for him to stay.

58 The children saw their ball (A) rolling down the hillside and ran to catch it.

59 When she realised that no one had been hurt in the accident, she (A) heaved a sigh of relief.

60 Stewart enjoys reading the paper while (C) sipping his morning coffee.

61 This sauce was made (B) with tomatoes and fresh vegetables.

62 Check the names of the people who have received an invitation (B) off the list, so we don’t send them another one.

63 High-heeled shoes are not very (B) practical if you intend to walk long distances.

64 Now that George has started weightlifting, his muscles are becoming (A) stronger and stronger

65 The actor performed a dangerous (C) stunt which nearly cost him his life.

66 Don’t add any more sugar B in my tea; it’s quite sweet.

67 I’ve bought an extra ticket (C) in case you decide to come to the concert with us.

68 Jack can’t (B) connect to the Internet because there’s something wrong with his modem.

69 David lost (A) consciousness when he fell and his head hit the floor.

70 Penny (A) has been collecting china dolls ever since she was a teenager.

71 Darren (B) used to have a sports car, but he sold it two years ago.

72 As I was going through some old books, I came (C) across the first fairy tale my parents had ever bought me.

73 Don’t bother Mary, she has (C) enough problems of her own!

74 Can we try another restaurant? This one is very (B) crowded

75 You need to (B) sweep the floor; someone’s spilled some sugar on it.

76 Halloween is a(n) (A) annual celebration that takes place on October 31st.

77 The artist wasn’t very pleased (C) with the reviews of his work.

78 Make sure you read the instructions before you (C) use the camera for the first time.

79 If Chris had asked for my help when he was in trouble, I (A) would have been happy to help him.

80 My teacher advised me (B) to take some extra maths lessons.

*Öèòèðèðîâàíèå ÷àñòè çàäàíèÿ ñî ññûëêîé íà ó÷åáíèê ïðîèçâîäèòñÿ èñêëþ÷èòåëüíî â ó÷åáíûõ öåëÿõ äëÿ ëó÷øåãî ïîíèìàíèÿ ðàçáîðà ðåøåíèÿ çàäàíèÿ.

Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A The customer is worried about getting spare parts for the computer.

B The salesperson says there are no stocks at the Head Office in London.

C The customer has to bring the computer back to the Head Office in the event of a fault.

D The customer is satisfied with other firms’ speedy service.

E The annual charge for the service increases every year.

F The customer asks about the sort of paper for the printer.

G The customer says they’ve had only one printer up to now.

Утверждение

Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите часть интервью с актёром, который сыграл роль капитана Барбосса в фильмах «Пираты Карибского Моря». В заданиях 3—9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3

Geoffrey Rush believes that the reason why he comes back is

1) the money he gets.

2) the popularity he enjoys.

3) the teamwork.

Ответ: .

4

Geoffrey Rush says that improvisation

1) is not allowed in their work.

2) is what Johnny Depp usually does.

3) usually becomes part of the script.

Ответ: .

5

One of the most predictable pirate clichés is

1) wearing an eye patch.

2) having a pet monkey.

3) using a peg leg to survive.

Ответ: .

6

While talking with Terry Rossio, Geoffrey Rush came up with the idea of
1) hiding money in a peg leg.
2) drinking alcohol out of a peg leg.
3) having a weapon in a peg leg.
Ответ: .

7

Penelope Cruz

1) met her match in the film.

2) made the actors work harder.

3) sharpened the actors’ wits.

Ответ: .

8

Geoffrey Rush is sure that in the fifth film
1) Barbossa’s wish to have more power will increase.
2) Barbossa will lose his power.
3) Barbossa will turn into James Cameron.
Ответ: .

9

In the fifth film Terry Rossio might explore

1) new aspects of the pirate world.

2) situations that are pirate-driven.

3) things that aren’t connected with piracy.

Ответ: .

Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

10

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1—8 и текстами A—G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Hazardous Waste
2. Invisible Threat
3. Primary Reason
4. Possible Solutions

5. Global Destruction
6. Disastrous Growth
7. Water Shortage
8. Quick Change

A. Acid rain moves easily, affecting locations far beyond those that let out the pollution. As a result, this global pollution issue causes great debates between countries that fight over polluting each other’s environments. The problem is that acid rain, one of the most important environmental problems of all, cannot be seen. Some scientists think that human production is primarily responsible, while others cite natural causes as well.

B. Air pollution has many disastrous effects that need to be curbed. In order to accomplish this, governments, scientists and environmentalists are using or testing a variety of methods aimed at reducing pollution. There are two main types of pollution control. Input controls are usually more effective than output controls. Output controls are also more expensive, making them less desirable to tax payers and polluting industries.

C. Global warming is called the greenhouse effect because the gases that are gathering above the earth make the planet comparable to a greenhouse. By trapping heat, the greenhouse effect is warming the planet and threatening the environment. Current fears stem largely from the fact that global warming is occurring at such a rapid pace. Models are predicting that over the next century the global temperature will rise by several degrees.

D. Individuals often throw out goods without realizing that they could be dangerous for the environment. No matter where people put these materials, there is always a chance that they could find their way into the ground and eventually into our bodies. Special research is necessary to provide data on the effects of every chemical as well as to learn how combinations of these chemicals affect human health.

E. Only a few factors combine to create the problem of ozone layer depletion. The production and emission of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons, is by far the leading cause. Many countries have called for the end of CFC production. However, those industries that do use CFCs do not want to discontinue usage of this highly valuable industrial chemical. So it’s important to make people realize the disaster CFCs cause in the stratosphere.

F. Unlike some environmental issues, rainforest depletion has fortunately received significant public and media attention. According to some estimates, 50 million acres of rain forest are cut down every year. Every year, Brazil chops down an area of forest the size of the state of Nebraska. In Indonesia, Zaire, Papua-New Guinea, Malaysia, Burma, the Philippines, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, and Venezuela, rain forests that were once great have been lost.

G. The world’s population has been booming for years. The population is now threatening to reach the stage where there are simply too many people for the planet to support. Greater populations pollute and consume more, ruining the environment and creating or intensifying a variety of problems. Also, with the food supply limited, the increase in population will make shortages in many parts of the world even worse.

11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

On 25 October 1881, a little boy was born in Malaga, Spain. It was a difficult birth and to help him breathe, cigar smoke was blown into his nose! But despite being the youngest ever smoker, this baby grew up to be one of the 20th century’s greatest painters — Pablo Picasso.

Picasso showed his truly exceptional talent from a very young age. His first word was lapiz (Spanish for pencil) and he learned to draw before he could talk.

He was the only son in the family and very good-looking, A ____________. He hated school and often refused to go unless his doting parents allowed him to take one of his father’s pet pigeons with him!

Apart from pigeons, his great love was art, and when in 1891 his father, who was an amateur artist, got a job as a drawing teacher at a college, Pablo went with him to the college. He often watched his father painting and sometimes was allowed to help. One evening his father was painting a picture of their pigeons B ____________. He returned to find that Pablo had completed the picture, and it was so amazingly beautiful and lifelike that he gave his son his own palette and brushes and never painted again. Pablo was just 13.

From then onwards there was no stopping him. Many people realized that he was a genius but he disappointed those C ____________. He was always breaking the rules of artistic tradition and shocked the public with his strange and powerful pictures. He is probably best known for his ‘Cubist’ pictures, D ____________. His paintings of people were often made up of triangles and squares with their features in the wrong place. His work changed our ideas about art E ____________. Guernica, which he painted in 1937, records the bombing of that little Basque town during the Spanish Civil War, and is undoubtedly one of the masterpieces of modern painting.

Picasso died of heart failure during an attack of influenza in 1973. The artist created over 6,000 paintings, drawings and sculptures. Today a ‘Picasso’ costs several million pounds, F ____________.

  1. which used only simple geometric shapes
  2. so he was thoroughly spoilt
  3. which is not surprising
  4. that is why he was very hard-working
  5. when he had to leave the room
  6. who wanted him to become a traditional painter
  7. that is why to millions of people modern art means the work of Picasso

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

After graduating from medical school, Eugene Alford built a lucrative career as an ear, nose, and throat specialist and a facial plastic surgeon at Methodist Hospital. In the summers, he and his wife Mary, a dentist and former paediatric nurse, would join a church-sponsored medical mission to Honduras, where he operated on the needy in a rural clinic.

At home, Alford treated many prominent Houston residents, but he also waived his fee for less fortunate patients. Carolyn Thomas, for instance, went to see him with a large gauze bandage over a cavity in her face. She had been shot by her boyfriend, who had also killed her mother. The bullet had blown away Thomas’s nose, upper jaw, and right eye. Reconstruction would have cost a million dollars, but Alford, his medical team, and his hospital did it for free.

Whenever Alford needed to relax after a particularly gruelling period of work, he’d drive to his ranch in Bellville and lose himself in farm chores. He didn’t make it out there as often as he would have liked. As a plastic surgeon at Methodist Hospital, he had performed 800 operations over the previous year and was booked solid for months ahead.

So on a chilly Sunday a few days after Christmas, Alford headed out through the pine bush, intending to clear a trail for deer hunting. As he cut through underbrush in the south pasture, Alford brought the tractor to a halt in front of a dead white oak standing in his path. He nudged the trunk with the tractor’s front-end loader, expecting the tree to topple neatly to the ground. Instead the top half of the oak swayed towards him. In seconds, more than a ton of hardwood slammed down on him, crushing his spine.

Pinned to the steering wheel, Alford could barely breathe. He tried to hit the brakes, but his legs failed to respond. When he found he could move his hands, he turned off the ignition, then with great effort pulled his cell phone from his shirt pocket and called his wife on speed dial. ‘Mary,’ he gasped, ‘a tree fell on me. I’m going to die.’ ‘Don’t quit!’ she shouted. ‘We’re coming to get you!’ Alford was still conscious when his neighbours Kevin and Snuffy, alerted by Mary, hauled the tree off him. A rescue helicopter touched down minutes later, and Alford advised the paramedics on which drugs to administer to him. Then he blacked out.

He was flown to the trauma unit at Medical Centre in Houston, then quickly transferred to Methodist. The operation was successful, but the patient was still in danger. After almost two weeks in the ICU, Alford awoke, and his condition improved enough for him to be taken to a rehabilitation unit, where he began physical therapy and learned to use a wheelchair. In February 2008, six weeks after the accident, Alford returned to his 100-year-old home in Houston. At first, he was so weak that he could sit up only when strapped into a wheelchair.

Before the accident, Alford had been a solidly built six-footer and was used to being in charge. Now, entirely dependent on others, he fell into despair. ‘If it weren’t for my wife and kids, I would have killed myself,’ he says. But then the love started pouring in. Alford’s brother maintained a blog to provide updates about Alford’s recovery. Over the next three months, he received 40,000 messages from colleagues, former patients, acquaintances, even strangers. The outpouring raised his spirits. It also gave Mary a new perspective on him. For years, Alford’s schedule of 15-hour days hadn’t left him much time for her and the kids. ‘I’d just about decided you liked work more than us,’ Mary told him one day over lunch. ‘But now I realize you didn’t want to leave the hospital because there were so many folks that needed you. You couldn’t just abandon them.’

The couple refurbished their house with ramps, a wheelchair-accessible bathroom, and an elevator. They bought an extended-cab pickup truck and fitted it with a wheelchair hoist, a swivelling driver’s seat, and hand controls so Alford could drive himself.

But Alford’s goal was to make such adjustments temporary. After a month of physical therapy, he graduated from an electric to a manual wheelchair. The daily workouts built strength in his back and abdominal muscles, improving his ability to hold himself upright. Soon he was able to stand with the aid of a tubular steel frame; seated in his chair, he could now draw his legs toward his chest.

In May, Alford began the next phase of treatment. By putting a paralyzed patient through his paces, therapists hoped to grow new neuromuscular connections. After three months of this routine, Alford’s coordination had improved markedly. He felt ready to pick up a scalpel again, with the hospital’s approval. Alford still goes for four hours of rehab every morning and spends his evenings stretching and riding a motorized stationary bike to keep muscle spasms at bay. But in the hours between, he sees patients or performs surgeries — as many as five a week.

He’s eager to do more complex surgeries and plans to increase his workload. Walking remains uncertain. ‘I always tell him if I had a crystal ball, I’d be a millionaire,’ says Marcie Kern, one of his physical therapists. Still, the doctor considers himself a lucky man.

(Adapted from ‘His Own Medicine: a Doctor’s Story of Healing’ by Michael Haederle)

12

Eugene Alford

1) treated only prominent Houston residents.
2) did some charity work.

3) had fixed fees.
4) often visited his ranch in Bellville.

Ответ: .

13

In paragraph 3 ‘gruelling’ means

1) extremely boring.
2) quite exciting.

3) very tiring.
4) highly uncomfortable.

Ответ: .

14

As a result of the accident, the oak broke Alford’s

1) neck.

2) legs.

3) back.

4) chest.

Ответ: .

15

Before the accident, Alford
1) was in charge of the hospital.
2) liked his work more than his family.
3) worked 15 hours a week.
4) could not spend much time with his wife and children.
Ответ: .

16

To make Alford feel more comfortable
1) the family equipped their house with necessary facilities.
2) his 100-year-old house was redecorated.
3) the family bought a new house.
4) his old pickup truck was fitted with a wheelchair hoist.
Ответ: .

17

After physical therapy and daily workouts
1) Alford didn’t need a wheelchair.
2) Alford’s stamina came back.
3) Alford started to perform simple operations.
4) Alford’s coordination improved markedly.
Ответ: .

18

At present Alford
1) feels sorry for himself.
2) is planning to practise medicine as well as he used to.
3) is going to start walking.
4) wants to become a millionaire.
Ответ: .

Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

Обратите внимание, что по правилам ЕГЭ ответы нужно писать без пробелов и других знаков, например, правильный ответ ‘have done’ нужно будет записать как ‘havedone’, иначе ваш ответ не засчитается.

A Practical Joke

19

Mr. and Mrs. Parker were having a quite day at home. Their 18-year-old daughter was away in Wales with a friend.

STAY

20

Suddenly the phone .

RING

21

A hoarse voice told Mr. Parker that his daughter and that he had to pay a ransom of $2,000.

KIDNAP

22

He was also warned that if he , he would never see his daughter again. The voice then gave him instructions about where and when to hand over the money.

NOT PAY

23

Mr. Parker took the train to Wales. He went to the hotel and gave the briefcase with the money to a woman in a scarf and a raincoat.

ONE

24

At 11 p.m. the same evening, to his great relief, his daughter came back home. She looked than ever and could hardly stop herself from laughing when she handed him his briefcase with $2,000.

HAPPY

25

It turned out that she and her friend to play a practical joke.

DECIDE

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.

Distance Learning

26

Many people have done research on how to improve the course work of distance learning and also the of how the material is being taught.

EVALUATE

27

One big concern is that people are cheating with distance learning classes. Many professors are now developing ways to keep distance learning courses from being .

MEANING

28

One way to improve them is to change the way they are taught.

CONTINUAL

29

Teachers are beginning to require classwork for the same course that they teach.

DIFFER

30

They also ask students to become more with their homework and the projects they have to complete.

ACTIVE

31

Moreover, students are given tests from a test bank. The test is made up I when they log into the test website. These are the same for students taking distant classes at school or at special courses.

REQUIRE

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Machu Picchu

In a way, it’s wonderful that Machu Picchu can nowadays be visited on a day 32____ from Cuzco. Everyone probably should have a chance to see this remarkable place.

Like many travellers, I hoped to get a taste of Machu Picchu’s ‘lost in the clouds’ atmosphere by approaching the ruins on foot 33____ the Inca trail. I joined the obligatory tour group in Cuzco, then spent the next four days surrounded by others making the classic pilgrimage. Along the way, we crossed several breathtaking Andean passes, treading on original Inca paving stones, and passing several other fine ruins.

Our last 34____ stop was at an exquisitely beautiful site called Huinay Huayna, where dozens of impossibly steep terraces cascade into a deep green gorge backed by a high waterfall. My new-found travelling companions included five Argentines who 35____ my interest in exploring Huinay Huayna by moonlight.

The only problem was a slight difference in styles. Mine was more along the lines of silent and meditative contemplation; theirs involved a ritualistic circle chant, led by the charismatic lone male in the group whom I thereafter nicknamed the Warlock. Absenting myself from the circle that night, I made a mental note to 36____ my distance from them the next day at Machu Picchu.

Before dawn the following morning we climbed to the mountaintop Gateway of the Sun, hoping for the classic panoramic view of Machu Picchu before the tour buses arrived. Unfortunately, the weather did not cooperate. With dozens of other disappointed trekkers, I shivered on the hilltop in chilly fog for two hours, waiting for a sunrise that never came, then trudged down the hill to Machu Picchu itself. As I 37____, the clouds started lifting, revealing the place to be every bit as spectacular as I could have hoped. By day’s end, my tour group had dispersed, apparently preferring a hot bath. I, however, felt I was just 38____ the surface.

32

1) travel

2) voyage

3) journey

4) trip

Ответ: .

33

1) with

2) via

3) across

4) over

Ответ: .

34

1) overall

2) overhead

3) overnight

4) overday

Ответ: .

35

1) captured

2) shared

3) kept

4) held

Ответ: .

36

1) keep

2) hold

3) take

4) use

Ответ: .

37

1) descended

2) ascended

3) attended

4) pretended

Ответ: .

38

1) reaching

2) touching

3) scratching

4) patching

Ответ: .

Ваш результат: пока 0.

Далее вы можете набрать еще 40 баллов. Автоматически это проверить нельзя, поэтому сделайте реалистичный прогноз о том, сколько бы вы смогли набрать баллов, и получите ваш итоговый результат ЕГЭ.

Если возник вопрос по ответу, в котором вы ошиблись, можете задать его в комментариях.

Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Susan who writes:

… Yesterday I borrowed a wonderful book from the library and I can’t put it down. Do you enjoy reading? Who is your favourite writer? What kind of books do you and your friends enjoy?

As for my school news, I’m getting ready for my final exams …

Write a letter to Susan.
In your letter
— answer her questions
— ask 3 questions about her exams
Write 100 — 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

За это задание вы можете получить 6 баллов максимум.

Comment on the following statement.

Lots of teenagers are keen on playing computer games. However, adults are sure that computer games teach us nothing and young people should avoid them.

Write 200 — 250 words.

— make an introduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2—3 reasons for your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1—2 reasons for this opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion restating your position

За это задание вы можете получить 14 баллов максимум.

Раздел 5. ГОВОРЕНИЕ

— За 1,5 минуты нужно подготовиться и в следующие 1,5 минуты выразительно прочитать текст вслух — 1 балл.
— Составление 5 вопросов на основе ключевых слов. На подготовку отводится 1,5 минуты, затем каждый вопрос надо сформулировать в течение 20 секунд — 5 баллов.
— 3 фотографии. Нужно выбрать 1 и описать ее по предложенному тут же в задании плану за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.
— 2 картинки. Нужно сравнить их, описать сходства и различия, объяснить, почему выбранная тематика близка выпускнику, за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.