A colourful world текст огэ ответы

Огэ английский язык задание 9 демонстрационный вариант 2018 прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами аg и заголовками 18. в

ОГЭ Английский язык задание №9 Демонстрационный вариант 2018 Про­чи­тай­те тек­сты и уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между тек­ста­ми А–G и за­го­лов­ка­ми 1–8. В ответ за­пи­ши­те цифры, в по­ряд­ке, со­от­вет­ству­ю­щем бук­вам. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дую цифру толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть один лиш­ний за­го­ло­вок.

1. The scientific explanation
5. Places without rainbows
2. The real shape
6. A personal vision
3. A lucky sign
7. A bridge between worlds
4. Some tips
8. Impossible to catch

A. Two people never see the same rainbow. Each person sees a different one. It
happens because the raindrops are constantly moving so the rainbow is always
changing too. Each time you see a rainbow it is unique and it will never be the
same! In addition, everyone sees colours differently according to the light and
how their eyes interpret it.
B. A rainbow is an optical phenomenon that is seen in the atmosphere. It appears
in the sky when the sun’s light is reflected by the raindrops. A rainbow always
appears during or immediately after showers when the sun is shining and the
air contains raindrops. As a result, a spectrum of colours is seen in the sky. It
takes the shape of a multicoloured arc.
C. Many cultures see the rainbow as a road, a connection between earth and
heaven (the place where God lives). Legends say that it goes below the earth at
the horizon and then comes back up again. In this way it makes a permanent
link between what is above and below, between life and death. In some myths
the rainbow is compared to a staircase connecting earth to heaven.
D. We all believe that the rainbow is arch-shaped. The funny thing is that it’s
actually a circle. The reason we don’t see the other half of the rainbow is
because we cannot see below the horizon. However, the higher we are above
the ground, the more of the rainbow’s circle we can see. That is why, from an
airplane in flight, a rainbow will appear as a complete circle with the shadow of
the airplane in the centre.
E. In many cultures there is a belief that seeing a rainbow is good. Legends say
that if you dig at the end of a rainbow, you’ll find a pot of gold. Rainbows are
also seen after a storm, showing that the weather is getting better, and there is
hope after the storm. This is why they are associated with rescue and good
fortune. If people happen to get married on such a day, it is said that they will
enjoy a very happy life together.

F. You can never reach the end of a rainbow. A rainbow is all light and water. It is
always in front of you while your back is to the sun. As you move, the rainbow
that your eye sees moves as well and it will always ‘move away’ at the same
speed that you are moving. No matter how hard you try, a rainbow will always
be as far away from you as it was before you started to move towards it.
G. To see a rainbow you have to remember some points. First, you should be
standing with the sun behind you. Secondly, the rain should be in front of you.
The most impressive rainbows appear when half of the sky is still dark with
clouds and the other half is clear. The best time to see a rainbow is on a warm
day in the early morning after sunrise or late afternoon before sunset. Rainbows
are often seen near waterfalls and fountains.
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ОГЭ Английский язык задание №9 Демонстрационный вариант 2017

1. Traditional delivery         2. Loss of popularity          3. Money above privacy
4. The best-known newspapers         5. Focus on different readers         6. The successful competitor
7. Size makes a difference        8. Weekend reading

A. As in many other European countries, Britain’s main newspapers are losing their readers. Fewer and fewer people are buying broadsheets and tabloids at the newsagent’s. In the last quarter of the twentieth century people became richer and now they can choose other forms of leisure activity. Also, there is the Internet which is a convenient and inexpensive alternative source of news.

B. The ‘Sunday papers’ are so called because that is the only day on which they are published. Sunday papers are usually thicker than the dailies and many of them have six or more sections. Some of them are ‘sisters’ of the daily newspapers. It means they are published by the same company but not on week days.

C. Another proof of the importance of ‘the papers’ is the morning ‘paper round’. Most newsagents organise these. It has become common that more than half of the country’s readers get their morning paper brought to their door by a teenager. The boy or girl usually gets up at around 5:30 a.m. every day including Sunday to earn a bit of pocket money.

D. The quality papers or broadsheets are for the better educated readers. They devote much space to politics and other ‘serious’ news. The popular papers, or tabloids, sell to a much larger readership. They contain less text and a lot more pictures. They use bigger headlines and write in a simpler style of English. They concentrate on ‘human interest stories’ which often means scandal.

E. Not so long ago in Britain if you saw someone reading a newspaper you could tell what kind it was without even checking the name. It was because the quality papers were printed on very large pages called ‘broadsheet’. You had to have expert turning skills to be able to read more than one page. The tabloids were printed on much smaller pages which were much easier to turn.

F. The desire to attract more readers has meant that in the twentieth century sometimes even the broadsheets in Britain look rather ‘popular’. They give a lot of coverage to scandal and details of people’s private lives. The reason is simple. What matters most for all newspaper publishers is making a profit. They would do anything to sell more copies.

G. If you go into any newsagent’s shop in Britain you will not find only newspapers. You will also see rows and rows of magazines for almost every imaginable taste. There are specialist magazines for many popular pastimes. There are around 3,000 of them published in the country and they are widely read, especially by women. Magazines usually list all the TV and radio programmes for the coming week and many British readers prefer them to newspapers.

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1.Living through ages 2. Influenced by fashion 3. Young and energetic
4. Old and beautiful 5. Still a mystery 6. A lot to see and to do
7. Welcome to students 8. Fine scenery

A. Ireland is situated on the western edge of Europe. It is an island of great beauty with rugged mountains, blue lakes, ancient castles, long sandy beaches and picturesque harbors. The climate is mild and temperate throughout the year. Ireland enjoys one of the cleanest environments in Europe. Its unspoilt countryside provides such leisure ac¬tivities as hiking, cycling, golfing and horse-riding.
B. Over the past two decades, Ireland has become one of the top destinations for En¬glish language learning — more than 100,000 visitors come to Ireland every year to study English. One quarter of Ireland’s population is under 25 years of age and Dublin acts as a magnet for young people looking for quality education. The Irish are relaxed, friendly, spontaneous, hospitable people and have a great love of conversation. So, there is no better way of learning a language than to learn it in the country where it is spoken.
C. Dublin sits in a vast natural harbor. Such a protected harbor appealed to the first settlers 5,000 years ago and traces of their culture have been found around Dublin and its coast. But it was not until the Vikings came sailing down the coast in the middle 9th cen¬tury that Dublin became an important town. Next to arrive were the Anglo-Norman ad¬venturers. This was the beginning of the long process of colonization that dictated Ire¬land’s development over the next seven hundred years.
D. Now Dublin is changing fast and partly it ’s thanks to its youthful population over 50 percent are under the age of twenty-five and that makes the city come alive. To¬day Dublin is a city full of charm with a dynamic cultural life, small enough to be friend¬ly, yet cosmopolitan in outlook. This is the culture where the heritage of ancient days brings past and present together.
E. In general, cultural life of Dublin is very rich and you can enjoy visiting different museums, art galleries and exhibitions. But for those looking for peace and quiet there are two public parks in the centre of the city: St. Stephen’s Green and Merrion Square.
The city centre has several great shopping areas depending on your budget as well as nu¬merous parks and green areas for relaxing in. Dublin is also a sports-m ad city and wheth¬er you are playing or watching, it has everything for the sports enthusiast.
F. Step dances are the creation of Irish dancing m asters of the late 18th century.
Dancing m asters would often travel from town to town, teaching basic dancing steps to those interested and able to pay for them . Their appearance was motivated by a desire to learn the ‘fashionable’ dance styles which were coming from France. The dance m asters often changed these dances to fit the traditional music and, in doing so, laid the basis for much of today’s traditional Irish dance — ceili, step, and set.
G. St Patrick is known as the patron saint of Ireland. True, he was not a born Irish.
But he has become an integral part of the Irish heritage, mostly through his service across Ireland of the 5th century. Patrick was born in the second half of the 4th century AD. There are different views about the exact year and place of his birth . According to one school of opinion, he was born about 390 A.D., while the other school says it is about 373 AD. Again, his birth place is said to be in either Scotland or Roman England. So, though Patricius was his Romanicized name, he became later known as Patrick.
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Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.Thanks to new technology 2. A custom for a sweet-tooth 3. The upside down world
4. Nice for people in love 5. Happy next year 6. Not allowed for some time
7. Watch out or give the money 8. Christmas is coming

A. Houses are decorated with colored paper ribbons and chains. Holly with red ber¬ries is put on the walls and looks very colorful. A piece of mistletoe (a plant) is hung from the ceiling. It is said to be lucky to kiss under the mistletoe hanging from the ceil¬ing. As you can understand, a lot of people who may not usually kiss each other take the chance given by a piece of mistletoe!
B. One of the delicacies the British have enjoyed for almost 900 years is the mince pie.
This is a sort of small cake with a delicious mixture of spices and fruit. It was the Cru¬saders who introduced it when they brought back new aromatic spices from the Holy Land. In the 17th century Oliver Cromwell tried to ban the eating of mince pies (as well as singing of carols) — but people continued to eat (and sing) in secret.
C. Christmas Day is a family day when families try to be together. In past years, the Queen has broadcast a radio message from her study at Sandringham House. Since 1959 she has been recording her message every year some weeks before Christmas, so it could be broadcast on Christmas Day by radio in all parts of the British Commonwealth.
D. In the USA many towns have a public tree place in some square or park or outside the town hall. This custom began first in America when an illuminated tree was set up in 1909 in Pasadena, California. Now we can observe the ceremony of putting up the Christmas tree in Rockefeller Center in the heart of New York City, as well as in the main square of every town in the country. The nation’s main Christmas tree is set up in Washington, D.C. on the parade ground near the White House. A few days before Christ¬mas the President of the United States presses a button to light the tree. This is the sig¬nal for lighting trees across the land.
E. The custom of breaking a wishbone (of a chicken or turkey) comes from the Ro¬mans who used them for fortune telling. They examined the bones of sacrificed birds, which they thought were messengers from their gods. Looking for signs of future events, they broke the wishbone and the person with the longest piece could make a wish which may bring him luck or good fortune.
F. Christmas in Australia is not like anywhere else since December is one of the hot¬test months of the year. But the Australians have a great time anyway. Those who live near the coast go to the beach on Christmas day. They have a swim, play cricket or vol¬leyball, surf or just sit around with family and friends enjoying Christmas dinner. Santa Claus arrives on a surfboard — quite a change from sliding down a chimney!
G. Christmas caroling is particularly popular in Wales where it is often accompanied by a harp. In some rural areas a villager is chosen to be the Mari Lawyed. This person travels around the town dressed in white and carrying a horse’s skull on a long pole. Anyone given the ‘bite’ by the horse’s jaws must pay a fine.

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Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.A two-language melting pot 2. Born of hardships 3. Enough land for both
4. Failures and successes 5. Native tribes 6. Difficult life
7. Back to the roots 8. The birth of the new nation

A. Long before Europeans first came to America, many groups of Indians lived there.
They hunted forest animals for food and clothing. They gathered berries and nuts in the forests. Many groups fished in the rivers and streams that flowed through the forests.
Most anthropologists agree that the North American Indians migrated over the Bering Sea from Siberia, 10,000 to 30,000 years ago.
B. Later, in 1534 the French king sent Jacques C artier to find a water route to the Far East. C artier made several voyages to the new World, and he tried to establish a colony on the banks of the St. Lawrence River (where Montreal is located today) but he failed.
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain built the first perm anent French settlement in Canada.
He named it Quebec.
C. Both nations began to expand in the New World. English colonists began to settle along the Atlantic Coast. The French began to explore and build forts in the region south of the Great Lakes in the valleys of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
D. So Great Britain and France were fighting for control of Canada until 1763. As a result, France signed a treaty giving up all its claims to land on the continent of North America. The French who were living in Canada did not return to France. They continued to follow the customs and religion of their native land. They became ‘French Canadians’.КНТ 3
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E. Since that time, millions of immigrants from the United States, Scotland, Ireland, England, Germany, Russia, Poland, Scandinavia, and other countries of the world have moved to Canada. Today about one third of the Canadians speak French and about two thirds speak English. English and French are both official languages of Canada.
F. Since the 1950s, there has been a remarkable rebirth of Indian culture. Native lan¬guage, culture and history programmes have been instituted in schools. Cultural centres are flourishing, and traditional practices and beliefs are increasingly being used to com¬bat alcoholism and drug problems. Indian elders are once again playing a vital role and linking generations.
G. Canadian sport is indebted to Indian culture for the toboggan, snowshoe, lacrosse stick and canoe. Many Indian games had utilitarian purposes related to survival, e.g. wrestling, archery, spear throw ing, foot and canoe racing. Some of them initially were meant to prepare youngsters for cooperative existence in a cruel environment

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Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1. The history of a popular drink 2. Healthy drink 3. They want it quick and easy
4. Not a drink 5. Some changes in British diet 6. Some changes in British tastes
7. Making tea process 8. Helpful hint

A. British attitude to what they eat daily has changed a lot over the past twenty years. In the 1990s each person ate about 352 gram s of ‘red ’ meat each week, but now it’s less than 250 gram s. People prefer chicken and fresh fish. And more people are interest¬ed in healthy eating these days. In 1988 the national average was 905 gram s of fruit and fruit juices each week, but now i t ’s nearly 2,000 gram s.
B. Twenty years ago, British people usually ate at home. They only went out for a meal at special times, like for somebody’s birthday. Today when both parents are work¬ing, they cannot cook large meals in the evenings. ‘Ready-made’ meals from supermar¬kets and Marks and Spencer and ‘take-aw ay’ meals from fast food restaurants are very popular. If you are feeling tired or lazy, you can even phone a local restaurant. They will bring the food to your house.
C. In the past, traditional steakhouses were very popular places, but now more and more people prefer foreign food. Every British town has Indian and Chinese restaurants, and large towns have restaurants from many other countries too.
D. The British population drinks a lot of tea. Tea — mostly green tea from China — came to Britain in the late 1500s. But it was only for the very rich. It became cheap¬er about three hundred years later, when it was planted in India and later in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). People from all classes started drinking it. But some people thought that too much tea was bad for their health. So they started putting milk in it to make it healthier!
E. Afternoon tea is a small meal. Now most ordinary British families do not have time for afternoon tea at home, but in the past it was a tradition. It became popular when rich ladies invited their friends to their houses for an afternoon cup of tea. They started of¬fering their visitors sandwiches and cakes too. Soon everybody was enjoying this excit¬ing new meal.
F. If someone in England asks you ‘Would you like a cup?’ they are asking if you would like a cup of tea. If someone says, ‘Let me be m other’ or ‘Shall I be m other?’ they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot.
G. Most people today use teabags to make tea, but some serious drinkers make tea in the traditional way. First the water is boiled. Then some of the boiled water is used to warm the teapot. Then the tealeaves are put in the teapot. Then the boiling water is add¬ed. Then the pot is left for five minutes under a ‘teacosy’. Finally, the tea is served in delicate cups with saucers.

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Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева


1.Absolute honesty 2.The cost of education 3. Just choosing 4. Inform al teaching
5. Another application 6. Optional teaching 7. Needed move 8. Uncertain parents

A. At the beginning of your last year at school you receive an application form . On this form you choose up to five universities that you would like to go to. The form is sent to those universities with information from your school about you and your academic results. If the universities are interested in your application, they will ask you to attend an interview and will offer you a place. Any offer, however, is only conditional at this stage.
B. А-level examinations are the exams taken at the end of your time at school. So, when a university makes an offer, it will tell you the minimum grades that you must get on your а-level exam. If you don’t get those grades, then you will not be accepted and you will have to apply again to another university.
C. Like all British universities, Oxford is a state university not a private one.
Students are selected on the basis of their results in the national examination or the special Oxford entrance examination. There are many applicants and nobody can get a place by paying. Successful candidates are admitted to a special college of the university: that will be their home for the next three years and for a longer period if they would like to go on studying for a postgraduate degree.
D. An undergraduate will spend an hour a week with his or her ‘tutor’; perhaps in the company of one other student. Each of them will have written an essay for the tutor, which serves as the basis for discussion, arguments, the exposition of ideas and academic methods. At the end of the hour the students go away with a new essay and a list of books that might be helpful in preparing for the essay.
E. Lectures and seminars are other kinds of teaching; popular lecturers can attract audience from several faculties, while others may find themselves speaking to two or three loyal students or maybe to no-one at all. In practice, most students at Oxford are enthusiastic about academic life and many of them work for days on each essay, sometimes sitting up through the night with a wet towel round their heads.
F. Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are rather independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college, choose one as far away from home as possible. So, many students in northern and Scottish universities come from England and vice versa. It’s very unusual for students to live at home. Although parents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually have to approve of this step and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult.
G. Students all over the world have to work for their education. A college education in the USA is expensive. The costs are so high that most families begin to save for their children’s education when their children are the babies. Even so, many young people cannot afford to pay the expenses of full-time college work. They do not have enough money to pay for school costs. Tuition for attending the university, books for classes, and dormitory costs are high. There are other expenses such as chemistry and biology laboratories fees and special student activity fees.

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Источник: ОГЭ 2017 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК Л.М.Гудкова О.В.Терентьева

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1. A false stereotype

2. An unlucky symbol

3. A colourful present

4. A world famous journey

5. One and the same name

6. The national food

7. A talisman for luck

8. Old holiday traditions

A. When you think of the Irish, you often picture a red-haired person dressed all in green. However, it’s just a popular myth which has grown into a tradition, particularly in the United States. It’s customary in Ireland to wear green clothes only on St. Patrick’s Day. Lots of people are tricked by this cliche. However, originally, the colour associated with Saint Patrick was not green, but blue.

B. In Ireland, the colour green was long considered to bring bad fortune. The reason is that in Irish folklore green is the favourite color of the Good People (the proper name for fairies). Myths run that they are likely to steal people, especially children, who wear too much of the colour. In the past, a girl would never wear anything green on her wedding day.

C. Christmas is a very important celebration in Ireland. After dinner on Christmas Eve, it is common for families to leave milk and bread on the table as a sign of friendliness and kindness. Another custom is to leave the door unlocked. A lit candle is left in a window during the night. It represents help for any traveller who is passing by.

D. Potatoes form the basis for many traditional Irish dishes. They are eaten boiled,mashed, fried, baked, you name it. Potatoes are mixed with cabbage or green onions to make traditional Irish dishes. They are also made into potato cakes and used in soups or stews. It’s common to find potatoes cooked in two different ways on the same dinner plate.

E. The shamrock is still a popular sign of good fortune in Ireland. It is believed that anyone who possesses one will be blessed with fortune in everything, even in gambling, and will be saved from the evil of witches. There are certain conditions to be met so that its power remains effective: the owner of the shamrock must keep it away from the public eye and never give it to anyone else.

F. The name Gulliver is known to everyone due to the book or the film about the fantastic trip of the English doctor. However, not all of us remember the name of the author — Jonathan Swift, an Irish writer, who was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1667. In his book Gulliver’s Travels a man went to an island where strange tiny people lived. His life there was full of adventures and dangers, he met there friends and enemies.

G. Ireland is known as the native land of limericks — short humorous poems that have five lines. They make people laugh and are easy to remember! Lots of poets and writers were fond of limericks. The word “limerick” probably comes from the Irish town of Limerick. The short poem has made the town known all over the world.

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ОГЭ 2019 Английский язык Чтение Задание 9

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

A. Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is the largest country in the world. Its territory is 17,075,400 square kilometers. According to scientists, the country’s territory would almost cover the surface of the planet Pluto. It is the only country which is washed by 3 oceans and 12 seas. Russia is considered to be a European country, but two-thirds of the country are in Asia. However, most of the population lives in the European part of Russia.

B. Siberian Lake Baikal is the largest pool of fresh water on the planet. All the 12 major rivers of the world (the Volga, the Don, the Yenisei, the Ob, the Ganges, the Amazon, etc.) would need to flow almost a year to fill a pool equal to the volume of Lake Baikal. Another impressive fact is that even if all the rest of the planet’s fresh water supply were to disappear, there would be enough fresh water left in Lake Baikal to supply the people of the earth for up to 50 years.

C. Russia is the country with the largest forest reserves in the world. 45% of its territory is covered in green forests. The forests are located in the European north of the country, in Siberia and in the Far East. Forests play an important role in the life and welfare of people. Russian forests are the biggest ‘lungs’ of the Earth. They produce oxygen and clean the atmosphere of carbon dioxide and other pollutants.

D. There are more than five thousand languages in the world. Russian is one of the five major world languages. 280 million people around the world speak Russian and it is one of the most widely spoken native languages in Europe. The United Nations uses Russian as one of the official languages of the organization. It is also used in international commerce, politics, academic and cultural life.

E. For its collection of books, the Russian State Library is considered to be the biggest in Europe and one of the largest in the world. The Russian State Library was founded in 1862, in Moscow. The library has over 275 km of shelves with more than 43 million items, including books, journals and magazines, art publications, music scores and sound records, maps and other things. There are items in 247 languages of the world.

F. Russia is known all over the world for its space programmes. In 1957 the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite in the world. Four years later, in 1961, human space flight was accomplished. Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first man to journey into space. He orbited the Earth and landed the same day. There are other impressive space achievements of the country like the first long space flight, the first woman cosmonaut in space, and the first spacewalk.

G. One of the most popular souvenirs tourists buy in Russia is the Matryoshka. It is a doll made of wood and painted with colourful ornaments. Although the Matryoshka is called a doll, it is actually a set of dolls of different sizes placed inside one another. A traditional Russian Matryoshka has big black eyes, red healthy cheeks and a friendly smile. She wears a national Russian costume, and often has some flowers or a basket of fruit in her hands.

A — Famous for its size

B — A huge diamond of water

C — The fresh air producer

D — Spoken all over the world

E — A great source of knowledge

F — Getting higher than the sky

G — A famous Russian toy

1. You are going to give a talk about travelling.

  • why most people like travelling
  • whether it is easier to travel nowadays than centuries ago, and why
  • what country or continent you would like to visit

I am going to give a talk about travelling. I think most people like travelling because it is a good way to relax and to experience new positive emotions. It gives you an opportunity to communicate with different people and get to know their lifestyles and traditions.

That’s no doubt that nowadays it’s easier to travel than centuries ago, because there had been a great growth in industry, production technologies and inventing gadgets. So now we are plenty of planes, trains, big journey ships and cars. Travelling with their help is faster and more comfortable than travelling on foot or using horses.

As for me, I would like to visit Japan. I am very interested in the customs and traditions of this country. This country seems another world to me. It is an Asian country and differs a lot from European countries and Russia as well. There is a kind of mystery in it I’d like to uncover.

I hope my dream will come true some day.

That’s all I can say about travelling, thank you for listening.

2. You are going to give a talk about your career choice.

  • what jobs, in your opinion, will be popular in the future, and why
  • what sort of job you would like to do
  • what school subjects will be important for your future job

I am going to give a talk about my career choice. I would like to say that nothing will be as popular as working in IT.

To my mind, the IT sphere has been getting really widely spread lately. The list of new technologies expands very quickly: neural networks, machine learning, data analysis and so on. So, as IT continues developing it requires new high quality specialists. There’s a great variety of technologies nowadays, so it delivers a great number of jobs as well.

As for me, I am really interested in tourism and want to become a tour guide in the future. There are two reasons why I have chosen this job. First, I like travelling and sightseeing. Besides, I am very sociable and enjoy communicating with different people. I think this kind of job gives me such an opportunity.

I think geography and history are the most important subjects for my future job as I have to know much and to tell people about the nature and history of different places, about their customs and traditions and different architectural styles. Besides, it would be also very useful to know foreign languages as there are often a lot of foreigners on excursions.
That’s all I can say about my career choice, thank you for listening.

3. You are going to give a talk about your career choice.

  • what job and education opportunities young people have after finishing the 9th form
  • what job you would like to do in the future, explain your choice
  • what advice your parents have given you about your career choice

I am going to give a talk about my career choice. After finishing the 9th form students have different opportunities. They can go to the tenth form and then to university, or they can find a job and help their parents, also they can go to a college or to a vocational school. As for me, after finishing the ninth form I would like to go to the tenth form and then to university.

I am really interested in tourism and want to become a tour guide in the future. There are two reasons why I have chosen this job. First, I like travelling and sightseeing. Besides, I am very sociable and enjoy communicating with different people. I think this kind of job gives me such an opportunity.

My parents advise me to become a doctor but I’m not sure that the job is appropriate for me. First of all, I am good at geography, history and English and very sociable too. Second, tourist business is actively developing and they think it will be easy to find a job. So, I think my parents will support my career choice and help me to enter into good university.
That’s all I can say about my career choice, thank you for listening.

4. You are going to give a talk about environmental problems.

  • why people worry about environmental problems nowadays
  • what the most serious environmental problem in the place where you live is
  • what young people can do to improve the ecological situation

I am going to give a talk about environmental problems. People discuss environmental problems a lot nowadays. There are lots of TV programmes and newspaper articles that explain that if we don’t stop polluting the air and if we continue to destroy the forests, the situation will become very dangerous for all of us. Global warming is one of the examples.

There are some environmental problems in our town, too. The first one is that we suffer from air pollution as there are too many mines, factories and cars in the streets. Another problem is our river. It’s very dirty and it’s dangerous to swim there. There’s rubbish on the beach and on the banks of the river.

Ordinary people and teenagers like me can’t solve global environmental problems but we can clean up our town and keep our parks and river banks tidy. Many of us can work as volunteer workers. As for me, I never throw plastic bottles or ice cream packages on the ground. We should do everything we can to save nature and ourselves.

That’s all I can say about environmental problems, thank you for listening.

5. You are going to give a talk about animals.

  • what wild animals live in your region
  • why people build zoos in the cities and towns
  • whether it is a good idea to keep a wild animal as a pet, and why

I am going to give a talk about animals. Many wild animals, such as the fox, brown bear, wolf, hare, lynx, and beaver live in our region. Today it’s common thing to protect different species of animals, especially if they’re in danger, because everyone can hear that the number of endangered species steadily grows. In such a way the question is how humanity can stop extinction. So, people build zoos in the cities and towns; create special areas — national parks.

I don’t think it would be a good idea to keep any wild animal as a pet. They cannot be pets. Most owners do not know how to look after a wild animal properly and books on the subject are not always accurate. Wild animals need special food and they often get sick when they do not live in their natural habitats. Furthermore, they can be dangerous.
That’s all I can say about animals, thank you for listening.

6. You are going to give a talk about books.

  • what kind of books modern teenagers enjoy reading
  • whether libraries are necessary nowadays or not, and why
  • what book you have read recently, and what it was about

I am going to give a talk about books. I think it’s an interesting and actual topic in our life. Modern teenagers enjoy reading fantasy novels because they find them thrilling. When they read this kind of books, they lose touch with reality and immerse into a magic world of dragons, witches and other mythical creatures.

To my mind, libraries are necessary nowadays and people will go there at all times. Also, libraries function as cultural centers and homes for rare books. They organize music concerts and poetry parties for local people.

People like reading and so do I. I have read “Oliver Twist” by Charles Dickens recently. It was about an orphan who was born in the London’s slums. The main character fell into a den of thieves, but was finally rescued by a wealthy benefactor. The novel described scandalous investigations in workhouses which, actually, functioned as semi prisons, and where children were exploited for labour.

That’s all I can say about books, thank you for listening.

7. You are going to give a talk about your best friend.

  • what people need friends for
  • how long you and your friend have known each other
  • what you enjoy doing together

I am going to give a talk about my best friend.  I think that everyone needs good friends, otherwise life becomes boring. We all need people to laugh and to cry with, to go out and to have fun with, to play active and board games with and finally to share darkest secrets with.

As far as I am concerned, I am lucky to have a loyal friend. We’ve known each other since first grade. He is open, sociable and sympathetic. However, sometimes we do quarrel and argue with each other.

All in all, we have much in common and spend much time together. Both of us enjoy sports, lead a healthy lifestyle and pay special attention to studies. Also, we enjoy going for walks, playing computer games and riding bikes. I’ll hope we’ll be friends forever.

That’s all I can say about my best friend, thank you for listening.

8. You are going to give a talk about your school holidays

  • when you have school holidays
  • what school holidays you would make longer, and why
  • what you enjoy doing during your school holidays

I am going to give a talk about my school holidays. They occur four times a year: in spring, in autumn, in winter and in summer. It is a brilliant opportunity to take some rest from your studies, to gather new strength and to revise the material learnt.

As for me, I would make longer spring holidays because it’s one of the most exciting times during the year. People often go for walks in the park, have picnics or sit by the lake in order to enjoy the natural beauty of the world. Besides, spring is a good time to revise the material learnt and to prepare for exams.

So, school holidays are the time for travelling, fun and pleasure. I enjoy reading books, listening to music, swimming, sunbathing and playing different games during my summer holidays. In autumn I like to walk in the park and admire the colourful beauty of autumn leaves. Winter is a good time for skating, skiing and sledding. I like to play snowballs or make a snowman.

All in all, every student enjoys school holidays and spends much time out.

That’s all I can say about my school holidays, thank you for listening.

9. You are going to give a talk about your school.

  • what you like about your school most of all
  • how many lessons you usually have
  • what school subjects you have chosen for your exams, and why

I am going to give a talk about my school.  There are a lot of things I like about my school. First, I really like my teachers. They are very understanding, helpful and are very good at explaining things. Besides, I like our school canteen. It is very comfortable, looks nice and the food is really tasty.

As a rule I have six lessons a day. When all my lessons are over, I usually have one or two extra classes. We are getting ready to take our school-leaving exams.

As for me, I have chosen English and Social Science because the knowledge of these subjects can help me to enter the Military University. Also, I have a chance to get a prestigious job and to find out more about my country.

That’s all I can say about my school, thank you for listening.

10. You are going to give a talk about travelling.

  • why modern people travel so much
  • what tourists usually do while travelling
  • what places in your region you recommend tourists should visit 

I am going to give a talk about travelling. Today most people travel so much for different purposes. First of all, it is a good way to relax and to experience new positive emotions. Secondly, they travel on business or visit their relatives and friends. Nevertheless, I think it gives modern people an opportunity to communicate with different people and get to know their lifestyles and traditions.

So, while travelling tourists usually spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. Also, they walk, bathe and laze in the sun. Most tourists take pictures of everything that interests them – the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes and waterfalls.

In Kemerovo region I recommend to visit historical cultural and natural museum-preserve “Tomskaya Pisanitsa”, the Kemerovo Regional Museum of Regional History and Folk Life and the museum-reserve “Krasnaya Gorka”. To my mind, tourists will be great to visit Kemerovo Drama Theatre and the Kemerovo Regional Scientific Library named after Fedorov V.D.

That’s all I can say about travelling, thank you for listening.

11. You are going to give a talk about sports.

  • why a lot of young people do sports nowadays
  • what sports clubs and teams there are in your school
  • what you do to keep fit  

I am going to give a talk about sports. I believe doing sports has become more popular nowadays. First, sport helps young people to stay in a good shape, keep them fit and healthy. Besides, people have more opportunities to do sports now. We have more gyms and sports grounds.

As for sports clubs and teams in my school, there are football, basketball and volleyball teams. Sports competitions usually take place in my school.

As for me, I don’t do much to keep fit. I just do morning exercises for 15 minutes every day and do boxing three times a week. Also, I try to eat regularly and to avoid eating sweet things.

All in all, keeping fit and going in for sport are very important and everyone should do something to stay healthy and feel happy.

That’s all I can say about sports, thank you for listening.

12. You are going to give a talk about healthy lifestyle.

  • why doing sport is very important for modern teenagers
  • what else besides sport  young people do to keep fit and healthy
  • what you  enjoy doing in your free time

I am going to give a talk about healthy lifestyle. I think the polluted and unhealthy world of today makes modern teenagers realize the importance of going in for sport. To my mind, sport is a good way to keep fit too.

Besides sport young people need all types of vitamins to keep their body healthy. It also deals with the right way of eating. Keeping to a diet has become very popular today. To keep fit and healthy it is important to relax and to do things that they enjoy.

As for me, I enjoy walking, riding a bike, swimming in summer. In winter I am eager for skating and skiing. Sometimes I prefer to stay at home and relax. Reading, listening to music and playing computer games are my hobbies.

All in all, keeping fit and going in for sport are very important and everyone should do something to stay healthy and feel happy.

That’s all I can say about healthy lifestyle, thank you for listening.

13. You are going to give a talk about films.

  • what kinds of films modern teenagers enjoy
  • where you prefer watching films: on TV, on the Internet or in the cinema, and why
  • what film you have seen recently, what  it was about

I am going to give a talk about films. To tell the truth, modern teenagers enjoy different kinds of films. Thrillers, comedies, adventures, science fiction films and even horrors are among teenagers’ favourite films. Besides, some of teens prefer watching action films and, unfortunately, crime films.

In my opinion, watching films on the Internet is more convenient because I can always pause the film when I really need it. For example, if I have to answer the phone call. More than that, watching films on the Internet is free, that’s why I can do it every day if I want to.

Personally, I watch films online very often. I have seen “The Match” recently. The film is a patriotic action movie about love between the Dinamo team captain and a German language schoolteacher during World War II. Although, the Soviet team wins, the ending of the film is tragic.

That’s all I can say about films, thank you for listening.

14. You will give a talk about school uniform.

  • whether it is important to wear uniform at school, and why
  • what clothes you wear to school
  • what you like most about your school

I am going to give a talk about school uniform. I think it’s important to wear school uniform because it is an integral part of school life in many countries. First of all, when children wear a school uniform, they realize that they are at school not at a swimming-pool or stadium. It adjusts them to school atmosphere and helps to study harder. Secondly, school uniforms prevent social inequality. It means that both rich and poor children wear the same clothes. Finally, children don’t have such problem as what to wear in the morning. 
As for me, I wear black trousers, a white shirt and a dark blue vest with emblem of our school.

There are a lot of things I like about my school. I really like my teachers. I believe that they are very understanding, helpful and are very good at explaining things. Besides, I like our school canteen. It is very comfortable, looks nice and the food is really tasty. All in all, I feel like that my school is part of my family.

That’s all I can say about school uniform, thank you for listening.

15. You will give a talk about travelling.

  • why people like travelling
  • what means of transport is the best for travelling, in your view
  • what places in Russia you would like to visit

I am going to give a talk about travelling. I think most people like travelling because it is a good way to relax and to experience new positive emotions. It gives you an opportunity to communicate with different people and get to know their lifestyles and traditions.

I believe the best means of transport is your own car. It is very convenient. Firstly, you don’t have to wait for your bus or train at the station. It saves your time. Secondly, you can choose the route yourself to take the most of your trip and enjoy most picturesque places. Besides, you can stop any time you feel tired to stretch your legs after a long sitting or have a bite if you are hungry.

As for me, I would like to visit Tver by car. It is the city near the place where one can find the source of one of the most beautiful rivers – the Volga.

I hope my dream will come true some day.

That’s all I can say about travelling, thank you for listening.

16. You will give a talk about foreign languages.

  • why a lot of young people learn foreign languages
  • how people can improve their language skills
  • what foreign languages you would like to learn and why 

I am going to give a talk about foreign languages. I think lots of people learn foreign languages nowadays because international relations in all spheres of economy are becoming stronger and stronger. So, companies need specialists of all kinds with the knowledge of foreign languages. That’s why people who want to be successful in their career study languages.

To my mind, people can improve their language skills, if they practice every day or 3–4 times a week. Also, they can watch their favourite TV shows or the news, listen to the radio, read books, magazines or browse news on the internet in the language they want to improve!

As for me, I would like to learn English, because it is one of the most useful and important language in modern world. All in all, the knowledge of English will help me to get good education and be successful in my career. Besides, I can communicate with my English pen friends (writing messages and chatting via Skype).

That’s all I can say about foreign languages, thank you for listening.

17. You will give a talk about television.

  • why people spend time watching TV
  • what most teenagers prefer: watching TV or  browsing the Internet, and why
  • whether there is a TV programme you really like

I am going to give a talk about television. To my mind, television plays a big role in our society. It provides a great opportunity for people to learn latest news, watch educational programmes, children’s programmes, old and new films and soaps operas on TV.

I think, most teenagers prefer browsing the Internet to watching TV. Firstly, they can chat with friends all over the world, read news, find necessary information for their studies. Secondly, teenagers can send letters to their friends without the need of buying an envelope, and the letter will be delivered in a few seconds. Finally, they like social media sites.
As for me, I don’t spend much time watching TV. However, there is a TV programme I really like. It is a musical show “Voice” (Голос). Singers compete with each other presenting their wonderful voices and their interpretations of famous songs.

That’s all I can say about television, thank you for listening.

18. You are going to give a talk about school life.

  • what your weekday is like
  • what you like about your school most of all
  • whether you prefer classroom learning or online learning, and why

I am going to give a talk about school life. My weekday usually starts at 8 am. As a rule I have six lessons a day. All the students of my class have lunch after the fourth lesson. When all my lessons are over, I usually have one or two extra classes. We are getting ready to take our school-leaving exams.

There are a lot of things I like about my school. I really like my teachers. I believe that they are very understanding, helpful and are very good at explaining things. Besides, I like our school canteen. It is very comfortable, looks nice and the food is really tasty. All in all, I feel like that my school is part of my family.

As for me, I prefer classroom learning to online learning because I get to have face-to-face interactions with my classmates and teachers.

That’s all I can say about school life, thank you for listening.

19. You are going to give a talk about the seasons and weather.

  • what season is the best time in the region where you live
  • whether you agree with the proverb «There is no bad weather, there are only bad clothes»
  • what you usually do when it is nasty and cold

I am going to give a talk about the seasons and weather. I think late spring is the best time in Kemerovo Region, because the ground is covered with emerald – green grass and the first flowers. Besides, the trees are in full blossom. The days are warm and everything is full of life and joy.

However, I agree with the proverb “There is no bad weather, there are bad clothes”. It means that people like all the seasons, all kinds of weather. Every season is good in its own way. Each person likes this or that season. It depends on his character, mood.

As for me, when it is nasty and cold, I usually read books, play computer games and listen to music. All in all, I can organize my free time in any weather.

That’s all I can say about the seasons and weather, thank you for listening.

20. You are going to give a talk about books.

  • whether reading is still popular with teenagers, and why, or why not
  • what kind of books you like reading
  • why many people prefer e-books to paper books

I am going to give a talk about books. To my mind, reading is not so popular nowadays as it was a couple of decades before. There are several reasons for this. First, teenagers now have far more ways to entertain themselves. We have an opportunity to play computer games, listen to countless number of songs and watch any films we like on the Internet.

As for me, I like reading very much. My favourite kind of books is adventure stories. I like adventure stories because they make my monotonous life more exciting and interesting, give me an opportunity to travel around the world.

Most people nowadays prefer e-books to paper ones, as paper books cost more and occupy a lot of place in your home. Some really huge paper books are too heavy to be taken with you. As for the e-book, you can take it with you wherever you go.

All in all, despite the fact that reading is not so popular nowadays, it continues to remain one of my favourite pastimes.

That’s all I can say about books, thank you for listening.

27.02.2018- МАСТЕР-КЛАСС: Структура ОГЭ, полезные советы и частые ошибки.

1.СЛАЙД 1 – титульный лист

Вначале опросить –у кого дети сдавали экзамены уже?

Что нужно знать?

Скажите, многие ли из вас умеют играть в гольф? Нет? Странно, ведь это чисто английская игра. Признаюсь честно, я тоже не умею…

«Но при чем здесь гольф?» —  спросите вы. Все просто – чтобы сыграть в эту игру (да и любую другую), нужно знать правила.

Справка:

Гольф (англ. golf) — спортивная игра, в которой отдельные участники или команды соревнуются, загоняя маленький мячик в специальные лунки ударами клюшек, пытаясь пройти отведённую дистанцию за минимальное число ударов. В каждой игре участник должен пройти определённое число лунок (как правило, 18) в определённом порядке.

Источник: https://ru.wikipedia.org

Вот так же и на ОГЭ нужно выполнить определенное количество заданий (как правило, 36), допустив при этом минимальное количество ошибок и уложиться в отведенное для этого время.

Не зная формата экзамена и типов заданий, даже сильному ученику будет сложно справиться с поставленной задачей. Как сказал на одном из форумов для учителей  Радислав Петрович Мильруд  « Тестирование с ограниченным временем – это особое умение».

2.СЛАЙД 2

Структура ОГЭ (основного государственного экзамена)

Экзаменационная работа состоит из двух частей:

  • письменной (разделы 1–4), которая включает задания по аудированию, чтению, письменной речи, а также задания на контроль лексико-грамматических навыков выпускников

  • устной (раздел 5), которая состоит из 3 заданий по говорению

Всего вам предстоит выполнить 36 заданий, которые делятся на два уровня сложности :

  • уровень 1 включает 19 заданий, максимальное количество баллов – 34  

  • уровень 2 включает 17 заданий, максимальное количество баллов – 36

Общее количество баллов за всю работу – 70

3. СЛАЙД 3

Шкала перевода баллов ОГЭ в оценки

5 – 59 – 70 баллов

4 – 46 – 58 баллов

3 – 29 – 45 баллов

2 – 0 – 28   баллов

4. СЛАЙД 4

Продолжительность ОГЭ по иностранным языкам

Время выполнения первых четырёх разделов экзаменационной работы, то есть письменной части  – 120 минут (2 часа).

Рекомендуемое время выполнения заданий отдельных разделов:

раздел 1 (задания по аудированию) – 30 минут;

раздел 2 (задания по чтению) – 30 минут;

раздел 3 (задания по грамматике и лексике) – 30 минут;

раздел 4 (задание по письменной речи) – 30 минут.

Время устного ответа составляет 15 минут на одного отвечающего.

5. СЛАЙД. 5 ВАЖНЫЕ СОВЕТЫ

9 советов для учащихся

  • Как можно быстрее принять решение (сентябрь) о сдачи ОГЭ по английскому языку

  • Ознакомиться со структурой экзамена

  • Регулярно выполнять задания из открытого банка заданий, размещенных на сайте ФИПИ, включая демонстрационную версию ОГЭ текущего года

  • Приобрести нужные для подготовки к экзамену учебники и пособия

  • Найти хорошего преподавателя, который поможет вам в подготовке к ОГЭ

  • Научиться правильно распределять время на выполнение каждого раздела экзамена

  • Во время подготовки НЕ игнорировать новую лексику, а стараться выучить как можно больше новых слов

  • Несколько раз (лучше во время каникул) написать пробный экзамен, чтобы увидеть свои примерные результаты и проанализировать слабые места

  • Обязательно распечатать и научиться заполнять экзаменационные бланки

Я думаю, что заполнению бланков нужно уделить огромное внимание. Привести примеры ( D, donot, wasnot) и.т.

Сегодня

хотелось бы поговорить о теме, на мой взгляд, актуальной —

о типичных ошибках на ОГЭ. Если про ЕГЭ интернет пестрит информацией, то про ОГЭ такого не скажешь. Зачастую многие преподаватели собирают информацию об этом экзамене по крупицам. Пока что вопрос об обязательной его сдачи в 9 классе еще находится в проекте. Но как говорится, готовь сани летом…

После усовершенствования устной части ОГЭ, её почти подогнали под ЕГЭ. Первое задание — прочитать текст, второе — ответить на вопросы телефонного автоответчика и последнее — монологическое высказывание с опорой на картинку( но описывать ее не нужно. Картинка — это просто ОПОРА!).

Разберем те части экзамена, в которых допускаются наиболее типичные ошибки при сдаче самого экзамена.

6. СЛАЙД 6 -ЧАСТЫЕ ОШИБКИ

АУДИРОВАНИЕ

  • Задания 1 и 2 нацелены на проверку умения учащихся понимать на слух основное содержание прослушанного текста.

Задание 3-8 нацелены на проверку умения понимать на слух запрашиваемую информацию.

Аудиозапись во всех заданиях звучит дважды. В записях предусмотрены паузы для выполнения и проверки заданий.
• В задании 1-необходимо прослушать 4 коротких диалога и определить, где происходит каждый из диалогов. В задании дан список 5 мест действия, одно из которых лишнее.

  • В задании 2 – прозвучат 5 коротких монологических высказываний на определенную тему. Необходимо установить соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями.. которые выражают основную мысль прослушанных текстов. В задании одно лишнее утверждение.

  • В задании 3-8- нацелены на проверку умения понимать на слух запрашиваемую информацию. В заданиях предлагается прослушать разговор двух собеседников и выбрать окончание предложения или ответ на вопрос из трех предложенных вариантов.

! Помимо затруднений с точки зрения Фонетики и Грамматики, детей ожидают Лексические трудности, в частности- наличие большого количества незнакомых слов НО: они никогда не будут опорными.

! А еще немаловажной является Социокультурная компетенция учеников, например: знание норм поведения носителей языка, традиций, истории и культуры страны изучаемого языка.

Для того, что помочь детям правильно выработать стратегии при выполнении заданий по аудированию, мы должны сами в этом хорошо разобраться.

7и8 .СЛАЙД 7и 8 -Поэтому я бы хотела вам дать несколько советов.

  1. 1.Во-первых, до прослушивания тестов, нужно очень внимательно прочитать формулировки задания.

  2. Не стараться услышать в текстах слова, прописанные в заданиях.

  3. Следует понять тему рассказа. Тема может раскрываться без использования слов заголовка. В демоверсии в каждом диалоге есть слово dog, а действие происходит в разных местах. Все тексты могут быть на одну тему. Надо прислушиваться к деталям. Здесь пригодится умение перефразировать. ! Утверждения не содержат слов из описаний ситуации.

  4. Особое внимание обращать на слова и выражения, подсказывающие, где может происходить действие. При этом следует иметь ввиду, что в звучащих текстах могут встречаться одни и те же слова и выражения, поэтому прежде чем сделать выбор, следует дослушать каждый диалог до конца.

  5. Обращать внимание на логическое ударение

  6. Не нужно пытаться понять в тексте каждое слово. Следует опираться на смысловое содержание.

  7. Будьте внимательны к отрицательным формам. Ведь иногда именно эти формы подсказывают нам выбор верного ответа.

  8. Использовать метод исключения при выборе правильного ответа.

  9. Соответствия в заданиях следует отмечать сразу во время прослушивания аудиозаписи. Даже если учащиеся не совсем уверены в правильности выбора, следует отметить сразу 2/3 опции, подходят больше других. Возможно, выбор станет однозначным после прослушивания остальных диалогов или высказываний.

  10. НЕ СЛЕДУЕТ оставлять ни одно задание без ответа. Попробуйте догадаться, если так и не выбрали правильный ответ. Если повезет, то заработаете балл.

9.СЛАЙД 9- ДАВАЙТЕ НАУЧИМСЯ ВЫПОЛНЯТЬ ЗАДАНИЕ1

Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрой. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1—5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Диалог

A

B

C

D

Место действия

Вариант 1

До прослушивания

1. Внимательно читаем задание и находим ответы на интересующие нас

вопросы.

Запишите, пожалуйста, ответы на вопросы ниже.

  • Что нужно сделать? — Определить, где происходит каждый диалог.

  • Сколько текстов прозвучат? 4 коротких диалога (прозвучат дважды).

  • Есть ли лишние опции? — Да, в списке есть одно лишнее место действия.

  • Как следует оформить ответ? — Заполнить таблицу: записать цифры, соответствующие местам действия диалогов.

2. Знакомимся с возможными местами действия диалогов. В соответствии

с регламентом ОГЭ на это отводится 20 секунд.

1. In a medical centre

2. At a travel agency

3. In a street

4. In a café

5. At the airport

ДАВАЙЕ ПОКА ПОРАБОТАЕМ ТОЛЬКО С ДИАЛОГОМ А

ПО ТАКОМУ ЖЕ ОБРАЗЦУ, КОТОРОМУ МЫ БУДЕМ РАБОТАТЬ СЕЙЧАС, Я ВАМ СОВЕТУЮ РАБТАТЬ СО СВОИМИ УЧЕНИКАМИ.

3. Предполагаем, какие ситуации могут быть озвучены в диалогах.

In a medical centre

ГДЕ данный диалог может ПРЕДПОЛОЖИТЕЛЬНО происходить?— в холле медицинского центра (во время записи к врачу) или непосредственно в кабинете врача. Вероятнее, что разговор будет касаться ЧЕГО?— состояния здоровья пациента и/или рекомендаций врача.

Во время прослушивания

4. Поскольку мы только учимся выполнять задание 1 по аудированию, то перед прослушиванием аудиозаписи познакомимся с текстами диалогов (но помните: на экзамене такой возможности не будет).

1) Прочитайте диалог А (Dialogue A).

-Скажите, о чём говорят собеседники.

-Обратите внимание на выделенные слова и словосочетания, которые позволяют точно определить место, где происходит беседа (In a medical centre).

-Оцените, насколько наши предположения (о вероятных участниках, теме беседы) соответствуют содержанию диалога.

Dialogue A

A: It looks like you have cold symptoms. You should have come to me earlier.

How long have you been feeling this way?

B: Since Saturday night. We’d been skiing for the whole day. The weather was

very cold and windy. But we were having fun and didn’t want to go home…

A: I see. Now you should keep warm and stay indoors for a few days.

B: Will I have to take any medicine?

A: Yes. Here is a prescription. Take one tablet three times a day for five days.

B: Thank you.

10.СЛАЙД-10

ТАКИМ ЖЕ ОБРАЗОМ НАУЧИМСЯ ВЫПОЛНЯТЬ задание 2 вместе.

До прослушивания

1. Внимательно читаем задание и находим ответы на интересующие нас

вопросы:

Что нужно сделать? Найти в представленном списке утверждение, соответствующее одному из 5 высказываний.

Какие тексты прозвучат? — 5 высказываний (5 монологов). Каждое высказывание прозвучит дважды.

Есть ли лишние опции? — Да, в списке есть одно лишнее утверждение.

Как следует оформить ответ? — Заполнить таблицу: в пустых графах записать номера утверждений, соответствующие высказываниям.

2. Знакомимся с приведёнными в списке утверждениями, которые выражают основную мысль каждого из высказываний. В соответствии с регламентом ОГЭ на это отводится 30 секунд. Во время прослушивания аудиозаписи времени на чтение утверждений не будет.

1. The speaker talks about an animal organization.

2. The speaker believes that environmental education is very important.

3. The speaker is against keeping exotic animals as pets.

4. The speaker explains how to protect exotic animals.

5. The speaker says that common animals are disappearing.

6. The speaker talks about health reasons for keeping pets.

Во время прослушивания

3. Поскольку мы только учимся выполнять задание 2 по аудированию, то перед прослушиванием аудиозаписи познакомимся с текстами высказываний (но помните: на экзамене такой возможности не будет).

1) Прочитайте тексты В (Speaker В) и ответьте на вопросы:

-О чём текст?

-Что хотел автор: сообщить что-либо; выразить своё отношение (одобрить/осудить/посочувствовать), посоветовать что-либо или пояснить ситуацию?

-Какие утверждения соответствуют данным текстам, выражают их основную мысль?

Speaker B-5

Sadly, we seldom, if ever, have an opportunity to see animals in the wild. There

used to be lots of hares, foxes, deer and beavers in my region. My grandfather

said that when a little boy, he regularly saw those animals in the nearby forest.

Today’s children are more likely to see an elephant in the Zoo than a hare or a squirrel [‘skwɪr(ə)l] in the forest.

!!!Иногда в текстах затрагиваются сходные проблемы (например, стоит ли заводить домашних питомцев), используются одни и те же слова и выражения. Если выбор утверждения вызывает сомнение, например, кажется, что одно и то же утверждение может соответствовать двум высказываниям, то в этом случае надо точно определить основную мысль текста и сравнить её с утверждением.

Прочитайте тексты А и D (Speaker A и Speaker D).

Скажите, какой из этих текстов соответствует утверждению 6 The speaker talks about health reasons for keeping pets.- D

Speaker ALots of people in big cities want to keep pets. I think that a cat or a dog in an urban flat is ok, but I strongly disapprove of people who want to have a tiger, a monkey or a large snake at home. The unnatural environment does lots of harm to the animals and it’s very difficult to provide a balanced diet for them. It also may be inconvenient or even dangerous to the owner and people around them aswild animals are unpredictable.

Speaker D

Life in big cities is really stressful and it may cause different illnesses. Some doctors believe that common pets we keep at home, like cats, dogs and birds, can prevent some illnesses. For example, people who have heart problems usually feel better if there’s a dog in the house. It’s partly because of the positive energy the animal gives and partly because regularly walking the dog makes people stronger.

11.СЛАЙД-11

ТАКИМ ЖЕ ОБРАЗОМ НАУЧИМСЯ ВЫПОЛНЯТЬ задание 3 вместе.

До прослушивания текста

1. Читаем задание и стараемся найти важную для нас информацию:

Что нужно сделать? Выбрать правильный ответ, соответствующий содержанию

прослушанного текста.

Какой текст прозвучит? Диалог (разговор двух друзей). Он прозвучит дважды.

Как следует оформить ответ? — В поле ответа записать цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

2. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами

А, В, С, D, Е. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и ут-

верждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию под-

берите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Исполь-

зуйте каждое утверждение из списка 1—6 только один раз. В задании

есть одно лишнее утверждение.

1 Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 3—8 в поле ответа за-

пишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Вы услышите запись дважды.

У вас есть 60 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

2. В заданиях 3—8 важно понимать, на какие вопросы (какую информацию) следует обратить внимание при прослушивании текста. Поэтому внимательно читаем предложения и их возможные окончания (вопросы и возможные ответы на них). В соответствии с правилами ОГЭ на это отводится 60 секунд. Стараемся понять, какая информация нам понадобится для выбора правильного ответа.

Oliver and Jessica are talking …

1) in the school gym.

2) in the classroom.

3) at home.

Чтобы правильно закончить предложение, необходимо понять: Где проходил разговор двух друзей?

Jessica has lost her …

1) key.

2) mobile phone.

3) laptop.

Необходимо понять: Что потеряла Джессика?

Oliver wants to join …

1) a swimming team.

2) a basketball team.

3) a football team.

Необходимо понять: _________________________________

Jessica learnt to swim …

1) in a swimming pool.

2) in the sea.

3) in a lake.

Необходимо понять:______________________________________

Jessica’s father is …

1) a driver.

2) a teacher.

3) a farmer.

Необходимо понять: _________________________________

Jessica suggests going to …

1) the cinema.

2) the pizzeria.

3) a party.

А теперь давайте попробуем прочитать текст, найти и подчеркнуть предложения, на основании которых можно выбрать правильный ответ. Задания 3 и 4 Jessica: Hi, Oliver!

Oliver: Hi, Jessica.

Jessica: What are you doing here? Why haven’t you gone home yet?

Oliver: I want to talk to our basketball coach. He said he would be here in half

an hour, for the evening training session. (Task 3) And you? Why are you

here so late?

Jessica: I just saw the light in the gym and dropped in to check who’s here. (Task3)

Oliver: No, I mean why are you still in the school, not at home?

Jessica: Oh. I think I left my mobile in the classroom, but all the rooms are already

locked. (Task 4)

ЧТЕНИЕ

12.СЛАЙД-12

9 заданий

  • Задания 9 нацелено на проверку умения учащихся понимать основное содержание прочитанного текста.Для выполнения этого задания необходимо прочитать и понять о чем текст, и выбрать заголовок, который передает основную мысль текста.

  • Задание 10-17 нацелены на проверку умения понимания запрашиваемой информации в прочитанном тексте. В заданиях необходимо оценить утверждения, данные после текста, как верные (True) , неверные (False), или в тексте об этом не сказано (Not stated).

  • Для заданий по чтению предлагаются несложные тексты научно-популярного, художественного или публицистического характера. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий по чтению – 30 минут (15 минут на задание 9 и 15 минут на задания 10-17)

13. СЛАЙД-13

В задании 9-необходимо прочитать 7 коротких текстов и подобрать к каждому тексу заголовок из предлагаемого списка. Заголовки отражают основные идеи соответствующих текстов. В задании дан один лишний заголовок.

В задании 10-17 –необходимо определить, соответствует ли утверждения, данные после текста, его содержанию верные (True) , неверные (False), или в тексте об этом не сказано (Not stated). Задания могут проверять понимание части текста или отдельных его предложений.

14. СЛАЙД-14

ЧАСТЫЕ ОШИБКИ

 Как показывает опыт, многие школьники не владеют этим способом чтения на иностранном языке, т. к. сразу же начинают пытаться перевести текст и застопориваются при виде первого незнакомого слова. Эти «вредные» привычки должны быть преодолены. Как правило, любое первичное чтение учебного текста во многих современных учебниках носит ознакомительный характер, и первое задание перед чтением дается на понимание общего содержания текста или его ключевых моментов. При выполнении этого задания не нужно прибегать к переводу или лезть в словарь за незнакомыми словами. Один из способов — установить жесткие временные рамки на чтение текста, а учителю рекомендуется не отвечать на просьбы учащихся объяснить незнакомые слова на этом этапе чтения.

15.СЛАЙД-15

ВАЖНЫЕ СОВЕТЫ:

•Внимательно прочитайте инструкцию, чтобы четко представлять, что и как вы должны делать.
•Быстро просмотрите текст, чтобы понять, о чем он, определить общую тематику.
•Прочитайте задания (заголовки, рубрики, утверждения) и предположите, о чем может идти речь в соответствующих им текстах. НЕ ЗАБЫВАЙТЕ, что один заголовок лишний.

!!Читайте текст до конца!!!
•Найдите в тексте и подчеркните (микротекстах) ключевые слова или фразы, выражающие тему, основную мысль.
•Не пытайтесь переводить текст дословно.
•Не паникуйте, если в тексте Вы встретили много незнакомых слов. Ваша задача – понять основную мысль.

*Если есть сомнения-

Прибегайте к методу исключения!!!!!!

16. СЛАЙД-16 ЗАДАНИЕ 9

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. В ответ запишите цифры, в порядке, соответствующем буквам. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A false stereotype [‘sterɪətaɪp] текст о том, что у людей сложилось ложное, неверное мнение/представление о чем-либо.

2. An unlucky symbolтекст о символе, знаке, который приносит несчастье.

3. A colourful present- разноцветном подарке.

4. A world famous journey [‘ʤɜːnɪ]текст о путешествии, которое известно во всем мире.

5. One and the same nameтекст о названии, которое имеет разные……

6. The national foodтекст о национальной кухне (блюде)

7. A talisman [‘tælɪzmən] for luckтекст о талисмане, который приносит удачу.

8. Old holiday traditionsтекст о старинных праздничных традициях.

A. When you think of the Irish, you often picture a red-haired person dressed all in green. However, it’s just a popular myth [mɪθ] which has grown into a tradition, particularly in the United States. It’s customary in Ireland to wear green clothes only on St. Patrick’s Day. Lots of people are tricked by this cliche |kliˈʃeɪ|. However, originally, the colour associated [ə’səusɪeɪt] , [-ʃɪeɪt] with Saint Patrick was not green, but blue. В тексте говорится о ложном представлении, которое сложилось в отношении образа жителей Ирландии.

 B. In Ireland, the colour green was long considered to bring bad fortune. The reason is that in Irish folklore green is the favourite color of the Good People (the proper name for fairies). Myths run that they are likely to steal people, especially children, who wear too much of the colour. In the past, a girl would never wear anything green on her wedding day.

C. Christmas is a very important celebration in Ireland. After dinner on Christmas Eve, it is common for families to leave milk and bread on the table as a sign of friendliness and kindness. Another custom is to leave the door unlocked. A lit candle is left in a window during the night. It represents help for any traveller who is passing by. Текст рассказывает об ирландских традициях празднования Рождества

D. Potatoes form the basis for many traditional Irish dishes. They are eaten boiled, mashed, fried, baked, you name it. Potatoes are mixed with cabbage or green onions to make traditional Irish dishes. They are also made into potato cakes and used in soups or stews. It’s common to find potatoes cooked in two different ways on the same dinner plate.

E. The shamrock is still a popular sign of good fortune in Ireland. It is believed that anyone who possesses one will be blessed with fortune in everything, even in gambling, and will be saved from the evil of witches. There are certain conditions to be met so that its power remains effective: the owner of the shamrock must keep it away from the public eye and never give it to anyone else.

F. The name Gulliver is known to everyone due to the book or the film about the fantastic trip of the English doctor. However, not all of us remember the name of the author — Jonathan Swift, an Irish writer, who was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1667. In his book Gulliver’s Travels a man went to an island where strange tiny people lived. His life there was full of adventures and dangers, he met there friends and enemies.

G. Ireland is known as the native land of limericks — short humorous poems that have five lines. They make people laugh and are easy to remember! Lots of poets and writers were fond of limericks. The word “limerick” probably comes from the Irish town of Limerick. The short poem has made the town known all over the world.

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Заголовок

     1 

2       

    8   

 6      

 7      

  4     

   5    

ЗАДАНИЯ 10-17

КАК МЫ УЖЕ СКАЗАЛИ, в заданиях 10-17 наибольшую сложность представляет понимание различий между пунктами 2)False и 3)Not stated.
В отрывке может содержаться лишь часть правильного ответа. В таком случае следует выбирать пункт 3)Not stated.

17, 18.СЛАЙД-17-18

ВАЖНЫЕ СОВЕТЫ:

  • Быстро прочитайте текст, чтобы понять о чем он. (потратить на это не более 2 минут – это просмотровое чтение)

  • Прочитайте предлагаемые в заданиях утверждения. Они следуют в том порядке, в котором информация представлена в тексте, но при этом утверждения не повторяют дословно предложения в тексте. Информация в них изложена другими словами.

  • Найдите в тексте абзац (предложение или несколько предложений), который содержит запрашиваемую информацию, и внимательно прочитайте его (их).

  • Определите, является ли утверждение верным или неверным, или на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа. Важно понимать разницу между False и Not stated. Ответ False означает, что утверждение противоречит информации, представленной в тексте. Ответ Not stated свидетельствует о том, что в тексте ничего не сказано по этому поводу. Выбирая ответ нужно исходить ТОЛЬКО из исходящей информации, представлено в тексте, а не пользовать общими знаниями по теме, затронутой в тексте или опираться на свое личное мнение и на личный опыт.

The Moneyless Man

For most of us it seems that money makes the world go round. However, not for Mark Boyle who has turned his life into a radical experiment.

Mark Boyle was born in 1979 in Ireland and moved to Great Britain after getting a degree in Business. He set up his own business in Bristol. 10.For six years Mark Boyle managed two organic food companies which made him a good profit. (Ответ 1 –true)

However, in 2008, he decided to give up earning money. He vowed to live without cash, credit cards, or any other form of finance.

Mark Boyle began to realise that many of the world’s problems are just symptoms of a deeper problem. He thought that money gave people the illusion of independence.

Mark sold his house and started preparing himself for his new life.11.He posted an advert on a website asking for a tent, a caravan (a vehicle for living or travelling) or any other type of a house. Soon an old lady gave him a caravan for free. At least he then had a roof over his head! (Ответ 2 –False)

After that, with his pockets empty, Mark was ready to go. He didn’t even carry keys as he decided to trust the world a bit more and not lock his caravan. On November 28th (International Buy Nothing Day 2008), he became the Moneyless Man for one whole year.

Everything was different from then on. Mark lived in his caravan on an organic farm where he worked as a volunteer three days a week. In return he got a piece of land to live on and grow his own vegetables. His food was cooked on a stove, and he washed in a shower made from a plastic bag hanging from a tree, and warmed by the sun.

Even breakfast was different. With no morning coffee to brew, Mark had to find an alternative drink to start the day with. So he drank herbal teas, sometimes with some fresh lemon verbena that he could find near the caravan. «It’s all very good for you: iron, calcium, anti-oxidants,» Mark said.

Food was the first thing to consider. Mark discovered that there were four ways to find it: looking for wild food, growing his own food, bartering (exchanging his grown food for something else), and using loads of waste food from shops.

Public interest in his project was divided. While a huge number of people supported him, there was criticism of him, particularly on Internet forums.

People are either very positive about what I’m doing or very negative; I think it’s about 70 percent/30 percent. It’s funny, if you don’t have a massive plasma TV these days, people think you are an extremist,” Mark said.

People tend to ask Mark what he learnt from a year of a moneyless life. “What have I learned? That friendship, not money, is real security,” he answers.

Mark’s remarkable journey is described in his new book “The Moneyless Man”, which shows in a detailed way the challenges he faced on the road to his new world.

10. Mark’s business in Bristol was successful.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

11.  Mark bought an expensive caravan for his new life.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

12. Mark’s family approved of his moneyless project.

 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Пояснение.

No information.

ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

19. СЛАЙД-19

15 заданий
Задания 18-26 проверяют сформированность языковых умений и навыков учащихся.
•В задании необходимо восстановить текст, заполнив пропуски словами, напечатанными заглавными буквами в конце строк.
•Слова необходимо изменить так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Задания 27-32 нацелены на проверку лексико-грамматических умений и навыков учащихся
•Учащимся предлагается преобразовать слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
•Если в ответе сделана орфографическая ошибка, то ответ считается неверным

20. СЛАЙД-20

ЧАСТЫЕ ОШИБКИ

  • Грамматика изучается на протяжении всего периода обучения, вводятся правила, даются тренировочные упражнения, отрабатываются модели, но… большое количество ошибок допускается в разделе “Лексика и грамматика”.

  • Грамматика отрабатывается учащимися в отдельных предложениях, а на экзамене задания даются в связанном тексте.

  • Грамматику рассматривают как систему времен, забывая о числительных, наречиях, прилагательных и местоимениях.

  • Часто забывают о построении предложения в английском языке.

  • Обычно слова и словосочетания заучиваются, а не анализируются.

  • Изучаются отдельные лексические единицы, а не слова и словосочетания в контексте.

  • Забывают, что словообразование не поддается правилам ( globe-global-globic).

21. СЛАЙД-21 ЕЩЕ ОШИБКИ

  • Видовременные формы

  • 2-ая и 3-ья форма глаголов

  • Формы страдательного залога

  • Present Perfect vs Past Simple

  • Словообразование: например вместо difficulty difficultness, scientifics вместо scientists

  • Неправильное написание слов

  • Правильный выбор вспомогательного глагола : has grown/have grown

  • Префиксы unhonest вместо dishonest

  • Небрежное заполнение бланков

22.СЛАЙД-22

ВАЖНЫЕ СОВЕТЫ

  • Прежде чем начать заполнять пропуски, просмотрите текст и слова, которые надо преобразовать.

  • Подсказка на выбор правильной грамматической формы не обязательно находится в самом предложении, а может быть в тексте.

  • Если это глагол, подумайте в какой видовременной форме его нужно поставить.

  1. Определить залог глагола (действительный/страдательный).

  2. Обратить внимание на модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

  • Если это местоимение, определите разряд.

  1. Личные: какая форма тут нужна- в именительном или объектном падеже.

  2. Притяжательные: абсолютная форма.

  • Если это прилагательное /наречие, то в какой степени нужно поставить это.

  1. Если перед прилагательным стоит артикль the, то это будет превосходная степень

  2. Если за прилагательным стоит than, то это сравнительная степень

  3. Важно помнить об исключениях: good, bad, far

  4. Важно помнить о сложных формах: beautiful, wonderful, interesting.

  • Если это числительное то какой суффикс требуется, чтобы преобразовать это числительное.

  • CУЩИСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ— число (по правилам, не по правилам)

  • Предложения с There is/There are

  • Косвенная речь

  • Условные предложения реального/нереального характера.

  • Предложения с конструкцией I wish