A diary in your mobile may be a good idea егэ ответы

1 вы услышите 6 высказываний. установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего af и утверждениями, данными в списке 17. используйте каждое

1) Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Прослушайте запись дважды.

1. A diary in your mobile may be a good idea.
2. This way to remember things doesn’t go well with hygiene.
3. One should keep used diaries and daily planners.
4. This technique is not good for remembering things.
5. Good memory may be a question of genetics.
6. Writing things on pieces of paper is convenient.
7. Keeping a diary can help not to forget things.

Говорящий A B C D E F
Утверждение            

2) Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Прослушайте запись дважды.

A. Toni informs Bill on what marks she has just given.
B. Bill thinks reports are easier to write than narrative texts.
C. Bill has never had enough imagination to write narrative texts.
D. Some students make mistakes not paying attention to the exam questions.
E. Toni thinks some students don’t write a plan for their report.
F. Toni’s students normally check each other’s reports.
G. It’s not a good idea to include your spelling mistakes to your checklists.

Утверждение A B C D E F G
Соответствие диалогу              

3) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

What’s the main role of English in India according to the speaker?
1) Connecting India with the rest of the world.
2) Enabling communication between the country’s peoples.
3) Serving as the language of Indian Mass Media.


4) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

Which of the following is TRUE about Indian English?
1) It’s similar to Australian English.
2) It exists only in local newspapers.
3) It has specific features in grammar as well as in vocabulary and phonetics.


5) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

What, according to the speaker, partly explains the specifics of Indian English?
1) Structure of local languages.
2) Indian history and culture.
3) Education traditions in India.


6) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

Which of the following is mentioned as a grammatical feature of Indian English?
1) Overuse of the definite article.
2) Use of a plural form of a certain word in relation to a single object.
3) Avoiding use of the progressive tense.


7) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

Which of the following phrases is used in Indian English for “How can I help you?”?
1) Hello, what do you want?
2) Tell me …
3) Where are you put up?


8) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

What does the speaker say about the language of Indian teenagers?
1) It consists of slang mostly.
2) It’s devised to confuse older people.
3) It makes Indian English more modern.


9) Вы услышите интервью. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Прослушайте запись дважды.

What’s the basic direction of changes in modern Indian English according to the speaker?
1) Simplification.
2) Purification.
3) Localization.

Раздел 2. Чтение

B2 Установите соответствие между заголовками A–Н и текстами 1–7.

Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только

один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

A. ORANGE MARMALADE       E. KINDS OF ORANGES

B. EXPANSION OF ORANGES  F. FRUIT FOR ALL

C. HEALTHY FRUIT                   G. HOW TO PREPARE ORANGES

D. POPULAR FRUIT                  H. HOW TO CHOOSE ORANGES

1. Oranges are one of the most eaten fruits around the world. They are round
citrus fruits with finely-textured skins that are, of course, orange in colour
just like their pulpy flesh. Juicy and sweet and known for their concentration
of vitamin C, oranges make the perfect snack and add a special flavour to
many recipes. Orange juice is an integral part of breakfast.

2. Oranges are classified into two general categories – sweet and bitter – with
the former being the type most commonly consumed. Popular varieties of
the sweet orange include Valencia, Novel and Jaffa oranges, as well as the
blood orange, a hybrid species that is smaller in size, more aromatic in
flavour and has red hues running through its flesh. Bitter oranges are often
used to make jam or marmalade.

3. Sweet oranges were introduced to Europe in around the 15th century by the
Moors and the Portuguese as well as by the Italian traders and explorers.
Christopher Columbus brought orange seeds to the New World on his
second voyage. Spanish explorers are responsible for bringing oranges to
Florida in the 16th century, while Spanish missionaries brought them to
California in the 18th century.

4. Before the 20th century, oranges were very expensive and therefore they
were not regularly consumed, but rather eaten on special holiday such as
Christmas. After more efficient means of transportation and food processors
had been invented to develop methods for using by-products, the price of
oranges dropped, and they could be bought by people even with limited
means as they are today.

5. Oranges do not necessarily have to have a bright orange colour to be good.
In fact, the uniform colour may be due to injection of an artificial dye. Being
partially green or having brown spots, oranges may be just as ripe and tasty
as those that are solid orange in colour. Buy oranges that have smoothly
textured skin and are firm and heavy for their size.

6. Thin-skinned oranges can be easily peeled with your fingers.
For the thicker skinned varieties make four cuts from top to bottom and
peel away these sections of skin, or starting at the top, peel the orange
 in a spiral fashion.Before cutting the orange in half, wash the skin so that
 any dirt or bacteria from the surface will not be transferred to the fruit.

7. You may already know that oranges are an excellent source of vitamin C
which can neutralize free radicals and is also vital for the proper functioning
of the immune system. Oranges are protective against excessive weight
gaining, heart disease, certain cancers, diabetes, high blood pressure and
strokes. The health benefits of oranges continue with their fiber, which can
reduce high cholesterol levels.

B3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–6 частями предложений,

обозначенными буквами А–G. Одна из частей в списке А–G – лишняя.

Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в

таблицу.

Saturday jobs: memories of weekend working

Research has shown a sharp fall in the number of teenagers who do Saturday jobs.
It seems such a shame – my Saturday job as a kitchen porter was something of a rite of
passage. I’ll never forget long hours A________, scouring grease off huge saucepans and griddles.
Working atmosphere there helped me grow a thicker skin, develop quicker banter and, most
importantly, taught me the value of hard work. It also resulted in a steady supply of cash,
B________. I’m not the only one who has strong memories of weekend work. DJ Trevor Nelson said
everyone should be able to have a Saturday job: «It taught me a lot, C________.»The link between
the type of Saturday job a celebrity performed and their later career is sometimes obvious.
Dragon’s Den star and businessman Peter Jones, for example, showed early promise by starting
his own business. «I passed my Lawn Tennis Association coaching exam, D_______,» he explains.
«At the start I was coaching other kids, E_________, for which I could charge £25–30 an hour. While
my friends on milk rounds were getting £35 a week, I was doing five hours on a Saturday
and earning four times as much.»Skier Chemmy Alcott got a job working for the Good Ski Guide,
on the advertising side. «It became clear to me what my personal value to companies could
be. It led directly to me finding my head sponsor … and it offered me an eight-year contract.
That gave me the financial backing F_________.»As part of its response to the Saturday job statistics,
the UK Commission for Employment and Skills said a lack of early work opportunities makes it
harder for young people to acquire experience for their CVs.

    1) but soon I got adults wanting to book lessons
    2) which I would happily spend as I liked
    3) which let me know he approved of me
    4) and things would be different if everyone was given the chance
    5) which I needed to become a professional skier
    6) that I spent in the kitchen of a busy country pub in East Sussex
    7) and I persuaded my local club to let me use a court on Saturdays

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15–А21.

В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4,

соответствующую выбранному вами

варианту ответа.

The Joy and Enthusiasm of Reading

I believe in the absolute and unlimited liberty of reading. I believe in wandering
through the huge stacks of books and picking out the first thing that strikes me.
I believe in choosing books based on the dust jacket. I believe in reading books

because others dislike them or find them dangerous, or too thick to spend their

free time on, or too difficult to understand. I believe in choosing the hardest

book imaginable.
I believe in reading what others have to say about this difficult book,

and then making up my own mind, agreeing or disagreeing with what I have

read and understood. Part of this has to do with Mr. Buxton, who taught me

Shakespeare in the 10th grade. We were reading Macbeth. Mr. Buxton,

who probably had better things to do, nonetheless agreed to meet one night

to go over the text line by line. The first thing he did was
point out the repetition of motifs. For example, the reversals of things («fair

is foul and foul is fair»). Then there was the association of masculinity with

violence in the play. What Mr. Buxton did not tell me was what the play meant.

He left the conclusions to me.
The situation was much the same with my history teacher in 11th grade,

Mr. Flanders, who encouraged me to have my own relationship with historical

eventsand my own attitude to them. He often quoted famous historians in the

process.I especially liked the one who said, «Those who forget their history have

no future.»
High school was followed by college, where I read Umberto Eco’s Role of the

Reader, in which it is said that the reader completes the text, that the text is

never finished until it meets this careful and engaged reader. The open texts,

Eco calls them. In college, I read some of the great Europeans and Latin

Americans.

All the works I read were open texts. It was an exciting experience. Besides, I got

familiar with wonderful works of literary criticism.
There are those critics, of course, who insist that there are right ways and wrong

ways to read every book. No doubt they arrived at these beliefs through their

own adventures in the stacks. Perhaps their adventures were not so exciting or

romantic. And these are important questions for philosophers of every character.

But yet I know only what joy and enthusiasm about reading have taught me, in

bookstores new and used. They have taught me not to be afraid of something

new,unusual or non-traditional, not to deny it but embrace it and try to

understandeven if you cannot agree with it. Not to stay within the boundaries

but always seek for something new and enjoy every second of this creative

process and be happy every time you get some result, no matter how positive

or negative.
I believe there is not now and never will be an authority who can tell me how to

interpret, how to read, how to find the pearl of literary meaning in all cases.

There exist thousands of versions, interpretations, colours and shadows. You

could spend a lifetime thinking about a sentence, and making it your own.

In just this way,I believe in the freedom to see literature, history, truth,
unfolding ahead of me like a book whose spine has just now been cracked.
 

A15. The unlimited liberty of reading for the narrator means

А) access to different types of books.

B) freedom in choosing and interpreting books.

C) possibility to challenge other opinions on the book.

D) opportunity to select what to read according to the mood.

A16. The narrator thinks that his love of reading

А) is an inborn quality.

B) developed early at school.

C) was initially fostered by Mr. Buxton.

D) is all due to the efforts of his Shakespeare teacher.

A17. The narrator gives credit to Mr. Buxton for teaching him how to

А) love classical literature.

B) read Shakespeare aloud.

C) interpret stylistic devices.

D) find the meaning of a book for oneself.

A18. The history teacher quoted famous historians to prove that people

А) are often blind or deaf  to learning.

B) understand historical texts too literally.

C) can’t understand the meaning of historical events.

D) should learn from history not to make similar mistakes.

A19. According to Umberto Eco, an open text is a text

А) commented on by the author.

B) plus the reader’s attitude to it.

C) that the author has not finished.

D) with different variants of an end.

A20. Some critics say about text interpretation that

А) only philosophers should interpret texts.

B) people should enjoy books but not interpret them.

C) there are several ways to interpret a text.

D) there is the right interpretation to every book.

A21. The narrator believes that

А) it is impossible to interpret good writers.

B) interpreting is collective intellectual work.

C) authorities in interpreting will appear in future.

D) one should find a proper interpretation by oneself.

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Прослушайте запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. Work affects family holidays.
2. There is no need to go far to make memories.
3. Sometimes I’d like to change places with my clients.
4. New places can be hard to find.
5. Negative side effects of an exciting job.
6. Nobody has ever taught me how to travel.
7. This world is too exciting to stay home.


ИТОГОВАЯ КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ В 11 КЛАССЕ. Вариант (базовый уровень ) Раздел 1. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО АУДИРОВАНИЮ

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Начало формы
Прослушайте 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1–6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A–G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
   A.  I am sure that wise attitude to basic earth supplies is necessary.
B.  I find many simple ways to help our planet in everyday life.
C.  I am for the use of energy saving practices in house construction.
D.  I do not want my family to live in polluted environment.
E.  I am afraid of the after-effects of human activities.
F.  I would like to see new energy saving laws introduced.
G.  I feel unhappy because I can’t change public attitude to our planet.
Конец формы
   7B2CDA

Начало формы
Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.  Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.   
   1.  It’s another time to spend money.
2.  Valentines make a big business.
3.  Its traditions tend to fade.
4.  It’s a traditional Valentine’s Day present and no one should spare money for it.
5.  Even journalists need information about Valentine’s Day.
6.  Writing Valentines has a very long history.
7.  There’s always something against the Day.
Конец формы
   D2F06A

Начало формы
Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.  Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
   1.  A diary in your mobile may be a good idea.
2.  This way to remember things doesn’t go well with hygiene.
3.  One should keep used diaries and daily planners.
4.  This technique is not good for remembering things.
5.  Good memory may be a question of genetics.
6.  Writing things on pieces of paper is convenient.
7.  Keeping a diary can help not to forget things.
Конец формы
   6D7C19

Начало формы
Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.  Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
   1.  This ingredient of a sweet treat has a long history.
2.  Special sweets can be decorations for special occasions.
3.  Candy from our childhood has a very special taste.
4.  Every candy cane has its own sweet secret.
5.  I didn’t regret spending money for those sweets.
6.  It was impossible to eat alone all the sweets needed.
7.  This shop has an unusual mix of goods.
Конец формы
   22284A

Начало формы
Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.  Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
   1.  This company ignores tourists’ safety.
2.  Before such tours you should learn how to move and breathe in rapid water.
3.  Rafting can be life-threatening.
4.  If you secure your life jacket properly, you’ll come home safely.
5.  Team spirit and optimism are important in such tours.
6.  This kind of tour is for strong and fit people.
7.  Professional staff make these difficult tours fun.
Конец формы
   8E5344

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Прослушайте шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.  Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
   1.  Climate can influence national character.
2.  The weather changes according to some objective phenomena.
3.  The stock market depends on weather conditions.
4.  Bad weather can be the result of human behavior.
5.  Wet weather can be good in any season.
6.  Some people have a gift for predicting things.
7.  The weather can affect people’s health and emotions.
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   BB036C

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Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответстви

profhelp.net

В3 2013 — Аудирование — ЕГЭ — Грамматические правила и упражнения

Аудирование

За­да­ние В1. Вы услы­ши­те 6 вы­ска­зы­ва­ний. Уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между вы­ска­зы­ва­ни­я­ми каж­до­го го­во­ря­ще­го A–F и утвер­жде­ни­я­ми, дан­ны­ми в спис­ке 1–7. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дое утвер­жде­ние, обо­зна­чен­ное со­от­вет­ству­ю­щей циф­рой, толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть одно лиш­нее утвер­жде­ние. Вы услы­ши­те за­пись два­жды.

1. This technique is not good for remembering things.

2. Keeping a diary can help not to forget things.

3. One should keep used diaries and daily planners.

4. Writing things on pieces of paper is convenient.

5. A diary in your mobile may be a good idea.

6. Good memory may be a question of genetics.

7. This way to remember things doesn’t go well with hygiene.

Го­во­ря­щий

A

B

C

D

E

F

Утвер­жде­ние

           

За­да­ние А1-А7.

 Вы услы­ши­те диа­лог. Опре­де­ли­те, яв­ля­ет­ся ли сле­ду­ю­щее утвер­жде­ние вер­ным (1- True), не­вер­ным (2 –False), или о нем нет ин­фор­ма­ции (3 – Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды

А1   Kate is thinking about a present for her former school friend.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А2.    Kate usually easily chooses presents for her friends.

1)True   2False   3) Not stated

А3.    Kate keeps in contact with her friend via a social network.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А4.    Kate’s friend was born in Peru.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А5.   Kate’s friend enjoys local music.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated  

А6.   Tom believes music preferences reveal a lot about a person.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А7.    Tom is a connoisseur of the type of music Kate needs.

1)True    2)False   3) Not stated

За­да­ние А8-А14. Вы услы­ши­те интервью.

Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3. Вы услышите запись дважды

А8 Which of the following is TRUE about scuba diving?

1) You can do it only in the sea.

2) It involves use of special breathing equipment.

3) It requires three years of training.

А9. Which of the following is NOT true about scuba diving?

1) You can look at a lot of different fish.

2) One usually wants to repeat the experience.

3) You can hear a lot of sea sounds.

А10.Which part of a diver’s equipment is NOT absolutely necessary?

1) Wetsuit.

2) Mask.

3) Scuba fins.

А11. A buoyancy control device helps the diver to …

1) regulate the air tank level.

2) control distance and depth.

3) fight decompression sickness.

А12. According to Barbara, why is it better to go to a dive school?

1) You get a certificate.

2) You learn more about safety underwater.

3) Self-teaching is illegal.

А13. What is the purpose of the ‘buddy’ system in diving?

1) Not to feel lonely underwater.

2) Not to depend on one’s instructor.

3) Not to be alone in a difficult situation.

А14. According to Barbara, what should a diver do?

1) Encourage tourists to dive.

2) Swim near coral reefs.

3) Avoid contact with sea life.

Чтение

 За­да­ние В2. Уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между за­го­лов­ка­ми 1–8 и тек­ста­ми A–G. За­пи­ши­те свои от­ве­ты в таб­ли­цу. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дую цифру толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть один лиш­ний за­го­ло­вок.

1. Use of a dead language

2. Violating regulations

3. Careless behaviour

4. Needs protection

5. Reaching a target audience

6. Let the air in

7. Original meaning

8. Using modern technology

A. Distance education or e-learning offers several advantages. Students participating in e-learning programs are often able to set their own schedules and work at their own pace. The learning experience can be supported by multimedia such as videos, interactive websites, and real-time conferencing with experts from anywhere in the world. Additionally, e-learning programs are less expensive than traditional ones.

B. Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm did not expect to create a children’s collection of fairy tales. Instead, they wanted to preserve Germany’s oral tradition by collecting different stories. Not until several editions of their collection were published did the brothers realize that children were to be a major audience. Once the Brothers Grimm saw this new public, they tried to refine and soften their tales, which had originated centuries earlier as folklore.

C. The five Potter books have sold 250 million copies worldwide in 55 languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, J. K. Rowlings uses spells and charms that are largely based on Latin. But one of the most serious spells, Avada Kedavra, may be a variant of «abracadabra». In the Harry Potter series, it is a spell that causes death. Harry Potter is the only one known to have survived it.

D. Critics of the Harry Potter books point out that the main characters who are supposed to be «good» are consistently and regularly portrayed as breaking all manner of ethical rules like those against lying, cheating, and stealing. They also regularly break school rules against behavior like going out at night, using magic in the Muggle world, and so forth.

E. On Christmas Eve of 1968, NASA astronaut William Anders, while orbiting the moon with the Apollo 8 mission, took a photograph that provided a foundation for the modern green movement. His photo shows a small, blue planet Earth peeking over the horizon of the Moon. The image of a small planet, alone in a vast ocean of space, showed billions of people the fragility of our planet and the importance of preserving and protecting Earth.

F. There are many indoor air pollutants that can be harmful. Indoor air can be up to 100 times more polluted than outdoor air. Organic compounds from some paints, carpets, synthetic fabrics and adhesives are a known health hazard, contributing to the disease known as Sick Building Syndrome. Proper technology can help — open windows to let fresh air in and bad air out.

G. Some people, especially in rural areas, burn their trash in pits or barrels. It seems an easy way to get rid of your garbage, but the smoke it creates has a lot of really unhealthy toxic chemicals. Burning things like foam cups, plastics, and colored and bleached paper in backyards or even fireplaces causes toxic smoke that can spread throughout the neighborhood.

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

За­го­ло­вок

             

mitrichenkoov.ucoz.com

Аудирование

За­да­ние В1. Вы услы­ши­те 6 вы­ска­зы­ва­ний. Уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между вы­ска­зы­ва­ни­я­ми каж­до­го го­во­ря­ще­го A–F и утвер­жде­ни­я­ми, дан­ны­ми в спис­ке 1–7. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дое утвер­жде­ние, обо­зна­чен­ное со­от­вет­ству­ю­щей циф­рой, толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть одно лиш­нее утвер­жде­ние. Вы услы­ши­те за­пись два­жды.

1. This technique is not good for remembering things.

2. Keeping a diary can help not to forget things.

3. One should keep used diaries and daily planners.

4. Writing things on pieces of paper is convenient.

5. A diary in your mobile may be a good idea.

6. Good memory may be a question of genetics.

7. This way to remember things doesn’t go well with hygiene.

Го­во­ря­щий

A

B

C

D

E

F

Утвер­жде­ние

           

За­да­ние А1-А7.

 Вы услы­ши­те диа­лог. Опре­де­ли­те, яв­ля­ет­ся ли сле­ду­ю­щее утвер­жде­ние вер­ным (1- True), не­вер­ным (2 –False), или о нем нет ин­фор­ма­ции (3 – Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды

А1   Kate is thinking about a present for her former school friend.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А2.    Kate usually easily chooses presents for her friends.

1)True   2False   3) Not stated

А3.    Kate keeps in contact with her friend via a social network.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А4.    Kate’s friend was born in Peru.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А5.   Kate’s friend enjoys local music.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated  

А6.   Tom believes music preferences reveal a lot about a person.

1)True   2)False   3) Not stated

А7.    Tom is a connoisseur of the type of music Kate needs.

1)True    2)False   3) Not stated

За­да­ние А8-А14. Вы услы­ши­те интервью.

Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3. Вы услышите запись дважды

А8 Which of the following is TRUE about scuba diving?

1) You can do it only in the sea.

2) It involves use of special breathing equipment.

3) It requires three years of training.

А9. Which of the following is NOT true about scuba diving?

1) You can look at a lot of different fish.

2) One usually wants to repeat the experience.

3) You can hear a lot of sea sounds.

А10.Which part of a diver’s equipment is NOT absolutely necessary?

1) Wetsuit.

2) Mask.

3) Scuba fins.

А11. A buoyancy control device helps the diver to …

1) regulate the air tank level.

2) control distance and depth.

3) fight decompression sickness.

А12. According to Barbara, why is it better to go to a dive school?

1) You get a certificate.

2) You learn more about safety underwater.

3) Self-teaching is illegal.

А13. What is the purpose of the ‘buddy’ system in diving?

1) Not to feel lonely underwater.

2) Not to depend on one’s instructor.

3) Not to be alone in a difficult situation.

А14. According to Barbara, what should a diver do?

1) Encourage tourists to dive.

2) Swim near coral reefs.

3) Avoid contact with sea life.

Чтение

 За­да­ние В2. Уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между за­го­лов­ка­ми 1–8 и тек­ста­ми A–G. За­пи­ши­те свои от­ве­ты в таб­ли­цу. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дую цифру толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть один лиш­ний за­го­ло­вок.

1. Use of a dead language

2. Violating regulations

3. Careless behaviour

4. Needs protection

5. Reaching a target audience

6. Let the air in

7. Original meaning

8. Using modern technology

A. Distance education or e-learning offers several advantages. Students participating in e-learning programs are often able to set their own schedules and work at their own pace. The learning experience can be supported by multimedia such as videos, interactive websites, and real-time conferencing with experts from anywhere in the world. Additionally, e-learning programs are less expensive than traditional ones.

B. Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm did not expect to create a children’s collection of fairy tales. Instead, they wanted to preserve Germany’s oral tradition by collecting different stories. Not until several editions of their collection were published did the brothers realize that children were to be a major audience. Once the Brothers Grimm saw this new public, they tried to refine and soften their tales, which had originated centuries earlier as folklore.

C. The five Potter books have sold 250 million copies worldwide in 55 languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, J. K. Rowlings uses spells and charms that are largely based on Latin. But one of the most serious spells, Avada Kedavra, may be a variant of «abracadabra». In the Harry Potter series, it is a spell that causes death. Harry Potter is the only one known to have survived it.

D. Critics of the Harry Potter books point out that the main characters who are supposed to be «good» are consistently and regularly portrayed as breaking all manner of ethical rules like those against lying, cheating, and stealing. They also regularly break school rules against behavior like going out at night, using magic in the Muggle world, and so forth.

E. On Christmas Eve of 1968, NASA astronaut William Anders, while orbiting the moon with the Apollo 8 mission, took a photograph that provided a foundation for the modern green movement. His photo shows a small, blue planet Earth peeking over the horizon of the Moon. The image of a small planet, alone in a vast ocean of space, showed billions of people the fragility of our planet and the importance of preserving and protecting Earth.

F. There are many indoor air pollutants that can be harmful. Indoor air can be up to 100 times more polluted than outdoor air. Organic compounds from some paints, carpets, synthetic fabrics and adhesives are a known health hazard, contributing to the disease known as Sick Building Syndrome. Proper technology can help — open windows to let fresh air in and bad air out.

G. Some people, especially in rural areas, burn their trash in pits or barrels. It seems an easy way to get rid of your garbage, but the smoke it creates has a lot of really unhealthy toxic chemicals. Burning things like foam cups, plastics, and colored and bleached paper in backyards or even fireplaces causes toxic smoke that can spread throughout the neighborhood.

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

За­го­ло­вок