A dream place signs to consider егэ

Раздел 2. чтение b2 установите соответствие тем a h текстам 1 7. занесите свои ответы в таблицу. используйте

Раздел 2. Чтение B2

Установите
соответствие тем
 H
текстам 1
 – 7.
Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема
лишняя
.

1.
Travel memories                     5.Popular hobby

2.
Animal lover magazine          6. Family magazine

3.
Travel to stars                         7. People and nature

4.
Star dreams                             8. Animals in danger

А.  Most
people who spend a holiday travelling take a camera with them and

photograph anything
that interests them – sights of a city, views of mountains,

lakes, waterfalls, men
and women, children, ruins of ancient buildings, and

even birds and animals.
Later looking through their albums they will remember the happy time they have
had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.

В. Of course, different people dream
of different things. Someone wishes a calm and quiet life; others imagine their
life as a never-ending adventure. The majority dream of something concrete: a
villa in some warm place, an account in a Swiss bank, a splendid car… It’s
interesting to know what the dreams of people who already have all this are.
Celebrities, as we know, never hide their unusual hobbies, and often shock us
with their extravagant behavior.

С. It is Junior Baseball Magazine’s
mission to provide information that enhances the youth baseball experience for
the entire family. The player improves his skills and is more successful. The
family enjoys the activity more and shares this precious time in their life.
Junior Baseball emphasizes good sportsmanship, safety, physical fitness and
wholesome family values.

D. The seas are in danger. They are
filled with poison like industrial, nuclear and chemical waste. The
Mediterranean Sea is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following it. The
Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day
nothing will be able to live in the sea.

E. Lots of people all over the world
enjoy collecting stamps. Stamps are like little pictures. Very often they show
the flowers or the trees which grow in this or that country, or they can show
different kinds of transport of the country. Stamps may also have portraits of
famous people on them. Some stamps show art work from the history of the
country.

F. “Friend” is the title of my
favourite magazine. It consists of 70 pages, with lots of colourful and bright
pictures and provides interesting and useful information for people who love
animals. The magazine includes numerous articles devoted to various topics
connected with domestic animals, ways to take care of them, pet food.

 G. People
are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not just somebody
else’s. Many people join and support various international organizations and
green parties. Human life is the most important, and polluted air, poisoned
water, wastelands, noise, smoke, gas, exhaust all influence not only nature but
people themselves. Everything should be done to improve ecological conditions
on our planet animal health and many other topics crucial for any animal lover.

Раздел3 Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте
текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк,
обозначенных номерами ВЗ-В10 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали
содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами

B3
If
I were you, I……..attend all lessons at school.           DO

B4 He always ….part in
English competitions.                 TAKE

B5 We enjoy…friends with
foreign students.                  MAKE

B6 The book “The Lord of the
Rings”….by R.R.Tolkien in 1965 WRITE

B7 The Volga is the……river
in Russia.      LONG

B8 Whose computer is it?
It’s…       SHE

B9 I expect her….her luck in
the International Championship.       TRY

B10 I …a letter to you
tomorrow by all means.       WRITE

Прочитайте приведённый ниже
текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров
B11– B16 так, чтобы они
грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните
пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию
из группы
B11 – B16.

Tourism in Britain

B11   Every year more than eleven
million tourists visit Britain. In fact, tourism is an ________________
industry, employing thousands of people.                                                              IMPORTANCE

B12Most ___________come in the summer
months when they can expect good weather  VISIT

B13Tourists ___________ spend a few
days in London, then go on to other well-known cities. USUAL

B14 Perhaps the least visited places
in England are old ________________towns.               INDUSTRY   

B15But many people think that
nineteenth-century cities show the ________ of Britain.     REAL      

B16 The ____________of the past is to
be still seen in their old streets.                               GREAT       

B3. Чтение    

Прочитайте текст. Определите,
какие из приведённых утверждений А5-А8 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 —
True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть
на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа
(3 —
Not stated).

William Shakespeare,
the greatest English writer of drama, was born in 1564 in Stratford-on- Avon.
We do not know everything about Shakespeare’s early life. But we know that he
studied at the Grammar School in Stratford, and that he became interested in
the theatre when he was still a boy.

In 1586 Shakespeare
went to London, where he worked in the theatre for some years before he began
to write his own plays.

Shakespeare soon became well-known in
London literary circles. Every play that he wrote was good news to the people
of the capital. Queen Elizabeth I liked Shakespeare’s plays, and the actors
were often invited to play before the Queen and later before the King James — a
great honor in those days. By the end of the 16th theatre — the
famous Globe Theatre.

But Shakespeare had
quite many difficulties in his life. Less talented writers, whose plays were
worse than his, often quarreled with Shakespeare and attacked him, the actors
in his own theatre sometimes turned against him.

Now people in many
countries love and honor Shakespeare for his plays, comedies and tragedies that
are still modern and well-known all over the world.

A5 People know little
about Shakespeare’s early life.

1)True                
2)False                 3)Not stated

A6 The writer spent all
his life in Stratford-upon-Avon.

1) True                         2) False                         3)
Not stated

A7 William Shakespeare
left his wife and children at home and went to London alone.

1) True                         2) False                         3)
Not stated

             A8 Shakespeare is famous all over the world for his
wonderful plays, comedies and tragedies.

1) True                         2) False                         3)
Not stated

Представлено сочинение на английском языке Путешествие моей мечты/ Travelling Of My Dream с переводом на русский язык.

Travelling Of My Dream Путешествие моей мечты
Travelling is one of the best activities a person can do. When you travel you get new experience, learn about the cultures of other countries and visit unique places around the whole world. Travelling is learning foreign languages, tasting local dishes and meeting new friends. Путешествия – это одно из самых лучших занятий для человека. Когда вы путешествуете, вы получаете новый опыт, узнаете культуру других стран и посещаете уникальные места по всему миру. Путешествие – это изучение иностранного языка, дегустация местных блюд и новые знакомства.
My family and I travel quite a lot, we have already visited many places in Russia and abroad. But still I have a dream about a perfect holiday I will have some day. Мы с моей семьей довольно много путешествуем, мы посетили множество мест в России и заграницей. Но все же я мечтаю когда-нибудь отправиться в путешествие моей мечты.
I like beach holiday but at the same time I can’t stay at one place for a long time. So usually when we go travelling we try to combine sightseeing and relaxing on the seaside. So my dream holiday is not an exception. I would like to go to luxurious five star hotel with delicious food and no Russian people around. There should certainly be a swimming pool and it should be close to the sea. I like when there are young people in the hotel, because then it usually has parties every night, where you can dance and meet interesting people. Я люблю пляжный отдых, но в то же время не могу долгое время сидеть на одном месте. Так что обычно, когда мы путешествуем, мы стараемся совмещать осмотр достопримечательностей и отдых на пляже. И путешествие моей мечты – не исключение. Я бы хотел поехать в роскошный пятизвездочный отель, где подают вкуснейшую еду и чтобы вокруг не было русских. Там, конечно, должен быть бассейн и отель должен быть недалеко от моря. Я люблю отели, где много молодежи, потому что тогда там обычно проходят вечеринки, где можно потанцевать и познакомиться с новыми людьми.
My perfect holiday should last for about 2 weeks – one week of relaxing on the beach and another one is for excursions and sightseeing. I am fond of watching ruins of ancient buildings, wonderful architecture of European cities. So if I had a holiday of my dream I would certainly go to Spain or Italy, where I would have a chance to combine sea and excursions. I would get up early to have time for every interesting place and activities. Мой идеальный отпуск должен длиться около двух недель – одну неделю я бы лежал на пляже, а вторую посвятил бы экскурсиям и осмотру достопримечательностей. Я люблю руины древних построек и замечательную архитектуру европейских городов. Так что в путешествие своей мечты я бы отправился в Испанию или в Италию, где я мог бы совместить море и экскурсии. Я бы вставал рано утром, чтобы у меня было время на интересные места и занятия.
My dream holiday also includes meeting new people. When I travel I always try to find new friends from different countries and then to stay in touch with them. Мой идеальный отпуск также включает встречи с новыми людьми. Когда я путешествую, я всегда стараюсь найти новых друзей и поддерживать с ними связь после.
I hope someday my dream will come true and I will have a perfect holiday. Надеюсь, что когда-нибудь моя мечта сбудется и у меня будет идеальный отпуск.

Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A Dana has been very successful recently.

B Ken is going to tell Dana some important information.

C Dana is looking for the job at the moment.

D Dana’s promotion came through quite unexpectedly.

E Dana didn’t get a raise in her salary.

F Ken is getting married in two weeks.

G Dana is surprised to hear that her friend is getting married.

Утверждение

Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите рассказ популярной американской певицы о её карьере. В заданиях 3—9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3

The narrator says she started to write songs
1) when she was ten.
2) because she could not talk.
3) because it was the best way to express her feelings.
Ответ: .

4

According to the narrator,
1) she could afford to have a recording studio.
2) her family was not well off.
3) she bought Christmas presents for her friends.
Ответ: .

5

The narrator returned to Texas because
1) her apartment burnt down.
2) she had got several college music scholarships.
3) a friend told her about the American Idol audition in Dallas.
Ответ: .

6

Looking back on the show, the narrator says that
1) few people really believed she could win.
2) the members of the crew were not at all supportive.
3) everyone was supporting her.
Ответ: .

7

The narrator thinks that
1) she ought to become thinner.
2) she could serve as a role model for young girls.
3) girls should not live up to their idols.
Ответ: .

8

The narrator dreams of
1) touring the world.
2) having a permanent relationship.
3) staying single.
Ответ: .

9

The narrator considers herself
1) to be a celebrity.
2) practical and sensible.
3) honest and sincere.
Ответ: .

Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

10

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1—8 и текстами A—G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. The Best Way of Learning
2. Key Factor in Learning
3. Linguistic Interference
4. Universal Language

5. Online Learning
6. Language Extinction
7. Learning by Imitation
8. Sign Language

A. Young children have a genetic ability to learn language. They come into the world as eager learning machines, and language acquisition is a major aspect of this learning. How children actually learn language is not entirely clear, however. Most linguists believe that they do it primarily by listening to and trying to communicate with adult speakers. Initially, this means that they copy the way adults use words and grammar.

B. Learning a second or third language is easier in early childhood than later. It is particularly important to learn correct pronunciation as young as possible. At any age, learning by constant contact with native speakers in their own society is the quickest and the most effective method. It is superior to taking foreign language classes because it forces you to concentrate on it all of the time.

C. Learning a second language can be affected by the patterns of the first language. There can be some blending of phonemes. For instance, most Americans who learn French in high school or college pronounce French words with a distinctive American accent. Grammar can also be affected. English speakers who learn both French and Spanish sometimes combine grammatical rules of both when speaking either of them.

D. Until just a few years ago, language study was limited to the classroom or personal tutor, or home study by book. In the last few decades technology has given us a much needed audio option — first vinyl records, then cassettes and CDs. Now technology has given us a new format — the Internet. Options to learn a language by Internet are still limited but the potential is not.

E. What is important when learning a language? If you have the desire and persistence, time is the only factor that you may have to work with. How much time you can devote to learning will play a role in how quickly you can learn the language. Just remember how exciting it will be and how rewarding you will feel at the accomplishment.

F. Rather than have businessmen, diplomats, scientists and tourists from every country learning all the major languages that they want to learn or need to learn, Esperantists would have everyone just learn one second language — Esperanto. Then everyone could communicate with everyone, everywhere. The major ‘national’ languages could keep their special characteristics for anyone who wanted to learn them. This is the essence of the ‘Esperanto Movement’.

G. More than half of the world’s 7,000 languages are expected to die out by the end of the century, often taking with them irreplaceable knowledge about the natural world. When a species dies out, sometimes fossils can be found, remains uncovered. But when a human language disappears, there’s rarely any key left behind. Each loss becomes a linguistic black hole, where an entire way of knowing the world disappears.

11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

A constitution may be defined as the system of fundamental principles according to A ____________. A good example of a written constitution is the Constitution of the United States, formed in 1787.

The Constitution sets up a federal system with a strong central government. Each state preserves its own independence by reserving to itself certain well-defined powers such as education, taxes and finance, internal communications, etc. The powers B ____________ are those dealing with national defence, foreign policy, the control of international trade, etc.

Under the Constitution power is also divided among the three branches of the national government. The First Article provides for the establishment of the legislative body, Congress, and defines its powers. The second does the same for the executive branch, the President, and the Third Article provides for a system of federal courts.

The Constitution itself is rather short, it contains only 7 articles. And it was obvious in 1787 C ____________. So the 5th article lays down the procedure for amendment. A proposal to make a change must be first approved by two-thirds majorities in both Houses of Congress and then ratified by three quarters of the states.

The Constitution was finally ratified and came into force on March 4, 1789. When the Constitution was adopted, Americans were dissatisfied D ____________. It also recognized slavery and did not establish universal suffrage.

Only several years later, Congress was forced to adopt the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, E ____________. They guarantee to Americans such important rights and freedoms as freedom of press, freedom of religion, the right to go to court, have a lawyer, and some others.

Over the past 200 years 26 amendments have been adopted F ____________. It provides the basis for political stability, individual freedom, economic growth and social progress.

  1. which are given to a Federal government
  2. because it did not guarantee basic freedoms and individual rights
  3. but the Constitution itself has not been changed
  4. so it has to be changed
  5. which a nation or a state is constituted and governed
  6. which were called the Bill of Rights
  7. that there would be a need for altering it

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

That summer an army of crickets started a war with my father. They picked a fight the minute they invaded our cellar. Dad didn’t care for bugs much more than Mamma, but he could tolerate a few spiders and assorted creepy crawlers living in the basement. Every farm house had them. A part of rustic living, and something you needed to put up with if you wanted the simple life.

He told Mamma: ‘Now that we’re living out here, you can’t be jerking your head and swallowing your gum over what’s plain natural, Ellen.’ But she was a city girl through and through and had no ears when it came to defending vermin. She said a cricket was just a noisy cockroach, just a dumb horny bug that wouldn’t shut up. No way could she sleep with all that chirping going on! Then to prove her point she wouldn’t go to bed. She drank coffee and smoked my father’s cigarettes and she paced between the couch and the TV. Next morning she threatened to pack up and leave, so Dad drove to the hardware store and hurried back. He squirted poison from a jug with a spray nozzle. He sprayed the basement and all around the foundation of the house. When he had finished, he told us that was the end of it.

But what he should have said was: ‘This is the beginning’. For the next fourteen days Mamma kept finding dead crickets in the clean laundry. She’d shake out a towel or a sheet and a dead black cricket would roll across the linoleum. Sometimes the cat would corner one, and swat it around like he was playing hockey, then carry it away in his mouth. Dad said swallowing a few dead crickets wouldn’t hurt as long as the cat didn’t eat too many.

Soon live crickets started showing up in the kitchen and bathroom. Mamma freaked because she thought they were the dead crickets come back to haunt, but Dad said they were definitely a new batch, probably coming up on the pipes. He fetched his jug of poison and sprayed beneath the sink and behind the toilet and all along the baseboard until the whole house smelled of poison, and then he sprayed the cellar again, and then he went outside and sprayed all around the foundation leaving a foot-wide moat of poison.

For a couple of weeks we went back to finding dead crickets in the laundry. Dad told us to keep a sharp look out. He suggested that we’d all be better off to hide as many as we could from Mamma. I fed a few dozen to the cat who I didn’t like because he scratched and bit for no reason. I hoped the poison might kill him so we could get a puppy. Once in a while we found a dead cricket in the bathroom or beneath the kitchen sink. A couple of weeks later, when both live and dead crickets kept turning up, Dad emptied the cellar of junk. He borrowed Uncle Burt’s pickup and hauled a load to the dump. Then he burned a lot of bundled newspapers and magazines which he said the crickets had turned into nests.

He stood over that fire with a rake in one hand and a garden hose in the other. He wouldn’t leave it even when Mamma sent me out to fetch him for supper. He wouldn’t leave the fire, and she wouldn’t put supper on the table. Both my brothers were crying. Finally she went out and got him herself. And while we ate, the wind lifted some embers onto the wood pile. The only gasoline was in the lawn mower fuel tank but that was enough to create an explosion big enough to reach the house. Once the roof caught, there wasn’t much anyone could do.

After the fire trucks left, I made the mistake of volunteering to stay behind while Mamma took the others to Aunt Gail’s. I helped Dad and Uncle Burt and two men I’d never seen before carry things out of the house and stack them by the road. In the morning we’d come back in Burt’s truck and haul everything away. We worked into the night and we didn’t talk much, hardly a word about anything that mattered, and Dad didn’t offer any plan that he might have for us now. Uncle Burt passed a bottle around, but I shook my head when it came to me. I kicked and picked through the mess, dumb struck at how little there was to salvage, while all around the roar of crickets magnified our silence.

(Adapted from ‘The Cricket War’ by Bob Thurber)

12

A cricket is

1) a small animal.

2) a spider.

3) an insect.

4) a game.

Ответ: .

13

Mamma threatened to pack up and leave because
1) she had smoked all cigarettes.
2) she had not got used to rustic living.
3) she could not put up with crickets.
4) she was a city girl through and through.
Ответ: .

14

After Dad had sprayed the basement and all around the foundation of the house,
1) the family were constantly coming across dead crickets.
2) the family kept seeing live crickets everywhere.
3) the dead crickets came back to haunt.
4) all crickets disappeared.
Ответ: .

15

The narrator fed the cat with crickets because
1) the cat was hungry.
2) he would like to have another pet.
3) he wanted to hide crickets from Mamma.
4) Dad told him to do it.
Ответ: .

16

Dad borrowed Uncle Burt’s pickup
1) to fight with crickets.
2) to bring new furniture to the cellar.
3) to throw away newspapers and magazines.
4) to get rid of rubbish.
Ответ: .

17

The house caught fire because
1) Dad left a garden hose near the fire.
2) the wind lifted some papers onto the wood pile.
3) the fuel tank had gone off.
4) there wasn’t much anyone could do.
Ответ: .

18

The narrator was surprised
1) that Dad didn’t offer any plan.
2) when the bottle came to him.
3) that crickets were all around.
4) that there was not much to save from the fire.
Ответ: .

Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

Обратите внимание, что по правилам ЕГЭ ответы нужно писать без пробелов и других знаков, например, правильный ответ ‘have done’ нужно будет записать как ‘havedone’, иначе ваш ответ не засчитается.

September Mood in England

19

It’s Monday morning and Miss Williams walks into her office. Her holiday is over and she (just) to work.

RETURN

20

She looks brown, relaxed and than usual.

HAPPY

21

The other girls stand round her. ‘Where (you)?’ one of the girls asks.

GO

22

‘Italy, not far from Naples. I enjoyed it very much.’ she answers, happily.

SMILE

23

Her boss, Mr. Wetridge comes in ten minutes later. He looks a bit worried because he about the winter.

THINK

24

Central heating in his house five years ago and now it’s time to have it repaired.

INSTALL

25

Besides, his wife wants him to put in double glazing. But she that to double-glaze all the windows will cost quite a lot of money.

NOT
UNDER-
STAND

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.

Junk Food

26

In today’s world, many people are looking for a quick snack, meal or boost of energy. They choose processed food bars, thinking that they’re a healthy choice.

INCREASE

27

However, most bars contain processed foods which are called ‘junk foods’.

DESIRE

28

They give you a false sense of energy and .

FULL

29

One problem with junk foods is that they’re low in satiation value. Another problem is that junk food tends to other, more nutritious foods.

PLACE

30

It’s the 21st century now and ‘junk food’ has gone . We see it everywhere: in grocery and convenience stores, in fast-food
restaurants and on television.

GLOBE

31

Although junk food is now all over the world, people should be aware of its disadvantages and choose healthier alternatives.

AVAIL

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

The Changing World of Computers

Computers are rapidly changing the way we do things. For a technology that is still relatively new, their 32____ on the business and consumer sector has been incomprehensible. As if it was not sufficient to own one computer, many people nowadays have a few of them. We think we need a desktop computer, a laptop computer, and a bunch of little computers in our phones and music players, even 33____ they actually do the same thing. Now that everybody has their desktops and laptops, and we are all able to 34____ the Internet anytime we want to, our world has turned into a virtual playground. We can now connect with our foreign neighbours in a matter of seconds, 35____ of how far away they are from us. It’s as if we no longer have borders in this highly digital world of ours.

Desktops have always been a great option, but the problem with them is that they are not mobile. They have all the 36____ of other computers, but it can be annoying at times to have to sit in the same spot while working. For businesses and personal offices, desktop computers are still the favoured option because of their power. But when people have to be connected while travelling, the need for laptops really becomes apparent. The main advantage of laptops is the ability to communicate with people no 37____ where you are. Our society has been converted into one that has to have all the latest gadgets. Some people even 38____ down on others if they still have last year’s model of some gadget. Those people will always be behind the curve just because of how fast technology is advancing now.

32

1) affect

2) role

3) impact

4) value

Ответ: .

33

1) though

2) now

3) so

4) as

Ответ: .

34

1) register

2) log

3) connect

4) access

Ответ: .

35

1) regardless

2) regarding

3) in spite

4) despite

Ответ: .

36

1) qualities

2) skills

3) capabilities

4) traits

Ответ: .

37

1) trouble

2) matter

3) doubt

4) problem

Ответ: .

38

1) turn

2) fall

3) come

4) look

Ответ: .

Ваш результат: пока 0.

Далее вы можете набрать еще 40 баллов. Автоматически это проверить нельзя, поэтому сделайте реалистичный прогноз о том, сколько бы вы смогли набрать баллов, и получите ваш итоговый результат ЕГЭ.

Если возник вопрос по ответу, в котором вы ошиблись, можете задать его в комментариях.

Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend John who writes:

… It’s difficult for me to get on well with my parents. They think that I spend too much time hanging around with my friends so we often argue about it. And what do you do when you disagree with your parents about how you spend your free time? Do you often meet your friends? What do you usually do together?

Oh, I’ve got to go now as I have to meet my sister from her music class. Drop me a line when you can.

Write a letter to John.
In your letter
— answer his questions
— ask 3 questions about his relations with his sister
Write 100 — 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

За это задание вы можете получить 6 баллов максимум.

Comment on the following statement.

Some people enjoy living in big cities whereas others find such a lifestyle really harmful.

Write 200 — 250 words.

— make an introduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2—3 reasons for your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1—2 reasons for this opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion restating your position

За это задание вы можете получить 14 баллов максимум.

Раздел 5. ГОВОРЕНИЕ

— За 1,5 минуты нужно подготовиться и в следующие 1,5 минуты выразительно прочитать текст вслух — 1 балл.
— Составление 5 вопросов на основе ключевых слов. На подготовку отводится 1,5 минуты, затем каждый вопрос надо сформулировать в течение 20 секунд — 5 баллов.
— 3 фотографии. Нужно выбрать 1 и описать ее по предложенному тут же в задании плану за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.
— 2 картинки. Нужно сравнить их, описать сходства и различия, объяснить, почему выбранная тематика близка выпускнику, за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.

Установите соответствие тем 1 — 8 текстам A — G. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

1. Women doing men’s jobs

2. Holidays — the best time to visit

3. Ideal to grow a man

4. A costume for a mythic sea creature

5. The best profession for a lady

6. A festival to a season

7. Words for all times

8. Best clothes for burial

A. Mary is a professional dress-maker specializing in exotic costumes. She devotes many hours to crafting mermaid tails and hand-made tops. Her professional mermaid costume includes a tail and a top. A tail is made of the finest silicone that bends naturally with movement and looks beautifully on film and in print. Out of the depths of the water her costume shines with hundreds ot pearls, crystals, and gemstones.

B. Today’s well-educated person uses about 18,000 words. Shakespeare, whose plays written for a small theatre are now performed in more countries than ever before, used over 34,000 different words, thousands of which he made up. For example: accessible, roadway, schoolboy, and watchdog. Many of his phrases have fallen into everyday use in our language today, including, “A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a horse!’’ by Richard III.

C. The Celtic division of the year was into two parts. The winter half was considered the beginning of the year, and the summer half the second part. There were two further subdivisions. so the year was finally divided into the standard four seasons. At each of these four stages, a Fire Festival was celebrated. It involved religious ceremonies, music, storytelling, and poetry. These great festivals were regarded to be the best time.

D. As symbols of respect and courage, knights turned out to be an intriguing mix of all the things that made males the best, as their education included the most effective sorts of exercises for the brain and the human body. Knight tournaments were a good way for the knights to try out the actual travails of fighting and never having to go through the pain and troubles of having to look after themselves, and of their kingdoms.

E. Were there any women pirates in Renaissance England? They were in the minority, but they were never the less there and very able. Lady Mary was a daughter of a pirate and married to a pirate. When her husband died, she recruited her castle staff and went to sea herself. Her luck ran out when she captured a German captain, who was a friend of Queen Elizabeth. So Lady Mary quit piracy … and started selling stolen goods.

F. Russia is an amazing holiday destination. It should be visited during the festival season, as it reveals the rich cultural tradition and fascinating customs of its people. While the festivals come from the Christian legacy Russia shares with Europe and America, the manner of celebration is unique. Enthusiastic travelers suggest planning a Russian holiday during the festival time and to be sure that the memories will last a lifetime!

G. Normally very fine textiles are found in graves. Obviously, the quality of clothing worn in the Middle Ages would reduce with lower ranks, but even the slaves did not wear cloth as rough as people thought in the past and some still do today. Slaves would probably wear their master’s clothes, which may have been very thin in places and not decorated. They would usually receive the underclothes to be worn as overclothes.

В экзаменационной работе 2021 года в раздел «Аудирование» внесены изменения. Теперь он состоит из 11 заданий с кратким ответом:

• в заданиях 1–4 предлагается прослушать четыре коротких текста, понять запрашиваемую информацию, выбрать правильный ответ из предложенного перечня и записать его номер. Максимальное количество баллов за выполнение заданий 1–4 – 4 балла;

• в задании 5 необходимо прослушать пять устных высказываний и установить соответствие между высказываниями и рубриками (в задании есть одна лишняя рубрика). Максимальное количество баллов за выполнение задания 5 – 5 баллов;

• выполнение заданий 6–11 предполагает представление полученной при прослушивании диалога (интервью) информации в виде не сплошного текста/таблицы. Максимальное количество баллов за выполнение задания 6–11 – 6 баллов.

Попробуйте выполнить все задания демоверсии по аудированию с помощью автоматизированных тренировочных тестов. В первых двух нужно щелкнуть по выбранным кнопкам, в третьем тесте впечатать нужные слова. К тестам 1-4 и 5 даны тексты на вторых слайдах. Чтобы сравнить свои ответы с правильными, нажимаем на надпись check

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