A nice surprise ответы егэ

Задание 8619. грамматика и лексика. егэ по английскому запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному

Задание №8619.
Грамматика и лексика. ЕГЭ по английскому

Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

A nice surprise

Dotty called her friend’s mother Miranda, who was really pleased to hear her voice when she picked up the phone. ___, Miranda was surprised to find out that Dotty wanted to talk to her, not her daughter.

1) Otherwise
2) However
3) Therefore
4) Although

Решение:

A nice surprise

Dotty called her friend’s mother Miranda, who was really pleased to hear her voice when she picked up the phone. HOWEVER, Miranda was surprised to find out that Dotty wanted to talk to her, not her daughter.

Приятный сюрприз

Дотти позвонила матери своего друга Миранде, которой было очень приятно услышать ее голос, когда она подняла трубку. Однако Миранда была удивлена, узнав, что Дотти хотела поговорить с ней, а не с ее дочерью.

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Источник: ФИПИ. Открытый банк тестовых заданий

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Âûáåðèòå âåðíûé îòâåò À, Â èëè Ñ.

1 Ê ñ÷àñòüþ, Äæîíñîíó óäàëîñü (Â) ïîëíîñòüþ âîññòàíîâèòüñÿ ïîñëå ïðîèñøåñòâèÿ.

2 Äàâàé íå áóäåì áîëüøå ñïîðèòü îá ýòîì, (À) õîðîøî?

3 Áðýíäñîí (Â) òàêîé ýãîèñòè÷íûé ÷åëîâåê, ÷òî åãî íèêîãäà íå áåñïîêîèò òî, ÷òî ÷óâñòâóþò äðóãèå.

4 Ïîñëå çåìëåòðÿñåíèÿ, áîëüøèíñòâî äîìîâ â ñòàðîé äåðåâíåé áûëè (À) ðàçðóøåíû.

5 Äæåéí (Ñ) îòêàçàëàñü îò ïðèãëàøåíèÿ Áåòòè íà óæèí, ïîòîìó ÷òî îíà íå ÷óâñòâîâàëà ñåáÿ î÷åíü õîðîøî.

6 Òû ìîæåøü ïðåêðàòèòü (Â) ïðèñòàëüíî ñìîòðåòü íà Áåíà? Ïî÷åìó òû òàê ñåðäèøüñÿ íà íåãî?

7 ß áû ëó÷øå (À) ïðîâåëà îòïóñê ãäå-íèáóäü íà ìîðå, åñëè òû íå âîçðàæàåøü

8 Äæåííè åñòü òîëüêî ìîëî÷íûå ïðîäóêòû, êîòîðûå ñîäåðæàò (À) ìàëî æèðîâ.

9 Ïàòðèê (Ñ) íèêîìó íå ãîâîðèë, ÷òî îí ïåðååçæàåò ñ êâàðòèðû.

10  ïîñëåäíþþ íî÷ü ôåñòèâàëÿ, îíè (Â) çàïóñêàëè çàìå÷àòåëüíûå ôåéåðâåðêè.

11 Íå ñòîèò (Ñ) ÷èíèòü ñâîþ ñòàðóþ ïîñóäîìîå÷íóþ ìàøèíó, òû ìîæåøü êóïèòü íîâóþ ïî õîðîøåé öåíå.

12 Ïåðâîå (À) çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííîå íàáëþäåíèå Ëîõ Íåññêîãî ×óäîâèùà îòíîñèòñÿ ê 6ìó âåêó.

13 Íå ñìîòðÿ (Ñ) íà õîëîäíóþ ïîãîäó, íàøå ïóòåøåñòâèå â Èñïàíèþ áûëî äîñòàòî÷íî ïðèÿòíûì.

14 ß â÷åðà (Â) íàòêíóëñÿ íà äðóãà, êîòîðîãî ÿ íå âèäåë äîëãîå âðåìÿ.

15 âñåãäà ñòîèò (À) îêàçûâàòü ñâîþ ïîääåðæêó áëàãîòâîðèòåëüíîñòè.

16 Äæåéìñ çàáåðåò òåáÿ â 8:00, (Ñ) åñëè òû íå ðåøèøü âçÿòü ñâîþ ìàøèíó.

17 Òðåéñè ñêàçàëà ìíå, ÷òî îíà (Ñ) îäîëæèò ìíå ìàøèíó íà âûõîäíûå.

18 Êóøàòü òàê ìíîãî âðåäíîé åäû è íå çàíèìàòüñÿ ìîæåò ïðèâåñòè (À) ê ïðîáëåìàì ñî çäîðîâüåì.

20 Þáêà Ìýðè áûëà òàêîé äëèííîé, ÷òî (Â) îíà óêîðîòèëà åå íà íåñêîëüêî ñàíòèìåòðîâ.

21 Îòîäâèíü ñâîé êîôå ïîäàëüøå îò êîìïüþòåðà, ïîòîìó ÷òî òû (Ñ) ðàçîëüåøü åãî íà êëàâèàòóðó.

22 ß íå ñëûøàëà (Â) åå 2 íåäåëè, òàê, ÿ ïîëàãàþ, îíà áûëà î÷åíü çàíÿòà.

23 Çäåñü (À) òàê æàðêî. Òû ìîæåøü îòêðûòü îêíî, ïîæàëóéñòà?

24 Ó Äèí åñòü ãàäêàÿ (Â) ïðèâû÷êà îñòàâëÿòü âåçäå âêëþ÷åííûé ñâåò, êîãäà îí óõîäèò èç äîìà.

25 ×òî òû ïðåäëàãàåøü (Â) ìíå äåëàòü ñ ìîåé øóìíîé ñîñåäêîé? Îíà äåéñòâèòåëüíî ðàçäðàæàåò!

26 Äæåéí è Ãåîðã î÷åíü (Â) ïîõîæè ïî õàðàêòåðó; îíè îáà äðóæåëþáíû è îáùèòåëüíû.

27 Íå ïåðåæèâàé, ê òîìó âðåìåíè êàê ìû îòïðàâèìñÿ â òóð ïîõîä, äîæäü (À) ïðåêðàòèòüñÿ.

28 Ýòà êàðòèíà (Ñ) èçîáðàæàåò ñöåíó ðîäíîãî ãîðîäà õóäîæíèêà.

29 Êîãäà ìàëåíüêàÿ äåâî÷êà óñëûøàëà, ÷òî êëîóí íå ñìîæåò ñäåëàòü ýòî íà åå âå÷åðèíêó, îíà ðàçðûäàëàñü.

30 Íå ìîã á òû (Ñ) íå çàõîäèòü íà êóõíþ, ïîêà ÿ ãîòîâëþ? ß ãîòîâëþ òåáå ñþðïðèç!

31 Ëèçà íå çíàëà êàê äîáðàòüñÿ äî ìóçåÿ, ïîýòîìó îíà ïîïðîñèëà ìåñòíûõ ëþäåé ðàññêàçàòü åé, ãäå (Â) îí áûë.

32 Ìû ìîæåì ïîåõàòü (Â) êóäà òû çàõî÷åøü íà òâîé äåíü ðîæäåíèÿ. Ýòî òâîé âûáîð!

33 Òû ìîæåøü ïîìî÷ü ìíå îòêðûòü ïî÷òó, ïîæàëóéñòà? ß íå çíàþ, êàê ýòî ñäåëàòü.

34 Ïîñëå êîðîòêîãî ïåðåðûâà, Äæîíàòàí ïðîäîëæèë (Ñ) äåëàòü ñâîþ ðàáîòó.

35 Ýììà (À) äîìà íà ýòîé íåäåëå, ïîòîìó ÷òî îíà ÷óâñòâóåò ñåáÿ íå î÷åíü õîðîøî.

36 Òû (À) íå ìîãëà âèäåòü Ïàòðèêà íà êîíöåðòå. Îí áûë â Ìèëàíå ïîñëåäíèå 2 íåäåëè.

37 Ýòî (Â) ñàìàÿ õóäøàÿ èäåÿ, êîòîðàÿ ó òåáÿ êîãäà-ëèáî áûëà, Äæî!

38 Åñëè Äæóëèÿ (Ñ) çàõî÷åò ïîéòè ñ íàìè, îíà áóäåò çäåñü â 8:00.

39 Áèë óäàðèëñÿ î äâåðü è (Â) ïîñòàâèë ñèíÿê ïîä ãëàç.

40 Êîãî òû (Â) çëèøü, êîãäà âåäåøü ñåáÿ òàêèì îáðàçîì, åñëè òû çíàåøü êàê ñèëüíî ýòî ðàçäðàæàåò äðóãèõ?

41 ß äóìàþ, òåáå ñëåäóåò ïîãîâîðèòü ñ êåì-òî, êòî ìîæåò ïîìî÷ü òåáå (À) ïîñìîòðåòü â ëèöî ñâîåé áîÿçíè âûñîòû.

42 Ïî÷åìó ó òåáÿ òàêîé (À) íåñ÷àñòíûé âèä? ×òî-òî ñëó÷èëîñü?

43 Ðàíåíûå ñêàëîëàçû (Ñ) áûëè äîñòàâëåíû â áîëüíèöó âåðòîëåòîì.

44 Âîëòåð âñå î÷åíü (Â) ïðîÿñíèë; îí íå ïðèíÿë îòâåòñòâåííîñòü çà óùåðá.

45 Òâîè âîëîñû âûãëÿäÿò (Â) íàìíîãî ëó÷øå ñåé÷àñ, êîãäà òû ïîäñòðèãëà èõ êîðîòêî.

46 Îòåëü, â êîòîðîì îíè ðåøèëè ïðîâåñòè ñâîé ìåäîâûé ìåñÿö, áûë (Â) àáñîëþòíî èäåàëüíûì.

47 Ïðåäïðèÿòèå ïîòåðïåëî ñèëüíûé óùåðá â ðåçóëüòàòå ïîæàðà, êîòîðûé (Ñ) çàãîðåëñÿ ïðîøëîé íî÷üþ.

48 Êðèê ýòî îáùèé (À) ýìîöèîíàëüíûé îòâåò íà ãíåâ.

49 Â òî âðåìÿ êîãäà Áåí (Â) ëåç ïî ëåñòíèöå, îí óïàë è ïîðàíèë ñïèíó.

50 Ó îñüìèíîãà 8 ùóïàëåö.

51 Îíà íå ìîæåò (Ñ) ðàçîáðàòü, ÷òî ñêàçàíî â ýòîé çàïèñêå, ïîòîìó ÷òî áóêâû òàêèå ìàëåíüêèå.

52 Èç âñåõ äîìàøíèõ îáÿçàííîñòåé, (À) âûòèðàòü ïûëü ñ ìåáåëè òðÿïêîé ýòî òî, çà ÷åì ÿ ñëåæó ìåíüøå âñåãî.

53 ß (Â) íå ïîíèìàþ ýòè óïðàæíåíèÿ; òû ìîæåøü ìíå ïîìî÷ü, ïîæàëóéñòà?

54 Âèêè (Ñ) åùå íå îòïðàâèëà ïðèãëàøåíèÿ íà ñâîþ âå÷åðèíêó â ÷åñòü äíÿ ðîæäåíèÿ.

55 Ó÷èòåëü ñêàçàë íàì (Ñ) íå îñòàâëÿòü êëàññ, ïîêà íå çàêîí÷èòñÿ òåñò.

56 Ýòî áûë ïðåêðàñíûé äåíü, è ìíîãî ëþäåé (Ñ) ïðîãóëèâàëèñü íå ñïåøà ïî ïàðêó.

57 Ìýòüþ õîòåë, ÷òîáû îí (Â) çàáðîíèðîâàë êîìíàòó äî òîãî, êàê ïîåõàë íà îñòðîâ; òåïåðü åìó íåãäå îñòàíîâèòüñÿ.

58 Äåòè óâèäåëè êàê èõ ìÿ÷ (À) êàòèòñÿ âíèç ñ ãîðû è ïîáåæàëè ïîéìàòü åãî.

59 Êîãäà îíà ïîíÿëà, ÷òî íèêòî íå ïîñòðàäàë â ïðîèñøåñòâèè, îíà (À) âçäîõíóëà ñ îáëåã÷åíèåì.

60 Ñòþàðòó íðàâèòñÿ ÷èòàòü ãàçåòó, êîãäà îí (Ñ) ìåäëåííî ïüåò ñâîé óòðåííèé êîôå.

61 Ýòîò ñîóñ ñäåëàí (Â) èç ïîìèäîð è ñâåæèõ îâîùåé.

62 Ïðîâåðüòå èìåíà ëþäåé, êîòîðûå ïîëó÷èëè ïðèãëàøåíèå (Â) èç ñïèñêà, ÷òîáû ìû íå îòïðàâèëè èì åãî åùå ðàç.

63 Òóôëè ñ âûñîêèìè êàáëóêàìè íå î÷åíü (Â) ïðàêòè÷íû, åñëè âû ñîáèðàåòåñü õîäèòü íà äëèííûå äèñòàíöèè.

64 Òåïåðü, êàê Äæîðäæ íà÷àë çàíèìàòü òÿæåëîé àòëåòèêîé, åãî ìóñêóëû ñòàíîâÿòñÿ (À) ñèëüíåå è ñèëüíåå.

65 Àêòåð ïðåäñòàâèë îïàñíûé (Ñ) òðþê, êîòîðûé ïî÷òè ñòîèë åìó æèçíè.

66 Íå äîáàâëÿé áîëüøå ñàõàðà (Â) â ÷àé; îí äîñòàòî÷íî ñëàäêèé.

67 ß êóïèë äîïîëíèòåëüíûé áèëåò (Ñ) â ñëó÷àå, åñëè òû ðåøèøü ïîéòè ñ íàìè íà êîíöåðò.

68 Äæåê íå ìîæåò (Â) ïðèñîåäèíèòüñÿ ê èíòåðíåòó, ïîòîìó ÷òî ÷òî-òî íå òàê ñ åãî ìîäåìîì.

69 Äýâèä ïîòåðÿë (À) ñîçíàíèå, êîãäà óïàë è óäàðèëñÿ ãîëîâîé î ïîë.

70 Ïåííè (À) ñîáèðàëà êèòàéñêèõ êóêîë ñ òîãî ìîìåíòà, êàê áûëà ïîäðîñòêîì.

71 Ó Äðåíà (Â) áûëà ñïîðòèâíàÿ ìàøèíà, íî îí ïðîäàë åå 2 ãîäà íàçàä.

72 Êîãäà ÿ ïðîñìàòðèâàë íåêîòîðûå ñòàðûå êíèãè, ÿ (Ñ) íàòêíóëñÿ íà ïåðâóþ ñêàçêó, êîòîðóþ ìîè ðîäèòåëè êîãäà-òî êóïèëè ìíå.

73 Íå áåñïîêîé Ìýðè, ó íåå (Ñ) äîñòàòî÷íî ñâîèõ ïðîáëåì!

74 Ìû ìîæåì ñõîäèòü â äðóãîé ðåñòîðàí?  ýòîì î÷åíü (Â) ëþäíî.

75 Òåáå íóæíî (Â) ïîäìåñòè ïîë; êòî-òî ïðîñûïàë ñàõàð íà íåãî.

76 Õýëëîóèí ýòî (À) åæåãîäíîå ïðàçäíîâàíèå, êîòîðîå ïðîâîäèòñÿ 31 îêòÿáðÿ.

77 Õóäîæíèê íå áûë îñîáî óäîâëåòâîðåí (Ñ) ïðîñìîòðîì ñâîåé ðàáîòû.

78 Óäîñòîâåðüòåñü, ÷òî âû ïðî÷èòàëè èíñòðóêöèè äî òîãî êàê (Ñ) âîñïîëüçîâàëèñü êàìåðîé â ïåðâûé ðàç.

79 Åñëè áû Êðèñ ïîïðîñèë ìåíÿ î ïîìîùè, êîãäà ïîïàë â áåäó, ÿ (À) áûë áû ñ÷àñòëèâ ïîìî÷ü åìó.

80 Ìîé ó÷èòåëü ïîñîâåòîâàë ìíå (Â) âçÿòü íåñêîëüêî äîïîëíèòåëüíûé óðîêîâ ìàòåìàòèêè.

Ïðèâåäåì âûäåðæêó èç çàäàíèÿ èç ó÷åáíèêà Þëèÿ Âàóëèíà, Äæóííè Äóëè 10 êëàññ, Ïðîñâåùåíèå:

Choose the correct answer A, B or C.

1 Luckily, Jason was able to (Â) make a full recovery after his accident.

2 Let’s not argue about this anymore, (À) shall we?

3 Brandon is (Â) such a selfish person that he never cares about how anyone else feels.

4 After the earthquake, most houses in the old village were left (À) in ruins.

5 Jane had to turn (Ñ) down Bette’s invitation to dinner, because she wasn’t feeling very well.

6 Can you please stop (Â) glaring at Ben? Why are you so angry with him?

7 I’d sooner (A) spend the holidays somewhere by the sea, if you don’t mind.

8 Jenny only eats dairy products which are (A) low in fat.

9 Patrick didn’t tell (C) anyone that he was moving house.

10 On the last night of the festival, they (B) let off amazing fireworks.

11 it’s not worth (C) fixing your old dishwasher, you can get a new one at a good price.

12 The first (A) recorded sighting of the Loch Ness Monster goes back to the 6th century.

13 Apart (C) from the cold weather, our trip to Spain was quite enjoyable.

14 I ran (B) into a friend I hadn’t seen for a long time yesterday.

15 It’s always worthwhile to (A) give our support to a charity.

16 James will pick you up at 8:00, (C) unless you decide to take your own car.

17 Tracy told me she (C) would lend me her car for the weekend.

18 Eating too much junk food and not exercising can lead (A) to health problems.

19 Alex says he’d like (A) to fly to Edinburgh rather than drive all the way up there.

20 Mary’s skirt was too long, so (B) she had it shortened a few centimetres.

21 Move your coffee away from your computer because you (C) are going to spill it on your keyboard.

22 I haven’t heard (B) from her for two weeks, so I guess she’s been very busy.

23 It’s (A) too hot in here. Can you open the window, please?

24 Dean has a nasty (B) habit of leaving all the lights on when he leaves the house.

25 What do you suggest (B) I do about my nosy neighbour? She’s really annoying!

26 Jane and George are very much (B) alike in character; they’re both friendly and sociable.

27 Don’t worry, by the time we set off on our hiking trip it (A) will have stopped raining.

28 This painting (C) portrays a scene from the artist’s hometown.

29 When the little girl heard that the clown wouldn’t be able to make it to her party, she burst (A) into tears.

30 Can you keep (C) out of the kitchen while I’m cooking? I’m preparing a surprise for you!

31 Lisa didn’t know how to get to the museum, so she asked a local to tell her where (B) it was

32 We can do (B) whatever you want for your birthday. It’s your choice!

33 Can you help me open an email (A) account, please? I don’t know how to do it.

34 After a short break, Jonathan continued (C) doing his homework.

35 Emma (A) is staying home this week, because she hasn’t been feeling very well.

36 You (A) can’t have seen Patrick at the concert. He’s been in Milan for the past two weeks.

37 This is (B) the worst idea you’ve ever had, Joe!

38 If Julie (C) wants to come with us, she’ll have to be here at 8:00.

39 Bill bumped into a door and (B) bruised his eye.

40 Why do you carry (B) on behaving like this when you know how much it annoys everyone?

41 I think you should talk to someone who can help you (A) face your fear of heights.

42 Why the (A) long face? Is there something wrong?

43 The injured climbers (C) were taken to the hospital by helicopter.

44 Walter has made (B) himself very clear; he will not accept responsibility for the damage.

45 Your hair looks (B) much better now that you’ve cut it short.

46 The hotel where they chose to spend their honeymoon was (B) absolutely perfect.

47 The factory suffered major damage as a result of the fire that broke (C) out last night.

48 Shouting is a common (A) emotional response to anger.

49 While Ben (B) was climbing up the ladder, he fell and hurt his back.

50 An octopus has eight (A) tentacles

51 She can’t make (C) out what this note says, because the letters are too small.

52 Of all the household chores, (A) dusting the furniture with a cloth is the one I mind the least.

53 I (B) don’t understand this exercise; can you help me, please?

54 Vicky (C) still hasn’t sent out the invitations to her birthday party.

55 The teacher told us (C) not to leave the classroom until the test ended.

56 It was a nice day and many people were (C) strolling leisurely around the park.

57 Matthew wishes he (B) had booked a room before he went to the island; now there’s nowhere for him to stay.

58 The children saw their ball (A) rolling down the hillside and ran to catch it.

59 When she realised that no one had been hurt in the accident, she (A) heaved a sigh of relief.

60 Stewart enjoys reading the paper while (C) sipping his morning coffee.

61 This sauce was made (B) with tomatoes and fresh vegetables.

62 Check the names of the people who have received an invitation (B) off the list, so we don’t send them another one.

63 High-heeled shoes are not very (B) practical if you intend to walk long distances.

64 Now that George has started weightlifting, his muscles are becoming (A) stronger and stronger

65 The actor performed a dangerous (C) stunt which nearly cost him his life.

66 Don’t add any more sugar B in my tea; it’s quite sweet.

67 I’ve bought an extra ticket (C) in case you decide to come to the concert with us.

68 Jack can’t (B) connect to the Internet because there’s something wrong with his modem.

69 David lost (A) consciousness when he fell and his head hit the floor.

70 Penny (A) has been collecting china dolls ever since she was a teenager.

71 Darren (B) used to have a sports car, but he sold it two years ago.

72 As I was going through some old books, I came (C) across the first fairy tale my parents had ever bought me.

73 Don’t bother Mary, she has (C) enough problems of her own!

74 Can we try another restaurant? This one is very (B) crowded

75 You need to (B) sweep the floor; someone’s spilled some sugar on it.

76 Halloween is a(n) (A) annual celebration that takes place on October 31st.

77 The artist wasn’t very pleased (C) with the reviews of his work.

78 Make sure you read the instructions before you (C) use the camera for the first time.

79 If Chris had asked for my help when he was in trouble, I (A) would have been happy to help him.

80 My teacher advised me (B) to take some extra maths lessons.

*Öèòèðèðîâàíèå ÷àñòè çàäàíèÿ ñî ññûëêîé íà ó÷åáíèê ïðîèçâîäèòñÿ èñêëþ÷èòåëüíî â ó÷åáíûõ öåëÿõ äëÿ ëó÷øåãî ïîíèìàíèÿ ðàçáîðà ðåøåíèÿ çàäàíèÿ.

Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A The Armoury is situated near the Kremlin.

B Originally the Kremlin was wooden.

C New walls and towers of red brick were built in the 15th century.

D The Trinity Gate leads to Red Square.

E The monument to Minin and Pozharsky is the oldest in Moscow.

F The monument to Alexander Pushkin is not far from the monument to Yuri Dolgoruky.

G You can watch ballets in the Maly Theatre.

Утверждение

Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите интервью с автором детективных романов. В заданиях 3—9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3

Which benefit of trees has not been mentioned by the speaker?
1) Protection from flooding.
2) Protection from the sun’s rays.
3) Protection from precipitation.
Ответ: .

4

The smell of pines in the forest is the result of trees releasing

1) oxygen.

2) carbon dioxide.

3) other gasses.

Ответ: .

5

Scientists want to study how
1) gasses are released by trees into the atmosphere.
2) organic compounds form tiny particles.
3) these particles influence the climate.
Ответ: .

6

Cloud droplets are unable to

1) absorb solar radiation.

2) reflect solar radiation.

3) scatter solar radiation.

Ответ: .

7

According to scientists, cloud droplets influence

1) the size of the cloud.

2) the colour of the cloud.

3) the movement of the cloud.

Ответ: .

8

The actual formation of the clouds is governed
1) only by the formation of cloud droplets.
2) primarily by the formation of cloud droplets.
3) by several different processes.
Ответ: .

9

A new way of addressing the problem of global warming is by reducing the amount of
1) greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere.
2) the sun’s radiation getting through the atmosphere.
3) the sun’s radiation reflected by the clouds.
Ответ: .

Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

10

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1—8 и текстами A—G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Exotic Pets
2. Going Back in Time
3. Small Screen Addiction
4. Body Language

5. Massive Destruction
6. Buried Treasure
7. Reason for Extinction
8. Intelligent Enemies

A. The VLT (Very Large Telescope) is the world’s largest telescope and it is taking scientists further back to the Big Bang than they ever thought possible. In other words, the VLT is a kind of a time machine, giving astronomers detailed views of events that took place in the earliest days of the cosmos. One day, we will have a much clearer picture of how our planet was born.

B. The latest development in the debate amongst scientists about what killed the prehistoric dinosaurs is the suggestion that acid rain was the cause. Some geologists suggest that a large meteor hitting the earth at 65 kilometres per second would have led to strongly acidic rain falling all over the world. This idea is fascinating but it would mean the dinosaurs would all have died within a very short time.

C. In 1948, a British farmer discovered an interesting lump of metal while ploughing his field. At first he thought the metal bits were parts of an old bed. Then more ‘parts of old beds’ turned up and the farmer took them to the local museum. ‘But these bits are priceless!’ exclaimed the keeper of the museum. ‘They are Iron Age jewellery and coins!’ Over the next 40 years, more and more items were found in the same field.

D. Rats may have had a bit of a hard time over the years but these days lots of people are forgetting about guinea-pigs and hamsters and are buying rats instead. Domestic rats aren’t the same as the ones that run around rubbish bins — they’re actually quite cute. They are very intelligent and can be trained like dogs. They come in different colours and — a big bonus — they will eat anything!

E. In Western cultures, people look each other in the eye during a conversation to show interest and trust, but in many Asian countries, it’s rude to look people in the eye, especially a superior such as a teacher. One of the most basic and powerful signals is when a person crosses his or her arms across the chest. This can indicate that a person is putting up an unconscious barrier between themselves and others.

F. Earthquakes happen all the time in all parts of the world but we don’t notice most of them because they are small. However, big earthquakes are really dangerous. They can make buildings fall down, set off landslides and do other deadly things. The highest death toll caused by an earthquake was in China in 1556, when at least 830,000 people died.

G. According to scientists, Americans watch more TV on average than any other nationality. In fact, many people, particularly children, sit for 35 hours or more per week glued to the box. What’s wrong with watching all that TV? Studies have linked it to everything from obesity to aggression in children not to mention that it puts your mind into a sort of sedated state. Habitual television watching, over long periods of time, has been known to cause depression, and anger.

11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is awarded every year for the best original full-length novel written by a writer from the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. It aims to represent the greatest in contemporary literature and promotes the finest in fiction by rewarding the best book of the year. The prize was originally called the Booker-McConnell Prize, A ____________. However, it was better-known as simply the ‘Booker Prize’. In 2002, the Man Group became the sponsor and they chose the new name, keeping ‘Booker’.

Publishers can submit books for consideration for the prize, but the judges can also ask for books to be submitted B ____________. Firstly, the Advisory Committee gives advice if there have been any changes to the rules for the prize. Then it selects the people C ____________. The judging panel changes every year and usually a person is only a judge once.

Great efforts are made to ensure that the judging panel is balanced in terms of gender and professions within the industry. A writer, a critic, an editor and an academic are chosen along with a well-known person from wider society. However, when the panel of judges has been finalized, they are left to make their own decisions D ____________. The Man Booker judges include critics, writers and academics E ____________. The influence of the prize is so great that the winner will almost certainly see the considerable sales increase, in addition to the £50,000 F ____________. In 1992, a Booker Russian Novel Prize was introduced.

  1. without any further interference from the prize sponsor
  2. so as to maintain the consistent quality of the prize
  3. who will judge the books
  4. so as to sell them
  5. which was the name of the company that sponsored it
  6. that comes with the prize
  7. they think should be included

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

‘Have you written a letter to the Froplinsons?’ asked Egbert.

‘No,’ said Janetta, with a note of tired defiance in her voice; ‘I’ve written eleven letters today expressing surprise and gratitude for sundry unmerited gifts, but I haven’t written to the Froplinsons yet.’

‘Someone will have to do it,’ said Egbert.

‘I don’t dispute the necessity, but I don’t think that someone should be me,’ said Janetta. ‘I wouldn’t mind writing a letter of angry recrimination or heartless satire to some suitable recipient. In fact, I should rather enjoy it, but I’ve come to the end of my capacity for expressing servile amiability. Eleven letters today and nine yesterday, all couched in the same strain of ecstatic thankfulness: really, you can’t expect me to sit down to another. There is such a thing as writing oneself out.’

‘I’ve written nearly as many,’ said Egbert, ‘and I’ve had my usual business correspondence to get through, too. Besides, I don’t know what it was that the Froplinsons sent us.’ ‘A William the Conqueror calendar,’ said Janetta, ‘with a quotation of one of his great thoughts for every day in the year.’

‘Impossible,’ said Egbert; ‘he didn’t have three hundred and sixty-five thoughts in the whole of his life, or, if he did, he kept them to himself.’

‘Well, it was William Wordsworth, then,’ said Janetta; ‘I know William came into it somewhere.’

‘That sounds more probable,’ said Egbert; ‘well, let’s collaborate on this letter and get it done. I’ll dictate, and you can scribble it down. ‘Dear Mrs. Froplinson, thank you and your husband so much for the very pretty calendar you sent us. It was very good of you to think of us.’ ’

‘You can’t possibly say that,’ said Janetta, laying down her pen. ‘We sent them something on the twenty-second,’ said Janetta, ‘so they simply had to think of us. There was no getting away from it.’

‘What did we send them?’ asked Egbert gloomily.

‘Bridge-markers,’ said Janetta, ‘in a cardboard case, with some inanity about ‘digging for fortune with a royal spade’ emblazoned on the cover. The moment I saw it in the shop I said to myself ‘Froplinsons’ and to the attendant ‘How much?’ When he said ‘Ninepence,’ I gave him their address, jabbed our card in, paid tenpence or elevenpence to cover the postage, and thanked heaven. With less sincerity and infinitely more trouble they eventually thanked me.’

‘The Froplinsons don’t play bridge,’ said Egbert.

‘One is not supposed to notice social deformities of that sort,’ said Janetta; ‘it wouldn’t be polite. Besides, what trouble did they take to find out whether we read Wordsworth with gladness? For all they knew or cared we might be frantically embedded in the belief that all poetry begins and ends with John Masefield, and it might infuriate or depress us to have a daily sample of Wordsworthian products flung at us.’

‘Well, let’s get on with the letter,’ said Egbert. ‘How clever of you to guess that Wordsworth is our favourite poet.’

Again Janetta laid down her pen.

‘Do you realise what that means?’ she asked; ‘a Wordsworth booklet next Christmas, and another calendar the Christmas after, with the same problem of having to write suitable letters of thankfulness. No, the best thing to do is to drop all further allusion to the calendar and switch off on to some other topic.’

‘But what other topic?’

‘Oh, something like this: ‘What do you think of the New Year Honours List? A friend of ours made such a clever remark when he read it.’ Then you can stick in any remark that comes into your head; it needn’t be clever. The Froplinsons won’t know whether it is or isn’t.’

‘We don’t even know on which side they are in politics,’ objected Egbert; ‘and anyhow you can’t suddenly dismiss the subject of the calendar. Surely there must be some intelligent remark that can be made about it.’

‘Well, we can’t think of one,’ said Janetta wearily; ‘the fact is, we’ve both written ourselves out.’

There was a long silence, the forlorn silence of those who are bereft of hope and have almost ceased to care. Then Egbert started from his seat with an air of resolution. The light of battle was in his eyes.

‘Let me come to the writing-table,’ he exclaimed; ‘I’m going to write to the editor of every enlightened and influential newspaper in the Kingdom, I’m going to suggest that there should be a sort of epistolary Truce of God during the festivities of Christmas and New Year. From the twenty-fourth of December to the third or fourth of January it shall be considered an offence against good sense and good feeling to write or expect any letter or communication that does not deal with the necessary events of the moment. Answers to invitations, arrangements about trains, renewal of club subscriptions, and, of course, all the ordinary everyday affairs of business, sickness, engaging new cooks, and so forth, these will be dealt with in the usual manner as something inevitable. But all the devastating accretions of correspondence, incident to the festive season, these should be swept away to give the season a chance of being really festive.’

‘But you would have to make some acknowledgment of presents received,’ objected Janetta; ‘otherwise people would never know whether they had arrived safely.’

‘Of course, I have thought of that,’ said Egbert; ‘every present that was sent off would be accompanied by a ticket bearing the date of dispatch and the signature of the sender, and some conventional hieroglyphic to show that it was intended to be a Christmas or New Year gift; there would be a counterfoil with space for the recipient’s name and the date of arrival, and all you would have to do would be to sign and date the counterfoil, add a conventional hieroglyphic indicating heartfelt thanks and gratified surprise, put the thing into an envelope and post it.’

‘It sounds delightfully simple,’ said Janetta wistfully, ‘but people would consider it too perfunctory.’

‘It is not a bit more perfunctory than the present system,’ said Egbert; ‘I have only the same conventional language of gratitude at my disposal with which to thank dear old Colonel Chuttle for his perfectly delicious Stilton, which we shall devour to the last morsel, and the Froplinsons for their calendar, which we shall never look at. So you see the present system of acknowledgment is just as perfunctory and conventional as the counterfoil business would be, only ten times more tiresome and brain-racking.’

‘Your plan would certainly bring the idea of a Happy Christmas a step nearer realisation,’ said Janetta. ‘Meanwhile, what am I to say to the Froplinsons?’

(Adapted from ‘Down Pens’ by H. H. Munro)

12

Egbert and Janetta were writing

1) application letters.
2) thank-you letters.

3) letters of recrimination.
4) letters of complaint.

Ответ: .

13

Egbert and Janetta didn’t want to write a letter to the Froplinsons because they
1) had both written themselves out.
2) didn’t like this couple.
3) didn’t know what the Froplinsons had sent them.
4) had a lot of work to do.
Ответ: .

14

Janetta liked her present to the Froplinsons because it was

1) expensive and useless.
2) cheap and useless.

3) expensive and useful.
4) cheap and useful.

Ответ: .

15

Janetta didn’t want to mention that Wordsworth was their favourite poet because
1) she actually didn’t like his poems.
2) her favourite poet was John Masefield.
3) the Froplinsons would send them new Wordsworth-related presents.
4) she didn’t want the Froplinsons to know the truth.
Ответ: .

16

Janetta considered the Froplisons to be

1) stupid.

2) clever.

3) kind.

4) mean.

Ответ: .

17

Egbert suggested that at Christmas people should
1) stop writing letters at all.
2) put off all the everyday affairs of business.
3) not make any acknowledgment of received presents.
4) send counterfoils instead of thank-you letters.
Ответ: .

18

Janetta considered a new system

1) absolutely impossible.
2) too perfunctory.

3) easy to implement.
4) totally unacceptable.

Ответ: .

Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

Обратите внимание, что по правилам ЕГЭ ответы нужно писать без пробелов и других знаков, например, правильный ответ ‘have done’ нужно будет записать как ‘havedone’, иначе ваш ответ не засчитается.

Swimming Pools

19

The first heated swimming pool by Gaius Maecenas of Rome in the first century BC.

CON-
STRUCT

20

Swimming pools became popular in Britain in the beginning of the 19th century. By 1837, London authorities six indoor pools with diving boards.

BUILD

21

The surviving swimming club in the world is the Arlington Baths Club in Glasgow. It is still an active club and continues to own its original Victorian building with a large pool.

OLD

22

After the start of modern Olympic Games in 1896, the popularity of swimming pools off. Nowadays there are lots of different swimming pools, both public and private.

TAKE

23

Most enjoy swimming and swimming pools with their wave-making machines, water slides and tropical vegetation are something unique for them.

CHILD

24

If they could, kids to spend their entire summer in the swimming pool.

CHOOSE

25

However, not everyone their own backyard pool.

HAVE

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.

Waste Management

26

Waste affects our environment — everything that surrounds us including the air, water, land, plants, and man-made things. We need a healthy environment for our own health and .

HAPPY

27

The waste we create has to be controlled to be sure that it does not harm our environment and our health.

CAREFUL

28

So waste management is very important.

EFFECT

29

Waste reduction and recycling have a wide range of environmental benefits and promote public awareness and personal for the waste we create.

RESPON-
SIBLE

30

The best place to start making a is our home. Learn how you can reduce, reuse, and recycle materials to decrease household waste.

DIFFER

31

If we recycle what we can’t use any more, we save resources because the materials replace some of the natural resources including water and energy, which we use to make new products.

RECYCLE

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Globalization and Communication Growth

The 21st century has 32____ in a new era in man’s ongoing quest for a better life and a better world. For the first time in history, we can now claim to live in ‘One World.’ Globalization has removed many of the gaps that have existed between and among nations. While the physical divide is still present, the 33____ of the Information Highway on how we communicate and live in the present day is simply staggering. Rapid improvements in information technology have allowed us to exchange information and communicate almost everywhere, anywhere, and anytime.

Globalization, as a general term, is best understood as the spread of ideas about the environment, democracy, human rights, and less complicated issues like fashion and fads. Global exchange is now taking place as the market of ideas, culture, and beliefs expand through the use of technology. The nature of business and how it is done has also improved by 34____ and bounds because of globalization.

An example of the remarkable effects of globalization is the invention of the telephone and the television. Television has enabled young people and adults to have the ability to share cultural and ethnic experiences with others. Telephones have also greatly improved communication. Gone are the weeks and even months of waiting for a letter. Anybody can talk to anyone who has another phone 35____ of distance or location on the planet. With the aid of satellites, 3rd generation phones allow us to make a phone call, send a video, or even receive an e-mail. These 36____ in communication have revolutionized business, commerce, and even the personal lives and relationships of millions of people.

Because of the electronic media, vast amounts of important information can reach any parts of the globe in 37____ time. Business establishments, whether big or small, are using the Internet in many ways to build or expand their company’s growth. With the ever improving technology come new markets, high 38____ for products, and also greater competition. Making investments in information and communication technology is now a must for any business enterprise.

32

1) started

2) began

3) ushered

4) launched

Ответ: .

33

1) cause

2) impact

3) consequences

4) result

Ответ: .

34

1) bonds

2) gaps

3) jumps

4) leaps

Ответ: .

35

1) regardless

2) despite

3) notwithstanding

4) because

Ответ: .

36

1) breakbeats

2) breakdowns

3) breakouts

4) breakthroughs

Ответ: .

37

1) any

2) no

3) none of

4) some

Ответ: .

38

1) access

2) claim

3) demand

4) rise

Ответ: .

Ваш результат: пока 0.

Далее вы можете набрать еще 40 баллов. Автоматически это проверить нельзя, поэтому сделайте реалистичный прогноз о том, сколько бы вы смогли набрать баллов, и получите ваш итоговый результат ЕГЭ.

Если возник вопрос по ответу, в котором вы ошиблись, можете задать его в комментариях.

Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Jessica who writes:

… By the way, we are doing a project at college on the fashion industry in different countries. It would be nice if you could tell me what clothes are popular with teenagers in Russia. Do you have any special fashion for teens? What kind of clothes do you prefer? Why?

As for me, I bought a new dress yesterday …

Write a letter to Jessica.
In your letter
— answer her questions
— ask 3 questions about her tastes in clothes
Write 100 — 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

За это задание вы можете получить 6 баллов максимум.

Comment on the following statement.

Lots of people enjoy celebrating holidays. However, for some people a holiday is just a day off.

What is your attitude to celebrations? Which way of celebrating holidays do you find more enjoyable?

Write 200 — 250 words.

— make an introduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2—3 reasons for your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1—2 reasons for this opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion restating your position

За это задание вы можете получить 14 баллов максимум.

Раздел 5. ГОВОРЕНИЕ

— За 1,5 минуты нужно подготовиться и в следующие 1,5 минуты выразительно прочитать текст вслух — 1 балл.
— Составление 5 вопросов на основе ключевых слов. На подготовку отводится 1,5 минуты, затем каждый вопрос надо сформулировать в течение 20 секунд — 5 баллов.
— 3 фотографии. Нужно выбрать 1 и описать ее по предложенному тут же в задании плану за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.
— 2 картинки. Нужно сравнить их, описать сходства и различия, объяснить, почему выбранная тематика близка выпускнику, за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.

10

10

Установите соответствие тем 1 — 8 текстам A — G. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

1. Reasons to be afraid

2. Fight your fear

3. A place of wonders

4. How to say thank you

5. Visiting for wild life and animals

6. Learn to be grateful

7. It’s never late to learn

8. Reading non-verbal language

A. Nowadays when it’s all too easy to send an email or text, the best way to show that you are grateful to somebody is to actually mail a hand-written card. The person who gets it will know you took the extra time and thought to write a card and put it in the mail with a nice stamp. That person will appreciate your efforts much more. Plus, you’ll get the added bonus of feeling grateful a little longer than usual as you write out each note and wait for it to arrive.

B. Music is a noble passion, and people who can play a musical instrument have always been seen as intelligent people. Learning how to play a musical instrument is far more efficient if you do it in childhood. However, there are millions of adults who learn to enjoy music throughout their lives. Moreover, they don’t focus on just one instrument, but specialize in two or even more, if they have the time and the necessary ambition.

C. Millions of people avoid air travel each year because of their fear of flying. The fear of accidents happening is probably the most common fear among air travellers. It is an understandable fear, since there have been many aviation accidents throughout history. Some people may have a fear that the plane has some type of malfunction or breakdown, while others may have a fear that the weather or turbulance will affect the plane.

D. Try to understand that being scared is just an illusion that makes you limited and miserable. Take control of your mind and don’t let your imagination create frightening pictures in your head. If you cannot deal with it, you should make attempts to leave your comfort zone. Choose things and activities you are afraid of and meet your worries face to face, because it is impossible to run away from them. Just face your troubles no matter how powerful they may seem.

E. When you get chronically bored with something, your mind gets used to seeing the world negatively. It is necessary to break the chain of negative thoughts and train your mind to notice the best. Just write down 5 things you are thankful for. This way, your mind will change for the better in a while. The thankfulness will open your eyes to the beauty of the world around you and will help you to focus on positive moments in your life.

F. If you go to Ireland, go to isolated distant places in the country, talk to the locals and they will tell you the stories about the mythical Irish place, called the Otherworld. They believe that it is the land of paradise and happiness. In Irish poetry and tales, it is described as a series of islands near Ireland where the various fairytale creatures lived. Also the Otherworld seemed to be able to move from one location to another.

G. Many people can understand the nature of character without talking to the person they are interested in. The gestures and postures usually reflect the mood and the level of the person’s confidence. It’s easy to notice a highly confident person even in a big group of people. They stand in one place without constant moving from place to place, and they always make eye contact with the person they are talking to.

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Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.

1. where one can enjoy close contact with

2. which meet every need of their users

3. than to discover them once for oneself

4. who has never been to this wonderful city

5. which is ideal for various water sports

6. to the smaller coves, sheltered by huge cliffs

7. who have different options around the capital

Beaches of Portugal

Covering more than 850 km, the Portuguese coast boasts such a large number of fine, white sandy beaches that it is almost impossible to keep count. All bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and all different, their beauty is hard to describe, so there is nothing better A ______________________.

The most famous are in the Algarve. With three thousand hours of sun per year and warm waters, there are beaches to suit every taste and many dreamlike resorts. The choices are many, from sandy stretches extending as far as the eye can see B ______________________, the trade image of the region. They are always accompanied by a calm clear sea, C ______________________.

In Costa da Caparica, the beaches are particularly dear to Lisbonites D ______________________ for sun and sea bathing. There are deserted beaches here too, of a wild beauty, E ______________________ nature. In the centre, tourists will find very wide sandy stretches, to which traditional fishing adds a picturesque touch. And further north, the colder waters and the invigorating sea are tempered by the welcoming atmosphere and the clean air of the mountains and the forests.

Despite all their differences, all beaches share one thing – quality. They are safe and offer a wide range of support and recreational services, F ______________________. And a large number of Portuguese beaches are granted the European blue flag every year, a distinction that is a sign of their excellent conditions.

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Lazy summer days vs. landscapers

Whether you’re a first grader proud of the fact you survived your first year of full-day education or a grad student desperate for a study break, summer vacation means one thing to everybody: sleeping in on weekday mornings. There is no alarm to hit at 6:30 and no bus to chase after. And while days might be filled with summer jobs and day camp, those never seem to start quite as early.

So why is there a conspiracy working against students the minute the final bell rings and the last exam is turned in? And the culprit is visible in any given apartment complex, condo community or public park: landscapers.

I have lived in many towns and in homes of different shapes and sizes in my short, 23 years on Earth. And yet, no matter where I call home, I am faced with the same hardship: trying to sleep in on lazy, summer mornings while the lawn mowers are hard at work on public and private yards.

The townhouse neighborhood I called home when I was a little girl was a jam-packed street. We had more than 250 houses on my block alone. One of the things my mom loved about that house was its tiny yard.

My mother does not have a green bone in her body. She has killed every herb garden my sister and I have ever given her. So my mother was thrilled that our front yard was the size of a postage stamp. It, like every other yard on the block, only needed to be trimmed once a month to look good. And yet, every Monday and Thursday at 7:30 a.m., the city-contracted landscaping team would drive down our street and unload two or three industrial mowers and go to work on the little patches of public grass around mail boxes and trees.

Later, when I moved to Michigan, my family and I lived in a condominium complex our first year. As part of the deal, every yard was landscaped with big bushes and tulip patches. But to keep the yards all looking nice and healthy, the owners had full-time landscapers keep up with the maintenance. My mother was thrilled to have a full garden without worrying about killing each plant one by one.

Never having to before, I was thrilled I didn’t have to mow this new yard that was 100 times bigger than the postage stamp one we had before. But I was not so thrilled when the mowers showed up on Saturday mornings. Saturdays! Were they serious? Mowing every yard on the street starting at 7 a.m. on a Saturday.

As an adult out on my own, I like that apartments don’t come with yards I have to maintain. I am just getting the hang of remembering to buy groceries and having my own mailbox to check. If I had to add watering flowers to my to-do list, I would forget. But what I’m not so thrilled about is that Friday mornings is my building’s scheduled mowing day. I live on the first floor of my building, with no way to muffle the roar of the mower against the side of the building when it is directly outside my window. No sleep for me.

I am not so selfish that I don’t understand why mowers work in the morning. Landscapers have multiple customers to serve on any given day, and the earlier they start the earlier they can be done. Plus, it is cooler in the morning, and preferable, rather than at noon when the sun is high in the sky. But students work hard all year and look forward to a break from books, tests and alarm clocks.

So, in order to find a common ground between landscapers and students, I send this challenge out into the universe: whoever can build a silent lawn mower will get my undying gratitude, love and affection and whatever else they want, I promise!

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What does the author like about summer holidays?

1. She works at a day camp.

2. She сan have a summer job.

3. She has no school.

4. She does not have to get up early.

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What is the author complaining about mentioning the landscapers?

1. The quality of their work.

2. The noise they make.

3. The plants they tend to.

4. The size of the yards.

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The phrase “does not have a green bone in her body” in paragraph 5 (“My mother does not have a green bone in her body”) is closest in meaning to …

1. is not good at gardening.

2. does not eat greens.

3. does not look after her garden.

4. hates planting flowers.

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Which is NOT true about the author’s place in Michigan?

1. Her mother did not like the garden.

2. The mowers worked on weekend mornings.

3. Owners had to hire landscapers.

4. Their yard was much more spacious.

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What does the author say about her independent adult life?

1. She misses her Michigan big yard.

2. She is glad to be living without a yard.

3. She suffers from the lack of sleep.

4. She forgets about checking her mailbox.

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Landscapers start their work early because …

1. it feels more comfortable.

2. it is better for watering the flowers.

3. they have a very packed schedule.

4. it’s a customers’ requirement.

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What would be the best solution to the problem, according to the author?

1. Invention of a soundless mower.

2. Special agreement with landscapers.

3. Houses without yards.

4. Student protests.

Подробности
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A nice surprise ответы егэ    
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А21-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. TEST  13  ( part 3)

Monday, 14th March

I overslept this morning. I don’t know how it happened. I’m sure I A21 set the alarm last night as usual. At least, I think I did. I remember having a cup of tea, turning the TV off and putting the cat outside. Then the phone rang. It was my granddaughter, Zoe. She had been A22 appearing in her school play and she wanted to tell me all about it. I must say it sounded wonderful! I A23 regret not going, but if I went to see everything my grandchildren did, I would never have any time for myself.

Anyway, whatever the reason was, my alarm didn’t A24 go off this morning, so I was late meeting Rita for coffee. She said she didn’t mind, though, because she had a good book to read. We chatted for half an hour and then went to have a wander round the shops. Everything seems so expensive these days, or it does to those of us who have «A25 retired from work. It’s not easy living on a pension. In the end, I just bought some wool for a jumper I’m making and Rita bought a new hat.

We had A26 missed our usual bus home, so we decided to have lunch in one of those fast food places. I’d never been in one before, but Rita said she had, with her grandson. I let her order the food and we sat down to eat. Well, I’ve never had anything so disgusting in my whole life! The chips were so salty I couldn’t eat them. The other thing was like a bread roll with a beefburger and cheese on it. It turned A27 out to be a ‘special cheeseburger’, although it didn’t seem very special to me. It tasted like cardboard. I don’t think I’ll be going in a place like that again.

Tomorrow is my eldest son Darren’s birthday and we’re planning to have a nice picnic in the

countryside. I can’t believe that he’s about to A28 turn fifty. How old does that make me? Don’t ask!

A21

1) set

Set the alarm — поставить будильник; устоявшееся выражение

2) put

3) did

4) timed

A22

1) appearing

Appear in smth — выступать на сцене; устоявшееся выражение

2) playing

3) standing

4) dramatising

A23

1) reject

отказываться, отклонять

2) repent

каяться

3) resent

негодовать, возмущаться

4) regret

сожалеть

A24

1) go

Go off — взрываться (о взрывчатке), запускаться (о будильнике), выстреливать (об оружии) и т.д.

2) come

Come off — покидать; отрываться, отваливаться

3) bring

Bring off — успешно завершать

4) sound

Sound off — громко жаловаться; распространяться, болтать о чем-либо (разг.)

A25

1) ceased

Cease from — нет такого сочетания

2) retired

Retired from work — уходить в отставку

3) retreated

Retreat from — отступать, отходить (прям. и перен.)

4) fired

Всегда в пассиве!

A26

1) lost

Lose — терять

2) dropped

Drop — ронять

3) missed

Miss — пропускать

4) failed

Fail — проваливать, терпеть неудачу

A27

1) round

Round down — округлять число с понижением

2) down

Turn down — отвергать (предложение)

3) off

Turn off — выключать

4) out

Turn out — оказываться

A28

1) get

2) turn

Turn *age* — исполняться столько-то лет (He’s about to turn fifty); устоявшееся выражение

3) make

4) have