A night in the eiffel tower егэ ответы

Задание 8466. грамматика и лексика. егэ по английскому запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному

Задание №8466.
Грамматика и лексика. ЕГЭ по английскому

Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

A night in the Eifel Tower

Seven million people visit the Eiffel Tower every year. But have you ever dreamed ___ sleeping in this iconic structure?

1) at
2) over
3) of
4) for

Решение:

A night in the Eifel Tower

Seven million people visit the Eiffel Tower every year. But have you ever dreamed OF sleeping in this iconic structure?

Ночь в Эйфелевой башне

Семь миллионов человек посещают Эйфелеву башню каждый год. Но вы когда-нибудь мечтали переночевать в этом культовом здании?

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Источник: ФИПИ. Открытый банк тестовых заданий

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An unforgettable trip

When I decided to go travelling, I wanted to get away from everything for a while. I could suddenly feel the freedom and the adventure, and I really wanted it for a 32______ time. So I sold all my furniture, gave notice on my flat, quit my job, and then bought a backpack and a ticket halfway around the world.

During my first stopover in Singapore, on my way to Australia, I felt nervous. I sat tired and hungry in my hotel room, 33______ with my wish to take a flight straight back home. Because if I felt lonely after 34______ 14 hours, could I honestly do this for another 12 months? Fortunately, something inside encouraged me not to 35______ up and to see the night through, and I carried on.

One of my worries setting out had been meeting rude people, but I didn’t come across a single unkind person on my travels. In fact, the people I met were everything I tried to be: kind, considerate, creative, down to earth, passionate, warm and friendly. 36______ I travelled on my own, I was never alone – all the people I met became my friends. For example, one Italian girl gave me her jumper when I was cold, a Japanese girl helped me cook a meal, and another girl helped me with my bags on a train. Once I met a group on a tour bus who persuaded me to 37______ them on a boat trip, which ended up being one of the best trips of my life. And the guy I met 38______ chance walking down a mountain on Christmas Day is now one of my closest friends.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 – 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 – 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

A night in the Eifel Tower

Seven million people visit the Eiffel Tower every year. But have you ever dreamed 32 ______ sleeping in this iconic structure?

Holiday rental company Viva constructed a temporary VIP apartment on the first level of the tower, open only for the duration of the Euro football tournament from 10 June to 10 July 2016. The two-bedroom apartment, with the best Paris views was furnished with a big screen television for 33 ______ the game. The space also included a seating area filled with hanging plants.

A lot of people were attracted by the 34 ______ to sleep in the apartment. To determine who got this chance, Viva 35 ______ a contest asking entrants to describe how they would spend their night in the tower.  

“My two young sons are autistic and are both obsessed with lights and the tower itself so I’d spend the night 36 ______ their excitement!” was the winning response from Michelle, in the UK.

Scott, from the United States, 37 ______ to win a night’s stay with his response about reuniting five generations in Paris: his mother who first visited the city in 1953, his daughter and granddaughter who visited at 13 and 14 respectively, and a brand new granddaughter who joined the trip.

The four winners began their one-night stays from the 23rd of June. 38 ______ there were no other nights to win, all the visitors to the Eiffel Tower had the chance to tour the apartment and join a match viewing party.

В данном задании дается связный текст с семью пропусками. В данной части экзамена это самое сложное задание. Для каждого пропуска предлагаются четыре варианта ответа, из которых только один является правильным. За каждый правильно выбранный ответ дается 1 Балл. За все задание можно получить максимально 7 Баллов.

ЦЕЛЬ ЗАДАНИЯ: Проверить умение использовать лексику в коммуникативном контек­сте с учетом специфики:

Форм одного слова и слов, близких по написанию и звучанию;

Ф Значений одного слова и его синонимов, антонимов, омонимов;

Ф Норм лексической сочетаемости, принятых в английском языке, и т. д.

СОВЕТЫ ПО ЭФФЕКТИВНОМУ ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ ЗАДАНИЯ

Заранее ознакомиться с форматом задания и с требованиями по заполнению бланков для данного задания.

Во время первого прочтения

Просмотреть текст с пропусками, постараться понять его содержание.

Во время второго прочтения

1. Читать текст до пропуска. При работе с каждым фрагментом текста с пропуском ис­пользовать следующую логику:

♦ читать внимательно весь фрагмент, но особое внимание уделить предложению с про­пущенным словом;

♦ внимательно изучить все предложенные варианты ответа, выбрать наиболее подхо­дящий с учетом значения и норм лексической сочетаемости пропущенного слова. ОСОБОЕ ВНИМАНИЕ уделить Синонимам (у них могут Быть разные оттенки значе­ния, они могут иметь Различия в управлении и сочетаемости с другими словами), а также Созвучным словам или словам Со сходным написанием (у них могут быть раз­ные значения).

♦ прочитать предложение с пропуском еще раз, убедиться, что выбранное слово являет­ся наиболее корректным для заполнения пропуска. ОБОСНОВАТЬ СВОЙ ВЫБОР, оп­ределив, почему другие варианты неверны в данном случае. Если задание выполняет­ся Не на экзамене, проверить правильность сделанного выбора По словарю.

2. Обвести/ записать окончательный вариант ответа в тексте задания.

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 1

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A New Family Member

Tracey and her sister had always wanted their own horse. And although neither of them had much spare money, they were about to ∣A22Their dream. The tricky part was not getting a horse but actually finding somewhere to keep one. But eventually Mrs Richards aGreed to let the girls ∣A23A small field at the far end of the farm. This was going to ∣A24Them J500 a year but it would work out at just over J20 per month each which was OK. The horse himself was coming from the Horse Rescue Charity. They would need to make a small donation every year to cover the cost of an animal welfare inspector who would visit twice a year. The ∣A25 Expenses after this would be for food and vet bills. But the two girls were

∣A26That they could manage and were committed to going ahead. And it was a big commitment. They were getting an eighteen month old skewbald colt named Domino. Horses often live over twenty years and the sisters were taking him on A27Life. Actually they had plans to get another horse as a friend for Domino. But first of all Domino would need to settle down. He had been badly treated by his previous owners and was still a bit nervous and difficult to ∣A28∣.

A22 I

1) realise

2) consider

3) have

4) believe

A23

1) borrow

2) pay

3) rent

4) lend

A24 I

1) charge

2) fee

3) pay

4) cost

A25 I

1) longest

2) biggest

3) hugest

4) tallest

A26

1) assured

2) comfortable

3) thoughtful

4) confident

A27

1) for

2) during

3) at

4) to

A28

1) deal

2) agree

3) handle

4) cope

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 2

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Unlucky Travellers

Susan sat down, switched on her computer and was just about to read Her overnight emails when the door flew open. “Valerie! What are you doing here? You are A22 to be on holiday in Italy!”

Susan was astonished. She and Val worked together as receptionists at the hospital. Because she had expected to be on her own and working twice as hard, she was quite pleased to see Val. On the other hand she knew that Val was really looking ∣A23To her holiday. What could possibly have gone wrong? Val walked in but she didn’t say a ∣A24 word. It was clear that she was upset and tired. “What is it? What’s happened?” Susan continued. “Is everything OK?” Valerie was silent for some moments but eventually A25__________________________ . “You clearly haven’t

подпись: . why don’t you go somewhere in england? the weather well,” replied val, “it seems that we willbe ok to go . soHeard the news. Our travel company went bankrupt on Friday. We didn’t know and so went to the airport on Saturday morning. Actually we have spent the whole weekend at the airport hoping still to get a flight. In the end we gave ∣A26 and came home”. “Oh you poor thing,” Susan gushed. “Let me make you a cup of tea but then you should go home. You still have two weeks holiday to A27[ Is certainly nice enough at the moment.

To Italy still. We had travel insurance and it seems we will get all our money ∣A28[ We’ll try again in the autumn with a different travel company.”

A22 I

1) proposed

2) suggested

3) wanted

4) supposed

A23∣

1) for

2) around

3) forward

4) after

A24∣

1)separate

2) single

3) one

4) certain

A25∣

1) asked

2) said

3) ) spoke

4) told

A26 I

1) up

2) on

3) to

4) at

A27∣

1) make

2) take

3) manage

4) do

A28∣

1) back

2) still

3) agreed

4) together

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 3

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The Tower of London

‘Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress’, ‘The Tower’ and ‘The White Tower’ are all names for the building most commonly known as The Tower of London. Construction began in 1078 but work ∣A22, on and off, over a period of two hundred years or more.

The Tower was essentially a fortress whose functions eventually extended to that of royal palace, prison, armoury, zoo, Royal Mint and observatory. Since 1303 it has also been used ∣A23Storing the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. Today, however, The Tower is cared for by an independent charity and receives no funding from the governmEnt or the crown.

The Tower is probably best known for the famous prisoners who were ∣A24, and sometimes executed, there. In 1483 the 13-year-old King Edward 5ffi and his 10-year-old brother Richard were murdered there; apparently on the orders of their uncle, the Duke of Gloucester. ∣A25The most famous victim of The Tower was Anne Boleyn, the unfortunate second wife of Henry 8th. But Guy Fawkes, Thomas Moore, Sir Walter Raleigh and even the future Queen Elizabeth 1st were all imprisoned behind those fearsome walls.

Most people know the A26Legend that if the ravens ever leave The Tower — then the British Monarchy will be doomed. Possibly less people know however that the Tower was also one of the ∣A27Zoos. Lions, tigers and large ∣A28Of rare and exotic species lived

In the Tower gardens over 800 years ago.

∣A22

1) lengthened

2) continued

3) prolonged

4) increased

A23

1) as

2) with

3) for

4) to

A24

1) captured

2) maintained

3) found

4) held

A25 I

1) Thus

2) Consequently

3) Probably

4) Although

A26

1) ancient

2) prehistoric

3) antique

4) aged

A27 I

1) newest

2) youngest

3) earliest

4) soonest

A28 I

1) figures

2) groups

3) herds

4) numbers

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 4

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Schools for gifted and talented: view of American scholars

Gifted programs often provoke controversy because there is no standard definition of what a gifted student is. There are six ∣A22 of ability often evaluated in order to determine

∣A23A child is gifted: general intellectual ability, specific academic aptitude, creative thinking, leadership ability, visual and performing arts, and psychomotor ability. They are ∣A24 by combinations of standardized tests, plus peer and teacher evaluations.

On the one hand schools for gifted and talented may ∣A25The emotional stress of isolation and peer rejection often experienced by gifted students in a traditional school. On the other hand — social development of a child may be impeded as a result of isolation from the general population.

We can’t deny the fact that gifted programs offer personalized instruction and enriched curriculum suited to the needs of students gifted in this or that area. Such programs allow students to learn at a highly ∣A26 rate according to their ability. School administrators in such schools hire gifted teaching staff and select teachers who can be a source of instructional innovation.

подпись: |а28.подпись: of misusingSuch schools normally have smaller classes and in general these schools for the gifted are few. Access ∣A27 them may be physically difficult because of their location. Besides, they may be not available for families with limited income asthey may be expensive. If such schools are publicly funded, they may be opposed as elitist and money that might go to traditional schools.

A22 I

1) districts

2) regions

3) parts

4) areas

A23j

1) whether

2) wherever

3) whenever

4) whereas

A24 I

1) calculated

2) quantified

3) determined

4) measured

A25

1) treat

2) relieve

3) simplify

4) improve

A26

1) hasty

2) prompt

3) accelerated

4) hurried

A27

1) to

2) for

3) at

4) in

A28

1) blamed

2) charged

3) accused

4) claimed

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 5

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From High School to University Students

Some students find transition from secondary school to tertiary education painful. Well- known life is left ∣A22 with familiar home and community environment, parents, siblings, friends. Anticipation of unpredictable academic responsibilities and fear of failure, together with fear of disappointing one’s parents and friends ∣A23To the stress. They are both ∣A24 and afraid of new social responsibilities like dealing with roommates, instructors, male and female student friends. There is fear of not being accepted; fear of loneliness; anxiety and guilt about breaking with the past. They are on the edge of redefining themselves as adults, finding a satisfactory career, abandoning old friends and finding new.

What can be done to ∣A25 this stress? Firstly, it’s important to become ∣A26 with the university’s scholastic and non-scholastic programs: check the university’s website and request informational brochures. You can also visit the campus and introduce yourself at the Departmental office; talk to students majoring in the Department. If the university can provide the names of roommates, become acquainted in person or by ∣A27Prior to classes. Most Universities have orientation programs — first year student assemble on campus for a week before the start of classes. Orientation can be led by Departmental deans, instructors, and majors, introducing new students to academic procedures and standards, enrolling students in their first term classes, assigning ∣A28∣. each new student an upperclassman as mentor to help them adjust to their first year at the university.

I A22∣

1) back

2) behind

3) apart

4) aside

I A23∣

1) multiply

2) raise

3) rise

4) add

I A24∣

1) eager

2) liking

3) wanting

4) keen

I A25 I

1) shorten

2) eliminate

3) refuse

4) release

I A26∣

1) aware

2) conscious

3) acquainted

4) sensitive

I A27 I

1) correspondence

2) communication

3) interaction

4) post

I A28∣

1) to

2) for

3) at

4) —

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 6

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Education in the UK: Pages of History

Prior to 1944 the British secondary education system was rather haphazard. Schools were created by local governments, private charities, and religious foundations. Schools varied greatly by region. ∣A2¾ Was not available to all, and secondary schools were mainly for the upper and middle classes.

подпись: a24In 1944, secondary education was A23 as a right for all children, and universal, free education was introduced. From 1944 to 1976 state-funded secondary education of three types of schools (the Tripartite System): Grammar School, Secondary

Technical School and Secondary Modern School. The basic assumption of the Tripartite System was that all should be entitled to an education appropriate to their nEeds and abilities. It also assumed that students with different abilities should have a different ∣A25. Pupils were assigned to one of the three types of school according to their performance in an examination taken at age eleven, the Eleven Plus examination.

Grammar Schools were intended to A26A highly academic curriculum. There was a strong focus on intellectual subjects, such as literature, classics and complex mathematics, aimed A27 developing students’ ability to deal with abstract concepts. Secondary Technical Schools were designed to train children with ability in mechanical and scientific subjects. The focus of the schools was on providing scientists, engineers and technicians. Secondary Modern Schools would train pupils in practical skills, equipping them for less skilled jobs and home management.

Due to the expense of building facilities for three types of schools, very few Technical Schools were built, and education in the UK retained its class character: the upper class children attended Grammar School which received the lion’s share of funding, lower class children attended Modern Schools which were largely neglected. Only children who |А28|_ to Grammar Schools had a real chance of getting into a university.

I A22

1) Access

2) Attendance

3) Entrance

4) Reception

I A23

1) recognized

2) recalled

3) found

4) realised

I A24

1) inserted

2) included

3) contained

4) consisted

I A25

1) agenda

2) curriculum

3) courses

4) plan

I A26

1) instruct

2)learn

3) teach

4) study

I A27

1) on

2) at

3) to

4) for

I A28

1) attended

2) admitted

3) went

4) graduated

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 7

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Globalisation

Globalisation is good and bad and inevitable. It is good or at least useful economically because it lowers ∣A22To trade and increases the flow of goods, labour and services. It has both ∣A23In and encouraged legal migration, and tourism. It has shared the best of the world’s musical culture, sport, TV and films, fashion and dance. It has made the world both familiar and strange. In any main Street from Moscow to Los Angeles or London to Sydney — one can eat Chinese, Indian, Italian or Thai cuisine and it seems perfectly normal. Globalisation has reduced (many argue) the ∣A24Of global conflict and it has aided the development of world health policies and humanitarian aid. The charity concert “Live Aid” was watched by 400 million viewers in 60 countries.

But Globalisation is also dark. The process began through “discovery” and colonization. It demanded integration ∣A25The expense of local independence, colour and “difference”. It grew out of monstrous transnational corporations that became so powerful that neither trade unions nor governments had the power to hinder. It came with the opportunity to produce goods on an unprecedented scale at previously unimagined prices. Globalization ∣A26 to the independent manufacturers of the world — “grow with us, or die”.

And Globalization is inevitable. Elements of the late 20th century phenomenon can be seen throughout history in the rise and fall of every empire: where dress, cuisine, culture and even language were ∣A27 across continents. Many believe that it is now US culture that has displaced traditional diversity, local uniqueness and identity. Personally I am unable to argue for or against globalisation. It is truly ∣A28And utterly terrible and completely inevitable.

I A22

1) obstructions

2) blockades

3) difficulties

4) barriers

I A23

1) caused

2) affected

3)founded

4) resulted

I

I A24 I

1) opportunity

2) occasion

3) likelihood

4) reason

I A25 I

1) at

2) for

3) on

4) by

I A26 I

1)spoke

2) told

3) said

4) talked

I A27

1) exposed

2) imposed

3) imported

4) obliged

I A28

1) well

2) good

3) nice

4) superior

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 8

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Quarrelling Neighbours

England and France are neighbours and have a famous 1000 year old, love-hate ∣A22. An early milestone was 1066, when William of Normandy conquered England. As any English football fan will ∣A23You “It’s their fault, they started it!” and ever since there has been conflict; both “teams” selecting their own highlights! The English generally choose the Battle of Agincourt (1415) and of course the ∣A24 of Napoleon (conveniently forgetting that several other nations were actually involved). A more recent low occurred wHen Churchill ordered the sinking of the French Fleet after France surrendered to Germany. ∣A25 many claim the UK’s role in the liberation of France rather made up for this!

English-French rivalry continues to the present time — in sport, language and culture. In any big sporting tournament (especially football or rugby) the French become “Frogs” — a nickname derived ∣A26The (inexplicable to English taste) French inclusion of frogs, snails and other unmentionables in their cuisine.

In the last decades the French have even battled against the invasion of the English language — “Le weekend”, “Le sandwich” and so forth. But it seems that the English language is a ∣A27Opponent. The rivalry recently flared up again most recently when London narrowly beat Paris in the bid to A28 the 2012 Olympics. But in fairness, since William “kicked-off” in 1066 there have been plenty of French victories as well, and in reality the nations are the best of friends as much as “best” enemies and their rivalry is often quite witty and entertaining.

A22j

1) relationship

2) rapport

3) acquaintance

4) connection

A23 I

1) talk

2) speak

3) say

4) tell

A24 I

1) loss ;

2) defeat

3) failure

4) collapse

A25 I

1) Thus

2) Although

3) Therefore

4) Nevertheless

A26

1) of

2) for

3) from

4) off

A27

1) tough

2) solid

3) heavy

4) hard

A28

1) accommodate

2) host

3) settle

4) contain

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 9

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A Night at the Museum

Friday 6th March 2010, was special for Laura, and me — our sleep over at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). I am guessing you’ve seen the movie? A22 in 2006 and called “A Night at the Museum” with Ben Stiller starring. It’s a kicking comedy about a night guard who ∣A23An ancient curse that makes the animals on display come to life every night and trash the place. ___

I am not sure if the night Laura and I spent at the museum was ∣A24By the film, but it was way cool. Fact, fact, fact! AMNH is one of the largest Museums in the world. There are 25 buildings and 46 ∣A25Exhibition halls set in fab grounds near Central Park, New York. There is a famous library, research labs and a totally awesome 32 million specimens. The night costs $129 per person. Grandma paid for us as early birthday presents.

It began at 5.45pm and ∣A26All the way to 9.00am on the 7th. It was real creepy as the doors swung closed and locked and the lights dimmed away. We switched on torches — and so our first mission began: Looking for fossil facts. I can ∣A27Describe to you walking through those dark halls, our torches cutting beams through the inky black. There was a way scary moment when a huge buffalo head lit up and made me jump like a wuss.

After some bites and coolin’ we settled down to sleep — directly ‘neath a 94 foot blue whale and next to a mighty fine Brown Bear. Luckily no animals came to ∣A28And we slept like babies. Wicked!

A22

1) Made

2) Done

3) Issued

4) Screened

A23

1)learns

2) opens

3) discovers

4) investigates

A24

1) aroused

2) encouraged

3) pushed

4) inspired

A25

1) constant

2) permanent

3) stable

4) steady

A26

1) ended

2) lasted

3) went

4) carried

A27

1) hardly

2) obviously

3) fairly

4) apparently

A28

1) alive

2) reality

3) real

4) life

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 10

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Blue Whale Watching

For years I have had the same dream about a blue whale. I see the sea darken as the gigantic mammal comes to the surface. Then I see the monster ∣A22At me through the clear green water.

But finally I am about to see my dream come true. Several months of planning had brought me to the warm waters off the southern tip of Sri Lanka. Less than an hour after leaving the harbour we A23At the location whales had been seen the day before.

подпись: lined up to be the Blue Whales are the largest creatures that have ever lived. Compared to the big“Blue” — elephants, hippos and the biggest great white sharks are tiny. My fellOw tOurists ∣A24The deck — all of us breathless with anticipation. Each of us A25 first to see the darkening of the sea.

подпись: boat was towards a cloud of wheeling seabirds a kilometre ahead. a sharp blow of wind sees the birds and suddenly the ocean becomes calm. i feel like i am close to the end of dreams. and then suddenly there she is. the most

I heard a shout behind me and suddenly the boat engines roared noisily as the my life’s ∣A28, to the realization of beautiful sight I have ever seen.

A22 I

1) watch

2) stare

3) see

4) observe

A23

1) arrived

2) reached

3) entered

4) achieved

A24 I

1) among

2) between

3) besides

4) along

A25 I

1) persuaded

2) convinced

3) determined

4) assured

A26

1) directed

2) set

3) pulled

4) parked

A27 I

1) after

2) to

3) forward

4) off

A28

1) trip

2)journey

3) travel

4) destination

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 11

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The Best Breakfast in the World?

The “Greasy Spoon” cafe on Arundel Road offers the best full English breakfast on the planet. Of course people ∣A22 about what “full English” should consist of but I think there is a small clue in the word “full”. This is a breakfast that knows no modesty. This is not a breakfast for those on a diet. It is the breakfast of Kings; it should be enjoyed ∣A23 leisure and last for the day.

That the “full English” (FE) contains both bacon and eggs is A24_____________ dispute. After this

There are different schools of thought. Sausage, mushrooms, beans, black pudding, fried tomatoes and toast are often ∣A25[ in different line ups and combinations competing for the best, all time classic FE. These are ∣A26 in different portions and styles and a decent breakfast is the almost guaranteed outcome. But an FE on Arundel Road beats all contenders for the best FE in the world because it includes ALL of these ingredients in ∣A27Quantities! They also serve hot toast on traditional toast racks with real butter. But best of all, each customer is served their own pot of traditional English tea (with tea cosy) which may be drunk with milk or cream. And all of this is offered for just J5 per person — and with a newspaper included! The Greasy Spoon is popular with working people and students alike. It opens early during the week for the lorry drivers and on Sunday mornings ∣A28 families come in and spend half the day there.

I A22 I

1) discuss

2) debate

3) quarrel

4) argue

I A23 I

1) for

2) at

3) on

4) in

I A24 I

1) beyond

2) behind

3) besides

4) below

J

I A25 I

1) contained

2) included

3) held

4) enclosed

I A26∣

1) suggested

2) advised

3) offered

4) intended

∣A27∣

1) generous

2) rich

3) luxurious

4) multiple

I A28∣

1) full

2) complete

3) total

4) whole

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 12

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A night at the Museum

Anna and Ira are best friends. They are both Russian but ∣A22⅛ the Southbank International School as their parents both work in London. They are fifteen now and are studying hard for their International Baccalaureate.

Every Saturday they love to visit museums and galleries in London and so now they have visited A23All of them. But, above all, their absolute favourite is The Natural History Museum in South Kensington.

They filled in an online A24Form and became “members”. This means they get free magazines called “Evolve” and “Second Nature”, get fast track entry to special exhibitions and they get invited to previews, workshops, talks and special A25____________________________________________________ . They even get to use the

Special member’s room where there are free refreshments, magazines and internet access. It ∣A26Them J56 For the year but they felt it was really good value for money.

Last weekend they took part in “Dino snores” — an event A27By the film “A Night at the Museum”. They were given a talk about bugs by TV nature presenter Nick Baker, explored the Dinosaur gallery in the dark on a torch-lit tour, watched films and played games, and then slept in sleeping bags under the shadow of the huge Diplodocus in the Museum’s iconic Central Hall. It was a night they’ll never forget. Although Ira and Anna are both interested in Dinosaurs — they are more interested in present day wildlife and most interested of all in ≡— Russian wildlife. When they go back to Moscow both want to study and eventually

Become wildlife research scientists.

A22

1) attend

2) visit

3) go

4) enroll

A23

1) about

2) almost

3) already

4) approximately

A24

1) application

2) admission

3) entrance

4) request

A25

1) dealings

2) actions

3) procedures

4) events

A26

1) cost

2) charged

3) priced

4) spent

A27

1) inspired

2) motivated

3) stimulated

4) encouraged

A28

1) struggling

2) preserving

3) securing

4) supporting

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 13

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Day schools VS Boarding schools

The majority of modern public schools in the UK and state schools in the USA — schools that offer free education— are со-educational day schools. Children that attend these schools remain in family settings with family support and nurture that helps to reduce the stress of ∣A22Any school for a child. They are able to retain contacts with friends and neighbours.

Being less expensive, these schools offer a wider ∣A23Of courses and activities. On the other hand, these schools have larger classes and lower academic standards as compared to more selective schools.

Pupils there have a greater ∣A24 of encountering bad social trends: drug culture, gangs, anti-intellectualism. Of course, much depends on the regional location and the administrative policy of each school.

Boarding or recreational schools have smaller classes with more individualized iNstruCtion; can often (though not always) boast higher academic standards that are focused ∣A25 making students more independent thinkers; encourage them to make many decisions on their own. Graduates of such schools may have an advantage when applying at more popular universities.

Students of such schools ∣A26Lifetime friendships and the so-called ‘old school tie’ — the system of after school, lifelong support and lobbying former schoolmates — can be truly applied in this case.

But there is the ∣A27[ Side of the medal: missed opportunities for parents to educate their children on values; disruption of family: homesick kids, parents missing their children; narrower and less-diverse ∣A28Contacts; expensive tuition.

A22

1) entering

2) starting

3) going

4) getting

A23

1) group

2) collection

3) mixture

4) selection

A24

1) ability

2) opportunity

3) chance

4) prospect

A25

1) on

2) at

3) for

4) to

A26

1) assemble

2) build

3) construct

4) design

A27

1) another

2) other

3) different

4) optional

A28

1) social

2) sociable

3) society

4) civil

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 14

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Times are Changing

I grew up in tiny village in East Anglia — population 210 people. Everybody knew each other and seemed to know everyone else’s business. What strikes me now — looking back ∣A22 40 years ago — is that the village contained several social groups and there were clear distinctions and unspoken (and certainly unwritten) rules of engagement.

We had two ∣A23Class families living in the village: The Brandings, who lived in the manor house, and the very honourable Archer family. The Brandings were well ∣A24But certainly not rich. They were extremely posh and so were the Archers who — on the contrary — were fabulously wealthy. But socially — the Brandings and Archers were ∣A25. They could socialise with the vicar and my family (because my Dad was an RAF Officer) but their contact with the other villagers was ∣A26To friendly but polite greetings. Then we had 8 or 10 middle class families; teachers, a scientist, a factory director and so on. In so small a village we knew each other well and socialised a lot.

The ∣A27 comprised of the true working class. They worked in shops, or on the farms. We had also had quite a few elderly couples who in their young days had been “in service”. We didn’t socialise but relations were friendly and we greeted on first name terms.

It’s all changed now of course. Our village is a small town — far too large to be anything like the community of my youth. I may be wrong, but it seems like society has contracted into featureless ∣A28And that nowadays people often don’t even know their neighbours’ names.

A22 I

1) above

2) over

3) beyond

4) behind

A23∣

1) upper

2) aristocratic

3) high

4) noble

A24∣

1) allied

2) associated

3) linked

4) connected

A25 I

1) commoners

2) equivalents

3) equals

4) parallels

A26∣

1) restricted

2) framed

3) enclosed

4) narrowed

A27∣

1) remnants

2) reminders

3) remain

4) remainder

A28∣

1) likelihood

2) sameness

3) neutrality

4) equality

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 15

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Education in the UK: Modern schools

The 1976 Education Act abolished the Tripartite System in favour of a system of free Comprehensive Schools that were ∣A22 to provide Grammar School education for all. In the UK today, schools reflect elements of both the Tripartite and the Comprehensive models.

The UK system of state schools is complex and ∣A23 the following types: Primary Schools (ages 4-11), Secondary Schools (ages 11-16), Sixth Form Colleges (non-compulsory, ages 16-18), Special Schools for children with physical, emotional and behavioral learning needs, City Technology Colleges (CTCs) and City Colleges for the Technology of the Arts (CCTAs) (ages 11-18). These schools provide a broad secondary education with special emphasis on science and technology and offer a ≡— _ range of vocational qualifications.

Grammar Schools remain and continue to select almost all of their pupils ∣A25 reference to high academic ability. Independent Schools are private schools that obtain most of their finances from ∣A26 paid by parents and income from investments. Some of them are

Selective but many are not. Some of the larger independent schools are ∣A27 as Public Schools. Most Independent Schools are Church Schools.

Most state schools (primary and secondary) are со-educational day schools, but some secondary schools accept boarders. Independent Schools include day and boarding schools and are mostly single-sex, although an increasing number of junior and some senior schools are co­educational. There has been a sharp increase in the number of children ∣A28Independent Schools, owing to the increasing dissatisfaction with academic standards at State Comprehensive Schools.

I A22 I

1) intended

2) aimed

3) offered

4) proposed

I A23 I

1) fits

2) includes

3) engages

4) composes

I A24 I

1) high

2) intensive

3) extensive

4) wide

I A25 I

1) by

2) at

3) for

4) about

I A26 I

1) costs

2) bills

3) fees

4) taxes

I A27

1) famous

2) known

3) notorious

4) familiar

I A28

1) accepting

2) entering

3) going

4) attending

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 16

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Mining in Australia

Australia is the “mainland” of the world’s smallest continent. It is mostly very flat and much of it is inhospitable desert. ∣A22Of the population lives in the South East and South West where there is a ∣A23Climate. But the weather played only a relatively minor part in establishing population centres. Many argue that the real story was about mining.

The early colonies in South Australia had a terrible struggle economically. But after significant silver, lead and copper ∣A24j were discovered in Southern Australia, the local

Populations began to grow. In 1841 silver and lead were discovered at Glen Osmond — now a suburb of Adelaide: Then came the discovery of copper at Kapunda in 1845.

But the big story was gold! The first “strike” was at Ophir, New South Wales in 1851. ∣A25Weeks more gold was found in the colony of Victoria. The Australian gold rushes had a major impact ∣A26, Victoria and Australia as a whole. They coloured every aspect of Australian society and elements of it are still clearly visible today. Victoria became the richest colony and Melbourne Australia’s largest city.

The population of Australia changed dramatically ∣A27Of the discovery of gold. In 1851 the population was just 437,655. 10 years later it was 1,151,947. The rapid growth came from “new chums” — recent immigrants from the UK and British Commonwealth. As a lot of Australians will be quick to tell you, much of the new wealth was “stolen” back to England. But enough wealth remained to fund substantial development in industry and infrastructure and to ∣A28The foundations for building modern Australia.

A22 I

1) Most

2) Many

3) Mainly

4) Main

I A23 I

1) temperature

2) temperate

3) tempered

4) temporal

L⅛24J

1) riches

2) stores

3) deposits

4) treasures

A25 I

1) Throughout

2) During

3) While

4) Within

[A2βJ

1) at

2) on

3) for

4) in

I A27

1) because

2) due

3) as

4)thanks

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 17

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The storybook wolf

подпись: year а22Josii Luis Rodriguez of Spain is the overall winner of The Wildlife Photographer of the — a wolf jumping over a gate! He visualized his photo many years ago, when Iberian wolves first returned to Bvila in the Castilla у Leyn region of northern Spain, and cattle

Ranchers ∣A23 war on them. His idea was a picture that would symbolize the ancient conflict ∣A24 humans and wolves, while showing the beauty and strength of this fabled

Animal. But it took a long time to find the ideal ∣A25, let alone a wolf that would jump a gate. His chance came when he found a landowner who was happy to have both the wolves and Josfi Luis on his property, and also had the ideal setting: a copse and an ancient, disused cattle corral.

подпись: а26Josfi Luis started by placing meat in the corral. Once he knew a male wolf was visiting regularly, jumping the gate, he began to introduce the bits of equipment needed to up a camera trap. At first, the wolf didn’t like the flash triggered by the trip beam, but after a few weeks he ∣A27 no notice of the light or the clicks of the hidden digital camera. Now that the wolf was happy and the camera ∣A28 was right, it was time to take the final picture with a medium-format camera. When the first transparencies arrived back from the lab, Josfi Luis was overjoyed to find he finally had the picture he had dreamt of.

A22

1) tournament

2) competition

3) test

4) race

A23

1) pronounced

2) revealed

3) broadcasted

4) declared

A24

1) between

2) among

3) within

4) amongst

A2δ

1) situation

2) sight

3) location

4) destination

A26

1) put

2) place

3) set

4) build

A27

1)took

2) received

3) gave

4) paid

A28

1) posture

2) positioning

3) posing

4) pose

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 18

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Christmas

As a small child I loved almost everything about Christmas. The excitement of Christmas Eve was almost unbearable. We’d go from house to house singing Christmas carols and be given hot mince pies and other ∣A22.

Before bed our parents would read us stories and eventualLy puT us to bed with warnings that Santa Claus would not come if we stayed awake. Before ∣A23Into bed we would leave out a mince pie for Santa and something for his reindeers as a “thank you”: For me Santa was the great hero and I never ∣A24That he would come down our chimney to deliver my presents.

I loved, as I mentioned before, “almost everything”. Immediately after ChristMas I was told by my parents that I had to write “thank you letters”. As a six your old, writing ∣A25One letter was a task, but several made a mountain — pressing down on my small world. “Why” I argued to my Mum “should I write to grandparents, aunts and uncles? Santa brought me all my presents”. ___

And my mother would lie to her son. ∣A26Lies of how Santa helped Granddad choose my toy car and with the help of elves and reindeer delivered it for Granddad — but that still I should thank Granddad for the small part he played in it. The following year her lies were even more devious as she tried to ∣A27Me convinced. As I eventually solved this annual mystery, I of course lost all A28For not writing the “Thank you letters” as the realisation dawned that Granddad had managed everything by himself.

I A22 I

1) surprises

2) treats

3) presents

4) souvenirs

I A23 I

1) getting

2) going

3) putting

4) lying

I A24 I

1) hesitated

2) suspected

3) mistrusted

4) doubted

I A25

1) only

2) yet

3) even

4) still

I A26 I

1) Vague

2) Elaborate

3) Complete

4) Formless

A27 I

1) hold

2) stay

3) keep

4) remain

A28

1) reasons

2) defenses

3) motives

4) excuses

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 19

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The Magnificent Six

This is a real life story. When I was about eight, I [A22An organization called the “Cub Scouts”. We met once a week and learned basic first aid and were trained ∣A23 various techniques related to camping and the outdoor life. For each skill learned, there would be a test — which if passed would result in earning a badge. These badges were cArefulLy sewn on our uniforms; green caps with yellow piping, green shirts with a type of scarf ∣A24j a

Neckerchief and short trousers. Our leader was called Akela — after the wolf pack____________ leader in

Rudyard Kipling’s “The Jungle Book” and we were formed in units of six boys — called a “Six” and led by a “Sixer”.

I can ∣A25 remember our Six. We were nicknamed “the dwarves” after the fairy tale “Snow White and the Seven Dwarves”. This was nothing to do with our height (and we were of course six rather than seven) but rather it was to do with our ∣A26. We were “Sneezy” (real name Richard), “Bashful” (OLiver), “Grumpy” (Jim), “Doc” (Henry), “Sleepy” (Rupert) and I was “Happy”. Only “Dopey” was ∣A27From the original seven! And really that was what we were like. Richard always seemed to have a cold, Oliver was shy, Jim always in a bad mood and so forth. But we all, without fail, had enormous fun — especially on our annual camping ∣A28 to the Lake District. Every day was filled with adventure and discovery and the reality was — we werd all truly happy.

I A22∣

1) entered

2) enrolled

3)joined

4) registered

I A23∣

1) in

2) on

3) at

4) for

I A24 I

1) pronounced

2) named

3) entitled

4) called

I A25 I

1) always

2) forever

3) ever

4) still

I A26∣

1) characters

2) features

3) dispositions

4) persons

I A27 I

1) away

2) missing

3) gone

4) absent

I A28∣

1) excursion

2) trip

3) travel

4)journey

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 20

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David Bowie

British Singer David Bowie was always famous for changing his appearance and his musical styles throughout his career. At the beginning, in the late 1960’s — he was compared ∣A22 fifties singers like Tommy Steele and Anthony Newley. Then he grew his hair and became “Major Tom” — a weird, futuristic space traveller — for his number one album called “Space Oddity”: His appearance made more remarkable for having one eye blue and one brown (the result of a childhood A23).

As the years passed he continued to change his appearance — often with fabulous and dramatic costumes that A24Each new stage character. After the “space phase” he created the character “Ziggy Stardust”. At this stage Bowie was the most important artist in the early 70’s glam rock era: His costumes sparkling in silvers, reds and golds and his bright orange hair feathered out like a flaming ∣A25. Then he became “Aladdin Sane” with a bizarre lightening flash motif painted on his face. Soon after this his hair was again short but wavy, he wore ∣A26Size suits and became an “American” soul singer before transforming again into

Yet another character — a central European “Thin White Duke”.

Probably of all British pop stars — he has become the one most A27[ with change and transformation. Even now after 40 years in the business, he continues to ∣A28Strange and original music for his countless fans worldwide. Some believe his 1972 hit song “Changes” predicted all this. It is a song about change and time and the inevitable conflict between one generation and the next.

A22

1) to

2) for

3) on

4) at

A23

1) incident

2) event

3) thing

4) accident

A24

1) described

2) named

3) defined

4) recognized

A25

1) lamp

2) torch

3)lantern

4) light

A26

1) above

2) over

3) extreme

4) upper

A27

1) related

2) fixed

3) combined

4) associated

A28

1) shape

2) form

3) make

4) do

Ключи

Первое задание (В4-В10).

Образование грамматических форм

Тренировочное задание № 1

Тренировочное задание № 2

Тренировочное задание № 3

В4

Stood

Islocated

Took

В5

Sheep

Larger

Eldest / oldest

BG

Strongest

Cooking

Mostimpressiυe

В7

Was swimming

Doesn’t/does not need

Standing

В8

Those

Cutting

Found

В9

Hasrealized

Nearer

Women

BlO

One

Best

Impersonating

Тренировочное задание № 4

Тренировочное задание № 5

Тренировочное задание № 6

B4

Broke

Others

Took

B5

Wasmurdered

Begins

Hadto

B6

Their

Walking

Waswearing

B7

Wasrecording

Me

Her

B8

Wereplayed

Biggest

Started

B9

Lasting

Closer

Advertising

BlO

Bigger

Trapped

Was

Тренировочное задание № 7

Тренировочное задание № 8

Тренировочное задание № 9

B4

Hasbeeneducating

Its

Societies

B5

Our

Arelooking

Worse

B6

Receives

Ar elocated

Fastest

B7

Toknow

Including

My

B8

Willhave∕have

Offers

Won, tget/Willnotget

Тренировочное задание № 7

Тренировочное задание № 8

Тренировочное задание № 9

B9

Tnorecheerful

Оиг

Hascoτne/сате

BlO

Arenot/aren’ Hncluded

Getting

Has joined

Тренировочное задание № 10

Тренировочное задание № 11

Тренировочное задание № 12

B4

Diaries

First

Beexperienced

B5

Most

Wasacknowledged

Windest

B6

Believed

Fell

Less

B7

Their

Bears

Discussing

B8

Biggest

Sailed

Willbe

B9

Falls

His

Knows

BlO

Arepresented

Didn’t Zdidnotrealized

Appearing

Тренировочное задание № 13

Тренировочное задание № 14

Тренировочное задание № 15

B4

Friend’s

Including

Involves

B5

Was covered

Hascontinued

These

B6

Fell

Isknown

Arelearning

B7

Used

Wereworn

Me

B8

Caught

Women

Eating

B9

Us

Enemies

Wasorganised

BlO

WascryingZhadbeencrying

Greater

Is

Тренировочное задание № 16

Тренировочное задание № 17

Тренировочное задание № 18

B4

Mostfamous

Made

Working

B5

Our

Him

Their

B6

Stepped

First

Their

B7

Heroes

Wastrying

Divided

B8

Beheld

Hadseen

Hasdeveloped

B9

Doesn’t / doesnotdeserve

Ran

Followed

BlO

Voting

Mostfamous

Greater

Тренировочное задание № 19

Тренировочное задание № 20

B4

Wascalled

Living

B5

Leading

Iscalled

B6

Fittest

Hidden

B7

Lives

Nightclubs

B8

Better

Togo

B9

Became

Couldnot/couldn’t

BlO

Third

Hasn’t/hasnottroubled

Второе задание (В11-В16).
Словообразование

Тренировочное задание № 1

Тренировочное задание № 2

Тренировочное задание № 3

Bll

Unpopular

Environmental

Fruitless

В12

Commercial

Preservation

Adventurous

В13

Mainly

Development

Significant

В14

Addition

Responsible

Generally

В15

Anxious

Politicians

Managerial

В16

Reality

Economic

Reality

Тренировочное задание № 4

Тренировочное задание № 5

Тренировочное задание № 6

Bll

Unpopular

Environmental

Tricky

B12

Commercial

Imagination

Impossible

B13

Daily

Responsible

Unpredictable

B14

Addition

Establishment

Resourceful

B15

Anxious

Visitors

Expensive

B16

Difference

Lives

Disagree

Тренировочное задание № 7

Тренировочное задание № 8

Тренировочное задание № 9

Bll

Necessarily

Educators

Feelings

B12

Activity

Independently

Hardship

B13

Highly

Inappropriate

Formation

B14

Routinely

Necessity

Unattractive

B15

Independence

Membership

Personality

B16

Academic

Easily

Impression

Тренировочное задание № 10

Тренировочное задание № 11

Тренировочное задание № 12

Bll

French

Artist

Believable

B12

Psychological

Notable

Connection

B13

Discouraged

Smoky

Indicators

B14

Ambitious

Violent

Remarkably

B15

European

Sadly

Investigations

B16

Tension

Surroundings

Distinctive

Тренировочное задание № 13

Тренировочное задание № 14

Тренировочное задание № 15

Bll

Greatness

Originally

Scientist

B12

Adventurous

Honestly

Achievements

B13

Important

Visitors

Scientific

B14

Generally

Certainly

Additional

B15

Industrial

Occasionally

Equipment

B16

Reality

Disagree

Subscriptions / subscription

Тренировочное задание № 16

Тренировочное задание № 17

Тренировочное задание № 18

Bll

Impossible

Certainly

Dramatically

B12

Indistinguishable

Invisible

Additional

B13

Buildings

Kingdom

Dangerous

B14

Realistically

Wonderful

Passionate

B15

Cultural

Expensive

Government

B16

Impressive

Disagree

Helpful

Тренировочное задание № 19

Тренировочное задание № 20

Bll

Residential

Physicist

B12

Permission

Achievements

B13

Responsibility

Unreasonable

B14

Accountability

Enthusiastic

B15

Healthy

Indignation

B16

Relaxation / relaxing

National

Третье (A22-A28).
Лексическое задание на множественный выбор

А22

А23

А24

А25

А26

А27

А28

Тренировочное задание № 1

1

3

4

2

4

1

3

Тренировочное задание № 2

4

3

2

3

1

2

1

Тренировочное задание № 3

2

3

4

3

1

3

4

Тренировочное задание № 4

4

1

4

2

3

1

3

Тренировочное задание № 5

2

4

1

2

3

1

4

Тренировочное задание № 6

1

1

4

2

3

2

3

Тренировочное задание № 7

4

4

3

1

3

2

2

Тренировочное задание № 8

1

4

2

4

3

1

2

Тренировочное задание № 9

1

3

4

2

2

1

4

Тренировочное задание № 10

2

1

4

3

1

4

2

А22

А23

А24

А25

А26

А27

А28

Тренировочное задание № 11

4

2

1

2

3

1

4

Тренировочное задание № 12

1

2

1

4

1

1

2

Тренировочное задание № 13

2

4

3

1

2

2

1

Тренировочное задание № 14

K 2

1

4

3

1

4

2

Тренировочное задание № 15

1

2

4

1

3

2

4

Тренировочное задание № 16

1

2

3

4

2

1

3

Тренировочное задание № 17

2

4

1

3

3

1

2

Тренировочное задание № 18

2

1

4

3

2

3

4

Тренировочное задание № 19

3

1

4

4

1

2

2

Тренировочное задание № 20

1

4

3

2

2

4

3

Справочное издание

Соловова Елена Николаевна
John Parsons

ЕГЭ
АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

[1] Общеевропейские компетенции владения языком: Изучение, преподавание, оценка. МГЛУ, 2003.

[2] Поскольку весь возможный спектр уровней владения иностранным языком представлен в доку­менте Совета Европы лишь шестью уровнями, очевидно, что внутри каждого из них можно выделять определенные подуровни. Обозначение базового уровня ЕГЭ как А2+ означает, что из описания уров­ня А2 для подготовки заданий базового уровня разработчики ориентируются на дескрипторы, лежа­щие ближе к уровню Bl, а не к Al.