A smart boy ответы егэ

1 вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.a smart boy mr. jones and mr. brown worked in the same

1) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

A Smart Boy

Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown worked in the same office. Their ___ (WIFE) were good friends. One day Mr. Jones invited Mr. Brown to a small party.


2) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

Mr. Brown went into the other room and telephoned. He ___ (SURPRISE) very much by his telephone conversation.


3) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

When he came back Mr. Jones asked him, “Have you spoken to your wife already?” “No, she ___ (NOT BE) there when I phoned. My small son answered the phone. I asked him, “Is your mother there?” And he said, “She is somewhere outside”.


4) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

“Why is she outside?” I asked. “She ___ (LOOK) for me”, he answered.


5) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

Maslenitsa

Have you ever celebrated Maslenitsa? It is one of the ___ (POPULAR) festivals in Russia. It signals the end of winter and welcomes the coming of spring.


6) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

Russian pancakes — blini — are very important in the celebration of Maslenitsa. Blini ___ (EAT) with jam, sour cream, and of course, lots of butter.


7) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

Warm, round, and golden — blini are the symbol of the sun! Ancient Russians actually believed that when eating a pancake, they ___ (GET) a part of the Sun’s life energy.


8) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически и лексически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

Future population

The United Nations (UN) has published its prediction about the size and age of the world’s population three hundred years from now. This report can help environmental ___ (SCIENCE) and policy-makers to understand dramatic changes in the world’s population in the future.


9) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически и лексически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

The report suggests that if the birth rates stay the same, there’ll be a huge expansion of the ___ (GLOBE) population.


10) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически и лексически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

You now may think it is ___ (POSSIBLE) but three centuries from there may be over one hundred and thirty trillion people.


11) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически и лексически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

The report says that the world’s population is likely to be ___ (SIGNIFICANT) older. The average age will be fifty while today it is twenty six.


12) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически и лексически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

Almost a quarter of all the ___ (INHABIT) of the planet will live in Africa.


13) Вставьте слово, которое грамматически и лексически будет соответствовать содержанию текста.

___ (RESEARCH) think that India, China and the United States will continue to be countries with the biggest population.


14) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Margaret

Old Margaret was just the kind of cook that we wanted. Lots of cooks can do rich dishes well. Margaret couldn’t. But she ___ to cook simple, everyday dishes in a way that made our mouths water. Her apple-pies were the best pies I’ve ever tasted.

1) held
2) took
3) kept
4) used


15) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

But to ___ the truth, even Margaret sometimes miscalculated.

1) talk
2) tell
3) say
4) speak


16) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

A large, royal-looking steak would be set before Father, which, upon being cut into, would turn ___ to be underdone.

1) into
2) of
3) out
4) over


17) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Father’s face would darken with disappointment. He would raise his foot and stamp slowly and heavily three times on the rug. At this solemn ___, we would hear Margaret leave the kitchen below us and come up the stairs to the dining-room door.

1) gesture
2) sign
3) movement
4) signal


18) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

“Margaret, look at the steak.” Margaret would peer with a shocked look at the platter. She would then seize the platter and make off with it. Father and Margaret were united by the intense interest they both took in cooking. Each understood the other instinctively. I have to ___ that they had a complete fellow-feeling.

1) admit
2) agree
3) accept
4) adopt


19) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Mother’s great interest was in babies. She loved her children and her happiness depended ___ them. She wanted to keep Father pleased somehow, and if it was too difficult or impossible she didn’t always care about even that.

1) at
2) on
3) of
4) in


20) Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

At table it was Father who carved the fowl, or sliced the roast lamb or beef. I liked to ___ him take the knife and go at it. And usually the cooking had been as superb as the carving. Sometimes it was so perfect that Father would summon Margaret and say in a low voice, “You are a good cook”.

1) look
2) see
3) watch
4) gaze

Тест ЕГЭ-2011 по английскому языку.

Демонстрационный вариант (II).

(Ответы в конце теста)

1. ЧТЕНИЕ (30 минут). Задания В2, В3, А15-А21 

B2. Прочитайте тексты.

1. Her Majesty’s Government, in spite of its name, derives its authority and power from its party representation in Parliament. Parliament is housed in the Palace of Westminster, once a home of the monarchy. Like the monarchy, Parliament is an ancient institution, dating from the middle of the thirteenth century. Parliament is the seat of British democracy, but it is perhaps valuable to remember that while the House of Lords was created in order to provide a council of the nobility for the king, the Commons were summoned originally in order to provide the king with money.

2. The reigning monarch is not only head of state but symbol of the unity of the nation. The monarchy is Britain’s oldest secular institution, its continuity for over a thousand years broken only once by a republic that lasted a mere eleven years (1649-60). The monarchy is hereditary, the succession passing automatically to the oldest male child, or in the absence of males to the oldest female offspring of the monarch. In law the monarch is head of the executive and of the judiciary, head of the Church of England, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

3. The dynamic power of Parliament lies in its lower chamber. Of its 650 members, 523 represent constituencies in England, 38 in Wales, 72 in Scotland and 17 in Northern Ireland. There are only seats in the Commons debating chamber for 370 members, but except on matters of great interest, it is unusual for all members to be present at any one time. Many MPs find themselves in other rooms of the Commons, participating in a variety of committees and meetings necessary for an effective parliamentary process/

4. Britain is a democracy, yet its people are not, as one might expect in a democracy, constitutionally in control of the state. The constitutional situation is an apparently contradictory one. As a result of a historical process the people of Britain are subjects of the Crown, accepting the Queen as the head of the state. Yet even the Queen is not sovereign in any substantial sense since she receives her authority from Parliament, and is subject to its direction in almost all matters. This curious situation came about as a result of a long struggle for power between the Crown and Parliament during the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries.

5. Her Majesty’s Government governs in the name of the Queen, and its hub, Downing Street, lies in Whitehall, a short walk from Parliament. Following a general election, the Queen invites the leader of the majority party represented in the Commons, to form a government on her behalf. Government ministers are invariably members of the House of Commons, but infrequently members of the House of Lords are appointed. All government members continue to represent “constituencies” which elected them/

6. Each parliamentary session begins with the “State Opening of Parliament”, a ceremonial occasion in which the Queen proceeds from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminster where she delivers the Queen’s Speech from her throne in the House of Lords. Her speech is drafted by her government, and describes what the government intends to implement during the forthcoming session. Leading members of the Commons may hear the speech from the far end of the chamber, but are not allowed to enter the House of Lords.

7.  The upper chamber of Parliament is not democratic in any sense at all. It consists of four categories of peer. The majority are hereditary peers, a total of almost 800, but of whom only about half take an active interest in the affairs of the state. A smaller number, between 350 and 400, are “life” peers – an idea introduced in 1958 to elevate to the peerage certain people who rendered political or public service to the nation. The purpose was not only to honour but also to enhance the quality of business done in the Lords.

Установите соответствие между заголовками A – Н и текстами 1 – 7. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 

A) The House of Commons

B) Parliamentary Procedure

C) The House of Lords

D) Westminster

E) The System of Government

F) Parliamentary Committees

G) Whitehall

H) The Crown

B3. Прочитайте текст.

‘Second Stonehenge’ discovered near original

Archaeologists have discovered evidence of what they believe was a second Stonehenge located a little more than a mile away from the world-famous prehistoric monument.
The new find on the west bank of the river Avon has been called «Bluestonehenge», after the colour of the 25 Welsh stones of 1___________________.

Excavations at the site have suggested there was once a stone circle 10 metres in diameter and surrounded by a henge – a ditch with an external bank, according to the project director, Professor Mike Parker Pearson, of the University of Sheffield.

The stones at the site were removed thousands of years ago but the sizes of the holes in 2  _________________ indicate that this was a circle of bluestones, brought from the Preseli mountains of Wales, 150 miles away.

The standing stones marked the end of the avenue 3  __________________, a 1¾-mile long processional route constructed at the end of the Stone Age. The outer henge around the stones was built about 2400BC but arrowheads found in the stone circle indicate the stones were put up as much as 500 years earlier.

Parker Pearson said his team was waiting for results of radiocarbon dating
4 __________________  whether stones currently in the inner circle of Stonehenge were originally located at the other riverside construction.

Pearson said: «The big, big question is when these stones were erected and when they were removed – and when we get the dating evidence we can answer both those questions.».

He added: «We speculated in the past 5 ____________________ at the end of the avenue near the river. But we were completely unprepared to discover that there was an entire stone circle. Another team member, Professor Julian Thomas, said the discovery indicated 6  _________________ was central to the religious lives of the people who built Stonehenge. «Old theories about Stonehenge that do not explain the evident significance of the river will have to be rethought,» he said. Dr Josh Pollard, project co-director from the University of Bristol, described the discovery as «incredible».

Заполните пропуски 1 – 6 частями предложeний, обозначенными буквами A – G. Одна из частей в списке А – G лишняя.

A) which could reveal

B) which they stood

C) which it was once made up

D) that this stretch of the river Avon

E) that there might have been something

F) that it should be considered as integral part

G) that leads from the river Avon to Stonehenge

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15 – А21. В каждом задании выберите вариант ответа: 1, 2, 3 или 4.

Getting What He Deserved?

There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

“You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

“But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

           The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

“Put it back”, she said.

“No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”.

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

А15. The people in the cafe were all in a hurry because

1) they had to buy their lunch far away from the office.

2) they wanted to be the first in line to pay for the food.

3) it was the way they normally behaved at lunch time.

4) they had to buy their lunch before the cashier left for her lunch.

А16. The woman was fumbling in her purse because she wanted to

1) pay for her food.

2) buy a candy bar.

3) find her phone.

4) pay with a check.

А17. The mother would not let the child buy a candy bar because she

1) didn’t have enough money to pay for it.

2) was unreasonably strict with the little kid.

3) thought that he had enough candy already.

4) didn’t trust the quality of the candy from the display.

А18. The boy was persistent in getting what he wanted and the people in the line

1) supported him.

2) started to show irritation.

3) started to shout at the kid.

4) remained indifferent to the incident.

А19. Judging by the child’s reaction to the punishment we can say that

1) it did not teach him anything.

2) he wasn’t used to being spanked.

3) he was indifferent to being spanked.

4) he wasn’t ready to change his behavior.

А20. The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause because the child

1) was forced to obey.

2) managed to get his way.

3) Had already eaten the candy bar.

4) manipulated his mother skillfully.

А21. Reflecting on the incident the narrator thought that

1) The mother had overreacted.

2) The mother was right in her reaction.

3) he/she wanted his/her own children badly.

4) One should be a parent to have a right to judge.

2. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА (40 минут)

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце предложений, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B10.

Where did basketball come from?

B4.

Basketball is now a major sport in the USA. Basketball __________________ by Dr. James Naismith at Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1891. Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players, in which each team tries to win points by throwing a ball through a net.

INVENT

В5.

Basketball is a very spectator-oriented sport. It is the __________________ most popular game in the USA. People enjoy both watching and playing it.

THREE

В6.

There__________________ many basketball centers in cities and towns of every state. They do not often produce sportsmen or sportswomen who are successful in world basketball championships but they help young people to keep fit and look athletic.

BE

В7.

Basketball __________________ by men and women at all levels, from the professional level to high schools and clubs.

PLAY

В8.

One of the __________________  and the most famous basketball teams is the Harlem Globetrotters, formed in 1926. It has a lot of fans in the USA, Canada, Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand.

OLD

В9.

This team __________________ crowds of fans especially for final or championship matches. One can see photos of its members in newspapers and magazines all over the USA.

ATTRACT

В10.

The name of the team __________________   a symbol of a fast and furious play.

BECOME

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце предложений, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11 – В16.

The Opening Night

В11.

The Phantom of the Opera, Cats, Mama Mia… They are all stage musicals. The opening night of a new musical is always a  ________________ event.

MARVEL

В12.

After years of __________________ and weeks of rehearsals the production has to be ready for the public and the critics.

PREPARE

В13.

First nights usually start earlier than the regular  __________________ so that the critics can write their reviews in time to include them in the next morning’s newspapers.

PERFORM

В14.

The critics are the most __________________ people on the first night because their opinions will either help make the show a hit or force it to close.

FRIGHT

В15.

The rest of the audience on the first night is usually made up of friends of the cast and famous celebrities. The celebrities attract newspaper __________________ and help give the musical maximum publicity.

PHOTOGRAPH

В16.

There will also be some angels there who will __________________ be more nervous than the performers. And then after the curtain has come down and the show is over, there’s the opening night party.

PROBABLE

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22–А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A22–A28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Укажите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

The Fruitcake Special 

I was a chemist at the Amos Cosmetics factory in New Jersey, USA, trying to design a new perfume when it happened. I never thought I would discover something quite so amazing by  A22______. Not me. I was only 23 and it was my second year at the factory. I liked my job very much but I was not a lucky person. I had come straight from the university then, but now I was a chemist in one of the biggest factories in New Jersey. It was an important position to have and meant lots of work 

I was A23______ out all the usual mixes of flowers and things- just as I always did — when I decided to throw in a A24______ of the fruitcake Momma had packed for my lunch. I don’t know why I did it –just did it. I put it into the mix with all the other things.

I thought it A25______ nice, but there was nothing special about it, so I put the bottle into my handbag. I couldn’t give something like that to my boss. After all, I was a chemist and my job was to make perfumes in the proper A26______.

If I told him how I made this one he would tell me not to be a silly girl.  Later, he would probably A27______ a joke about it to his friends at the golf club.

“Anna!”

It was my boss, David Amos. He happened to be walking past where I worked. I couldn’t A28______ being nervous. He was fairly sure of his good looks and never spoke to ordinary-looking girls like me. I was thrilled.

В каждом задании выберите один ответ.

А22.

1) incident

2) accident

3) event

4) occasion

А23.

1) producing

2) making

3) trying

4) doing

А24.

1) piece

2) lump

3) bunch

4) pinch

А25.

1) heard

2) touched

3) tasted

4) smelled

А26.

1) way

2) road

3) path

4) method

А27.

1) Do

2) produce

3) make

4) have

А28.

1) hold

2) feel

3) keep

4) help

Ответы:

Раздел 1

Раздел 2

B2

1D,2H,3A,4E,5G,6B,7C

B4

was invented

B3

1C,2B,3G,4A,5E,6D

B5

third

A15

3

B6

are

A16

1

B7

is played

A17

3

B8

oldest

A18

2

B9

attracts

A19

2

B10

has become

A20

1

B11

marvellous

A21

4

B12

preparation

B13

performance

B14

frightful

B15

photographers

B16

probably

А22

2

А23

3

А24

1

А25

4

А26

1

А27

3

А28

4

Тест №01 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык (Ответ)

Honesty is the best policy

B4

To learn more about her students, my younger brother’s teacher sent home a lengthy questionnaire at the beginning of the school year. There were a lot of questions about this and that.
(past simple, были, мн.ч. oт was )

 BE

B5

She asked them about their likes and dislikes and about many other things.
(их)

 THEY

B6

She asked what they would think about their school in twenty years’ time.
(reported speech, при переходе из прошлого в будущее will меняется на would)

THINK

B7

I was 6 years older than my brother but some questions seemed very difficult even to me.
(степень сравнения)

 OLD

B8

couldn’t / could not answer them offhand.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

NOT CAN

B9

The worst question, in my opinion, was the one relating to their self-image: ‘When you look in a mirror, what do you see?’
(превосходная степень)

 BAD

B10

But my ten-year-old brother had no trouble with his answer: ‘Myself, and everything behind me.’
(за мной)

 I

Тест №02 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Where did the Olympic Games come from?

B4

There are many different stories about the beginning of the Olympics. One myth says that Zeus himself started the Games. Athletic games were held as an important part of many religious festivals in ancient Greek culture.
(past simple passive, игры проводились)

 HOLD

B5

Olympia was one of the oldest religious centers in the ancient Greek world.
(степень сравнения)

 OLD

B6

The most impressive sight at Olympia was the gold and ivory statue of Zeus.
(степень сравнения)

 IMPRESSIVE

B7

The statue was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This explains why Olympiawas chosen as the site for the most important athletic competition.
(past simple passive, Олимпия была выбрана)

 CHOOSE

B8

Some athletes travelled hundreds of miles, from colonies. These colonies were as far away as modern Spain, Egypt, Ukraine and Turkey. Any freeborn Greek (a man or a boy)could take part in the Olympics.

 CAN

B9

Women did not compete, they were also barred from attending the games, under penalty of death. Unmarried girls were allowed to attend.
(could–прошедшая форма от can)

 WOMAN

B10

Unlike the modern Olympics, judges did not comedidn’t come from all over the world, but were drawn from Elis, the local region which included Olympia.
(past simple, действие происходило тогда, в далёком прошлом)

 NOT COME

Тест №03 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Albert Schweitzer, a Nobel Peace Prize Winner

B4

Albert Schweitzer is known throughout the world for his missionary work in Africa. He was born on January 14, 1875 in Alsace, which was part of Germany and later Part of France after World War I.
(степень сравнения)

 LATE

B5

He was a talented person. By the age of thirty, he was known as an author, a lecturer, and a musician.
(past simple passive, он был известен)

 KNOW

B6

It was at this time that he learned of the great need of medical doctors in Africa. He decided to become a doctor of medicine. In 1913, Doctor Schweitzer and his wife left for Africa.
(past simple, прошедшая форма от leave)

 LEAVE

B7

The morning after the Schweitzers arrived, they started to treat their patients in an old farmhouse. However, a new hospital buildingwas built with the help and the trust of African people.
(past simple passive, т.к. новая больница была построена, а не построила что-то сама)

BUILD

B8

Their work was interrupted by World War I Only in 1924, Dr. Schweitzer was finally able to return to Lambarene to rebuild the hospital. When Mrs. Schweitzer came back to Africa in 1929, the hospital was much larger.
(степень сравнения)

 LARGE

B9

There was a growing staff of doctors and nurses. In 1953 Dr. Schweitzer was given the Nobel Peace Prize.
(past simple passive, т.к. ему была дана премия, а не он дал  )

GIVE

B10

He was grateful, but said, ‘No man has the right to pretend that he has worked enough for the cause of peace or declare himself satisfied.’
(present perfect, обратите внимание, что это цитата. Тесты построены по принципу, что необходимо выбрать наиболее подходящий вариант. В подобных высказываниях делается акцент на результат. Человек  уже работает и будет еще работать)

WORK

Тест №04 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Gymnastics

B4

Modern world of sports knows many kinds of gymnastics. One of them, rhythmic gymnasticsgrew out of modern gymnastics and the Swedish system of free exercise in the 19-th century.
(past simple, действие произошло тогда, в прошлом. grow — grew)

 GROW

B5

It was called ‘aesthetic gymnastics’ as the students could express feelings and emotions through body movement. It combined elements of ballet, gymnastics, and theatrical dance.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

 CAN

B6

Young women exercised to music, moving from simple calisthenics to more energetic activities. A growing number of men are participating in this kind of sport now.
(ед. — мн. число, woman – ед.ч. women-мн.ч.)

 WOMAN

B7

In the 1880s in Switzerland various exercises to music were created. They were designed to give grace of movement, and a much betterpose.
(степень сравнения)

 GOOD

B8

A degree of difficulty for each movement was developed by the European Sport Association after the World War I. So all the elements were graded accordingly.
(past simple passive, она была разработана, а не разработала что-то сама)

DEVELOP

B9

In 1906 rhythmic gymnastics was introduced to North America, but the sport didn’t gain /did not gain much popularity.
(past simple, событие произошло в опредёленное время в прошлом)

 NOT GAIN

B10

Ten European countries took part in the first world championship, held in 1973 in Budapest, Hungary. The United States did not begin competing in the biennial world championship until 1973.
(past simple, событие произошло в опредёленное время в прошлом)

 TAKE

Тест №05 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

The History of Man

B4

How long has man been on earth? Let us travel 5,000 years into the past. We are in the days before man learned to write. Recorded historyhasn’t begun / has not begun yet.
(present perfect, т.к. мы перемещаемся в прошлое. Также перемещается и точка отсчета. Мы в 3000 году до нашей эры и запись истории еще не началась)

NOT BEGIN

B5

Yet there are people, about five million of them, living on all five continents.

(живущие)

 LIVE

B6

The earliest true human being, Homo sapiens, appeared in Europe more than 50,000 years ago.
(степень сравнения)

 EARLY

Greek myths: Daedalus

B7

Daedalus was a brilliant architect and inventor of  ancient Greece. He was so brilliant that King Minos of Grete kept him as a prisoner.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло тогда, в прошлом)

 KEEP

B8

The King didn’t want / did not want to let him go back to his home in Athens.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённое время, в прошлом)

NOT WANT

B9

Daedalus lived with his son Icarus in a tower of the palace, and King Minos made him invent weapons of war that would make his army and navy even more powerful than they already were.
(степень сравнения)

 POWERFUL

B10

Although Daedalus and Icarus had every comfort, they longed to return home to Athens. Daedalus looked at the sea, and he realised that even if they managed to slip out of the tower and find a little boat, they world not be able to sail far. One of King Minos’sseamen would spot and catch them very soon.
(seaman – ед.ч. seamen – мн.ч. )

 SEAMAN

Тест №06 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Pizza

B4

The evolution of pizza was quite long and many cultures contributed to it. Let us have a glimpse of its history.   
(позволим «нам»)    

 WE

B5

Women of ancient Egypt, Greece and later Rome had recipes  similar to modern ones.     
 
(woman – ед.ч., women – мн.ч.)

 WOMAN

B6

The Egyptians had a tradition to celebrate the Pharaoh’s birthday with flat loaves lookingvery much like our modern pizza.      
(которые выглядят, выглядевшие)

 LOOK

B7

The word ‘pizza’ appeared in printing at the end of the 10th century for the first time.
(первый раз)

 ONE

B8

A remarkable event took place in June 1889. The Italian queen Margarita was staying in her summer palace in Naples. It was her birthday and the owner of a very popular pizzeria cooked a special kind of pizza for her. He named it ‘Margarita’. It was the best way to make this pizza famous all over the world.  
(good–better-the best)

 GOOD

B9

Now pizza is cooked with tomatoes. However, when tomatoes appeared in Europe they were grown as an ornamental plant.    
(present simple passive, общее утверждение)

 COOK

B10

For a long time people could not / couldn’tbelieve that tomatoes were edible.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

 NOT CAN

Тест №07 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

The largest snowfall in decades

B4

This week’s snowfall in Brazil is one of the largest in decades. As snow on the ground is not a very common landscape in a so-called tropical country, everybody felt excited when they saw streets in snow.                         
(past simple, т.к. мы говорим об определённом времени в прошлом feel-felt)  

FEEL

B5

In the cities by the sea people are used to spending the summer sun bathing. They were surprised very much when they saw snow covering the city.
(past simple passive, т.к. они были убеждены, а не они убедили)

SURPRISE

B6

It was not / wasn’t long before social media became loaded with pictures of white fields and roads, and snowmen.
(past simple, т.к. этобыловпрошлом be-was/were-been)

 NOT BE

Flood in Santa Claus’ home

B7

The usual images of the North Pole are impressive ice sheets, but scenes from a webcam there reveal a different story. Meteorologists have reported that temperatures in early July were one to three degrees Celsius higher than the year’s average over most of the Arctic Ocean.
(степень сравнения)

 HIGH

B8

Thanks to rapidly melting ice, Santa Claus nowhas his own swimming pool. The North Pole is currently a lake, Canada.com reports.
(3-е лицо have-has)

 HAVE

B9

The lake is about a foot deep, consistingentirely of the melted ice itself. It shows a dramatic change is the Arctic climate.
(состоящая)

 CONSIST

B10

In fact, a pool of melted water has formed at the North Pole every year now since 2002. The mythical home of Santa Claus has been officially flooded!
(present perfect, т.к. он начал формироваться и до сих пор формируется)

FORM

Тест №08 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Why do the Chinese call the Yellow River in China “China’s Sorrow”?

B4

The Huang He, or Yellow River, in China is called “China’s Sorrow” by the Chinese themselves. Since long ago, flooding has beena serious problem.
(present perfect, т.к. с тех пор и до сих пор)

BE

B5

The worst, most sorrowful flood on record happened in 1931.
(bad – worse — the worst)

 BAD

B6

The waters began to rise in July, and by November of that year, more than 40,000 square miles had been flooded, leaving 80 million people homeless.
(оставляя)

 LEAVE

 A rabbit and a tortoise

B7

Once there lived a rabbit and a tortoise. The rabbit challenged the tortoise to have a race with him. The tortoise agreed and they started the race.
(с ним)

 HE

B8

The rabbit ran faster than the tortoise, and in a few minutes he was near the crossing line. He couldn’t see the tortoise, so he decided to rest for a while till the tortoise arrived and then he would quickly cross the line.
(степень сравнения)

 FAST

B9

The rabbit lay down under a tree and soon he was asleep. When he awoke, he saw that the tortoise had crossed / was crossing the line.
(past perfect, он увидел, что черепаха пересекла линию до того, как он проснулся.
past continues, он увидел, что черепаха пересекала линию в тот момент, когда он просыпался)

CROSS

B10

The tortoise won the match, showing that it’s more important to be steady and active than to be fast.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённый момент в прошлом)

WIN

Тест №09 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

New Zealand: geography

B4

New Zealand consists of two main islands and a number of smaller islands so scattered that they range from the tropical to the Antarctic. New Zealand is located about 2,012 km southeast of Australia.
(present simple passive)

 LOCATE

B5

The two main islands are the North Island and the South Island, separated by Cook Strait. The North Island is 829 km long and volcanic in its south-central part.
(разделённые)

 SEPARATE

B6

South Island has the Southern Alps along its west coast, with Mount Cook being thehighest point. Other inhabited islands include Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, and Great Barrier Island.
(степень сравнения)

 HIGH

Enough is enough

B7

A woman came to President Abraham Lincoln and told him with a commanding air: “Mr. President, you must make my son a general. Sir, I demand it not as a favor, but as a right. My grandfather fought at Lexington.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённое время в прошлом.)

FIGHT

B8

My father was the only man who did not run /didn’t run away at Bladensburg.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённое время в прошлом.)

NOT RUN

B9

My husband was killed at Monterrey.”
(past simple passive, он был убит, а не убил)

KILL

B10

“I guess, madam,” said Lincoln, “your familyhas done have done enough for the country. It is time to give somebody else a chance.”
(present perfect, т.к. цитата. Твоя семья сделала “уже” достаточно, есть результат)

DO

Тест №10 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Does it ever snow in Brazil?

B4

During winter and sometimes even autumn and spring it snows in some cities of southern Brazil. There are several cities known for their snow, like Urupema and Urubici.
(известные)

 KNOW

B5

These cities are all in high areas, but even places at sea level can have snow, although in small amounts and not every year.
(they — are)

 BE

B6

Brazil is thought to be a “tropical paradise” which is very wrong. Foreigners who travel to southern Brazil during autumn or winter in search for some heat and beaches are often disappointed.
(present simple passive, т.к. это общее утверждение. О Бразилии думают, а не Бразилия думает)

THINK

The North Pole is melting

B7

Do you know how the global warming affects the Arctic? A survey by the Japan Agency for Science and Technology shows that Arctic ice is melting at a far quicker rate than anticipated. Today Arctic ice is melting at previously unseen rates.
(степень сравнения)

 QUICK

B8

The coastal ice in parts of Canada and Alaska has become quite brittle. Ice easily breaks away in large pieces and melts in the open ocean. Now there is also less sea ice in the Arctic Ocean.
(степень сравнения)

 LITTLE

B9

It happens because ice floats/has floatedinto the Atlantic Ocean.
(present simple, лёд плывет в Атлантический океан – общее утверждение. 
present  perfect, автор хочет показать, что лёд плывет в Атлантический океан, и уже есть результат)

FLOAT

B10

Scientists say that the lack of ice represents clear proof that the planet is warming. Back in the past it could take three years to get through the waterway’s thick ice successfully, now — just a few weeks.
(present continues, т.к. это изменение, развитие. Планета постепенно нагревается)

WARM

Тест №11 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Russian inventions: holography

B4

Do you know what holography is? It is a technique based on lasers, which enable 3-D (three-dimensional) images to be made.
(основанная на)

 BASE

B5

In 1962, Soviet physicist Yuri Denisyuk cameup with the first reflection hologram also known as the “Denisyuk hologram”.
(past simple, т.к. событие произошло в определённый момент в прошлом, в 1962.)

COME

B6

Now the technology is used in most holographic displays and it was the first to allow multi-color image reproduction in holograms.
(present simple passive, т.к. технология используется, а не использует)

 USE

Grey hair

B7

Johnny noticed a change in his mother’s appearance. “Mommy, some of your hairs are turning have turned grey. Why?” the curious child asked.
(present continuous, т.к. говорящий хочет сосредоточиться на процессе, становятся седыми. 
present perfect,т.к. говорящий сосредотачивается на результате, уже стали седые.)

TURN

B8

The mother tried to use this occasion to teach her child: “It is because of you, dear. Every bad action of yours shows on my hair.
(твоё действие)

 YOU

B9

It turns one my hairs grey!”
(present simple, 3-е лицо)

 TURN

B10

The child replied innocently: “Now I know why my grandmother has only grey hair on her head.” Most children are smarter than adults think.
(степень сравнения)

 SMART

Тест №12 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

A cup of coffee

B4

Once I was travelling in Italy. It was a lovely day. I wandered along the street until I came upon some parasol-shaded tables which seemed to me very nice. I settled and opened my book.
(мне)

 I

B5

It was taking a long time for the waiter to arrive, but I was in no hurry. I was sure that the waiter would come soon.
(reported speech, т.к. мы переходим из прошлого в будущее.)

COME

B6

But finally, becoming impatient, I turned to signal for service and saw the neon sign. That was the worst moment … I discovered that I was sitting outside a store selling garden furniture.
(bad – worse — the worst)

 BAD

The Great Wall of China

B7

The Great Wall of China runs for 6,700 kilometers from east to west of China. It is one of the greatest wonders of the world.
(степень сравнения

 GREAT

B8

The Great Wall was built in order to protect the country form different aggressors.
(past simple passive, т.к. стена была построена, а не сама построила что-то)

BUILD

B9

The construction of the Wall began in the 6thcentury BC and lasted until the 16th century AD.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённый момент в прошлом)

BEGIN

B10

Since then, the Great Wall of China has become a Symbol of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and a monument to Chinese nation for many hundreds of years.
(present perfect, т.к. действие началось в прошлом и продолжается до сих пор)

BECOME

Тест №13 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

A phone call

B4

Among the e-mails waiting for me at work one morning was one from a member of my staff. It was sent from his personal e-mail address and there was only his home phone number. Thinking something was wrong, I immediately called him.
(ему)

 HE

B5

A sleepy female voice answered and told me he was at work and would come home late in the evening.
(reported speech, при переходе из прошлого в будущее will меняется на would)

COME

B6

The worst moment was when I remembered that I had recently asked staff members to give me their home numbers. I went right down to the employee’s office to apologize for my call.
(bad – worse — the worst)

 BAD

B7

Later, however, he thanked me. I had awakened his daughter, who had an exam that morning but had forgotten to set her alarm. Thanks to my call, she hadn’t missed the exam.
(степень сравнения)

 LATE

 March 8 in Russia

B8

In English-speaking countries they celebrate Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day. In Russia we celebrate the International Women’s Day. Though it is called ‘International’, it is observed only in Russia and some CIS countries.
(present simple passive, т.к. это называется, а не само называет)

CALL

B9

Boys and men bring flowers and small presents to girls and women they work or study with.
(man – ед.ч. men – мн.ч.)

 MAN

B10

It has become a tradition for husbands to do all house work on that day. There are many jokes about it being the only day of the year when they do this.
(present perfect, т.к. действие началось в прошлом, и продолжается до настоящего)

BECOME

Тест №14 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Singing in the car

B4

My elder brother likes all kinds of music. He prefers jazz but also listens to pop music and sometimes goes to classical music concerts. But when driving me in his car, he insists on listening to heavy-metal music.
(меня)

 I

B5

For a long time I couldn’t/could notunderstand why he was doing  it.
(can – настоящее время, could – прошедшее время)

 NOT CAN

B6

He knew very well that for me it was theworst kind of music.
(bad – worse — the worst)

 BAD

B7

One day I decided to ask him why he always chose this type while driving. “Well, sister,” he reluctantly replied, “to be frank, it’s mainly so you can’t sing along.” He added that he would listen to anything else if only I promised not to sing along.
(reported speech, при переходе их прошлого в будущее will меняется на would)

LISTEN

St. Patrick’s Day, March 17

B8

St. Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. On March 17 there is a great celebration with the major parade in Dublin and smaller parades all over Ireland. In New York the first St.Patrick’s Day celebration took place in 1762.
(первый)

 ONE

B9

On March 15, 1992 St. Patrick’s Day was celebrated in Moscow. Thousands of delighted Muscovites gathered at Novy Arbat to watch the parade of marching bands, Cossack horsemen and floats of Russian and Irish companies.
(past simple passive, т.к. этот день празднуется, а не он сам что-то празднует)

CELEBRATE

B10

Since then, St. Patrick’s Day parades have been held in Moscow every year.
(present perfect passive, т.к. действие началось в прошлом и продолжается по сей день)

HOLD

Тест №15 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Excuses, excuses…

B4

For years my husband, Tom, and I had complained bitterly about the lack of sidewalks in our village. We didn’t have enough exercise but we couldn’t could not jog because there were no sidewalks.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

 NOT CAN

B5

Tom had often told me, «If only we had sidewalks, we would jog or walk daily and become models of fitness».
(мне)

 I

B6

So we were thrilled when a community sidewalk project was announced, and watched eagerly as paving neared completion. Then theworst thing happened: wishful thinking and reality collided.
(bad – worse — the worst)

 BAD

B7

«Well, dear,» Tom said. «What’ll we use as an excuse for not walking now?» I said I would think of some excuse.
(reported speech, при переходе их прошлого в будущее will меняется на would)

THINK

 Memorial Day

B8

In the USA, Memorial Day is the last Monday in May. Memorial Day was declared a national holiday in 1971.
(past simple passive, т.к. этот день был провозглашён, а не сам что-то провозгласил)

DECLARE

B9

But the tradition of honoring those who died in defense of their country goes back to the Civil War. The tradition to hold memorial services, visit the cemeteries, decorate the graves with flowers and wreaths originated in Waterloo, New York, in 1866.
(их)

 THEY

B10

Since then, the tradition has changed. Nowadays, on Memorial Day Americans honor not only soldiers who perished in wars but those loved ones who have died.
(present perfect, т.к. традиция изменилась и остается изменённой до сих пор)

CHANGE

Тест №16 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

As old as a brontosaurus

B4

As we walked around the Prehistoric Park in Calgary, I had my six- year-old son, Jordie, pose for a picture with a brontosaurus in the background. After I took the photo, I couldn’t/ could not help crying.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

 NOT CAN

B5

«What’s wrong, Моm?» Jordie asked. I explained that when I was his age, my parents had taken my picture standing in exactly the same spot, and I was feeling rather nostalgic. I added that perhaps one day he would takehis son’s picture here.
(reported speech, при переходе их прошлого в будущее will меняется на would)

TAKE

B6

Puzzled, he looked several times from the brontosaurus to me.
(мне)

 I

B7

And then came the worst moment of my life. My son said, «But … when you were a girl … it was alive then, right?»
(bad – worse — the worst)

 BAD

 Victory Day

B8

On this day, Russia celebrates the victory over Nazi Germany and honours 20 million Soviet people who died in the war. May 9 was chosen, since on the night of the 8th/9th of 1945, the Nazi Germany surrendered to the Soviet Union and the Allies in Berlin.
(past simple passive, т.к. этот день был выбран, а не сам что-то выбрал)

CHOOSE

B9

In Russia, almost every family has at least one person who took part in the war.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённый момент в прошлом)

TAKE

B10

Older citizens who did not fight during the war worked in factories to make weapons, which was not easier than fighting. They, too, are honoured on Victory Day.
(степень сравнения)

 EASY

Тест №17 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

A Smart Boy

B4

Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown worked in the same office. Their wives were good friends. One day Mr. Jones invited Mr. Brown to a small party.
(wife – ед.число, wives – мн.ч.)

 WIFE

B5

Mr. Brown went into the other room and telephoned. He was surprised very much by his telephone conversation.
(past simple passive, он был удивлён, а не он удивил кого-то)

SURPRISE

B6

When he came back Mr. Jones asked him, “Have you spoken to your wife already?” “No, she wasn’t/was not there when I phoned. My small son answered the phone. I asked him, “Is your mother there?” And he said, “She is somewhere outside”.
(past simple, т.к. действие произошло в определённый момент в прошлом)

NOT BE

B7

“Why is she outside?” I asked. “She is lookingfor me”, he answered.
(present continues, т.к. действие происходит в настоящий для говорящего момент)

LOOK

Maslenitsa

B8

Have you ever celebrated Maslenitsa? It is one of the most popular festivals in Russia. It signals the end of winter and welcomes the coming of spring.
(степень сравнения)

 POPULAR

B9

Russian pancakes — blini — are very important in the celebration of Maslenitsa. Blini are eaten with jam, sour cream, and of course, lots of butter.
(present simple passive, т.к. это общее утверждение. Также, блины едят, а не сами блины едят кого-то)

EAT

B10

Warm, round, and golden — blini are the symbol of the sun! Ancient Russians actually believed that when eating a pancake, theywere getting a part of the Sun’s life energy.
(past continues, т.к. это параллельное действие, когда они ели, они получали)

GET

Тест №18 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Natural Wonders: Meteor Crater

B4

Some of the natural wonders are known for their beauty. The Meteor Crater is not one of them. It looks like a big hole in the desert. Itwas caused by a meteorite hitting the earth thousands of years ago.
(past simple passive, т.к. метеоритный удар по земле послужил причиной, а не большая дыра в земле послужила причиной )

CAUSE

B5

The crater is 4,145 feet across, and 570 feet deep. It is the largest impact crater in the entire world.
(степень сравнения)

 LARGE

B6

When Europeans discovered it in 1871, theythought it was the top of a volcano.
(past simple, т.к. говорится об определенном событии в прошлом)

THINK

B7

Since then, scientists have explored/have been exploring the crater for many years, but there are still many secrets and mysteries hiding inside it.
(present perfect, т.к. говорящий хочет акцентировать внимание на результате. Исследование началось с какого-то момента в прошлом и продолжается до сих пор.

present perfect continues, т.к. говорящий хочет акцентировать внимание больше на процессе, который начался в прошлом и продолжается до сих пор. )

EXPLORE

 It was simple

B8

One day last summer my nine-year-old daughter went off to the camp. All her thingswere packed in a small bag.
(past simple passive, т.к. её вещи были упакованы, а не сами упаковали ч.л.)

PACK

B9

Two weeks later, Anna came back home and I unpacked her things. Everything was clean and well folded. “Camp sure has changed you. Your things look much better than usual.”
(степень сравнения)

 GOOD

B10

“It was simple, Mom,” she answered. “I didn’t unpack. Many children did the same.”
(child – ед.ч, children – мн.ч.)

 CHILD

Тест №19 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

The Climate of Russia

B4

Russia has a varied climate. Almost all of Russia is situated in the North Temperature Zone.
(present simple passive, т.к. она находится, а не она расположила)

SITUATE

B5

The climate is continental; however, the fluctuations in temperature are greater than in other European countries.
(степень сравнения)

 GREAT

B6

The extreme north is a cold bare region — the tundra. For more than six months it is buriedin snow.
(present simple passive, т.к. она находится, а не она расположила)

BURY

B7

This region can be called the land offrozen rivers.
(замёрзший)

 FREEZE

B8

In May the temperature begins to rise. The gloomy night is succeeded by continuous daylight, when the sun does not sink/doesn’tsink below the horizon for several months.
(present simple, т.к. это общее утверждение. это происходит всегда, регулярно.)

NOT SINK

B9

The better part of Russia is not influenced by the warm winds of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. There are no mountains in the north to form a barrier against the cold windsblowing from the Arctic Ocean.
(дующий)

 BLOW

B10

The extreme west of Russia has a temperate climate. Thus, the summers in the Baltic are cool and the winters mild. If we go further/farther east, the climate will become more continental.
(степень сравнения)

 FAR

Тест №20 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

Who really discovered America?

B4

Everybody knows that Christopher Columbus discovered America. Was he really the first to reach the continent? The great Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdal believed that ancient people were able to build boats that couldcross oceans.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

 CAN

B5

То test his ideas, Heyerdal decided to build a copy of the ancient Egyptian boat and sail across the Atlantic. On May 25, 1969 the boat called Ra left a port in Morocco and headed across the widest part of the Atlantic.
(степень сравнения)

 WIDE

B6

On May 17, 1970 Ra successfully crossed the Atlantic, proving that ancient civilizations had enough skill to reach America long before Columbus.
(доказывая)

 PROVE

Greek myths: Apollo and Cassandra

B7

In ancient Greece there were many temples built for Apollo. He was the god of youth, beauty, music and poetry. Besides, Apollo had one very special skill — he could see the future. One day Apollo came to the temple in Troy. Among other women he saw Cassandra, a young and beautiful priestess, who worked at the temple.
(woman – ед.ч., women – мн.ч.)

 WOMAN

B8

Apollo was impressed by her grace.
(past simple passive, т.к. он был впечатлён, а не он впечатлил)

IMPRESS

B9

The minute Apollo saw Cassandra, he fell in love. It was love at first sight. Apollo offered her a deal. He would give Cassandra the gift of being able to see the future, if she gave him a kiss. Cassandra agreed.
(past simple, т.к. это случилось тогда, в определённый момент в прошлом, fall-fell-fallen)

FALL

B10

With a laugh, Apollo gave her the gift,dreaming about the reward. Instantly, Cassandra could see the future. She saw Apollo, in the future, helping to destroy Troy.
(мечтая)

 DREAM

Тест №21 по ЕГЭ. Английский язык

The Emperor’s Seed

B4

Once there lived an old emperor who had no children. He couldn’t /could not choose his successor for a long time.
(could – прошедшая форма от can)

 NOT CAN

B5

Then he called all the young people in the kingdom together and said, «I’ll give each one of you a seed today. I want you to go home, plant it, water it and come back here one year from today with what you have grown from this one seed.» A boy named Ling also got a seed. He came home and told his mother that he would grow the best plant.
(reported speech, при переходе их прошлого в будущее will меняется на would)

GROW

B6

She helped him plant the seed. Every day he watered it but nothing grew.
(ему)

 HE

B7

A year passed and Ling took his empty pot to the palace while all the rest brought some beautiful plants. The emperor said, «Lying is the worst thing in the world. I gave you all spoilt seeds. Nothing grows from spoilt seeds.» So Ling became the new emperor.
(bad–worse-the worst)

 BAD

 Roald Dahl

 B8

Roald Dahl, a famous British writer, was Norwegian by birth. Dahl was named after the Polar explorer Roald Amundsen, a national hero in Norway at the time. During the Second World War Dahl served in the Royal Air Force as a fighter pilot.
(past simple passive, т.к. он был назван, а не он назвал к.л.)

NAME

B9

Dahl became well-known in 1940s with works for both children and adults.
(child – ед.число, children – мн.число)

 CHILD

B10

One of his highly popular tales was ‘Charlie and the Chocolate Factory’. Since 1945 his books have been published in almost 50 languages.
(present perfect passive, т.к. действие началось в прошлом, и не закончилось до сих пор.)

PUBLISH

Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A Mary’s new job takes up a lot of time and energy.

B Mary has no time to go to parties.

C Peter felt his salary in the company was too low.

D Peter left his job because he had no promotion prospects.

E Peter sent out his resume to nearly twenty companies.

F Peter wouldn’t mind working in another city.

G Mary advises Peter to speak to people with the same problems.

Утверждение

Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите рассказ писателя о своём увлечении музыкой. В заданиях 3—9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3

The narrator says that his musical career
1) changed its direction at the age of 11.
2) started roughly 30 years ago.
3) began after he had sung a song with his father.
Ответ: .

4

When the narrator was almost 40,
1) he was already performing in public.
2) he had learned to sing the parts of ‘Bohemian Rhapsody’.
3) he felt a desire to start playing music.
Ответ: .

5

When the narrator got a mandolin, he

1) didn’t feel surprised.

2) felt a bit nervous.

3) felt relieved.

Ответ: .

6

The narrator enjoyed playing the mandolin because
1) he was able to master difficult chords.
2) he was composing music.
3) he was able to relax after his everyday work.
Ответ: .

7

The narrator went to the jam camp because
1) he wanted to perform in public.
2) he would like to speak to Dr. Banjo.
3) he was offered the easiest way to improve his skills.
Ответ: .

8

In the camp the narrator learned that
1) to play songs he should know forty basic chords.
2) to grow as a musician he should possess certain qualities and abilities.
3) he could become a perfect mandolin player if he practises a lot.
Ответ: .

9

When the narrator came back home last week, he was pleased because
1) Ruth had started taking music lessons.
2) his friends and relatives showed their interest in music.
3) Los Angeles was a different place.
Ответ: .

Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

10

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1—8 и текстами A—G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Use Silence
2. Gestures and Posture
3. Audience Awareness
4. Sensible Dress

5. Distinct and Audible Speech
6. Consider Context
7. Speaking Through Eyes
8. Strategic Listening

A. The first thing that a good speaker does is looks at the audience and takes a pause before beginning his speech. This helps to create a good impression on the audience. Throughout the speech, the speaker should maintain eye contact with the listeners, otherwise they will feel that they are being ignored and it is quite likely that they also ignore whatever he is trying to convey.

B. Proper variation in emotion and tempo of the voice improves the quality of performance. Accurate pronunciation of words with due stresses wherever required must be done. One more important thing while communicating is that your voice must be clear and loud enough for the audience to hear it. A loud voice can be a strong point for being an effective speaker.

C. Concentrate on your ideas and do not get distracted by the activities performed by the audience, for example, smiling or whispering. To make your communication successful get the clue about the listeners and their interests. Think over the age, sex and background of the people. See whether the audience is patient enough to handle you for hours. Check out if they are friendly or hostile.

D. Facial expressions reveal what thoughts are running through a person’s mind. So while communicating, make sure that your facial expressions reveal your interest for the subject on which you are communicating. The body movements while speaking must coordinate with your convincing power. They must add to the things which are more effectively caught visually than verbally.

E. If you are trying to improve your own communication, concentrate on ways to make your nonverbal signals match the level of formality necessitated by the situation. Some situations require more formal behaviour that might be interpreted very differently in any other setting. So when you are communicating with others, always take into account the situation in which the communication occurs.

F. Don’t be afraid to pause and breathe. Listeners need time to reflect on what you are saying. Just like we need ‘white space’ and punctuation on the written page, we need pauses when we speak. Talking non-stop is a huge drawback. Having the confidence to pause for a few seconds in between sentences commands attention rather than diverts it.

G. The appearance plays an important role in presenting ourselves to society. The people who wear clothes suitable to their body structure look attractive. A person’s physical appearance creates a definite impact on the communication process. Our clothes should not be too modern for the people whom we are interacting with. However, they should be able to create a positive impression on them.

11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

Ever wonder A ____________? There’s actually quite a bit of science going on behind the scenes, with several components working together to bring you that digital-quality signal.

Your channel selection begins with the programming sources themselves. Companies like Showtime, HBO or Cinemax create their programming. Channel providers then purchase rights to this programming B ____________. Once a provider has their programming in place, they turn their attention to the broadcast centre to compress and convert the programming for satellite broadcast.

Your Dish Network Programming originally arrives as a digital stream of video, which is then compressed and converted through an encoder, typically using the MPEG2 format. This format reduces the overall size of the video, C ____________.

Once encoded, the video is then encrypted D ____________. After the video has been encrypted, it is sent to the provider’s satellite, strategically positioned in the sky.

The satellite itself uses a dish similar to your own satellite dish, to receive the video and send it back down to Earth. When the satellite sends the signal back down to Earth, it is picked up by your satellite dish, a small round antenna that receives the satellite’s broadcast and sends the video on to your satellite TV receiver.

The satellite TV receiver is that little black box that sits inside your home and allows you to choose E ____________. The receiver actually performs several important functions in the satellite viewing process, including the decryption of the signal itself. If you remember, the satellite signal was scrambled by the provider to protect it from un-paying consumers. Your receiver ‘de-scrambles’ that signal and converts the signal into a format F ____________. Together these amazing components create a vividly clear digital picture for over 200 satellite channels.

  1. which channel you want to watch
  2. including a power source and a computer system
  3. so that the broadcast can only be viewed by paying subscribers
  4. so that they can broadcast the shows via satellite
  5. how your satellite TV system works
  6. making it possible for a satellite to broadcast hundreds of channels at the same time
  7. that your television can handle

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Jonte faced playtime with mixed feelings. When the bell rang, the others would rush into the open air, laughing and chattering. He felt left out. Yet these were also times he enjoyed. He could daydream about how things might have been.

Sometimes, though, he would watch the play not directly, that would have been impossible but on the big screen in one of the classrooms. Cheering on his friends made him feel part of the action. Even through the screens, however, watching for long often made his eyes hurt. Sunlight reflected strongly off the silvery turf, and even more from the trees around the ground. Players in motion trailed flashes of light which left black spots in his vision.

It was during a tense game that the summons came through. The shelter Principal, no less, wanted him at once in his office. Jonte uttered a mild swearword, though realising that he had already been watching too long — his head was aching. He made his way to the admin sector, signalled his arrival and went in. The Principal was behind his desk directly opposite the door. He was a small man, with metallic black hair cut short, silver-grey hands in constant fidgety motion and an expression of perpetual irritation. He waved in the direction of a chair placed in front of the desk.

But to Jonte’s surprise, there were several other people in the office. It was difficult at first to see them all clearly: not only had the effects of watching the match still to wear off, but the lighting was poor. Perhaps the Principal had only remembered at the last minute to close the heavy shutters and switch on a lamp.

As his vision returned, Jonte’s surprise grew. The six men and two women, who sat in a half circle to one side, judging by their job tags, were senior… very senior. Four were from the administration. The two women and the other two men seemed to be scientists from different research bodies.

Jonte was used to the fact that other people were inscrutable. He would have been able to tell from gazing in a mirror into his own eyes, with their blue irises surrounding dark pupils, how he was feeling, even if he hadn’t known yet. But other people’s eyes were silver discs, giving away nothing. He could sometimes see from the rest of their faces whether they were happy or sad, smiling or frowning; but their skin reflected the light, so that he could never be quite sure. From the way they were sitting, he thought, the visitors seemed anxious.

‘Jonte’, the Principal said, ‘these people have a favour to ask, and I hope you can help them. Please sit down.’ Jonte’s surprise grew. What possible favour could these people want from someone like him? ‘I’ll help if I can’, he said.

‘You know,’ the Principal went on, ‘that you have had to grow up here because going outside would be dangerous. Your body wouldn’t be able to withstand the radiation, even at night-time. Ordinary people are born with protection; but in your case…’

‘So you see’, one of the women interjected quickly, ‘you are really a very interesting young man. We want you to let us get to know you better.’

‘The people here,’ the Principal resumed, ‘are from the government’s science and research council. They would like to take you to one of their centres in the south, where the facilities are supposed to be better than we can provide. ’

‘But I’m quite happy here,’ Jonte felt he should say. ‘My friends…’

‘… and in any case,’ the Principal insisted a trifle sourly, ‘you wouldn’t be able to stay much longer. The shelter is being closed down.’

Jonte took this in. ‘So when do I have to go?’ he asked.

‘If you can pack your things together quickly,’ one of the men replied, ‘we should like to move you this evening … say in an hour. Is that all right?’

An hour! The suddenness of it all puzzled Jonte. His condition had been known from the moment he had been born when his parents so he had been told had handed him over for special care. But it also excited him. Apart from a short journey when he had been much younger to a medical centre, he could not remember ever having left the shelter. He didn’t really have much to pack anyway.

(Adapted from ‘Fear No More’ by George Anthony)

12

When his friends rushed into the open air during playtime, Jonte felt

1) embarrased.

2) annoyed.

3) lonely.

4) bored.

Ответ: .

13

When the summons came through, Jonte was
1) glad that he was able to have a rest.
2) annoyed that he had to stop watching the game.
3) eager to know what had happened.
4) in a hurry.
Ответ: .

14

The people in the Principal’s office were all

1) of high rank.

2) very old.

3) researchers.

4) from the administration.

Ответ: .

15

In paragraph 6 the word ‘inscrutable’ means

1) not wishing to talk.
2) unhappy.

3) pretending to be kind.
4) showing no emotion or reaction.

Ответ: .

16

Jonte had to grow up in the shelter because
1) he was an orphan.
2) the world outside the shelter was dangerous.
3) his body was unable to withstand high temperature.
4) he would not manage to survive in the open air.
Ответ: .

17

The people offered to take Jonte to one of their centres because
1) Jonte was not quite happy here.
2) it was well equipped.
3) the Principal didn’t want Jonte to stay in the shelter.
4) the shelter could not provide good education for Jonte.
Ответ: .

18

Jonte was surprised because

1) he had not known about his condition.
2) he had never left the shelter before.

3) he had to leave the shelter urgently.
4) he didn’t have much to pack.

Ответ: .

Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

Обратите внимание, что по правилам ЕГЭ ответы нужно писать без пробелов и других знаков, например, правильный ответ ‘have done’ нужно будет записать как ‘havedone’, иначе ваш ответ не засчитается.

Choosing a Career

19

Jane had always wanted to be a nurse and help in need. Her father, however, thought that nursing was not a suitable profession for her.

PERSON

20

When she left school, she a job as a doctor’s receptionist.

OFFER

21

Jane to take the job, so she decided to talk to her friend Ann about what she should do.

NOT WANT

22

When Jane came to Ann’s house, Ann met her in the garden. ‘Hello, Jane! You look so unhappy! What (you) about?’

THINK

23

While Jane’s her problem, Ann’s mother shouted to the girls to come over.

EXPLAIN

24

She said that Jane’s father an accident and he was in hospital.

HAVE

25

When they arrived at the hospital, Jane was amazed to see her father on the bed in a very good mood. ‘Oh, Jane, the nurses here are really wonderful. And I think …’ Jane smiled. She knew what her father was going to tell her.

SIT

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh is one of the most written-about cities on earth. Built on ancient volcanoes and first established because of its secure and

26

position, the capital of Scotland has become a crossroads.

DEFENCE

27

everyone who comes to Scotland today spends some time in this city.

PRACTICAL

28

Edinburgh is the second most popular tourist destination in Great Britain and it’s not hard to see why. Its midsummer festival is one of the biggest in the world.

NATION

29

Edinburgh is a delight to explore on foot: most of its are contained within a compact central area.

ATTRACT

30

With streets steeped in history and a thriving scene, Edinburgh offers the perfect balance between traditional and contemporary things.

CULTURE

31

The area around the city has many towns and scenic villages, which are also great for exploring.

HISTORY

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

The Archipelago

In the remote southern seas there is a cluster of islands. Each island is inhabited by a different race of people. Although physically they look alike, you can tell them 32____ by their styles of dress and their distinctive dialects. Each island has its own unique form of architecture. The only similarity between them is that each race builds in a manner that is 33____ odds with the environment. On rocky hillsides there are wooden huts and in wooded valleys you can see towns of brick. Arid uplands are irrigated and planted with leafy gardens, whereas, on fertile plains, the parks are paved with stone. 34____ their differences, the islanders coexist peacefully. There is rivalry over certain fishing waters but it rarely 35____ to more than a few heated exchanges.

At the centre of the archipelago, perhaps in the most favoured spot of all, lies an island that has been deserted for many generations. It looks very different from the rest: darker, taller, silent. There is no obvious reason 36____ its abandonment as it has good soil and plenty of freshwater.

Long ago, it was inhabited by farmers and fishermen much like everywhere else in the archipelago, but everything changed when they started building the first wall. As soon as it was finished a second circle of battlements began to rise from the centre, slightly narrower than the one before, so that from faraway the island 37____ an enormous wedding cake.

Nobody can explain why the wall was started but there are many theories as to why it was never finished. Some say that so many had perished during its construction, that no one dared halt the work and thereby admit that it had all been in vain. Others claim that the builders simply 38____ out of materials. But one thing is certain, the predicted threat never arrived and the people at the centre of the archipelago had, quite simply, bricked themselves in.

32

1) out

2) off

3) apart

4) aside

Ответ: .

33

1) over

2) at

3) against

4) on

Ответ: .

34

1) Despite

2) In spite

3) Besides

4) Although

Ответ: .

35

1) raises

2) attains

3) amounts

4) achieves

Ответ: .

36

1) with

2) to

3) of

4) for

Ответ: .

37

1) recollected

2) reminded

3) resembled

4) remembered

Ответ: .

38

1) went

2) ran

3) grew

4) came

Ответ: .

Ваш результат: пока 0.

Далее вы можете набрать еще 40 баллов. Автоматически это проверить нельзя, поэтому сделайте реалистичный прогноз о том, сколько бы вы смогли набрать баллов, и получите ваш итоговый результат ЕГЭ.

Если возник вопрос по ответу, в котором вы ошиблись, можете задать его в комментариях.

Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Mark who writes:

…Guess what! All my friends are going to ‘Waterland’ next week and I can’t swim! What shall I do? If I go with my friends, they will be teasing me all the time. I have wanted to learn to swim for a long time but I feel embarrassed to start learning at my age. What would you advise me to do? Is it difficult to learn how to swim? How many lessons will I need?

Well, I’d better go now as my mum’s calling me for dinner.

Write back to Mark.
In your letter
— answer his questions
— ask 3 questions about his favourite sports
Write 100 — 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

За это задание вы можете получить 6 баллов максимум.

Comment on the following statement.

Lots of teens believe that it’s important to look nice. However, adults often think that young people pay too much attention to their appearance and fashion.

Write 200 — 250 words.

— make an introduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2—3 reasons for your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1—2 reasons for this opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion restating your position

За это задание вы можете получить 14 баллов максимум.

Раздел 5. ГОВОРЕНИЕ

— За 1,5 минуты нужно подготовиться и в следующие 1,5 минуты выразительно прочитать текст вслух — 1 балл.
— Составление 5 вопросов на основе ключевых слов. На подготовку отводится 1,5 минуты, затем каждый вопрос надо сформулировать в течение 20 секунд — 5 баллов.
— 3 фотографии. Нужно выбрать 1 и описать ее по предложенному тут же в задании плану за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.
— 2 картинки. Нужно сравнить их, описать сходства и различия, объяснить, почему выбранная тематика близка выпускнику, за 3,5 минуты — 7 баллов.

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[30.03.2012]  
olga
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Раздел 3 (Грамматика и лексика)

Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B4–B10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали со- держанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4–B10.

A Smart Boy

B4 Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown worked in the same office. Their ________ were good friends. One day Mr. Jones invited to Mr. Brown to a small party. Mr. Brown went into the other room and telephoned his wife. WIFE

B5 When he came back Mr. Jones asked him, “Have you spoken to your wife already?”
“No, she _______ there when I phoned. My small son answered the phone. I asked him, “Is your mother there?” And he said, “She is somewhere outside”. NOT BE

B6 “Why is she outside?” I asked. “She _______ for me”, he answered. LOOK

The Great Wall of China

B7 The Great Wall of China runs for 6,700 kilometers from east
to west of China. It is one of the _______ wonders of the world. GREAT

B8 The Great Wall _______ in order to protect the country form different aggressors. BUILD

B9 The construction of the Wall ________ in the 6th century BC and lasted until the 16th century AD. BEGIN

B10 Since then, the Great Wall of China _______ a Symbol of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and a monument to Chinese nation for many hundreds of years. BECOME

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11–В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11–В16.

UK: Conservation and Environment

B11 Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain. Despite its high ______ density and widespread, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas. POPULATE

B12 Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and were created to conserve the _______ beauty,
wildlife and cultural heritage they contain. NATURE

B13 Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but administered by an independent National Park Authority which works to balance the expectations of ______ with the need to conserve these open
spaces for future generations. VISIT

B14 The UK also works to improve the global environment and has taken global warming _______ ever since scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer. SERIOUS

B15 In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental _______. PROTECT

B16 Nowadays British _______ are taking part in one of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect endangered species. SCIENCE

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22–А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A22–A28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Tracy
Tracy was as excited as a child about her first trip abroad. Early in the morning, she stopped at a A22 ______ agency and reserved a suite on the Sig- nal Deck of the Queen Elizabeth II. The next three days she spent buying clothes and luggage.

On the morning of the sailing, Tracy hired a limousine to drive her to the pier. When she A23 ________ at Pier 90, where the Queen Elizabeth II was docked, it was crowded with photographers and television reporters, and for a moment Tracy was panic stricken. Then she realized they were interviewing the two men posturing at the foot of the gangplank. The members of the crew were helping the passengers with their luggage. On deck, a steward looked at Tracy’s ticket and A24 ________ her to her stateroom. It was a lovely suite with a private terrace. It had been ridiculously expensive but Tracy A25 _______ it was worth it.

She unpacked and then wandered along the corridor. In almost every cabin there were farewell parties going on, with laughter and champagne and conversation. She felt a sudden ache of loneliness. There was no one to see her A26 ________ , no one for her to care about, and no one who cared about her. She was sailing into a completely unknown future.

Suddenly she felt the huge ship shudder as the tugs started to pull it out of the harbor, and she stood A27 ________ the passengers on the boat deck, watch- ing the Statue of Liberty slide out of A28 _______ , and then she went exploring.

A22 1) journey 2) trip 3) travel 4) tourist

A23 1) achieved 2) arrived 3) entered 4) reached

A24 1) set 2) came 3) headed 4) directed

A25 1) determined 2) resolved 3) decided 4) assured

A26 1) in 2) off 3) of 4) after

A27 1) among 2) along 3) between 4) besides

A28 1) glance 2) stare 3) sight 4) look

По окончании выполнения заданий В4–В16, А22–А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4–В16, А22–А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4–В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.